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README

NAME

    imapsync - Email IMAP tool for syncing, copying and migrating email
    mailboxes between two imap servers, one way, and without duplicates.

VERSION

    This documentation refers to Imapsync $Revision: 1.882 $

USAGE

     To synchronize the source imap account
       "test1" on server "test1.lamiral.info" with password "secret1"
     to the destination imap account
       "test2" on server "test2.lamiral.info" with password "secret2"
     do:

      imapsync \
       --host1 test1.lamiral.info --user1 test1 --password1 secret1 \
       --host2 test2.lamiral.info --user2 test2 --password2 secret2

DESCRIPTION

    We sometimes need to transfer mailboxes from one imap server to one
    another.

    Imapsync command is a tool allowing incremental and recursive imap
    transfers from one mailbox to another.

    By default all folders are transferred, recursively, meaning the whole
    folder hierarchy is taken, all messages in them, and all messages flags
    (\Seen \Answered \Flagged etc.) are synced too.

    Imapsync reduces the amount of data transferred by not transferring a
    given message if it resides already on both sides.

    Same specific headers and the transfer is done only once. By default,
    the identification headers are "Message-Id:" and "Received:" lines but
    this choice can be changed with the --useheader option.

    All flags are preserved, unread messages will stay unread, read ones
    will stay read, deleted will stay deleted.

    You can stop the transfer at any time and restart it later, imapsync
    works well with bad connections and interruptions, by design.

    You can decide to delete the messages from the source mailbox after a
    successful transfer, it can be a good feature when migrating live
    mailboxes since messages will be only on one side.

    In that case, use the --delete1 option. Option --delete1 implies also
    option --expunge1 so all messages marked deleted on host1 will be really
    deleted.

    You can also decide to remove empty folders once all of their messages
    have been transferred. Add --delete1emptyfolders to obtain this
    behavior.

    A different scenario is synchronizing a mailbox B from another mailbox A
    in case you just want to keep a "live" copy of A in B.

    For this, option --delete2 has to be used, it deletes messages in host2
    folder B that are not in host1 folder A. If you also need to destroy
    host2 folders that are not in host1 then use --delete2folders. See also
    --delete2foldersonly and --delete2foldersbutnot.

    Imapsync is not adequate for maintaining two active imap accounts in
    synchronization when the user plays independently on both sides. Use
    offlineimap (written by John Goerzen) or mbsync (written by Michael R.
    Elkins) for a 2 ways synchronization.

OPTIONS

     usage: imapsync [options]

    Mandatory options are the six values, three on each sides, needed to log
    in into the IMAP servers, ie, a host, a username, and a password, two
    times.

    Conventions used:

     str means string
     int means integer
     reg means regular expression
     cmd means command

     --dry               : Makes imapsync doing nothing for real, just print what 
                           would be done without --dry.

  OPTIONS/credentials

     --host1        str  : Source or "from" imap server. Mandatory.
     --port1        int  : Port to connect on host1. 
                           Optional since default port is 143 or 993 if --ssl1
     --user1        str  : User to login on host1. Mandatory.
     --password1    str  : Password for the user1.

     --host2        str  : "destination" imap server. Mandatory.
     --port2        int  : Port to connect on host2. 
                           Optional since default port is 143 or 993 if --ssl2
     --user2        str  : User to login on host2. Mandatory.
     --password2    str  : Password for the user2.

     --showpasswords     : Shows passwords on output instead of "MASKED".
                           Useful to restart a complete run by just reading the log,
                           or to debug passwords. It's not a secure practice.

     --passfile1    str  : Password file for the user1. It must contain the
                           password on the first line. This option avoids to show
                           the password on the command line like --password1 does.
     --passfile2    str  : Password file for the user2. Contains the password.

  OPTIONS/encryption

     --nossl1            : Do not use a SSL connection on host1.
     --ssl1              : Use a SSL connection on host1. On by default if possible.

     --nossl2            : Do not use a SSL connection on host2.
     --ssl2              : Use a SSL connection on host2. On by default if possible.

     --notls1            : Do not use a TLS connection on host1.
     --tls1              : Use a TLS connection on host1. On by default if possible.

     --notls2            : Do not use a TLS connection on host2.
     --tls2              : Use a TLS connection on host2. On by default if possible.

     --debugssl     int  : SSL debug mode from 0 to 4.

     --sslargs1     str  : Pass any ssl parameter for host1 ssl or tls connection. Example:
                           --sslargs1 SSL_verify_mode=1 --sslargs1 SSL_version=SSLv3
                           See all possibilities in the new() method of IO::Socket::SSL
                           http://search.cpan.org/perldoc?IO::Socket::SSL#Description_Of_Methods
     --sslargs2     str  : Pass any ssl parameter for host2 ssl or tls connection.
                           See --sslargs1

     --timeout1     int  : Connection timeout in seconds for host1.
                           Default is 120 and 0 means no timeout at all.
     --timeout2     int  : Connection timeout in seconds for host2.
                           Default is 120 and 0 means no timeout at all.

  OPTIONS/authentication

     --authmech1    str  : Auth mechanism to use with host1:
                           PLAIN, LOGIN, CRAM-MD5 etc. Use UPPERCASE.
     --authmech2    str  : Auth mechanism to use with host2. See --authmech1

     --authuser1    str  : User to auth with on host1 (admin user).
                           Avoid using --authmech1 SOMETHING with --authuser1.
     --authuser2    str  : User to auth with on host2 (admin user).
     --proxyauth1        : Use proxyauth on host1. Requires --authuser1.
                           Required by Sun/iPlanet/Netscape IMAP servers to
                           be able to use an administrative user.
     --proxyauth2        : Use proxyauth on host2. Requires --authuser2.

     --authmd51          : Use MD5 authentication for host1.
     --authmd52          : Use MD5 authentication for host2.
     --domain1      str  : Domain on host1 (NTLM authentication).
     --domain2      str  : Domain on host2 (NTLM authentication).

  OPTIONS/folders

     --folder       str  : Sync this folder.
     --folder       str  : and this one, etc.
     --folderrec    str  : Sync this folder recursively.
     --folderrec    str  : and this one, etc.

     --folderfirst  str  : Sync this folder first. --folderfirst "Work"
     --folderfirst  str  : then this one, etc.
     --folderlast   str  : Sync this folder last. --folderlast "[Gmail]/All Mail"
     --folderlast   str  : then this one, etc.

     --nomixfolders      : Do not merge folders when host1 is case-sensitive
                           while host2 is not (like Exchange). Only the first
                           similar folder is synced (ex: with Sent SENT sent
                           on host1 only Sent will be synced to host2).

     --skipemptyfolders  : Empty host1 folders are not created on host2.

     --include      reg  : Sync folders matching this regular expression
     --include      reg  : or this one, etc.
                           If both --include --exclude options are used, then
                           include is done before.
     --exclude      reg  : Skips folders matching this regular expression
                           Several folders to avoid:
                            --exclude 'fold1|fold2|f3' skips fold1, fold2 and f3.
     --exclude      reg  : or this one, etc.

     --automap           : guesses folders mapping, for folders well known as
                           "Sent", "Junk", "Drafts", "All", "Archive", "Flagged".

     --f1f2    str1=str2 : Force folder str1 to be synced to str2,
                           --f1f2 overrides --automap and --regextrans2.

     --subfolder2   str  : Move whole host1 folders hierarchy under this
                           host2 folder  str    .
                           It does it by adding two --regextrans2 options before
                           all others. Add --debug to see what's really going on.

     --subscribed        : Transfers subscribed folders.
     --subscribe         : Subscribe to the folders transferred on the
                           host2 that are subscribed on host1. On by default.
     --subscribeall      : Subscribe to the folders transferred on the
                           host2 even if they are not subscribed on host1.

     --prefix1      str  : Remove prefix str to all destination folders,
                           usually INBOX. or INBOX/ or an empty string "".
                           imapsync guesses the prefix if host1 imap server
                           does not have NAMESPACE capability. This option
                           should not be used, most of the time.
     --prefix2      str  : Add prefix to all host2 folders. See --prefix1
     --sep1         str  : Host1 separator in case NAMESPACE is not supported.
     --sep2         str  : Host2 separator in case NAMESPACE is not supported.

     --regextrans2  reg  : Apply the whole regex to each destination folders.
     --regextrans2  reg  : and this one. etc.
                           When you play with the --regextrans2 option, first
                           add also the safe options --dry --justfolders
                           Then, when happy, remove --dry, remove --justfolders.
                           Have in mind that --regextrans2 is applied after prefix
                           and separator inversion. For examples see
                           https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Folders_Mapping.txt

  OPTIONS/folders sizes

     --nofoldersizes     : Do not calculate the size of each folder at the
                           beginning of the sync. Default is to calculate them.
     --nofoldersizesatend: Do not calculate the size of each folder at the 
                           end of the sync. Default is to calculate them.
     --justfoldersizes   : Exit after having printed the initial folder sizes.

  OPTIONS/tmp

     --tmpdir       str  : Where to store temporary files and subdirectories.
                           Will be created if it doesn't exist.
                           Default is system specific, Unix is /tmp but
                           /tmp is often too small and deleted at reboot.
                           --tmpdir /var/tmp should be better.
     --pidfile      str  : The file where imapsync pid is written,
                           it can be dirname/filename.
                           Default name is imapsync.pid in tmpdir.
     --pidfilelocking    : Abort if pidfile already exists. Useful to avoid
                           concurrent transfers on the same mailbox.

  OPTIONS/log

     --nolog             : Turn off logging on file
     --logfile      str  : Change the default log filename (can be dirname/filename).
     --logdir       str  : Change the default log directory. Default is LOG_imapsync/

  OPTIONS/messages

     --skipmess     reg  : Skips messages matching the regex.
                           Example: 'm/[\x80-ff]/' # to avoid 8bits messages.
                           --skipmess is applied before --regexmess
     --skipmess     reg  : or this one, etc.

     --pipemess     cmd  : Apply this cmd command to each message content
                           before the copy.
     --pipemess     cmd  : and this one, etc.

     --disarmreadreceipts : Disarms read receipts (host2 Exchange issue)

     --regexmess    reg  : Apply the whole regex to each message before transfer.
                           Example: 's/\000/ /g' # to replace null by space.
     --regexmess    reg  : and this one, etc.

  OPTIONS/flags

     --regexflag    reg  : Apply the whole regex to each flags list.
                           Example: 's/"Junk"//g' # to remove "Junk" flag.
     --regexflag    reg  : then this one, etc.

     --resyncflags       : Resync flags for already transferred messages.
                           On by default.
     --noresyncflags     : Do not resync flags for already transferred messages.
                           May be useful when a user has already started to play 
                           with its host2 account.

  OPTIONS/deletions

     --delete1           : Deletes messages on host1 server after a successful
                           transfer. Option --delete1 has the following behavior:
                           it marks messages as deleted with the IMAP flag
                           \Deleted, then messages are really deleted with an
                           EXPUNGE IMAP command. If expunging after each message
                           slows down too much the sync then use
                           --noexpungeaftereach to speed up.
     --expunge1          : Expunge messages on host1 just before syncing a folder.
                           Expunge is done per folder.
                           Expunge aims is to really delete messages marked deleted.
                           An expunge is also done after each message copied
                           if option --delete1 is set.
     --noexpunge1        : Do not expunge messages on host1.
     --delete1emptyfolders : Deletes empty folders on host1, INBOX excepted.
                             Useful with --delete1 since what remains on host1
                             is only what failed to be synced.

     --delete2           : Delete messages in host2 that are not in
                           host1 server. Useful for backup or pre-sync.
     --delete2duplicates : Delete messages in host2 that are duplicates.
                           Works only without --useuid since duplicates are
                           detected with an header part of each message.

     --delete2folders    : Delete folders in host2 that are not in host1 server.
                           For safety, first try it like this (it is safe):
                           --delete2folders --dry --justfolders --nofoldersizes
     --delete2foldersonly   reg : Deleted only folders matching regex.
                                  Example: --delete2foldersonly "/^Junk$|^INBOX.Junk$/"
     --delete2foldersbutnot reg : Do not delete folders matching regex.
                                  Example: --delete2foldersbutnot "/Tasks$|Contacts$|Foo$/"

     --expunge2          : Expunge messages on host2 after messages transfer.
     --uidexpunge2       : uidexpunge messages on the host2 account
                           that are not on the host1 account, requires --delete2

  OPTIONS/dates

     --syncinternaldates : Sets the internal dates on host2 same as host1.
                           Turned on by default. Internal date is the date
                           a message arrived on a host (mtime).
     --idatefromheader   : Sets the internal dates on host2 same as the
                           "Date:" headers.
                           If you encounter problems with dates see also
                           https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Dates.txt

  OPTIONS/message selection

     --maxsize      int  : Skip messages larger  (or equal) than  int  bytes
     --minsize      int  : Skip messages smaller (or equal) than  int  bytes
     --maxage       int  : Skip messages older than  int  days.
                           final stats (skipped) don't count older messages
                           see also --minage
     --minage       int  : Skip messages newer than  int  days.
                           final stats (skipped) don't count newer messages
                           You can do (+ are the messages selected):
                           past|----maxage+++++++++++++++>now
                           past|+++++++++++++++minage---->now
                           past|----maxage+++++minage---->now (intersection)
                           past|++++minage-----maxage++++>now (union)

     --search       str  : Selects only messages returned by this IMAP SEARCH
                           command. Applied on both sides.
                           For a complete of what can be search see
                           https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Messages_Selection.txt
                       
     --search1      str  : Same as --search but for selecting host1 messages only.
     --search2      str  : Same as --search but for selecting host2 messages only.
                           --search CRIT equals --search1 CRIT --search2 CRIT

     --maxlinelength int : skip messages with a line length longer than  int  bytes.
                           RFC 2822 says it must be no more than 1000 bytes.


     --useheader    str  : Use this header to compare messages on both sides.
                           Ex: Message-ID or Subject or Date.
     --useheader    str    and this one, etc.

     --usecache          : Use cache to speed up the sync.
     --nousecache        : Do not use cache. Caveat: --useuid --nousecache creates
                           duplicates on multiple runs.
     --useuid            : Use UIDs instead of headers as a criterium to recognize
                           messages. Option --usecache is then implied unless
                           --nousecache is used.

  OPTIONS/miscellaneous

     --syncacls          : Synchronizes acls (Access Control Lists).
     --nosyncacls        : Does not synchronize acls. This is the default.
                           Acls in IMAP are not standardized, be careful.

  OPTIONS/debugging

     --debug             : Debug mode.
     --debugfolders      : Debug mode for the folders part only.
     --debugcontent      : Debug content of the messages transferred. Huge output.
     --debugflags        : Debug mode for flags.
     --debugimap1        : IMAP debug mode for host1. Very verbose.
     --debugimap2        : IMAP debug mode for host2. Very verbose.
     --debugimap         : IMAP debug mode for host1 and host2. Twice very verbose.
     --debugmemory       : Debug mode showing memory consumption after each copy.

     --errorsmax     int : Exit when int number of errors is reached. Default is 50.

     --tests             : Run local non-regression tests. Exit code 0 means all ok.
     --testslive         : Run a live test with test1.lamiral.info imap server.
                           Useful to check the basics. Needs internet connection.
     --testslive6        : Run a live test with ks2ipv6.lamiral.info imap server.
                           Useful to check the ipv6 connectivity. Needs internet.

  OPTIONS/specific

      --gmail1           : sets --host1 to Gmail and options from FAQ.Gmail.txt
      --gmail2           : sets --host2 to Gmail and options from FAQ.Gmail.txt
  
      --office1          : sets --host1 to Office365 options from FAQ.Exchange.txt
      --office2          : sets --host2 to Office365 options from FAQ.Exchange.txt

      --exchange1        : sets options from FAQ.Exchange.txt, account1 part
      --exchange2        : sets options from FAQ.Exchange.txt, account2 part
  
      --domino1          : sets options from FAQ.Domino.txt, account1 part
      --domino2          : sets options from FAQ.Domino.txt, account2 part

  OPTIONS/behavior

     --maxmessagespersecond int : limits the number of messages transferred per second.
 
     --maxbytespersecond int : limits the average transfer rate per second.
     --maxbytesafter     int : starts --maxbytespersecond limitation only after 
                               --maxbytesafter amount of data transferred.
 
     --maxsleep      int : do not sleep more than int seconds.
                           On by default, 2 seconds max, like --maxsleep 2

     --abort             : terminates a previous call still running. 
                           It uses the pidfile to know what process to abort.

     --exitwhenover int  : Stop syncing when total bytes transferred reached.

     --version           : Print only software version.
     --noreleasecheck    : Do not check for new imapsync release (a http request).
     --releasecheck      : Check for new imapsync release (a http request).
     --noid              : Do not send/receive ID command to imap servers.
     --justconnect       : Just connect to both servers and print useful
                           information. Need only --host1 and --host2 options.
     --justlogin         : Just login to both host1 and host2 with users
                           credentials, then exit.
     --justfolders       : Do only things about folders (ignore messages).

     --help              : print this help.

     Example: to synchronize imap account "test1" on "test1.lamiral.info"
                         to  imap account "test2" on "test2.lamiral.info"
                         with test1 password "secret1"
                         and  test2 password "secret2"

     imapsync \
        --host1 test1.lamiral.info --user1 test1 --password1 secret1 \
        --host2 test2.lamiral.info --user2 test2 --password2 secret2

SECURITY

    You can use --passfile1 instead of --password1 to give the password
    since it is safer. With --password1 option, any user on your host can
    see the password by using the 'ps auxwwww' command. Using a variable
    (like $PASSWORD1) is also dangerous because of the 'ps auxwwwwe'
    command. So, saving the password in a well protected file (600 or
    rw-------) is the best solution.

    Imapsync activates ssl or tls encryption by default, if possible. What
    detailed behavior is under this "if possible"? Imapsync activates ssl if
    the well known port imaps port (993) is open on the imap servers. If the
    imaps port is closed then it open a normal (clear) connection on port
    143 but it looks for TLS support in the CAPABILITY list of the servers.
    If TLS is supported then imapsync goes to encryption.

    If the automatic ssl/tls detection fails then imapsync will not protect
    against sniffing activities on the network, especially for passwords.

    If you want to force ssl or tls just use --ssl1 --ssl2 or --tls1 --tls2

    See also the document FAQ.Security.txt in the FAQ.d/ directory or at
    https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Security.txt

EXIT STATUS

    Imapsync will exit with a 0 status (return code) if everything went
    good. Otherwise, it exits with a non-zero status.

LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT

    Imapsync is free, open, public but not always gratis software cover by
    the NOLIMIT Public License. See the LICENSE file included in the
    distribution or just read this simple sentence as it IS the licence
    text:

     "No limits to do anything with this work and this license."

    In case it is not long enough, I repeat:

     "No limits to do anything with this work and this license."

    https://imapsync.lamiral.info/LICENSE

AUTHOR

    Gilles LAMIRAL <gilles@lamiral.info>

    Feedback good or bad is very often welcome.

    Gilles LAMIRAL earns his living by writing, installing, configuring and
    teaching free, open and often gratis software. Imapsync used to be
    "always gratis" but now it is only "often gratis" because imapsync is
    sold by its author, a good way to maintain and support free open public
    software over decades.

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

    See https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Reporting_Bugs.txt

IMAP SERVERS supported

    See https://imapsync.lamiral.info/S/imapservers.shtml

HUGE MIGRATION

    Pay special attention to options --subscribed --subscribe --delete1
    --delete1emptyfolders --delete2 --delete2folders --maxage --minage
    --maxsize --useuid --usecache

    If you have many mailboxes to migrate think about a little shell
    program. Write a file called file.txt (for example) containing users and
    passwords. The separator used in this example is ';'

    The file.txt file contains:

    user001_1;password001_1;user001_2;password001_2
    user002_1;password002_1;user002_2;password002_2
    user003_1;password003_1;user003_2;password003_2
    user004_1;password004_1;user004_2;password004_2
    user005_1;password005_1;user005_2;password005_2 ...

    On Unix the shell program can be:

     { while IFS=';' read  u1 p1 u2 p2; do
            imapsync --host1 imap.side1.org --user1 "$u1" --password1 "$p1" \
                     --host2 imap.side2.org --user2 "$u2" --password2 "$p2" ...
     done ; } < file.txt

    On Windows the batch program can be:

      FOR /F "tokens=1,2,3,4 delims=; eol=#" %%G IN (file.txt) DO imapsync ^
      --host1 imap.side1.org --user1 %%G --password1 %%H ^
      --host2 imap.side2.org --user2 %%I --password2 %%J ...

    The ... have to be replaced by nothing or any imapsync option. Welcome
    in shell or batch programming !

    You will find already written scripts at
    https://imapsync.lamiral.info/examples/

INSTALL

     Imapsync works under any Unix with perl.
 
     Imapsync works under most Windows (2000, XP, Vista, Seven, Eight, Ten
     and all Server releases 2000, 2003, 2008 and R2, 2012 and R2)
     as a standalone binary software called imapsync.exe,
     usually launched from a batch file in order to avoid always typing 
     the options.
 
     Imapsync works under OS X as a standalone binary
     software called imapsync_bin_Darwin

     Purchase latest imapsync at
     https://imapsync.lamiral.info/

     You'll receive a link to a compressed tarball called imapsync-x.xx.tgz
     where x.xx is the version number. Untar the tarball where
     you want (on Unix):

      tar xzvf  imapsync-x.xx.tgz

     Go into the directory imapsync-x.xx and read the INSTALL file.
     As mentioned at https://imapsync.lamiral.info/#install
     the INSTALL file can also be found at
     https://imapsync.lamiral.info/INSTALL.d/INSTALL.ANY.txt
     It is now split in several files for each system
     https://imapsync.lamiral.info/INSTALL.d/

CONFIGURATION

    There is no specific configuration file for imapsync, everything is
    specified by the command line parameters and the default behavior.

HACKING

    Feel free to hack imapsync as the NOLIMIT license permits it.

SIMILAR SOFTWARE

      See also https://imapsync.lamiral.info/S/external.shtml
      for a better up to date list.

      imap_tools    : https://github.com/andrewnimmo/rick-sanders-imap-tools
      offlineimap   : https://github.com/nicolas33/offlineimap
      Doveadm-Sync  : http://wiki2.dovecot.org/Tools/Doveadm/Sync 
                      ( Dovecot sync tool )
      mbsync        : http://isync.sourceforge.net/
      mailsync      : http://mailsync.sourceforge.net/
      mailutil      : http://www.washington.edu/imap/
                      part of the UW IMAP tookit.
      imaprepl      : http://www.bl0rg.net/software/
                      http://freecode.com/projects/imap-repl/
      imapcopy      : http://www.ardiehl.de/imapcopy/
      migrationtool : http://sourceforge.net/projects/migrationtool/
      imapmigrate   : http://sourceforge.net/projects/cyrus-utils/
      wonko_imapsync: http://wonko.com/article/554
                      see also file W/tools/wonko_ruby_imapsync
      exchange-away : http://exchange-away.sourceforge.net/
      pop2imap      : http://www.linux-france.org/prj/pop2imap/

    Feedback (good or bad) will often be welcome.

HISTORY

    I wrote imapsync because an enterprise (basystemes) paid me to install a
    new imap server without losing huge old mailboxes located in a far away
    remote imap server, accessible by a low-bandwidth often broken link. The
    tool imapcp (written in python) could not help me because I had to
    verify every mailbox was well transferred, and then delete it after a
    good transfer. Imapsync started its life as a patch of the
    copy_folder.pl script. The script copy_folder.pl comes from the
    Mail-IMAPClient-2.1.3 perl module tarball source (more precisely in the
    examples/ directory of the Mail-IMAPClient tarball). So many happened
    since then that I wonder if it remains any lines of the original
    copy_folder.pl in imapsync source code.