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README.rst

What is euscan ?

dev-portage/euscan

euscan is available in portage as a dev package (app-portage/euscan-9999). This tool allows to check if a given package/ebuild has new upstream versions or not. It will use different heuristic to scan upstream and grab new versions and related urls.

This tool was designed to mimic debian's uscan, but there is a major difference between the two: uscan uses a specific "watch" file that describes how it should scan packages, while euscan uses only what can already be found in ebuilds. Of course, we could later add some informations in metadata.xml to help euscan do its job more efficiently.

euscan heuristics are described in the "How does-it works ?" section.

Examples

$ euscan amatch

 * dev-ruby/amatch-0.2.7 [gentoo]

Ebuild: /home/euscan/local/usr/portage/dev-ruby/amatch/amatch-0.2.7.ebuild
Repository: gentoo
Homepage: http://flori.github.com/amatch/
Description: Approximate Matching Extension for Ruby

 * SRC_URI is 'mirror://rubygems/amatch-0.2.7.gem'
 * Using: http://rubygems.org/api/v1/versions/amatch.json

Upstream Version: 0.2.8 http://rubygems.org/gems/amatch-0.2.8.gem
$ euscan rsyslog

 * app-admin/rsyslog-5.8.5 [gentoo]

Ebuild: /home/euscan/local/usr/portage/app-admin/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.8.5.ebuild
Repository: gentoo
Homepage: http://www.rsyslog.com/
Description: An enhanced multi-threaded syslogd with database support and more.

 * SRC_URI is 'http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.8.5.tar.gz'
 * Scanning: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-${PV}.tar.gz
 * Scanning: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog
 * Generating version from 5.8.5
 * Brute forcing: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-${PV}.tar.gz
 * Trying: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.8.6.tar.gz ...        [ !! ]
 * Trying: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.8.7.tar.gz ...        [ !! ]
 * Trying: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.8.8.tar.gz ...        [ !! ]
 * Trying: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.9.0.tar.gz ...        [ ok ]
 * Trying: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.10.0.tar.gz ...         [ !! ]
 * Trying: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.11.0.tar.gz ...         [ !! ]
 * Trying: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.9.1.tar.gz ...        [ ok ]
 * Trying: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.9.2.tar.gz ...        [ ok ]
 * Trying: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.9.3.tar.gz ...        [ ok ]
 * Trying: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.12.0.tar.gz ...         [ !! ]
 * Trying: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.9.4.tar.gz ...        [ !! ]
 * Trying: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.9.5.tar.gz ...        [ !! ]
 * Trying: http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.9.6.tar.gz ...        [ !! ]

Upstream Version: 5.9.1 http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.9.1.tar.gz
Upstream Version: 5.9.0 http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.9.0.tar.gz
Upstream Version: 5.9.3 http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.9.3.tar.gz
Upstream Version: 5.9.2 http://www.rsyslog.com/files/download/rsyslog/rsyslog-5.9.2.tar.gz

Hidden settings

You can configure some settings using the command line, but the __init__.py file of the euscan package contains more settings, including blacklists and default settings.

Maybe we should add the ability to use /etc/euscan.conf and ~/.config/euscan/euscan.conf to override these settings.

euscan-www: euscan as a service

euscan-www is a web application that aggregates euscan results. For example there is an instance of euscan-www that monitors gentoo-x86 + some official overlays currently hosted at http://euscan.iksaif.net/ .

euscan-www uses django and provides some custom commands to feed the database. You can use euscan-www on you system tree, or preferably you can use a local tree to avoid messing with your system.

Installation

Install requirements from PyPI using:

$ python setup.py develop

Extra dependencies: * portage python api * rrdtool[python]

Like any django web app, just start by editing settings.py and then run these two commands.

$ python manage.py syncdb
$ python manage.py migrate

Now your instance is ready, you can just run this command to browse it. If you want to host it publicly you should use a real webserver.

$ python manage.py runserver

Creating a local tree (optional)

Create a local tree with all that portage (and layman would need). There is an example in euscanwww/scripts/local-tree/. See escan-update.sh to know what env variables you need to run any portage related command in this local tree.

Scanning process

The scanning process is done by euscan-update.sh. You should read carefully this script, and adapt it to your needs. For example it uses gparallel to launch multiple process at a time, and you should adapt that to your number of cpu and network bandwith.

Once your euscan-update.sh is ok, just run it.

$ sh euscan-update.sh

Custom Django management commands

euscan-www povides some new management commands, here is a short description of these commands. Use "help" or read euscan-update.sh to get more informations.

list-packages
List packages stored in database.
scan-portage
Scan the portage tree and store new packages and versions in the database.
scan-metadata
Scan metadata and looks for homepage, maintainers and herds.
scan-upstream
Scan upstream package. The prefered way to use this script it to first launch euscan on some packages, store the result of the file, and feed this command with the result.
update-counters
Update statistics and rrd files.
regen-rrds
If you deleted your rrd files, this script will use the database to regen them.

How does it work ?

euscan has different heuristics to scan upstream and provides multiple "handlers". First, here is a description of the generic handler.

Scanning directories

The first thing to do is to scan directories. It's also what uscan do, but it uses a file that describe what url and regexp to use to match packages.

euscan uses SRC_URI and tries to find the current version (or part of this version) in the resolved SRC_URI and generate a regexp from that.

For example for app-accessibility/dash-4.10.1, SRC_URI is:

mirror://gnome/sources/dasher/4.10/dasher-4.10.1.tar.bz2

euscan will scan pages based on this template:

http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/gnome/sources/dasher/${0}.${1}/dasher-${PV}.tar.bz2

Then, from that, it will scan the top-most directory that doesn't depend on the version, and try to go deeper from here.

Brute force

Like when scanning directories, a template of SRC_URI is built. Then euscan generate next possible version numbers, and tries to download the url generated from the template and the new version number.

For example, running euscan on portage/app-accessibility/festival-freebsoft-utils-0.6:

SRC_URI is 'http://www.freebsoft.org/pub/projects/festival-freebsoft-utils/festival-freebsoft-utils-0.6.tar.gz'
Template is http://www.freebsoft.org/pub/projects/festival-freebsoft-utils/festival-freebsoft-utils-${PV}.tar.gz
Generate version from 0.6: 0.7, 0.8, 0.10, ...
Try new urls: http://www.freebsoft.org/pub/projects/festival-freebsoft-utils/festival-freebsoft-utils-0.7.tar.gz, etc..

Blacklists

euscan uses blacklist for multiple purposes.

BLACKLIST_VERSIONS
For versions that should not be checked at all. sys-libs/libstdc++-v3-3.4 is good example because it's a package which version will always be 3.4 (Compatibility package for running binaries linked against a pre gcc 3.4 libstdc++).
BLACKLIST_PACKAGES
Some packages are dead, but SRC_URI refers to sources that are still being updated, for example: sys-kernel/xbox-sources that uses the same sources as vanilla-sources but is not updated the same way.
SCANDIR_BLACKLIST_URLS
For urls that are not browsable. mirror://gentoo/ is a good example: it's both stupid to scan it and very long/expensive.
BRUTEFORCE_BLACKLIST_PACKAGES and BRUTEFORCE_BLACKLIST_URLS
Disable brute force on those packages and urls. Most of the time it's because upstream is broken and will answer HTTP 200 even if the file doesn't exist.
ROBOTS_TXT_BLACKLIST_DOMAINS
Don't respect robots.txt for these domains (sourcefourge, berlios, github.com).

Site handlers

Pecl/PEAR
A site handler that uses the Pecl/PEAR rest API (http://pear.php.net/manual/en/core.rest.php).
Rubygems
This one uses rubygems's json API (http://guides.rubygems.org/rubygems-org-api/)
PyPI
Uses PyPI's XML rpc API.
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