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Imapsync is an IMAP transfers tool. The purpose of imapsync is to migrate IMAP accounts or to backup IMAP accounts. IMAP is one of the three current standard protocols to access mailboxes, the two others are POP3 and HTTP with webmails, webmails are often tied to an IMAP server. Upstream website is

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NAME

    imapsync - Email IMAP tool for syncing, copying, migrating and archiving
    email mailboxes between two imap servers, one way, and without
    duplicates.

VERSION

    This documentation refers to Imapsync $Revision: 2.140 $

USAGE

     To synchronize the source imap account
       "test1" on server "test1.lamiral.info" with password "secret1"
     to the destination imap account
       "test2" on server "test2.lamiral.info" with password "secret2"
     do:

      imapsync \
       --host1 test1.lamiral.info --user1 test1 --password1 secret1 \
       --host2 test2.lamiral.info --user2 test2 --password2 secret2

DESCRIPTION

    We sometimes need to transfer mailboxes from one imap server to one
    another.

    Imapsync command is a tool allowing incremental and recursive imap
    transfers from one mailbox to another. If you don't understand the
    previous sentence, it's normal, it's pedantic computer-oriented jargon.

    All folders are transferred, recursively, meaning the whole folder
    hierarchy is taken, all messages in them, and all message flags (\Seen
    \Answered \Flagged etc.) are synced too.

    Imapsync reduces the amount of data transferred by not transferring a
    given message if it already resides on the destination side. Messages
    that are on the destination side but not on the source side stay as they
    are. See the --delete2 option to have strict sync and delete them.

    How imapsync know a message is already on both sides? Same specific
    headers and the transfer is done only once. By default, the
    identification headers are "Message-Id:" and "Received:" lines but this
    choice can be changed with the --useheader option, most often a
    duplicate problem is solved by using --useheader "Message-Id"

    All flags are preserved, unread messages will stay unread, read ones
    will stay read, deleted will stay deleted. In the IMAP protocol, a
    deleted message is not really deleted, it is marked \Deleted and can be
    undelete. Real destruction comes with the EXPUNGE or UIDEXPUNGE IMAP
    commands.

    You can abort the transfer at any time and restart it later, imapsync
    works well with bad connections and interruptions, by design. On a
    terminal hit Ctr-c twice within two seconds to abort the program. Hit
    Ctr-c just once makes imapsync reconnect to both imap servers.

    How do you know the sync is finished and well done? When imapsync ends
    by itself it mentions it with lines like those:

      Exiting with return value 0 (EX_OK: successful termination) 0/50 nb_errors/max_errors PID 301
      Removing pidfile /tmp/imapsync.pid
      Log file is LOG_imapsync/2020_11_17_15_59_22_761_test1_test2.txt ( to change it, use --logfile filepath ; or use --nolog to turn off logging )

    If you don't have those lines it means that either the sync process is
    still running (or eventually hanging indefinitely) or that it ended
    without a whisper, a strong kill -9 on Linux for example.

    If you have those final lines then it means the sync process is properly
    finished. It may have encountered problems though.

    A good synchronization is mentioned by some lines above the last ones,
    especially those three lines:

      The sync looks good, all 1745 identified messages in host1 are on host2.
      There is no unidentified message on host1.
      Detected 0 errors

    A classical scenario is synchronizing a mailbox B from another mailbox A
    where you just want to keep a strict copy of A in B. Strict meaning all
    messages in A will be in B but no more.

    For this, option --delete2 can be used, it deletes messages in the host2
    folder B that are not in the host1 folder A. If you also need to destroy
    host2 folders that are not in host1 then use --delete2folders. See also
    --delete2foldersonly and --delete2foldersbutnot to set up exceptions on
    folders to destroy. INBOX will never be destroyed, it's a mandatory
    folder in IMAP so imapsync doesn't even try to remove it.

    A different scenario is to delete the messages from the source mailbox
    after a successful transfer, it can be a good feature when migrating
    mailboxes since messages will be only on one side. The source account
    will only have messages that are not on the destination yet, ie,
    messages that arrived after a sync or that failed to be transferred.

    In that case, use the --delete1 option. Option --delete1 implies also
    the option --expunge1 so all messages marked deleted on host1 will be
    deleted. In IMAP protocol deleting a message does not delete it, it
    marks it with the flag \Deleted, allowing an undelete. Expunging a
    folder removes, definitively, all the messages marked as \Deleted in
    this folder.

    You can also decide to remove empty folders once all of their messages
    have been transferred. Add --delete1emptyfolders to obtain this
    behavior.

    Imapsync is not adequate for maintaining two active imap accounts in
    synchronization when the user plays independently on both sides. Use
    offlineimap (written by John Goerzen) or mbsync (written by Michael R.
    Elkins) for a 2 ways synchronization.

OPTIONS

     usage: imapsync [options]

    The standard options are the six values forming the credentials. Three
    values on each side are needed in order to login into the IMAP servers.
    These six values are a hostname, a username, and a password, two times.

    Conventions used in the following descriptions of the options:

     str means string
     int means integer number
     flo means float number
     reg means regular expression
     cmd means command

     --dry               : Makes imapsync doing nothing for real; it just print what
                           would be done without --dry.

  OPTIONS/credentials

     --host1        str  : Source or "from" imap server.
     --port1        int  : Port to connect on host1.
                           Optional since default ports are the
                           well known ports imap/143 or imaps/993.
     --user1        str  : User to login on host1.
     --password1    str  : Password of user1.

     --host2        str  : "destination" imap server.
     --port2        int  : Port to connect on host2. Optional
     --user2        str  : User to login on host2.
     --password2    str  : Password of user2.

     --showpasswords     : Shows passwords on output instead of "MASKED".
                           Useful to restart a complete run by just reading
                           the command line used in the log,
                           or to debug passwords.
                           It's not a secure practice at all!

     --passfile1    str  : Password file for the user1. It must contain the
                           password on the first line. This option avoids showing
                           the password on the command line like --password1 does.
     --passfile2    str  : Password file for the user2.

    You can also pass the passwords in the environment variables
    IMAPSYNC_PASSWORD1 and IMAPSYNC_PASSWORD2. If you don't pass the user1
    password via --password1 nor --passfile1 nor $IMAPSYNC_PASSWORD1 then
    imapsync will prompt to enter the password on the terminal. Same thing
    for user2 password.

  OPTIONS/encryption

     --nossl1            : Do not use a SSL connection on host1.
     --ssl1              : Use a SSL connection on host1. On by default if possible.

     --nossl2            : Do not use a SSL connection on host2.
     --ssl2              : Use a SSL connection on host2. On by default if possible.

     --notls1            : Do not use a TLS connection on host1.
     --tls1              : Use a TLS connection on host1. On by default if possible.

     --notls2            : Do not use a TLS connection on host2.
     --tls2              : Use a TLS connection on host2. On by default if possible.

     --debugssl     int  : SSL debug mode from 0 to 4.

     --sslargs1     str  : Pass any ssl parameter for host1 ssl or tls connection. Example:
                           --sslargs1 SSL_verify_mode=1 --sslargs1 SSL_version=SSLv3
                           See all possibilities in the new() method of IO::Socket::SSL
                           http://search.cpan.org/perldoc?IO::Socket::SSL#Description_Of_Methods
     --sslargs2     str  : Pass any ssl parameter for host2 ssl or tls connection.
                           See --sslargs1

     --timeout1     flo  : Connection timeout in seconds for host1.
                           Default is 120 and 0 means no timeout at all.
     --timeout2     flo  : Connection timeout in seconds for host2.
                           Default is 120 and 0 means no timeout at all.

                           Caveat, under CGI context, you may encounter a timeout
                           from the webserver, killing imapsync and the imap connexions.
                           See the document INSTALL.OnlineUI.txt and search
                           for "Timeout" for how to deal with this issue.

  OPTIONS/authentication

     --authmech1    str  : Auth mechanism to use with host1:
                           PLAIN, LOGIN, CRAM-MD5 etc. Use UPPERCASE.
     --authmech2    str  : Auth mechanism to use with host2. See --authmech1

     --authuser1    str  : User to auth with on host1 (admin user).
                           Avoid using --authmech1 SOMETHING with --authuser1.
     --authuser2    str  : User to auth with on host2 (admin user).
     --proxyauth1        : Use proxyauth on host1. Requires --authuser1.
                           Required by Sun/iPlanet/Netscape IMAP servers to
                           be able to use an administrative user.
     --proxyauth2        : Use proxyauth on host2. Requires --authuser2.

     --authmd51          : Use MD5 authentication for host1.
     --authmd52          : Use MD5 authentication for host2.
     --domain1      str  : Domain on host1 (NTLM authentication).
     --domain2      str  : Domain on host2 (NTLM authentication).

     --oauthaccesstoken1 str : The access token to authenticate with OAUTH2.
                           It will be combined with the --user1 value to form the 
                           string to pass with XOAUTH2 authentication.
                           The password given by --password1 or --passfile1
                           is ignored.
                           Instead of the access token itself, the value can be a
                           file containing the access token on the first line.
                           If the value is a file, imapsync reads its first line
                           and take this line as the access token. The advantage
                           of the file is that if the access token changes then
                           imapsync can read it again when it needs to reconnect 
                           during a run.


     --oauthaccesstoken2 str : same thing as --oauthaccesstoken1 

     --oauthdirect1 str  : The direct string to pass with XOAUTH2 authentication.
                           The password given by --password1 or --passfile1 and 
                           the user given by --user1 are ignored.

     --oauthdirect2 str  : same thing as oauthdirect1

  OPTIONS/folders

     --folder       str  : Sync this folder.
     --folder       str  : and this one, etc.
     --folderrec    str  : Sync this folder recursively.
     --folderrec    str  : and this one, etc.

     --folderfirst  str  : Sync this folder first. Ex. --folderfirst "INBOX"
     --folderfirst  str  : then this one, etc.
     --folderlast   str  : Sync this folder last. --folderlast "[Gmail]/All Mail"
     --folderlast   str  : then this one, etc.

     --nomixfolders      : Do not merge folders when host1 is case-sensitive
                           while host2 is not (like Exchange). Only the first
                           similar folder is synced (example: with folders
                           "Sent", "SENT" and "sent"
                           on host1 only "Sent" will be synced to host2).

     --skipemptyfolders  : Empty host1 folders are not created on host2.

     --include      reg  : Sync folders matching this regular expression
     --include      reg  : or this one, etc.
                           If both --include --exclude options are used, then
                           include is done before.
     --exclude      reg  : Skips folders matching this regular expression
                           Several folders to avoid:
                            --exclude 'fold1|fold2|f3' skips fold1, fold2 and f3.
     --exclude      reg  : or this one, etc.

     --automap           : guesses folders mapping, for folders well known as
                           "Sent", "Junk", "Drafts", "All", "Archive", "Flagged".

     --f1f2    str1=str2 : Force folder str1 to be synced to str2,
                           --f1f2 overrides --automap and --regextrans2.
                           Use several --f1f2 options to map several folders.
                           Option --f1f2 is a one to one only folder mapping,
                           str1 and str2 have to be full path folder names.

     --subfolder2   str  : Syncs the whole host1 folders hierarchy under the
                           host2 folder named str.
                           It does it internally by adding three
                           --regextrans2 options before all others.
                           Add --debug to see what's really going on.

     --subfolder1   str  : Syncs the host1 folders hierarchy which is under folder
                           str to the root hierarchy of host2.
                           It's the couterpart of a sync done by --subfolder2
                           when doing it in the reverse order.
                           Backup/Restore scenario:
                           Use --subfolder2 str for a backup to the folder str
                           on host2. Then use --subfolder1 str for restoring
                           from the folder str, after inverting
                           host1/host2 user1/user2 values.


     --subscribed        : Transfers subscribed folders.
     --subscribe         : Subscribe to the folders transferred on the
                           host2 that are subscribed on host1. On by default.
     --subscribeall      : Subscribe to the folders transferred on the
                           host2 even if they are not subscribed on host1.

     --prefix1      str  : Remove prefix str to all destination folders,
                           usually "INBOX." or "INBOX/" or an empty string "".
                           imapsync guesses the prefix if host1 imap server
                           does not have NAMESPACE capability. So this option
                           should not be used most of the time.
     --prefix2      str  : Add prefix to all host2 folders. See --prefix1

     --sep1         str  : Host1 separator. This option should not be used
                           most of the time.
                           Imapsync gets the separator from the server itself,
                           by using NAMESPACE, or it tries to guess it
                           from the folders listing (it counts
                           characters / . \\ \ in folder names and choose the
                           more frequent, or finally / if nothing is found.
     --sep2         str  : Host2 separator. See --sep1

     --regextrans2  reg  : Apply the whole regex to each destination folders.
     --regextrans2  reg  : and this one. etc.
                           When you play with the --regextrans2 option, first
                           add also the safe options --dry --justfolders
                           Then, when happy, remove --dry for a run, then
                           remove --justfolders for the next ones.
                           Have in mind that --regextrans2 is applied after
                           the automatic prefix and separator inversion.
                           For examples see:
                           https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Folders_Mapping.txt

  OPTIONS/folders sizes

     --nofoldersizes     : Do not calculate the size of each folder at the
                           beginning of the sync. Default is to calculate them.
     --nofoldersizesatend: Do not calculate the size of each folder at the
                           end of the sync. Default is to calculate them.
     --justfoldersizes   : Exit after having printed the initial folder sizes.

  OPTIONS/tmp

     --tmpdir       str  : Where to store temporary files and subdirectories.
                           Will be created if it doesn't exist.
                           Default is system specific, Unix is /tmp but
                           /tmp is often too small and deleted at reboot.
                           --tmpdir /var/tmp should be better.

     --pidfile      str  : The file where imapsync pid is written,
                           it can be dirname/filename complete path.
                           The default name is imapsync.pid in tmpdir.

     --pidfilelocking    : Abort if pidfile already exists. Useful to avoid
                           concurrent transfers on the same mailbox.

  OPTIONS/log

     --nolog             : Turn off logging on file
     --logfile      str  : Change the default log filename (can be dirname/filename).
     --logdir       str  : Change the default log directory. Default is LOG_imapsync/

    The default logfile name is for example

     LOG_imapsync/2019_12_22_23_57_59_532_user1_user2.txt

    where:

     2019_12_22_23_57_59_532 is nearly the date of the start
     YYYY_MM_DD_HH_MM_SS_mmm
     year_month_day_hour_minute_seconde_millisecond

    and user1 user2 are the --user1 --user2 values.

  OPTIONS/messages

     --skipmess     reg  : Skips messages matching the regex.
                           Example: 'm/[\x80-\xff]/' # to avoid 8bits messages.
                           --skipmess is applied before --regexmess
     --skipmess     reg  : or this one, etc.

     --skipcrossduplicates : Avoid copying messages that are already copied
                             in another folder, good from Gmail to XYZ when
                             XYZ is not also Gmail.
                             Activated with --gmail1 unless --noskipcrossduplicates

     --debugcrossduplicates : Prints which messages (UIDs) are skipped with
                              --skipcrossduplicates and in what other folders
                              they are.

     --pipemess     cmd  : Apply this cmd command to each message content
                           before the copy.
     --pipemess     cmd  : and this one, etc.
                           With several --pipemess, the output of each cmd
                           command (STDOUT) is given to the input (STDIN)
                           of the next command.
                           For example,
                           --pipemess cmd1 --pipemess cmd2 --pipemess cmd3
                           is like a Unix pipe:
                           "cat message | cmd1 | cmd2 | cmd3"

     --disarmreadreceipts : Disarms read receipts (host2 Exchange issue)

     --regexmess    reg  : Apply the whole regex to each message before transfer.
                           Example: 's/\000/ /g' # to replace null characters
                           by spaces.
     --regexmess    reg  : and this one, etc.

  OPTIONS/labels

    Gmail present labels as folders in imap. Imapsync can accelerate the
    sync by syncing X-GM-LABELS, it will avoid to transfer messages when
    they are already on host2 in another folder.

     --synclabels        : Syncs also Gmail labels when a message is copied to host2.
                           Activated by default with --gmail1 --gmail2 unless
                           --nosynclabels is added.

     --resynclabels      : Resyncs Gmail labels when a message is already on host2.
                           Activated by default with --gmail1 --gmail2 unless
                           --noresynclabels is added.

    For Gmail syncs, see also:
    https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Gmail.txt

  OPTIONS/flags

     If you encounter flag problems see also:
     https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Flags.txt

     --regexflag    reg  : Apply the whole regex to each flags list.
                           Example: 's/"Junk"//g' # to remove "Junk" flag.
     --regexflag    reg  : then this one, etc.

     --resyncflags       : Resync flags for already transferred messages.
                           On by default.
     --noresyncflags     : Do not resync flags for already transferred messages.
                           May be useful when a user has already started to play
                           with its host2 account.

     --filterbuggyflags  : Filter flags known to be buggy and generators of errors
                           "BAD Invalid system flag" or "NO APPEND Invalid flag list".

  OPTIONS/deletions

     --delete1           : Deletes messages on host1 server after a successful
                           transfer. Option --delete1 has the following behavior:
                           it marks messages as deleted with the IMAP flag
                           \Deleted, then messages are really deleted with an
                           EXPUNGE IMAP command. If expunging after each message
                           slows down too much the sync then use
                           --noexpungeaftereach to speed up, expunging will then be
                           done only twice per folder, one at the beginning and
                           one at the end of a folder sync.

     --expunge1          : Expunge messages on host1 just before syncing a folder.
                           Expunge is done per folder.
                           Expunge aims is to really delete messages marked deleted.
                           An expunge is also done after each message copied
                           if option --delete1 is set (unless --noexpungeaftereach).

     --noexpunge1        : Do not expunge messages on host1.

     --delete1emptyfolders : Deletes empty folders on host1, INBOX excepted.
                             Useful with --delete1 since what remains on host1
                             is only what failed to be synced.

     --delete2           : Delete messages in the host2 account that are not in
                           the host1 account. Useful for backup or pre-sync.
                           --delete2 implies --uidexpunge2

     --delete2duplicates : Deletes messages in host2 that are duplicates in host2.
                           Works only without --useuid since duplicates are
                           detected with an header part of each message.
                           NB: --delete2duplicates is far less violent than --delete2
                           since it removes only duplicates.

     --delete2folders    : Delete folders in host2 that are not in host1.
                           For safety, first try it like this, it is safe:
                           --delete2folders --dry --justfolders --nofoldersizes
                           and see what folders will be deleted.

     --delete2foldersonly   reg : Delete only folders matching the regex reg.
                                  Example: --delete2foldersonly "/^Junk$|^INBOX.Junk$/"
                                  This option activates --delete2folders

     --delete2foldersbutnot reg : Do not delete folders matching the regex rex.
                                  Example: --delete2foldersbutnot "/Tasks$|Contacts$|Foo$/"
                                  This option activates --delete2folders

     --noexpunge2        : Do not expunge messages on host2.
     --nouidexpunge2     : Do not uidexpunge messages on the host2 account
                           that are not on the host1 account.

  OPTIONS/dates

     If you encounter problems with dates, see also:
     https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Dates.txt

     --syncinternaldates : Sets the internal dates on host2 as the same as host1.
                           Turned on by default. Internal date is the date
                           a message arrived on a host (Unix mtime usually).
     --idatefromheader   : Sets the internal dates on host2 as same as the
                           ones in "Date:" headers.

  OPTIONS/message selection

     --maxsize      int  : Skip messages larger  (or equal) than  int  bytes
     --minsize      int  : Skip messages smaller (or equal) than  int  bytes

     --maxage       int  : Skip messages older than  int days.
                           final stats (skipped) don't count older messages
                           see also --minage
     --minage       int  : Skip messages newer than  int  days.
                           final stats (skipped) don't count newer messages
                           You can do (+ zone are the messages selected):
                           past|----maxage+++++++++++++++>now
                           past|+++++++++++++++minage---->now
                           past|----maxage+++++minage---->now (intersection)
                           past|++++minage-----maxage++++>now (union)

     --search       str  : Selects only messages returned by this IMAP SEARCH
                           command. Applied on both sides.
                           For a complete set of what can be search see
                           https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Messages_Selection.txt

     --search1      str  : Same as --search but for selecting host1 messages only.
     --search2      str  : Same as --search but for selecting host2 messages only.
                           So --search CRIT equals --search1 CRIT --search2 CRIT

     --noabletosearch    : Makes --minage and --maxage options use the internal
                           dates given by a FETCH imap command instead of the
                           "Date:" header. Internal date is the arrival date
                           in the mailbox.
                           --noabletosearch equals --noabletosearch1 --noabletosearch2

     --noabletosearch1   : Like --noabletosearch but for host1 only.
     --noabletosearch2   : Like --noabletosearch but for host2 only.

     --maxlinelength int : skip messages with a line length longer than  int  bytes.
                           RFC 2822 says it must be no more than 1000 bytes but
                           real life servers and email clients do more.


     --useheader    str  : Use this header to compare messages on both sides.
                           Example: "Message-Id" or "Received" or "Date".
     --useheader    str    and this one, etc.

     --syncduplicates    : Sync also duplicates. Off by default.

     --usecache          : Use cache to speed up next syncs. Off by default.
     --nousecache        : Do not use cache. Caveat: --useuid --nousecache creates
                           duplicates on multiple runs.

     --useuid            : Use UIDs instead of headers as a criterion to recognize
                           messages. Option --usecache is then implied unless
                           --nousecache is used.

  OPTIONS/miscellaneous

     --syncacls          : Synchronizes acls (Access Control Lists).
                           Acls in IMAP are not standardized, be careful
                           since one acl code on one side may signify something
                           else on the other one.
     --nosyncacls        : Does not synchronize acls. This is the default.

     --addheader         : When a message has no headers to be identified,
                           --addheader adds a "Message-Id" header,
                           like "Message-Id: 12345@imapsync", where 12345
                           is the imap UID of the message on the host1 folder.
                           Useful to sync folders "Sent" or "Draft".

  OPTIONS/debugging

     --debug             : Debug mode.
     --debugfolders      : Debug mode for the folders part only.
     --debugcontent      : Debug content of the messages transferred. Huge output.
     --debugflags        : Debug mode for flags.
     --debugimap1        : IMAP debug mode for host1. Very verbose.
     --debugimap2        : IMAP debug mode for host2. Very verbose.
     --debugimap         : IMAP debug mode for host1 and host2. Twice very verbose.
     --debugmemory       : Debug mode showing memory consumption after each copy.

     --errorsmax     int : Exit when int number of errors is reached. Default is 50.

     --tests             : Run local non-regression tests. Exit code 0 means all ok.
     --testslive         : Run a live test with test1.lamiral.info imap server.
                           Useful to check the basics. Needs internet connection.
     --testslive6        : Run a live test with ks6ipv6.lamiral.info imap server.
                           Useful to check the ipv6 connectivity. Needs internet.

  OPTIONS/specific

      --gmail1           : sets --host1 to Gmail and other options. See FAQ.Gmail.txt
      --gmail2           : sets --host2 to Gmail and other options. See FAQ.Gmail.txt

      --office1          : sets --host1 to Office365 and other options. See FAQ.Office365.txt
      --office2          : sets --host2 to Office365 and other options. See FAQ.Office365.txt

      --exchange1        : sets options for Exchange. See FAQ.Exchange.txt
      --exchange2        : sets options for Exchange. See FAQ.Exchange.txt

      --domino1          : sets options for Domino. See FAQ.Domino.txt
      --domino2          : sets options for Domino. See FAQ.Domino.txt

  OPTIONS/behavior

     --maxmessagespersecond flo : limits the average number of messages 
                                  transferred per second.

     --maxbytespersecond int : limits the average transfer rate per second.
     --maxbytesafter     int : starts --maxbytespersecond limitation only after
                               --maxbytesafter amount of data transferred.

     --maxsleep      flo : do not sleep more than int seconds.
                           On by default, 2 seconds max, like --maxsleep 2

     --abort             : terminates a previous call still running.
                           It uses the pidfile to know what process to abort.

     --exitwhenover int  : Stop syncing and exits when int total bytes
                           transferred is reached.

     --version           : Print only the software version.
     --noreleasecheck    : Do not check for any new imapsync release.
     --releasecheck      : Check for new imapsync release.
                           it's an http request to
                           http://imapsync.lamiral.info/prj/imapsync/VERSION

     --noid              : Do not send/receive IMAP "ID" command to imap servers.

     --justconnect       : Just connect to both servers and print useful
                           information. Need only --host1 and --host2 options.
                           Obsolete since "imapsync --host1 imaphost" alone
                           implies --justconnect

     --justlogin         : Just login to both host1 and host2 with users
                           credentials, then exit.

     --justfolders       : Do only things about folders (ignore messages).

     --help              : print this help.

     Example: to synchronize imap account "test1" on "test1.lamiral.info"
                         to  imap account "test2" on "test2.lamiral.info"
                         with test1 password "secret1"
                         and  test2 password "secret2"

     imapsync \
        --host1 test1.lamiral.info --user1 test1 --password1 secret1 \
        --host2 test2.lamiral.info --user2 test2 --password2 secret2

SECURITY

    You can use --passfile1 instead of --password1 to mention the password
    since it is safer. With --password1 option, on Linux, any user on your
    host can see the password by using the 'ps auxwwww' command. Using a
    variable (like IMAPSYNC_PASSWORD1) is also dangerous because of the 'ps
    auxwwwwe' command. So, saving the password in a well protected file (600
    or rw-------) is the best solution.

    Imapsync activates ssl or tls encryption by default, if possible.

    What detailed behavior is under this "if possible"?

    Imapsync activates ssl if the well known port imaps port (993) is open
    on the imap servers. If the imaps port is closed then it open a normal
    (clear) connection on port 143 but it looks for TLS support in the
    CAPABILITY list of the servers. If TLS is supported then imapsync goes
    to encryption with STARTTLS.

    If the automatic ssl and the tls detections fail then imapsync will not
    protect against sniffing activities on the network, especially for
    passwords.

    If you want to force ssl or tls just use --ssl1 --ssl2 or --tls1 --tls2

    See also the document FAQ.Security.txt in the FAQ.d/ directory or at
    https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Security.txt

EXIT STATUS

    Imapsync will exit with a 0 status (return code) if everything went
    good. Otherwise, it exits with a non-zero status. That's classical Unix
    behavior. Here is the list of the exit code values (an integer between 0
    and 255). In Bourne Shells, this exit code value can be retrieved within
    the variable value "$?" if you read it just after the imapsync call.

    The names reflect their meaning:

         EX_OK          => 0  ; #/* successful termination */
         EX_USAGE       => 64 ; #/* command line usage error */
         EX_NOINPUT     => 66 ; #/* cannot open input */
         EX_UNAVAILABLE => 69 ; #/* service unavailable */
         EX_SOFTWARE    => 70 ; #/* internal software error */
         EXIT_CATCH_ALL              =>   1 ; # Any other error
         EXIT_BY_SIGNAL              =>   6 ; # Should be 128+n where n is the sig_num
         EXIT_BY_FILE                =>   7 ;
         EXIT_PID_FILE_ERROR         =>   8 ;
         EXIT_CONNECTION_FAILURE     =>  10 ;
         EXIT_TLS_FAILURE            =>  12 ;
         EXIT_AUTHENTICATION_FAILURE =>  16 ;
         EXIT_SUBFOLDER1_NO_EXISTS   =>  21 ;
         EXIT_WITH_ERRORS            => 111 ;
         EXIT_WITH_ERRORS_MAX        => 112 ;
         EXIT_OVERQUOTA              => 113 ;
         EXIT_ERR_APPEND             => 114 ;
         EXIT_ERR_FETCH              => 115 ;
         EXIT_ERR_CREATE             => 116 ;
         EXIT_ERR_SELECT             => 117 ;
         EXIT_TRANSFER_EXCEEDED      => 118 ;
         EXIT_ERR_APPEND_VIRUS       => 119 ;
         EXIT_TESTS_FAILED           => 254 ; # Like Test::More API
         EXIT_CONNECTION_FAILURE_HOST1     =>  101 ;
         EXIT_CONNECTION_FAILURE_HOST2     =>  102 ;
         EXIT_AUTHENTICATION_FAILURE_USER1 =>  161 ;
         EXIT_AUTHENTICATION_FAILURE_USER2 =>  162 ;

LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT

    Imapsync is free, open, public but not always gratis software cover by
    the NOLIMIT Public License, now called NLPL. See the LICENSE file
    included in the distribution or just read this simple sentence as it IS
    the licence text:

     "No limits to do anything with this work and this license."

    In case it is not long enough, I repeat:

     "No limits to do anything with this work and this license."

    Look at https://imapsync.lamiral.info/LICENSE

AUTHOR

    Gilles LAMIRAL <gilles@lamiral.info>

    Good feedback is always welcome. Bad feedback is very often welcome.

    Gilles LAMIRAL earns his living by writing, installing, configuring and
    sometimes teaching free, open and often gratis software. Imapsync used
    to be "always gratis" but now it is only "often gratis" because imapsync
    is sold by its author, your servitor, a good way to maintain and support
    free open public software tools over decades.

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

    See https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Reporting_Bugs.txt

IMAP SERVERS supported

    See https://imapsync.lamiral.info/S/imapservers.shtml

HUGE MIGRATION

    If you have many mailboxes to migrate think about a little shell
    program. Write a file called file.txt (for example) containing users and
    passwords. The separator used in this example is ';'

    The file.txt file contains:

    user001_1;password001_1;user001_2;password001_2
    user002_1;password002_1;user002_2;password002_2
    user003_1;password003_1;user003_2;password003_2
    user004_1;password004_1;user004_2;password004_2
    user005_1;password005_1;user005_2;password005_2 ...

    On Unix the shell program can be:

     { while IFS=';' read  u1 p1 u2 p2; do
            imapsync --host1 imap.side1.org --user1 "$u1" --password1 "$p1" \
                     --host2 imap.side2.org --user2 "$u2" --password2 "$p2" ...
     done ; } < file.txt

    On Windows the batch program can be:

      FOR /F "tokens=1,2,3,4 delims=; eol=#" %%G IN (file.txt) DO imapsync ^
      --host1 imap.side1.org --user1 %%G --password1 %%H ^
      --host2 imap.side2.org --user2 %%I --password2 %%J ...

    The ... have to be replaced by nothing or any imapsync option. Welcome
    in shell or batch programming !

    You will find already written scripts at
    https://imapsync.lamiral.info/examples/

INSTALL

     Imapsync works under any Unix with Perl.

     Imapsync works under most Windows (2000, XP, Vista, Seven, Eight, Ten
     and all Server releases 2000, 2003, 2008 and R2, 2012 and R2, 2016)
     as a standalone binary software called imapsync.exe,
     usually launched from a batch file in order to avoid always typing
     the options. There is also a 32bit binary called imapsync_32bit.exe

     Imapsync works under OS X as a standalone binary
     software called imapsync_bin_Darwin

     Purchase latest imapsync at
     https://imapsync.lamiral.info/

     You'll receive a link to a compressed tarball called imapsync-x.xx.tgz
     where x.xx is the version number. Untar the tarball where
     you want (on Unix):

      tar xzvf  imapsync-x.xx.tgz

     Go into the directory imapsync-x.xx and read the INSTALL file.
     As mentioned at https://imapsync.lamiral.info/#install
     the INSTALL file can also be found at
     https://imapsync.lamiral.info/INSTALL.d/INSTALL.ANY.txt
     It is now split in several files for each system
     https://imapsync.lamiral.info/INSTALL.d/

CONFIGURATION

    There is no specific configuration file for imapsync, everything is
    specified by the command line parameters and the default behavior.

HACKING

    Feel free to hack imapsync as the NOLIMIT license permits it.

SIMILAR SOFTWARE

      See also https://imapsync.lamiral.info/S/external.shtml
      for a better up to date list.

    List verified on Friday July 1, 2021.

     imapsync: https://github.com/imapsync/imapsync (this is an imapsync copy, sometimes delayed, with --noreleasecheck by default since release 1.592, 2014/05/22)
     imap_tools: https://web.archive.org/web/20161228145952/http://www.athensfbc.com/imap_tools/. The imap_tools code is now at https://github.com/andrewnimmo/rick-sanders-imap-tools
     imaputils: https://github.com/mtsatsenko/imaputils (very old imap_tools fork)
     Doveadm-Sync: https://wiki2.dovecot.org/Tools/Doveadm/Sync ( Dovecot sync tool )
     davmail: http://davmail.sourceforge.net/
     offlineimap: http://offlineimap.org/
     fdm: https://github.com/nicm/fdm
     mbsync: http://isync.sourceforge.net/
     mailsync: http://mailsync.sourceforge.net/
     mailutil: https://www.washington.edu/imap/ part of the UW IMAP toolkit. (well, seems abandoned now)
     imaprepl: https://bl0rg.net/software/ http://freecode.com/projects/imap-repl/
     imapcopy (Pascal): http://www.ardiehl.de/imapcopy/
     imapcopy (Java): https://code.google.com/archive/p/imapcopy/
     imapsize: http://www.broobles.com/imapsize/
     migrationtool: http://sourceforge.net/projects/migrationtool/
     imapmigrate: http://sourceforge.net/projects/cyrus-utils/
     larch: https://github.com/rgrove/larch (derived from wonko_imapsync, good at Gmail)
     wonko_imapsync: http://wonko.com/article/554 (superseded by larch)
     pop2imap: http://www.linux-france.org/prj/pop2imap/ (I wrote that too)
     exchange-away: http://exchange-away.sourceforge.net/
     SyncBackPro: http://www.2brightsparks.com/syncback/sbpro.html
     ImapSyncClient: https://github.com/ridaamirini/ImapSyncClient
     MailStore: https://www.mailstore.com/en/products/mailstore-home/
     mnIMAPSync: https://github.com/manusa/mnIMAPSync
     imap-upload: http://imap-upload.sourceforge.net/ (A tool for uploading a local mbox file to IMAP4 server)
     imapbackup: https://github.com/rcarmo/imapbackup (A Python script for incremental backups of IMAP mailboxes)
     BitRecover email-backup 99 USD, 299 USD https://www.bitrecover.com/email-backup/.
     ImportExportTools: https://addons.thunderbird.net/en-us/thunderbird/addon/importexporttools/ ImportExportTools for Mozilla Thunderbird by Paolo Kaosmos. ImportExportTools does not do IMAP.
     rximapmail: https://sourceforge.net/projects/rximapmail/
     CodeTwo: https://www.codetwo.com/ but CodeTwo does imap source to Office365 only.

HISTORY

    I initially wrote imapsync in July 2001 because an enterprise, called
    BaSystemes, paid me to install a new imap server without losing huge old
    mailboxes located in a far away remote imap server, accessible by an
    often broken low-bandwidth ISDN link.

    I had to verify every mailbox was well transferred, all folders, all
    messages, without wasting bandwidth or creating duplicates upon resyncs.
    The imapsync design was made with the beautiful rsync command in mind.

    Imapsync started its life as a patch of the copy_folder.pl script. The
    script copy_folder.pl comes from the Mail-IMAPClient-2.1.3 perl module
    tarball source (more precisely in the examples/ directory of the
    Mail-IMAPClient tarball).

    So many changes happened since then that I wonder if it remains any
    lines of the original copy_folder.pl in imapsync source code.

About

Imapsync is an IMAP transfers tool. The purpose of imapsync is to migrate IMAP accounts or to backup IMAP accounts. IMAP is one of the three current standard protocols to access mailboxes, the two others are POP3 and HTTP with webmails, webmails are often tied to an IMAP server. Upstream website is

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