Skip to content
apt-fast: A shellscript wrapper for apt that speeds up downloading of packages.
Shell Makefile
Branch: master
Clone or download
Lasall Update README.md
 * Add information about interaction free installation. Closes #85
Latest commit f7b86e6 Sep 24, 2019

README.md

apt-fast 1.9

apt-fast is a shellscript wrapper for apt-get and aptitude that can drastically improve apt download times by downloading packages in parallel, with multiple connections per package.

Table of Contents

Installation

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:apt-fast/stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get -y install apt-fast

Ubuntu PPA

You can use the Ubuntu PPA to get a graphical configuration file setup and automatic updates, for details see:

Debian and derivates

Some distros, such as PCLinuxOS include apt-fast in their repositories. However if not included like in Debian or Kali Linux, then the PPA can be manually added by creating a new file /etc/apt/sources.list.d/apt-fast.list:

deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/apt-fast/stable/ubuntu bionic main 
deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/apt-fast/stable/ubuntu bionic main

To install apt-fast execute following commands as root:

apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys A2166B8DE8BDC3367D1901C11EE2FF37CA8DA16B
apt-get update
apt-get install apt-fast

Note that the PPA version bionic might need to be updated with the recent Ubuntu LTS codename to stay up-to-date.

Interaction-free installation

To install apt-fast without interaction execute the following commands as root after adding the package sources to the sources.list:

DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get install -y apt-fast

To update specific configuration values use the debconf command line interface as root, e.g.:

echo debconf apt-fast/maxdownloads string 16 | debconf-set-selections
echo debconf apt-fast/dlflag boolean true | debconf-set-selections
echo debconf apt-fast/aptmanager string apt-get | debconf-set-selections

Quick install

You can quickly install apt-fast by running:

/bin/bash -c "$(curl -sL https://git.io/vokNn)"

Manual

A manual install can be performed as such:

cp apt-fast /usr/local/sbin/
chmod +x /usr/local/sbin/apt-fast
cp apt-fast.conf /etc

You need to have aria2c installed:

apt-get install aria2

Then simply run apt-fast instead of apt-get or aptitude.

Autocompletion

Bash

cp completions/bash/apt-fast /etc/bash_completion.d/
chown root:root /etc/bash_completion.d/apt-fast
. /etc/bash_completion

Zsh

cp completions/zsh/_apt-fast /usr/share/zsh/functions/Completion/Debian/
chown root:root /usr/share/zsh/functions/Completion/Debian/_apt-fast
source /usr/share/zsh/functions/Completion/Debian/_apt-fast

Fish

cp completions/fish/apt-fast.fish /etc/fish/conf.d/completions/
chown root:root /etc/fish/conf.d/completions/apt-fast.fish
source /etc/fish/conf.d/completions/apt-fast.fish

Man page installation

mkdir -p /usr/local/share/man/man8/
cp ./man/apt-fast.8 /usr/local/share/man/man8
gzip -f9 /usr/local/share/man/man8/apt-fast.8
mkdir -p /usr/local/share/man/man5/
cp ./man/apt-fast.conf.5 /usr/local/share/man/man5
gzip -f9 /usr/local/share/man/man5/apt-fast.conf.5

Configuration

The apt-fast configuration file is located at: /etc/apt-fast.conf

Package manager

_APTMGR=apt-get

Change package manager used for installation. Supported are apt-get, aptitude, apt.

Confirmation dialog

DOWNLOADBEFORE=true

To suppress apt-fast confirmation dialog and download packages directly set this to any value. To ask for confirmation, leave empty. This options doesn't affect package manager confirmation.

Multiple mirrors

Adding multiple mirrors will further speed up downloads and distribute load, be sure to add mirrors near to your location. Official mirror lists:

Then add them to whitespace and comma separated list in config file, e.g.:

MIRRORS=( 'http://deb.debian.org/debian','http://ftp.debian.org/debian, http://ftp2.de.debian.org/debian, http://ftp.de.debian.org/debian, ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/debian' )
MIRRORS=( 'http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu, http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu, http://ftp.halifax.rwth-aachen.de/ubuntu, http://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/linux/ubuntu, http://mirror.informatik.uni-mannheim.de/pub/linux/distributions/ubuntu/' )

NOTE: To use any mirrors you may have in sources.list or sources.list.d you will need to add them to the apt-fast.conf mirror list as well!

Maximum connections

_MAXNUM=5

Set to maximum number of connections aria2c uses.

Maximum connections per server

_MAXCONPERSRV=10

Set to maximum number of connections per server aria2c uses.

Maximum connections per file

_SPLITCON=8

Set to maximum number of connections per file aria2c uses.

File split size

_MINSPLITSZ=1M

Set to size of each split piece. Possible values: 1M-1024M

Piece selection algorithm

_PIECEALGO=default

Set to piece selection algorithm to use. Possible values: default, inorder, geom

Downloadmanager file

DLLIST='/tmp/apt-fast.list'

Location of aria2c input file, used to download the packages with options and checksums.

Downloadmanager command

_DOWNLOADER='aria2c --no-conf -c -j ${_MAXNUM} -x ${_MAXCONPERSRV} -s ${_SPLITCON} -i ${DLLIST} --min-split-size=${_MINSPLITSZ} --stream-piece-selector=${_PIECEALGO} --connect-timeout=600 --timeout=600 -m0'

Change the download manager or add additional options to aria2c.

Proxy

apt-fast uses APT's proxy settings (Acquire::http::proxy, Acquire::https::proxy, Acquire::ftp::proxy) and if those are not available, the environment settings (http_proxy, https_proxy, ftp_proxy). Refer to APT's or the system's documentation.

Download folder

DLDIR='/var/cache/apt/apt-fast'

Directory where apt-fast (temporarily) downloads the packages.

APT archives cache

APTCACHE='/var/cache/apt/archives'

Directory where apt-get and aptitude download packages.

Verbose output

VERBOSE_OUTPUT=y

Show aria2 download file instead of package listing before download confirmation. Unset to show package listing.

Colors

cGreen='\e[0;32m'
cRed='\e[0;31m'
cBlue='\e[0;34m'
endColor='\e[0m' 

Terminal colors used for dialogs. Refer to ANSI Escape sequences for a list of possible values. Disabled when not using terminal.

License

Consider apt-fast and all of its derivatives licensed under the GNU GPLv3+.

Copyright: 2008-2012 Matt Parnell, http://www.mattparnell.com

Improvements, maintenance, revisions - 2012, 2017-2019 Dominique Lasserre

Special thanks

  • Travis/travisn000 - support for complex apt-get commands
  • Alan Hoffmeister - aria2c support
  • Abhishek Sharma - aria2c with proxy support
  • Luca Marchetti - improvements on the locking system and downloader execution
  • Richard Klien - Autocompletion, Download Size Checking (made for on ubuntu, untested on other distros)
  • Patrick Kramer Ruiz - suggestions
  • Sergio Silva - test to see if axel is installed, root detection/sudo autorun, lock file check/creation
  • Waldemar {BOB}{Burnfaker} Wetzel - lockfile improvements, separate config file
  • maclarke - locking improvements
You can’t perform that action at this time.