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"""Beautiful Soup
Elixir and Tonic
"The Screen-Scraper's Friend"
http://www.crummy.com/software/BeautifulSoup/
Beautiful Soup uses a pluggable XML or HTML parser to parse a
(possibly invalid) document into a tree representation. Beautiful Soup
provides provides methods and Pythonic idioms that make it easy to
navigate, search, and modify the parse tree.
Beautiful Soup works with Python 2.6 and up. It works better if lxml
and/or html5lib is installed.
For more than you ever wanted to know about Beautiful Soup, see the
documentation:
http://www.crummy.com/software/BeautifulSoup/bs4/doc/
"""
__author__ = "Leonard Richardson (leonardr@segfault.org)"
__version__ = "4.1.3"
__copyright__ = "Copyright (c) 2004-2012 Leonard Richardson"
__license__ = "MIT"
__all__ = ['BeautifulSoup']
import re
import warnings
from .builder import builder_registry
from .dammit import UnicodeDammit
from .element import (
CData,
Comment,
DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING,
Declaration,
Doctype,
NavigableString,
PageElement,
ProcessingInstruction,
ResultSet,
SoupStrainer,
Tag,
)
# The very first thing we do is give a useful error if someone is
# running this code under Python 3 without converting it.
syntax_error = 'You are trying to run the Python 2 version of Beautiful Soup under Python 3. This will not work. You need to convert the code, either by installing it (`python setup.py install`) or by running 2to3 (`2to3 -w bs4`).'
class BeautifulSoup(Tag):
"""
This class defines the basic interface called by the tree builders.
These methods will be called by the parser:
reset()
feed(markup)
The tree builder may call these methods from its feed() implementation:
handle_starttag(name, attrs) # See note about return value
handle_endtag(name)
handle_data(data) # Appends to the current data node
endData(containerClass=NavigableString) # Ends the current data node
No matter how complicated the underlying parser is, you should be
able to build a tree using 'start tag' events, 'end tag' events,
'data' events, and "done with data" events.
If you encounter an empty-element tag (aka a self-closing tag,
like HTML's <br> tag), call handle_starttag and then
handle_endtag.
"""
ROOT_TAG_NAME = '[document]'
# If the end-user gives no indication which tree builder they
# want, look for one with these features.
DEFAULT_BUILDER_FEATURES = ['html', 'fast']
# Used when determining whether a text node is all whitespace and
# can be replaced with a single space. A text node that contains
# fancy Unicode spaces (usually non-breaking) should be left
# alone.
STRIP_ASCII_SPACES = {9: None, 10: None, 12: None, 13: None, 32: None, }
def __init__(self, markup="", features=None, builder=None,
parse_only=None, from_encoding=None, **kwargs):
"""The Soup object is initialized as the 'root tag', and the
provided markup (which can be a string or a file-like object)
is fed into the underlying parser."""
if 'convertEntities' in kwargs:
warnings.warn(
"BS4 does not respect the convertEntities argument to the "
"BeautifulSoup constructor. Entities are always converted "
"to Unicode characters.")
if 'markupMassage' in kwargs:
del kwargs['markupMassage']
warnings.warn(
"BS4 does not respect the markupMassage argument to the "
"BeautifulSoup constructor. The tree builder is responsible "
"for any necessary markup massage.")
if 'smartQuotesTo' in kwargs:
del kwargs['smartQuotesTo']
warnings.warn(
"BS4 does not respect the smartQuotesTo argument to the "
"BeautifulSoup constructor. Smart quotes are always converted "
"to Unicode characters.")
if 'selfClosingTags' in kwargs:
del kwargs['selfClosingTags']
warnings.warn(
"BS4 does not respect the selfClosingTags argument to the "
"BeautifulSoup constructor. The tree builder is responsible "
"for understanding self-closing tags.")
if 'isHTML' in kwargs:
del kwargs['isHTML']
warnings.warn(
"BS4 does not respect the isHTML argument to the "
"BeautifulSoup constructor. You can pass in features='html' "
"or features='xml' to get a builder capable of handling "
"one or the other.")
def deprecated_argument(old_name, new_name):
if old_name in kwargs:
warnings.warn(
'The "%s" argument to the BeautifulSoup constructor '
'has been renamed to "%s."' % (old_name, new_name))
value = kwargs[old_name]
del kwargs[old_name]
return value
return None
parse_only = parse_only or deprecated_argument(
"parseOnlyThese", "parse_only")
from_encoding = from_encoding or deprecated_argument(
"fromEncoding", "from_encoding")
if len(kwargs) > 0:
arg = list(kwargs.keys()).pop()
raise TypeError(
"__init__() got an unexpected keyword argument '%s'" % arg)
if builder is None:
if isinstance(features, str):
features = [features]
if features is None or len(features) == 0:
features = self.DEFAULT_BUILDER_FEATURES
builder_class = builder_registry.lookup(*features)
if builder_class is None:
raise FeatureNotFound(
"Couldn't find a tree builder with the features you "
"requested: %s. Do you need to install a parser library?"
% ",".join(features))
builder = builder_class()
self.builder = builder
self.is_xml = builder.is_xml
self.builder.soup = self
self.parse_only = parse_only
self.reset()
if hasattr(markup, 'read'): # It's a file-type object.
markup = markup.read()
(self.markup, self.original_encoding, self.declared_html_encoding,
self.contains_replacement_characters) = (
self.builder.prepare_markup(markup, from_encoding))
try:
self._feed()
except StopParsing:
pass
# Clear out the markup and remove the builder's circular
# reference to this object.
self.markup = None
self.builder.soup = None
def _feed(self):
# Convert the document to Unicode.
self.builder.reset()
self.builder.feed(self.markup)
# Close out any unfinished strings and close all the open tags.
self.endData()
while self.currentTag.name != self.ROOT_TAG_NAME:
self.popTag()
def reset(self):
Tag.__init__(self, self, self.builder, self.ROOT_TAG_NAME)
self.hidden = 1
self.builder.reset()
self.currentData = []
self.currentTag = None
self.tagStack = []
self.pushTag(self)
def new_tag(self, name, namespace=None, nsprefix=None, **attrs):
"""Create a new tag associated with this soup."""
return Tag(None, self.builder, name, namespace, nsprefix, attrs)
def new_string(self, s):
"""Create a new NavigableString associated with this soup."""
navigable = NavigableString(s)
navigable.setup()
return navigable
def insert_before(self, successor):
raise NotImplementedError("BeautifulSoup objects don't support insert_before().")
def insert_after(self, successor):
raise NotImplementedError("BeautifulSoup objects don't support insert_after().")
def popTag(self):
tag = self.tagStack.pop()
#print "Pop", tag.name
if self.tagStack:
self.currentTag = self.tagStack[-1]
return self.currentTag
def pushTag(self, tag):
#print "Push", tag.name
if self.currentTag:
self.currentTag.contents.append(tag)
self.tagStack.append(tag)
self.currentTag = self.tagStack[-1]
def endData(self, containerClass=NavigableString):
if self.currentData:
currentData = ''.join(self.currentData)
if (currentData.translate(self.STRIP_ASCII_SPACES) == '' and
not set([tag.name for tag in self.tagStack]).intersection(
self.builder.preserve_whitespace_tags)):
if '\n' in currentData:
currentData = '\n'
else:
currentData = ' '
self.currentData = []
if self.parse_only and len(self.tagStack) <= 1 and \
(not self.parse_only.text or \
not self.parse_only.search(currentData)):
return
o = containerClass(currentData)
self.object_was_parsed(o)
def object_was_parsed(self, o):
"""Add an object to the parse tree."""
o.setup(self.currentTag, self.previous_element)
if self.previous_element:
self.previous_element.next_element = o
self.previous_element = o
self.currentTag.contents.append(o)
def _popToTag(self, name, nsprefix=None, inclusivePop=True):
"""Pops the tag stack up to and including the most recent
instance of the given tag. If inclusivePop is false, pops the tag
stack up to but *not* including the most recent instqance of
the given tag."""
#print "Popping to %s" % name
if name == self.ROOT_TAG_NAME:
return
numPops = 0
mostRecentTag = None
for i in range(len(self.tagStack) - 1, 0, -1):
if (name == self.tagStack[i].name
and nsprefix == self.tagStack[i].prefix):
numPops = len(self.tagStack) - i
break
if not inclusivePop:
numPops = numPops - 1
for i in range(0, numPops):
mostRecentTag = self.popTag()
return mostRecentTag
def handle_starttag(self, name, namespace, nsprefix, attrs):
"""Push a start tag on to the stack.
If this method returns None, the tag was rejected by the
SoupStrainer. You should proceed as if the tag had not occured
in the document. For instance, if this was a self-closing tag,
don't call handle_endtag.
"""
# print "Start tag %s: %s" % (name, attrs)
self.endData()
if (self.parse_only and len(self.tagStack) <= 1
and (self.parse_only.text
or not self.parse_only.search_tag(name, attrs))):
return None
tag = Tag(self, self.builder, name, namespace, nsprefix, attrs,
self.currentTag, self.previous_element)
if tag is None:
return tag
if self.previous_element:
self.previous_element.next_element = tag
self.previous_element = tag
self.pushTag(tag)
return tag
def handle_endtag(self, name, nsprefix=None):
#print "End tag: " + name
self.endData()
self._popToTag(name, nsprefix)
def handle_data(self, data):
self.currentData.append(data)
def decode(self, pretty_print=False,
eventual_encoding=DEFAULT_OUTPUT_ENCODING,
formatter="minimal"):
"""Returns a string or Unicode representation of this document.
To get Unicode, pass None for encoding."""
if self.is_xml:
# Print the XML declaration
encoding_part = ''
if eventual_encoding != None:
encoding_part = ' encoding="%s"' % eventual_encoding
prefix = '<?xml version="1.0"%s?>\n' % encoding_part
else:
prefix = ''
if not pretty_print:
indent_level = None
else:
indent_level = 0
return prefix + super(BeautifulSoup, self).decode(
indent_level, eventual_encoding, formatter)
class BeautifulStoneSoup(BeautifulSoup):
"""Deprecated interface to an XML parser."""
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
kwargs['features'] = 'xml'
warnings.warn(
'The BeautifulStoneSoup class is deprecated. Instead of using '
'it, pass features="xml" into the BeautifulSoup constructor.')
super(BeautifulStoneSoup, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
class StopParsing(Exception):
pass
class FeatureNotFound(ValueError):
pass
#By default, act as an HTML pretty-printer.
if __name__ == '__main__':
import sys
soup = BeautifulSoup(sys.stdin)
print(soup.prettify())
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