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/* stb_image_write - v1.05 - public domain - http://nothings.org/stb/stb_image_write.h
writes out PNG/BMP/TGA images to C stdio - Sean Barrett 2010-2015
no warranty implied; use at your own risk
Before #including,
#define STB_IMAGE_WRITE_IMPLEMENTATION
in the file that you want to have the implementation.
Will probably not work correctly with strict-aliasing optimizations.
ABOUT:
This header file is a library for writing images to C stdio. It could be
adapted to write to memory or a general streaming interface; let me know.
The PNG output is not optimal; it is 20-50% larger than the file
written by a decent optimizing implementation. This library is designed
for source code compactness and simplicity, not optimal image file size
or run-time performance.
BUILDING:
You can #define STBIW_ASSERT(x) before the #include to avoid using assert.h.
You can #define STBIW_MALLOC(), STBIW_REALLOC(), and STBIW_FREE() to replace
malloc,realloc,free.
You can define STBIW_MEMMOVE() to replace memmove()
USAGE:
There are four functions, one for each image file format:
int stbi_write_png(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data, int stride_in_bytes);
int stbi_write_bmp(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data);
int stbi_write_tga(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data);
int stbi_write_hdr(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const float *data);
There are also four equivalent functions that use an arbitrary write function. You are
expected to open/close your file-equivalent before and after calling these:
int stbi_write_png_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data, int stride_in_bytes);
int stbi_write_bmp_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data);
int stbi_write_tga_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data);
int stbi_write_hdr_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const float *data);
where the callback is:
void stbi_write_func(void *context, void *data, int size);
You can define STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO to disable the file variant of these
functions, so the library will not use stdio.h at all. However, this will
also disable HDR writing, because it requires stdio for formatted output.
Each function returns 0 on failure and non-0 on success.
The functions create an image file defined by the parameters. The image
is a rectangle of pixels stored from left-to-right, top-to-bottom.
Each pixel contains 'comp' channels of data stored interleaved with 8-bits
per channel, in the following order: 1=Y, 2=YA, 3=RGB, 4=RGBA. (Y is
monochrome color.) The rectangle is 'w' pixels wide and 'h' pixels tall.
The *data pointer points to the first byte of the top-left-most pixel.
For PNG, "stride_in_bytes" is the distance in bytes from the first byte of
a row of pixels to the first byte of the next row of pixels.
PNG creates output files with the same number of components as the input.
The BMP format expands Y to RGB in the file format and does not
output alpha.
PNG supports writing rectangles of data even when the bytes storing rows of
data are not consecutive in memory (e.g. sub-rectangles of a larger image),
by supplying the stride between the beginning of adjacent rows. The other
formats do not. (Thus you cannot write a native-format BMP through the BMP
writer, both because it is in BGR order and because it may have padding
at the end of the line.)
HDR expects linear float data. Since the format is always 32-bit rgb(e)
data, alpha (if provided) is discarded, and for monochrome data it is
replicated across all three channels.
TGA supports RLE or non-RLE compressed data. To use non-RLE-compressed
data, set the global variable 'stbi_write_tga_with_rle' to 0.
CREDITS:
PNG/BMP/TGA
Sean Barrett
HDR
Baldur Karlsson
TGA monochrome:
Jean-Sebastien Guay
misc enhancements:
Tim Kelsey
TGA RLE
Alan Hickman
initial file IO callback implementation
Emmanuel Julien
bugfixes:
github:Chribba
Guillaume Chereau
github:jry2
github:romigrou
Sergio Gonzalez
Jonas Karlsson
Filip Wasil
Thatcher Ulrich
github:poppolopoppo
Patrick Boettcher
LICENSE
See end of file for license information.
*/
#ifndef INCLUDE_STB_IMAGE_WRITE_H
#define INCLUDE_STB_IMAGE_WRITE_H
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif
#ifdef STB_IMAGE_WRITE_STATIC
#define STBIWDEF static
#else
#define STBIWDEF extern
extern int stbi_write_tga_with_rle;
#endif
#ifndef STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO
STBIWDEF int stbi_write_png(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data, int stride_in_bytes);
STBIWDEF int stbi_write_bmp(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data);
STBIWDEF int stbi_write_tga(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data);
STBIWDEF int stbi_write_hdr(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const float *data);
#endif
typedef void stbi_write_func(void *context, void *data, int size);
STBIWDEF int stbi_write_png_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data, int stride_in_bytes);
STBIWDEF int stbi_write_bmp_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data);
STBIWDEF int stbi_write_tga_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data);
STBIWDEF int stbi_write_hdr_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const float *data);
#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif
#endif//INCLUDE_STB_IMAGE_WRITE_H
#ifdef STB_IMAGE_WRITE_IMPLEMENTATION
#ifdef _WIN32
#ifndef _CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS
#define _CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS
#endif
#ifndef _CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE
#define _CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE
#endif
#endif
#ifndef STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO
#include <stdio.h>
#endif // STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <math.h>
#if defined(STBIW_MALLOC) && defined(STBIW_FREE) && (defined(STBIW_REALLOC) || defined(STBIW_REALLOC_SIZED))
// ok
#elif !defined(STBIW_MALLOC) && !defined(STBIW_FREE) && !defined(STBIW_REALLOC) && !defined(STBIW_REALLOC_SIZED)
// ok
#else
#error "Must define all or none of STBIW_MALLOC, STBIW_FREE, and STBIW_REALLOC (or STBIW_REALLOC_SIZED)."
#endif
#ifndef STBIW_MALLOC
#define STBIW_MALLOC(sz) malloc(sz)
#define STBIW_REALLOC(p,newsz) realloc(p,newsz)
#define STBIW_FREE(p) free(p)
#endif
#ifndef STBIW_REALLOC_SIZED
#define STBIW_REALLOC_SIZED(p,oldsz,newsz) STBIW_REALLOC(p,newsz)
#endif
#ifndef STBIW_MEMMOVE
#define STBIW_MEMMOVE(a,b,sz) memmove(a,b,sz)
#endif
#ifndef STBIW_ASSERT
#include <assert.h>
#define STBIW_ASSERT(x) assert(x)
#endif
#define STBIW_UCHAR(x) (unsigned char) ((x) & 0xff)
typedef struct
{
stbi_write_func *func;
void *context;
} stbi__write_context;
// initialize a callback-based context
static void stbi__start_write_callbacks(stbi__write_context *s, stbi_write_func *c, void *context)
{
s->func = c;
s->context = context;
}
#ifndef STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO
static void stbi__stdio_write(void *context, void *data, int size)
{
fwrite(data,1,size,(FILE*) context);
}
static int stbi__start_write_file(stbi__write_context *s, const char *filename)
{
FILE *f = fopen(filename, "wb");
stbi__start_write_callbacks(s, stbi__stdio_write, (void *) f);
return f != NULL;
}
static void stbi__end_write_file(stbi__write_context *s)
{
fclose((FILE *)s->context);
}
#endif // !STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO
typedef unsigned int stbiw_uint32;
typedef int stb_image_write_test[sizeof(stbiw_uint32)==4 ? 1 : -1];
#ifdef STB_IMAGE_WRITE_STATIC
static int stbi_write_tga_with_rle = 1;
#else
int stbi_write_tga_with_rle = 1;
#endif
static void stbiw__writefv(stbi__write_context *s, const char *fmt, va_list v)
{
while (*fmt) {
switch (*fmt++) {
case ' ': break;
case '1': { unsigned char x = STBIW_UCHAR(va_arg(v, int));
s->func(s->context,&x,1);
break; }
case '2': { int x = va_arg(v,int);
unsigned char b[2];
b[0] = STBIW_UCHAR(x);
b[1] = STBIW_UCHAR(x>>8);
s->func(s->context,b,2);
break; }
case '4': { stbiw_uint32 x = va_arg(v,int);
unsigned char b[4];
b[0]=STBIW_UCHAR(x);
b[1]=STBIW_UCHAR(x>>8);
b[2]=STBIW_UCHAR(x>>16);
b[3]=STBIW_UCHAR(x>>24);
s->func(s->context,b,4);
break; }
default:
STBIW_ASSERT(0);
return;
}
}
}
static void stbiw__writef(stbi__write_context *s, const char *fmt, ...)
{
va_list v;
va_start(v, fmt);
stbiw__writefv(s, fmt, v);
va_end(v);
}
static void stbiw__write3(stbi__write_context *s, unsigned char a, unsigned char b, unsigned char c)
{
unsigned char arr[3];
arr[0] = a, arr[1] = b, arr[2] = c;
s->func(s->context, arr, 3);
}
static void stbiw__write_pixel(stbi__write_context *s, int rgb_dir, int comp, int write_alpha, int expand_mono, unsigned char *d)
{
unsigned char bg[3] = { 255, 0, 255}, px[3];
int k;
if (write_alpha < 0)
s->func(s->context, &d[comp - 1], 1);
switch (comp) {
case 2: // 2 pixels = mono + alpha, alpha is written separately, so same as 1-channel case
case 1:
if (expand_mono)
stbiw__write3(s, d[0], d[0], d[0]); // monochrome bmp
else
s->func(s->context, d, 1); // monochrome TGA
break;
case 4:
if (!write_alpha) {
// composite against pink background
for (k = 0; k < 3; ++k)
px[k] = bg[k] + ((d[k] - bg[k]) * d[3]) / 255;
stbiw__write3(s, px[1 - rgb_dir], px[1], px[1 + rgb_dir]);
break;
}
/* FALLTHROUGH */
case 3:
stbiw__write3(s, d[1 - rgb_dir], d[1], d[1 + rgb_dir]);
break;
}
if (write_alpha > 0)
s->func(s->context, &d[comp - 1], 1);
}
static void stbiw__write_pixels(stbi__write_context *s, int rgb_dir, int vdir, int x, int y, int comp, void *data, int write_alpha, int scanline_pad, int expand_mono)
{
stbiw_uint32 zero = 0;
int i,j, j_end;
if (y <= 0)
return;
if (vdir < 0)
j_end = -1, j = y-1;
else
j_end = y, j = 0;
for (; j != j_end; j += vdir) {
for (i=0; i < x; ++i) {
unsigned char *d = (unsigned char *) data + (j*x+i)*comp;
stbiw__write_pixel(s, rgb_dir, comp, write_alpha, expand_mono, d);
}
s->func(s->context, &zero, scanline_pad);
}
}
static int stbiw__outfile(stbi__write_context *s, int rgb_dir, int vdir, int x, int y, int comp, int expand_mono, void *data, int alpha, int pad, const char *fmt, ...)
{
if (y < 0 || x < 0) {
return 0;
} else {
va_list v;
va_start(v, fmt);
stbiw__writefv(s, fmt, v);
va_end(v);
stbiw__write_pixels(s,rgb_dir,vdir,x,y,comp,data,alpha,pad, expand_mono);
return 1;
}
}
static int stbi_write_bmp_core(stbi__write_context *s, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data)
{
int pad = (-x*3) & 3;
return stbiw__outfile(s,-1,-1,x,y,comp,1,(void *) data,0,pad,
"11 4 22 4" "4 44 22 444444",
'B', 'M', 14+40+(x*3+pad)*y, 0,0, 14+40, // file header
40, x,y, 1,24, 0,0,0,0,0,0); // bitmap header
}
STBIWDEF int stbi_write_bmp_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data)
{
stbi__write_context s;
stbi__start_write_callbacks(&s, func, context);
return stbi_write_bmp_core(&s, x, y, comp, data);
}
#ifndef STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO
STBIWDEF int stbi_write_bmp(char const *filename, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data)
{
stbi__write_context s;
if (stbi__start_write_file(&s,filename)) {
int r = stbi_write_bmp_core(&s, x, y, comp, data);
stbi__end_write_file(&s);
return r;
} else
return 0;
}
#endif //!STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO
static int stbi_write_tga_core(stbi__write_context *s, int x, int y, int comp, void *data)
{
int has_alpha = (comp == 2 || comp == 4);
int colorbytes = has_alpha ? comp-1 : comp;
int format = colorbytes < 2 ? 3 : 2; // 3 color channels (RGB/RGBA) = 2, 1 color channel (Y/YA) = 3
if (y < 0 || x < 0)
return 0;
if (!stbi_write_tga_with_rle) {
return stbiw__outfile(s, -1, -1, x, y, comp, 0, (void *) data, has_alpha, 0,
"111 221 2222 11", 0, 0, format, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, x, y, (colorbytes + has_alpha) * 8, has_alpha * 8);
} else {
int i,j,k;
stbiw__writef(s, "111 221 2222 11", 0,0,format+8, 0,0,0, 0,0,x,y, (colorbytes + has_alpha) * 8, has_alpha * 8);
for (j = y - 1; j >= 0; --j) {
unsigned char *row = (unsigned char *) data + j * x * comp;
int len;
for (i = 0; i < x; i += len) {
unsigned char *begin = row + i * comp;
int diff = 1;
len = 1;
if (i < x - 1) {
++len;
diff = memcmp(begin, row + (i + 1) * comp, comp);
if (diff) {
const unsigned char *prev = begin;
for (k = i + 2; k < x && len < 128; ++k) {
if (memcmp(prev, row + k * comp, comp)) {
prev += comp;
++len;
} else {
--len;
break;
}
}
} else {
for (k = i + 2; k < x && len < 128; ++k) {
if (!memcmp(begin, row + k * comp, comp)) {
++len;
} else {
break;
}
}
}
}
if (diff) {
unsigned char header = STBIW_UCHAR(len - 1);
s->func(s->context, &header, 1);
for (k = 0; k < len; ++k) {
stbiw__write_pixel(s, -1, comp, has_alpha, 0, begin + k * comp);
}
} else {
unsigned char header = STBIW_UCHAR(len - 129);
s->func(s->context, &header, 1);
stbiw__write_pixel(s, -1, comp, has_alpha, 0, begin);
}
}
}
}
return 1;
}
int stbi_write_tga_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data)
{
stbi__write_context s;
stbi__start_write_callbacks(&s, func, context);
return stbi_write_tga_core(&s, x, y, comp, (void *) data);
}
#ifndef STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO
int stbi_write_tga(char const *filename, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data)
{
stbi__write_context s;
if (stbi__start_write_file(&s,filename)) {
int r = stbi_write_tga_core(&s, x, y, comp, (void *) data);
stbi__end_write_file(&s);
return r;
} else
return 0;
}
#endif
// *************************************************************************************************
// Radiance RGBE HDR writer
// by Baldur Karlsson
#define stbiw__max(a, b) ((a) > (b) ? (a) : (b))
void stbiw__linear_to_rgbe(unsigned char *rgbe, float *linear)
{
int exponent;
float maxcomp = stbiw__max(linear[0], stbiw__max(linear[1], linear[2]));
if (maxcomp < 1e-32f) {
rgbe[0] = rgbe[1] = rgbe[2] = rgbe[3] = 0;
} else {
float normalize = (float) frexp(maxcomp, &exponent) * 256.0f/maxcomp;
rgbe[0] = (unsigned char)(linear[0] * normalize);
rgbe[1] = (unsigned char)(linear[1] * normalize);
rgbe[2] = (unsigned char)(linear[2] * normalize);
rgbe[3] = (unsigned char)(exponent + 128);
}
}
void stbiw__write_run_data(stbi__write_context *s, int length, unsigned char databyte)
{
unsigned char lengthbyte = STBIW_UCHAR(length+128);
STBIW_ASSERT(length+128 <= 255);
s->func(s->context, &lengthbyte, 1);
s->func(s->context, &databyte, 1);
}
void stbiw__write_dump_data(stbi__write_context *s, int length, unsigned char *data)
{
unsigned char lengthbyte = STBIW_UCHAR(length);
STBIW_ASSERT(length <= 128); // inconsistent with spec but consistent with official code
s->func(s->context, &lengthbyte, 1);
s->func(s->context, data, length);
}
void stbiw__write_hdr_scanline(stbi__write_context *s, int width, int ncomp, unsigned char *scratch, float *scanline)
{
unsigned char scanlineheader[4] = { 2, 2, 0, 0 };
unsigned char rgbe[4];
float linear[3];
int x;
scanlineheader[2] = (width&0xff00)>>8;
scanlineheader[3] = (width&0x00ff);
/* skip RLE for images too small or large */
if (width < 8 || width >= 32768) {
for (x=0; x < width; x++) {
switch (ncomp) {
case 4: /* fallthrough */
case 3: linear[2] = scanline[x*ncomp + 2];
linear[1] = scanline[x*ncomp + 1];
linear[0] = scanline[x*ncomp + 0];
break;
default:
linear[0] = linear[1] = linear[2] = scanline[x*ncomp + 0];
break;
}
stbiw__linear_to_rgbe(rgbe, linear);
s->func(s->context, rgbe, 4);
}
} else {
int c,r;
/* encode into scratch buffer */
for (x=0; x < width; x++) {
switch(ncomp) {
case 4: /* fallthrough */
case 3: linear[2] = scanline[x*ncomp + 2];
linear[1] = scanline[x*ncomp + 1];
linear[0] = scanline[x*ncomp + 0];
break;
default:
linear[0] = linear[1] = linear[2] = scanline[x*ncomp + 0];
break;
}
stbiw__linear_to_rgbe(rgbe, linear);
scratch[x + width*0] = rgbe[0];
scratch[x + width*1] = rgbe[1];
scratch[x + width*2] = rgbe[2];
scratch[x + width*3] = rgbe[3];
}
s->func(s->context, scanlineheader, 4);
/* RLE each component separately */
for (c=0; c < 4; c++) {
unsigned char *comp = &scratch[width*c];
x = 0;
while (x < width) {
// find first run
r = x;
while (r+2 < width) {
if (comp[r] == comp[r+1] && comp[r] == comp[r+2])
break;
++r;
}
if (r+2 >= width)
r = width;
// dump up to first run
while (x < r) {
int len = r-x;
if (len > 128) len = 128;
stbiw__write_dump_data(s, len, &comp[x]);
x += len;
}
// if there's a run, output it
if (r+2 < width) { // same test as what we break out of in search loop, so only true if we break'd
// find next byte after run
while (r < width && comp[r] == comp[x])
++r;
// output run up to r
while (x < r) {
int len = r-x;
if (len > 127) len = 127;
stbiw__write_run_data(s, len, comp[x]);
x += len;
}
}
}
}
}
}
static int stbi_write_hdr_core(stbi__write_context *s, int x, int y, int comp, float *data)
{
if (y <= 0 || x <= 0 || data == NULL)
return 0;
else {
// Each component is stored separately. Allocate scratch space for full output scanline.
unsigned char *scratch = (unsigned char *) STBIW_MALLOC(x*4);
int i, len;
char buffer[128];
char header[] = "#?RADIANCE\n# Written by stb_image_write.h\nFORMAT=32-bit_rle_rgbe\n";
s->func(s->context, header, sizeof(header)-1);
len = sprintf(buffer, "EXPOSURE= 1.0000000000000\n\n-Y %d +X %d\n", y, x);
s->func(s->context, buffer, len);
for(i=0; i < y; i++)
stbiw__write_hdr_scanline(s, x, comp, scratch, data + comp*i*x);
STBIW_FREE(scratch);
return 1;
}
}
int stbi_write_hdr_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int x, int y, int comp, const float *data)
{
stbi__write_context s;
stbi__start_write_callbacks(&s, func, context);
return stbi_write_hdr_core(&s, x, y, comp, (float *) data);
}
#ifndef STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO
int stbi_write_hdr(char const *filename, int x, int y, int comp, const float *data)
{
stbi__write_context s;
if (stbi__start_write_file(&s,filename)) {
int r = stbi_write_hdr_core(&s, x, y, comp, (float *) data);
stbi__end_write_file(&s);
return r;
} else
return 0;
}
#endif // STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// PNG writer
//
// stretchy buffer; stbiw__sbpush() == vector<>::push_back() -- stbiw__sbcount() == vector<>::size()
#define stbiw__sbraw(a) ((int *) (a) - 2)
#define stbiw__sbm(a) stbiw__sbraw(a)[0]
#define stbiw__sbn(a) stbiw__sbraw(a)[1]
#define stbiw__sbneedgrow(a,n) ((a)==0 || stbiw__sbn(a)+n >= stbiw__sbm(a))
#define stbiw__sbmaybegrow(a,n) (stbiw__sbneedgrow(a,(n)) ? stbiw__sbgrow(a,n) : 0)
#define stbiw__sbgrow(a,n) stbiw__sbgrowf((void **) &(a), (n), sizeof(*(a)))
#define stbiw__sbpush(a, v) (stbiw__sbmaybegrow(a,1), (a)[stbiw__sbn(a)++] = (v))
#define stbiw__sbcount(a) ((a) ? stbiw__sbn(a) : 0)
#define stbiw__sbfree(a) ((a) ? STBIW_FREE(stbiw__sbraw(a)),0 : 0)
static void *stbiw__sbgrowf(void **arr, int increment, int itemsize)
{
int m = *arr ? 2*stbiw__sbm(*arr)+increment : increment+1;
void *p = STBIW_REALLOC_SIZED(*arr ? stbiw__sbraw(*arr) : 0, *arr ? (stbiw__sbm(*arr)*itemsize + sizeof(int)*2) : 0, itemsize * m + sizeof(int)*2);
STBIW_ASSERT(p);
if (p) {
if (!*arr) ((int *) p)[1] = 0;
*arr = (void *) ((int *) p + 2);
stbiw__sbm(*arr) = m;
}
return *arr;
}
static unsigned char *stbiw__zlib_flushf(unsigned char *data, unsigned int *bitbuffer, int *bitcount)
{
while (*bitcount >= 8) {
stbiw__sbpush(data, STBIW_UCHAR(*bitbuffer));
*bitbuffer >>= 8;
*bitcount -= 8;
}
return data;
}
static int stbiw__zlib_bitrev(int code, int codebits)
{
int res=0;
while (codebits--) {
res = (res << 1) | (code & 1);
code >>= 1;
}
return res;
}
static unsigned int stbiw__zlib_countm(unsigned char *a, unsigned char *b, int limit)
{
int i;
for (i=0; i < limit && i < 258; ++i)
if (a[i] != b[i]) break;
return i;
}
static unsigned int stbiw__zhash(unsigned char *data)
{
stbiw_uint32 hash = data[0] + (data[1] << 8) + (data[2] << 16);
hash ^= hash << 3;
hash += hash >> 5;
hash ^= hash << 4;
hash += hash >> 17;
hash ^= hash << 25;
hash += hash >> 6;
return hash;
}
#define stbiw__zlib_flush() (out = stbiw__zlib_flushf(out, &bitbuf, &bitcount))
#define stbiw__zlib_add(code,codebits) \
(bitbuf |= (code) << bitcount, bitcount += (codebits), stbiw__zlib_flush())
#define stbiw__zlib_huffa(b,c) stbiw__zlib_add(stbiw__zlib_bitrev(b,c),c)
// default huffman tables
#define stbiw__zlib_huff1(n) stbiw__zlib_huffa(0x30 + (n), 8)
#define stbiw__zlib_huff2(n) stbiw__zlib_huffa(0x190 + (n)-144, 9)
#define stbiw__zlib_huff3(n) stbiw__zlib_huffa(0 + (n)-256,7)
#define stbiw__zlib_huff4(n) stbiw__zlib_huffa(0xc0 + (n)-280,8)
#define stbiw__zlib_huff(n) ((n) <= 143 ? stbiw__zlib_huff1(n) : (n) <= 255 ? stbiw__zlib_huff2(n) : (n) <= 279 ? stbiw__zlib_huff3(n) : stbiw__zlib_huff4(n))
#define stbiw__zlib_huffb(n) ((n) <= 143 ? stbiw__zlib_huff1(n) : stbiw__zlib_huff2(n))
#define stbiw__ZHASH 16384
unsigned char * stbi_zlib_compress(unsigned char *data, int data_len, int *out_len, int quality)
{
static unsigned short lengthc[] = { 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,13,15,17,19,23,27,31,35,43,51,59,67,83,99,115,131,163,195,227,258, 259 };
static unsigned char lengtheb[]= { 0,0,0,0,0,0,0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4, 4, 5, 5, 5, 5, 0 };
static unsigned short distc[] = { 1,2,3,4,5,7,9,13,17,25,33,49,65,97,129,193,257,385,513,769,1025,1537,2049,3073,4097,6145,8193,12289,16385,24577, 32768 };
static unsigned char disteb[] = { 0,0,0,0,1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9,10,10,11,11,12,12,13,13 };
unsigned int bitbuf=0;
int i,j, bitcount=0;
unsigned char *out = NULL;
unsigned char ***hash_table = (unsigned char***) STBIW_MALLOC(stbiw__ZHASH * sizeof(char**));
if (quality < 5) quality = 5;
stbiw__sbpush(out, 0x78); // DEFLATE 32K window
stbiw__sbpush(out, 0x5e); // FLEVEL = 1
stbiw__zlib_add(1,1); // BFINAL = 1
stbiw__zlib_add(1,2); // BTYPE = 1 -- fixed huffman
for (i=0; i < stbiw__ZHASH; ++i)
hash_table[i] = NULL;
i=0;
while (i < data_len-3) {
// hash next 3 bytes of data to be compressed
int h = stbiw__zhash(data+i)&(stbiw__ZHASH-1), best=3;
unsigned char *bestloc = 0;
unsigned char **hlist = hash_table[h];
int n = stbiw__sbcount(hlist);
for (j=0; j < n; ++j) {
if (hlist[j]-data > i-32768) { // if entry lies within window
int d = stbiw__zlib_countm(hlist[j], data+i, data_len-i);
if (d >= best) best=d,bestloc=hlist[j];
}
}
// when hash table entry is too long, delete half the entries
if (hash_table[h] && stbiw__sbn(hash_table[h]) == 2*quality) {
STBIW_MEMMOVE(hash_table[h], hash_table[h]+quality, sizeof(hash_table[h][0])*quality);
stbiw__sbn(hash_table[h]) = quality;
}
stbiw__sbpush(hash_table[h],data+i);
if (bestloc) {
// "lazy matching" - check match at *next* byte, and if it's better, do cur byte as literal
h = stbiw__zhash(data+i+1)&(stbiw__ZHASH-1);
hlist = hash_table[h];
n = stbiw__sbcount(hlist);
for (j=0; j < n; ++j) {
if (hlist[j]-data > i-32767) {
int e = stbiw__zlib_countm(hlist[j], data+i+1, data_len-i-1);
if (e > best) { // if next match is better, bail on current match
bestloc = NULL;
break;
}
}
}
}
if (bestloc) {
int d = (int) (data+i - bestloc); // distance back
STBIW_ASSERT(d <= 32767 && best <= 258);
for (j=0; best > lengthc[j+1]-1; ++j);
stbiw__zlib_huff(j+257);
if (lengtheb[j]) stbiw__zlib_add(best - lengthc[j], lengtheb[j]);
for (j=0; d > distc[j+1]-1; ++j);
stbiw__zlib_add(stbiw__zlib_bitrev(j,5),5);
if (disteb[j]) stbiw__zlib_add(d - distc[j], disteb[j]);
i += best;
} else {
stbiw__zlib_huffb(data[i]);
++i;
}
}
// write out final bytes
for (;i < data_len; ++i)
stbiw__zlib_huffb(data[i]);
stbiw__zlib_huff(256); // end of block
// pad with 0 bits to byte boundary
while (bitcount)
stbiw__zlib_add(0,1);
for (i=0; i < stbiw__ZHASH; ++i)
(void) stbiw__sbfree(hash_table[i]);
STBIW_FREE(hash_table);
{
// compute adler32 on input
unsigned int s1=1, s2=0;
int blocklen = (int) (data_len % 5552);
j=0;
while (j < data_len) {
for (i=0; i < blocklen; ++i) s1 += data[j+i], s2 += s1;
s1 %= 65521, s2 %= 65521;
j += blocklen;
blocklen = 5552;
}
stbiw__sbpush(out, STBIW_UCHAR(s2 >> 8));
stbiw__sbpush(out, STBIW_UCHAR(s2));
stbiw__sbpush(out, STBIW_UCHAR(s1 >> 8));
stbiw__sbpush(out, STBIW_UCHAR(s1));
}
*out_len = stbiw__sbn(out);
// make returned pointer freeable
STBIW_MEMMOVE(stbiw__sbraw(out), out, *out_len);
return (unsigned char *) stbiw__sbraw(out);
}
static unsigned int stbiw__crc32(unsigned char *buffer, int len)
{
static unsigned int crc_table[256] =
{
0x00000000, 0x77073096, 0xEE0E612C, 0x990951BA, 0x076DC419, 0x706AF48F, 0xE963A535, 0x9E6495A3,
0x0eDB8832, 0x79DCB8A4, 0xE0D5E91E, 0x97D2D988, 0x09B64C2B, 0x7EB17CBD, 0xE7B82D07, 0x90BF1D91,
0x1DB71064, 0x6AB020F2, 0xF3B97148, 0x84BE41DE, 0x1ADAD47D, 0x6DDDE4EB, 0xF4D4B551, 0x83D385C7,
0x136C9856, 0x646BA8C0, 0xFD62F97A, 0x8A65C9EC, 0x14015C4F, 0x63066CD9, 0xFA0F3D63, 0x8D080DF5,
0x3B6E20C8, 0x4C69105E, 0xD56041E4, 0xA2677172, 0x3C03E4D1, 0x4B04D447, 0xD20D85FD, 0xA50AB56B,
0x35B5A8FA, 0x42B2986C, 0xDBBBC9D6, 0xACBCF940, 0x32D86CE3, 0x45DF5C75, 0xDCD60DCF, 0xABD13D59,
0x26D930AC, 0x51DE003A, 0xC8D75180, 0xBFD06116, 0x21B4F4B5, 0x56B3C423, 0xCFBA9599, 0xB8BDA50F,
0x2802B89E, 0x5F058808, 0xC60CD9B2, 0xB10BE924, 0x2F6F7C87, 0x58684C11, 0xC1611DAB, 0xB6662D3D,
0x76DC4190, 0x01DB7106, 0x98D220BC, 0xEFD5102A, 0x71B18589, 0x06B6B51F, 0x9FBFE4A5, 0xE8B8D433,
0x7807C9A2, 0x0F00F934, 0x9609A88E, 0xE10E9818, 0x7F6A0DBB, 0x086D3D2D, 0x91646C97, 0xE6635C01,
0x6B6B51F4, 0x1C6C6162, 0x856530D8, 0xF262004E, 0x6C0695ED, 0x1B01A57B, 0x8208F4C1, 0xF50FC457,
0x65B0D9C6, 0x12B7E950, 0x8BBEB8EA, 0xFCB9887C, 0x62DD1DDF, 0x15DA2D49, 0x8CD37CF3, 0xFBD44C65,
0x4DB26158, 0x3AB551CE, 0xA3BC0074, 0xD4BB30E2, 0x4ADFA541, 0x3DD895D7, 0xA4D1C46D, 0xD3D6F4FB,
0x4369E96A, 0x346ED9FC, 0xAD678846, 0xDA60B8D0, 0x44042D73, 0x33031DE5, 0xAA0A4C5F, 0xDD0D7CC9,
0x5005713C, 0x270241AA, 0xBE0B1010, 0xC90C2086, 0x5768B525, 0x206F85B3, 0xB966D409, 0xCE61E49F,
0x5EDEF90E, 0x29D9C998, 0xB0D09822, 0xC7D7A8B4, 0x59B33D17, 0x2EB40D81, 0xB7BD5C3B, 0xC0BA6CAD,
0xEDB88320, 0x9ABFB3B6, 0x03B6E20C, 0x74B1D29A, 0xEAD54739, 0x9DD277AF, 0x04DB2615, 0x73DC1683,
0xE3630B12, 0x94643B84, 0x0D6D6A3E, 0x7A6A5AA8, 0xE40ECF0B, 0x9309FF9D, 0x0A00AE27, 0x7D079EB1,
0xF00F9344, 0x8708A3D2, 0x1E01F268, 0x6906C2FE, 0xF762575D, 0x806567CB, 0x196C3671, 0x6E6B06E7,
0xFED41B76, 0x89D32BE0, 0x10DA7A5A, 0x67DD4ACC, 0xF9B9DF6F, 0x8EBEEFF9, 0x17B7BE43, 0x60B08ED5,
0xD6D6A3E8, 0xA1D1937E, 0x38D8C2C4, 0x4FDFF252, 0xD1BB67F1, 0xA6BC5767, 0x3FB506DD, 0x48B2364B,
0xD80D2BDA, 0xAF0A1B4C, 0x36034AF6, 0x41047A60, 0xDF60EFC3, 0xA867DF55, 0x316E8EEF, 0x4669BE79,
0xCB61B38C, 0xBC66831A, 0x256FD2A0, 0x5268E236, 0xCC0C7795, 0xBB0B4703, 0x220216B9, 0x5505262F,
0xC5BA3BBE, 0xB2BD0B28, 0x2BB45A92, 0x5CB36A04, 0xC2D7FFA7, 0xB5D0CF31, 0x2CD99E8B, 0x5BDEAE1D,
0x9B64C2B0, 0xEC63F226, 0x756AA39C, 0x026D930A, 0x9C0906A9, 0xEB0E363F, 0x72076785, 0x05005713,
0x95BF4A82, 0xE2B87A14, 0x7BB12BAE, 0x0CB61B38, 0x92D28E9B, 0xE5D5BE0D, 0x7CDCEFB7, 0x0BDBDF21,
0x86D3D2D4, 0xF1D4E242, 0x68DDB3F8, 0x1FDA836E, 0x81BE16CD, 0xF6B9265B, 0x6FB077E1, 0x18B74777,
0x88085AE6, 0xFF0F6A70, 0x66063BCA, 0x11010B5C, 0x8F659EFF, 0xF862AE69, 0x616BFFD3, 0x166CCF45,
0xA00AE278, 0xD70DD2EE, 0x4E048354, 0x3903B3C2, 0xA7672661, 0xD06016F7, 0x4969474D, 0x3E6E77DB,
0xAED16A4A, 0xD9D65ADC, 0x40DF0B66, 0x37D83BF0, 0xA9BCAE53, 0xDEBB9EC5, 0x47B2CF7F, 0x30B5FFE9,
0xBDBDF21C, 0xCABAC28A, 0x53B39330, 0x24B4A3A6, 0xBAD03605, 0xCDD70693, 0x54DE5729, 0x23D967BF,
0xB3667A2E, 0xC4614AB8, 0x5D681B02, 0x2A6F2B94, 0xB40BBE37, 0xC30C8EA1, 0x5A05DF1B, 0x2D02EF8D
};
unsigned int crc = ~0u;
int i;
for (i=0; i < len; ++i)
crc = (crc >> 8) ^ crc_table[buffer[i] ^ (crc & 0xff)];
return ~crc;
}
#define stbiw__wpng4(o,a,b,c,d) ((o)[0]=STBIW_UCHAR(a),(o)[1]=STBIW_UCHAR(b),(o)[2]=STBIW_UCHAR(c),(o)[3]=STBIW_UCHAR(d),(o)+=4)
#define stbiw__wp32(data,v) stbiw__wpng4(data, (v)>>24,(v)>>16,(v)>>8,(v));
#define stbiw__wptag(data,s) stbiw__wpng4(data, s[0],s[1],s[2],s[3])
static void stbiw__wpcrc(unsigned char **data, int len)
{
unsigned int crc = stbiw__crc32(*data - len - 4, len+4);
stbiw__wp32(*data, crc);
}
static unsigned char stbiw__paeth(int a, int b, int c)
{
int p = a + b - c, pa = abs(p-a), pb = abs(p-b), pc = abs(p-c);
if (pa <= pb && pa <= pc) return STBIW_UCHAR(a);
if (pb <= pc) return STBIW_UCHAR(b);
return STBIW_UCHAR(c);
}
// @OPTIMIZE: provide an option that always forces left-predict or paeth predict
unsigned char *stbi_write_png_to_mem(unsigned char *pixels, int stride_bytes, int x, int y, int n, int *out_len)
{
int ctype[5] = { -1, 0, 4, 2, 6 };
unsigned char sig[8] = { 137,80,78,71,13,10,26,10 };
unsigned char *out,*o, *filt, *zlib;
signed char *line_buffer;
int i,j,k,p,zlen;
if (stride_bytes == 0)
stride_bytes = x * n;
filt = (unsigned char *) STBIW_MALLOC((x*n+1) * y); if (!filt) return 0;
line_buffer = (signed char *) STBIW_MALLOC(x * n); if (!line_buffer) { STBIW_FREE(filt); return 0; }
for (j=0; j < y; ++j) {
static int mapping[] = { 0,1,2,3,4 };
static int firstmap[] = { 0,1,0,5,6 };
int *mymap = (j != 0) ? mapping : firstmap;
int best = 0, bestval = 0x7fffffff;
for (p=0; p < 2; ++p) {
for (k= p?best:0; k < 5; ++k) { // @TODO: clarity: rewrite this to go 0..5, and 'continue' the unwanted ones during 2nd pass
int type = mymap[k],est=0;
unsigned char *z = pixels + stride_bytes*j;
for (i=0; i < n; ++i)
switch (type) {
case 0: line_buffer[i] = z[i]; break;
case 1: line_buffer[i] = z[i]; break;
case 2: line_buffer[i] = z[i] - z[i-stride_bytes]; break;
case 3: line_buffer[i] = z[i] - (z[i-stride_bytes]>>1); break;
case 4: line_buffer[i] = (signed char) (z[i] - stbiw__paeth(0,z[i-stride_bytes],0)); break;
case 5: line_buffer[i] = z[i]; break;
case 6: line_buffer[i] = z[i]; break;
}
for (i=n; i < x*n; ++i) {
switch (type) {
case 0: line_buffer[i] = z[i]; break;
case 1: line_buffer[i] = z[i] - z[i-n]; break;
case 2: line_buffer[i] = z[i] - z[i-stride_bytes]; break;
case 3: line_buffer[i] = z[i] - ((z[i-n] + z[i-stride_bytes])>>1); break;
case 4: line_buffer[i] = z[i] - stbiw__paeth(z[i-n], z[i-stride_bytes], z[i-stride_bytes-n]); break;
case 5: line_buffer[i] = z[i] - (z[i-n]>>1); break;
case 6: line_buffer[i] = z[i] - stbiw__paeth(z[i-n], 0,0); break;
}
}
if (p) break;
for (i=0; i < x*n; ++i)
est += abs((signed char) line_buffer[i]);
if (est < bestval) { bestval = est; best = k; }
}
}
// when we get here, best contains the filter type, and line_buffer contains the data
filt[j*(x*n+1)] = (unsigned char) best;
STBIW_MEMMOVE(filt+j*(x*n+1)+1, line_buffer, x*n);
}
STBIW_FREE(line_buffer);
zlib = stbi_zlib_compress(filt, y*( x*n+1), &zlen, 8); // increase 8 to get smaller but use more memory
STBIW_FREE(filt);
if (!zlib) return 0;
// each tag requires 12 bytes of overhead
out = (unsigned char *) STBIW_MALLOC(8 + 12+13 + 12+zlen + 12);
if (!out) return 0;
*out_len = 8 + 12+13 + 12+zlen + 12;
o=out;
STBIW_MEMMOVE(o,sig,8); o+= 8;
stbiw__wp32(o, 13); // header length
stbiw__wptag(o, "IHDR");
stbiw__wp32(o, x);
stbiw__wp32(o, y);
*o++ = 8;
*o++ = STBIW_UCHAR(ctype[n]);
*o++ = 0;
*o++ = 0;
*o++ = 0;
stbiw__wpcrc(&o,13);
stbiw__wp32(o, zlen);
stbiw__wptag(o, "IDAT");
STBIW_MEMMOVE(o, zlib, zlen);
o += zlen;
STBIW_FREE(zlib);
stbiw__wpcrc(&o, zlen);
stbiw__wp32(o,0);
stbiw__wptag(o, "IEND");
stbiw__wpcrc(&o,0);
STBIW_ASSERT(o == out + *out_len);
return out;
}
#ifndef STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO
STBIWDEF int stbi_write_png(char const *filename, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data, int stride_bytes)
{
FILE *f;
int len;
unsigned char *png = stbi_write_png_to_mem((unsigned char *) data, stride_bytes, x, y, comp, &len);
if (png == NULL) return 0;
f = fopen(filename, "wb");
if (!f) { STBIW_FREE(png); return 0; }
fwrite(png, 1, len, f);
fclose(f);
STBIW_FREE(png);
return 1;
}
#endif
STBIWDEF int stbi_write_png_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data, int stride_bytes)
{
int len;
unsigned char *png = stbi_write_png_to_mem((unsigned char *) data, stride_bytes, x, y, comp, &len);
if (png == NULL) return 0;
func(context, png, len);
STBIW_FREE(png);
return 1;
}
#endif // STB_IMAGE_WRITE_IMPLEMENTATION
/* Revision history
1.04 (2017-03-03)
monochrome BMP expansion
1.03 ???
1.02 (2016-04-02)
avoid allocating large structures on the stack
1.01 (2016-01-16)
STBIW_REALLOC_SIZED: support allocators with no realloc support
avoid race-condition in crc initialization
minor compile issues
1.00 (2015-09-14)
installable file IO function
0.99 (2015-09-13)
warning fixes; TGA rle support
0.98 (2015-04-08)
added STBIW_MALLOC, STBIW_ASSERT etc
0.97 (2015-01-18)
fixed HDR asserts, rewrote HDR rle logic
0.96 (2015-01-17)
add HDR output
fix monochrome BMP
0.95 (2014-08-17)
add monochrome TGA output
0.94 (2014-05-31)
rename private functions to avoid conflicts with stb_image.h
0.93 (2014-05-27)
warning fixes
0.92 (2010-08-01)
casts to unsigned char to fix warnings
0.91 (2010-07-17)
first public release
0.90 first internal release
*/
/*
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This software is available under 2 licenses -- choose whichever you prefer.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ALTERNATIVE A - MIT License
Copyright (c) 2017 Sean Barrett
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of
this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in
the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to
use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies
of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do
so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
SOFTWARE.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ALTERNATIVE B - Public Domain (www.unlicense.org)
This is free and unencumbered software released into the public domain.
Anyone is free to copy, modify, publish, use, compile, sell, or distribute this
software, either in source code form or as a compiled binary, for any purpose,
commercial or non-commercial, and by any means.
In jurisdictions that recognize copyright laws, the author or authors of this
software dedicate any and all copyright interest in the software to the public
domain. We make this dedication for the benefit of the public at large and to
the detriment of our heirs and successors. We intend this dedication to be an
overt act of relinquishment in perpetuity of all present and future rights to
this software under copyright law.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN
ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION
WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*/