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#!/bin/cat
$Id: FAQ.Gmail.txt,v 1.79 2021/03/31 16:20:28 gilles Exp gilles $
This document is also available online at
https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/
https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Gmail.txt
=======================================================================
Imapsync tips for Gmail accounts.
=======================================================================
Questions answered in this FAQ are:
Q. Can I use imapsync to transfer from or to Gmail accounts?
Q. Even after several syncs the number of messages differs
largely between imapsync and the Gmail web interface.
What can I do?
Q. How many days does it take to transfer X GB?
Q. What is the Gmail free maximum storage size?
R. 15 GB in 2020. Need more?
https://gsuite.google.com/pricing.html
Q. How to synchronize from Gmail to Gmail?
Q. How to synchronize from XXX to Gmail?
Q. How to synchronize from Gmail to XXX?
Q. I can't authenticate with Gmail via IMAP
and Gmail says
"Please log in via your web browser"
or it says
"Application-specific password required: https://support.google.com/accounts/answer/185833 (Failure)"
Q. Can not open imap connection on [imap.gmail.com]
Unable to connect to imap.gmail.com
Q. I want to sync the Sent folder only, what is it on Gmail?
Q. The context is a Gmail account at the source, but not Gmail at the
destination. I want cross-duplicates, different Gmail folders/labels
generating duplicate messages across folders on the destination,
except for the "All Mail" folder.
Q. What are the Gmail imap names of the folders
"Sent" "Trash" "Drafts" "Junk" "Flagged" and "All"?
Q. Can I transfer Gmail "Chat" messages with imapsync?
Q. Can I safely use --useuid for Gmail transfers?
Q. Gmail does not really delete messages in folder [Gmail]/All Mail
What happens? What can I do?
Q. Can I use the Extension of the SEARCH command: X-GM-RAW described at
https://support.google.com/mail/answer/7190?hl=en
https://developers.google.com/gmail/imap_extensions#extension_of_the_search_command_x-gm-raw
Q. How to avoid the [IMAP] prefix on Gmail side?
Q. Does imapsync have the capability to do 2 stage authentication?
Q. How to use XOAUTH2 to globally authenticate gmail users?
Q. How to use XOAUTH to globally authenticate gmail users?
Q. How to use a Gmail account to backup several different imap accounts?
Q. How to migrate email from gmail to google apps?
Now the questions again with their answers.
=======================================================================
Q. Can I use imapsync to transfer from or to Gmail accounts?
R. Yes. But IMAP access to a Gmail account is not allowed by default so
it has to be allowed in the Gmail configuration part:
-> Do not go to "Manage your Google Account" (the upper right icon with your Google face)
-> Instead, go to Gmail at https://mail.google.com/
-> Click on Settings, the gear button on the upper right of Gmail.
-> Click on "See all settings" at the top of the pull down menu.
-> Go to the tab "Forwarding and POP/IMAP"
-> Go down to "IMAP Access"
-> Activate the radio button "Enable IMAP"
-> Click on the button "Save changes" at the bottom of the page.
That's not finished, there is also the authentication issue to consider.
There are three different ways to authenticate to Gmail with Imapsync,
either:
1) "Access for less secure apps"
2) "2-step verification"
3) XOauth2 (not ready for individual Gmail authentication, only for groups)
For the last one, XOauth2, see the document
https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.XOAUTH2.txt
1) "Access for less secure apps", the first way to authenticate
to Gmail with Imapsync. This is the easiest way because
you just have to turn one button on.
Go to https://myaccount.google.com/
Click on the Security tab on the left menu or go directly to
https://myaccount.google.com/security?gar=1
-> Verify 2-step verification is OFF
https://myaccount.google.com/security?hl=en&pli=1&nlr=1#signin
Near the end of the page,
-> Turn ON "Access for less secure apps"
https://www.google.com/settings/security/lesssecureapps
https://support.google.com/accounts/answer/6010255?hl=en
Here is what Google add on this "Access for less secure apps":
"Some apps and devices use less secure sign-in technology, which makes your
account vulnerable. You can turn off access for these apps, which we recommend,
or turn it on if you want to use them despite the risks.
Google will automatically turn this setting OFF if it’s not being used."
So after a while, this button will be turned off again.
I suggest to turn it off once the job with imapsync is finished.
If you forgot to also enable imap you end up with login failure like this one:
"Host failure: Error login on [imap.gmail.com] with user [xxxx@gmail.com] auth [LOGIN]:
NO [ALERT] Your account is not enabled for IMAP use. Please visit your Gmail
settings page and enable your account for IMAP access. (Failure)"
After using imapsync on a Gmail account, sometimes you may encounter an email
with the title "Critical security alert for your linked Google Account"
and the body
"Sign-in attempt was blocked for your linked Google Account
xxxx@gmail.com
Someone just used your password to try to sign in to your account from
a non-Google app. Google blocked them, but you should check what happened.
Review your account activity to make sure that no one else has access."
Click on the button "Check Activity" and let Gmail know you were the author
of the sign in.
Sometimes, with Gsuite, the login for the users are ok with imapsync
for a while then they become forbidden with
"failure: Error login on [imap.gmail.com] with user [xxx] auth [LOGIN]:
2 NO [AUTHENTICATIONFAILED] Invalid credentials (Failure)"
In that case, use:
https://admin.google.com/AdminHome?hl=fr#ServiceSettings/notab=1&service=securitysetting&subtab=lesssecureappsaccess
to allow "Access for less secure apps to all users"
(Thanks to Sébastien R. for this input)
Remark: even if the user has enabled less secure apps at Super Admin
and reseller level, it still needs amended at
https://myaccount.google.com/security
(Thanks Tony@gle for this last tip!)
2) "2-step verification" the second way to authenticate
to Gmail with Imapsync.
Go to
https://myaccount.google.com/security
and sign in with the account you want to transfer email to or from.
Go to the "Signing in to Google" part of the security page and follow
the process to activate the "2-step verification" until it is ok.
Then, just below "2-step verification" click on the "App passwords"
and follow the instruction to get a 16 characters password, on the
pull down button "Select app", choose "Other (Custom name)" and call
it imapsync for example. Now use this this password to access the
mailbox with imapsync.
The following document details what I've just described:
https://support.google.com/accounts/answer/185833?hl=en
Even if Google says "Every App Password is only used once",
it's false and the password can be used many times.
=======================================================================
Q. Even after several syncs the number of messages differs
largely between imapsync and the Gmail web interface.
What can I do?
R. Turned off "Conversation views" on Gmail.
With "Conversation views" turned off, Gmail shows the exact message
count for each folder and it matches what imapsync shows.
With "Conversation views" on, a single conversation can have
multiple messages and it doesn't match what imapsync presents.
(Thanks to Karthik.V for this input)
=======================================================================
Q. How many days does it take to transfer X GB?
R. Basically it takes X days to transfer X GB per account.
Gmail has usage limits per day and use throttles when
they are overtaken
https://support.google.com/a/answer/1071518?hl=en
From the previous link:
* Upload with IMAP: 500 MB per day.
It's 2X days to upload X GB to Gmail, it's why I suggest to add
--maxbytespersecond 20000 --maxbytesafter 1_000_000_000
for uploading messages to Gmail
(should be --maxbytespersecond 5787 --maxbytesafter 500_000_000
but the higher values given work well)
* Download with IMAP: 2500 MB per day.
It's X/2.5 days to download X GB from Gmail, it's why I suggest to add
--maxbytespersecond 40_000 --maxbytesafter 3_000_000_000
for downloading messages from Gmail
(should be --maxbytespersecond 28_935 --maxbytesafter 2_500_000_000
That's empirical values that work in practice.
Try upper values and see if they still work.
I would be grateful if you report them to me.
How Gmail says limits are reached?
This is either a disconnection with
"BYE Session expired, please login again"
or a very small rate, less than 1 Kib/s
https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Gmail.txt
=======================================================================
Q. How to synchronize from Gmail to Gmail?
R. Use the following example:
imapsync \
--user1 account1@gmail.com \
--password1 gmailsecret1 \
--user2 account2@gmail.com \
--password2 gmailsecret2 \
--gmail1 --gmail2
Or, replacing what does --gmail1 --gmail2 (values are from imapsync 1.970):
imapsync \
--host1 imap.gmail.com \
--ssl1 \
--user1 account1@gmail.com \
--password1 gmailsecret1 \
--host2 imap.gmail.com \
--ssl2 \
--user2 account2@gmail.com \
--password2 gmailsecret2 \
--maxbytespersecond 20_000 \
--maxbytesafter 1_000_000_000 \
--automap \
--maxsleep 2 \
--synclabels \
--resynclabels \
--exclude "\[Gmail\]$" \
--folderlast "[Gmail]/All Mail"
With --gmail1 --gmail2 you can override the parameters
that are activated by them, for example:
imapsync ... --gmail1 --gmail2 --maxbytespersecond 50_000 --noautomap
Explanations:
--maxbytespersecond 20_000 ( 20 kBytes/s ) option is here to avoid
locking or errors when imap transfers exceed Gmail maximum limit.
See http://support.google.com/a/bin/answer.py?hl=en&answer=1071518
--maxbytespersecond 20_000 is not mandatory in the sense Gmail may
allow you to use an upper value than 1 GBytes per 24h without
disconnections. If you count well, it should be 10_000, not 20_000.
--maxbytesafter 1_000_000_000 option is there because
option --maxbytespersecond 20000 is unnecessarily slow if the Gmail
account size is less than 1 GB.
--maxsleep 2 is to avoid sleeping more than 2 seconds when
the --maxbytespersecond value implies a long sleep between 2 copies.
--automap is not mandatory but it's a feature to automatically
map folder names based on the Gmail user configuration itself, par account.
It will save manual folder names changes or the use of --regextrans2
or --f1f2 to map folder names.
For example, imap folder "[Gmail]/Sent Mail" may be mapped as one of
E-mails enviados
Enviada
Enviado
Gesendet
Gönderildi
Inviati
Sendt
Skickat
Verzonden
etc.
on both sides, host1 or host2, maybe differently, sometimes in
incomprehensible alphabets, a headache for imap sysadmins.
See a listing here:
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/2185391/localized-gmail-imap-folders/2185548#2185548
--exclude "\[Gmail\]$" is just there to avoid a warning error
when selecting this not used folder.
Be aware that --gmail1 --gmail2 is a special case, it's not what
--gmail1 does plus what --gmail2 does when they are not invoked
together.
https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Gmail.txt
=======================================================================
Q. How to synchronize from XXX to Gmail?
R. Use the following example:
imapsync --host1 mail.oldhost.com \
--user1 my_email@oldhost.com \
--password1 passwordold \
--user2 my_email@gmail.com \
--password2 gmailsecret \
--gmail2
Or, replacing what does --gmail2 (values are from imapsync 1.970):
(For Linux only because of the quotes)
imapsync --host1 mail.oldhost.com \
--user1 my_email@oldhost.com \
--password1 passwordold \
--host2 imap.gmail.com \
--ssl2 \
--user2 my_email@gmail.com \
--password2 gmailsecret \
--maxbytespersecond 20_000 \
--maxbytesafter 1_000_000_000 \
--automap \
--expunge1 \
--addheader \
--maxsleep 2 \
--exclude "\[Gmail\]$" \
--regextrans2 's,\[Gmail\].,,' \
--regextrans2 's,^ +| +$,,g'
--regextrans2 's,/ +| +/,/,g'
--regextrans2 's/['"'"'\\^"]/_/g'
--folderlast "[Gmail]/All Mail"
Starting from imapsync 1.926 a --regextrans2 replacing
all blanks, was:
--regextrans2 "s/[ ]+/_/g"
With --gmail2 you can override the parameters
that are activated by them, for example:
imapsync ... --gmail2 --maxbytespersecond 50_000 --noautomap --maxsleep 0
Explanations:
--maxbytespersecond 20_000 ( 20 kBytes/s ) option is here to avoid
locking or errors when imap transfers exceed Gmail maximum limit.
See http://support.google.com/a/bin/answer.py?hl=en&answer=1071518
--maxbytespersecond 20_000 is not mandatory in the sense Gmail may
allow you to use an upper value than 1 GBytes per 24h without
disconnections. If you count well, it should be 10_000, not 20_000.
--maxbytesafter 1_000_000_000 option is there because
option --maxbytespersecond 20000 is unnecessarily slow if the Gmail
account size is less than 1 GB. Counting well, it should
be 500_000_000, not 1_000_000_000, but 1GB is usually ok.
--maxsleep 2 is to avoid sleeping more than 2 seconds when
the --maxbytespersecond value implies a long sleep between 2 copies.
--maxsleep 0 cancels any imapsync bandwidth restriction given by
the options --maxbytespersecond or --maxmessagespersecond
It does not cancel the imap server bandwidth restrictions.
--automap is optional but it will save manual folders names
changes or the use of --regextrans2 or --f1f2 to map folder names.
--expunge1 is optional. It deletes messages marked \Deleted on host1.
Imapsync syncs messages with all their flags, Gmail takes the messages
marked \Deleted but deletes or moves them just after.
Option --expunge1 really removes messages marked \Deleted on host1
so they are not synced at all.
The --addheader option is there because "Sent" folder messages
sometimes lack the "Message-Id:" and "Received:" headers needed
by imapsync to identify messages (only when --useuid is not used).
So option --addheader adds a "Message-Id" header consisting of
the imap UID of the message on the host1 folder, like
"Message-Id: 12345@imapsync".
--exclude "\[Gmail\]$" is there to avoid a small examine/select error:
"Could not examine: 43 NO [NONEXISTENT] Unknown Mailbox: [Gmail]
(now in authenticated state) (Failure)".
--regextrans2 "s/[ ]+/_/g" is there to convert blank characters not
accepted by gmail to character _ underscore. In fact only leading
and trailing blank characters are problems with gmail, and
also successive blanks ending with the IMAP error
"NO [CANNOT] Folder contains excess whitespace (Failure)"
If you want to change only leading and trailing blank characters
then use the following instead
On Linux/Unix:
--regextrans2 "s,(/|^) +,\$1,g" --regextrans2 "s, +(/|$),\$1,g"
On Windows:
--regextrans2 "s,(/|^) +,$1,g" --regextrans2 "s, +(/|$),$1,g"
--regextrans2 "s/[\^]/_/g" is mandatory. It converts, since
not accepted by gmail, character ^ to character _ underscore.
--regextrans2 "s/['\"\\\\]/_/g" is optional. It converts
characters ' or " or \ to character _ underscore.
You can select folders exported to imap within the gmail preferences.
Select or unselect some "System labels", depending on your needs.
https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Gmail.txt
=======================================================================
Q. How to synchronize from Gmail to XXX?
R. Use this example:
imapsync \
--user1 foo@gmail.com \
--password1 gmailsecret \
--host2 localhost \
--user2 tata \
--password2 tatasecret \
--gmail1
Or, replacing what does --gmail1 (values are from imapsync 1.970):
imapsync \
--host1 imap.gmail.com \
--ssl1 \
--user1 foo@gmail.com \
--password1 gmailsecret \
--host2 localhost \
--user2 tata \
--password2 tatasecret \
--maxbytespersecond 40_000 \
--maxbytesafter 2_500_000_000 \
--automap \
--maxsleep 2 \
--skipcrossduplicates \
--useheader="X-Gmail-Received" \
--useheader "Message-Id" \
--regextrans2 "s,\[Gmail\].,," \
--folderlast "[Gmail]/All Mail"
With --gmail1 you can override the parameters
that are activated by them, for example:
imapsync ... --gmail1 --maxbytespersecond 50_000 --noskipcrossduplicates --noautomap
Explanations:
--maxbytespersecond 40_000 ( 40 kBytes/s ) option is here to avoid
locking or errors when imap transfers exceed Gmail maximum limit.
See http://support.google.com/a/bin/answer.py?hl=en&answer=1071518
--maxbytespersecond 40_000 is not mandatory in the sense Gmail may
allow you to use an upper value than 2 GBytes per 24h without
disconnections.
--useheader="X-Gmail-Received" --useheader "Message-Id" are not
mandatory. I use them because I found (several years ago, it may have
changed) that Gmail always adds a different header "X-Gmail-Received:"
to all messages it gets. So the identification by imapsync can not
fail using this header. "Message-Id" is there for safety about this
Gmail rule.
--automap is optional but it will save manual folder names changes or
the use of --regextrans2 to map folder names.
--regextrans2 "s,\[Gmail\].,,"
If your destination imap server doesn't like the "[Gmail]" name,
get rid of this "[Gmail]" part with that.
You can select folders exported to imap within the Gmail preferences,
for example, you may unselect all "System labels".
--skipcrossduplicates is optional but it can save Gigabytes of hard
disk memory. Within imap protocol, Gmail presents Gmail labels as
folders, so a message labelled "Work" "ProjectX" "Urgent" ends up in
three different imap folders "Work" "ProjectX" and "Urgent" after an
imap sync. Option --skipcrossduplicates prevent this behavior.
An issue with --skipcrossduplicates is that the first label synced by
imapsync goes to its corresponding folder but other labels are then
ignored. You can choose what labels have priority by using the
--folderfirst option. For example, --folderfirst "Work" will sync
messages labelled "Work" before messages labelled "CanWait" or
"Urgent". By default imapsync syncs folders (Gmail labels) using the
classical alphanumeric order.
Option --folderlast "CanWait" will sync only messages that only have
the label CanWait.
Option --folderlast "[Gmail]/All Mail", in conjunction with option
--skipcrossduplicates will only put in "[Gmail]/All Mail" the messages
that are not labelled at all.
https://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.Gmail.txt
=======================================================================
Q. I can't authenticate with Gmail via IMAP
and Gmail says
"Please log in via your web browser"
or it says
"Application-specific password required: https://support.google.com/accounts/answer/185833 (Failure)"
R0. My current settings on two Gmail accounts are made
with three steps 0) 1) 2)
0) Login via a web browser to the Gmail account concerned.
1) The 2-step verification is OFF
https://myaccount.google.com/security?hl=en&pli=1&nlr=1#signin
2) Access for less secure apps is turned ON
https://www.google.com/settings/security/lesssecureapps
https://support.google.com/accounts/answer/6010255?hl=en
R1. See Coert Grobbelaar solution:
https://web.archive.org/web/20150906230041/http://security.stackexchange.com/questions/86404/how-do-i-interact-with-google-to-import-email-via-imapsync
https://support.google.com/accounts/answer/185833
R2. I had the same issue one time (mars 2015) logging to Gmail
with imapsync.
The Gmail imap message error said "Please log in via your web browser"
so I logged for this account via a web browser. Then,
it asked me to receive a code via a mobile, I said yes,
I entered the code and everything went ok on next syncs
with imapsync.
R1 again. Since people rarely follow links in a txt file, I reproduce
Google documentation from the link
https://support.google.com/accounts/answer/185833
Sign in using App Passwords
An App Password is a 16-digit passcode that gives a non-Google app or
device permission to access your Google Account.
App Passwords can only be used with accounts that
have 2-Step Verification turned on.
When to use App Passwords
To help keep your account secure, use "Sign in with Google" to
connect apps to your Google Account.
If the app you’re using doesn’t offer this option, you can either:
Use App Passwords to connect to your Google Account
Switch to a more secure app
Create & use App Passwords
Note: If you use 2-Step-Verification
( https://support.google.com/accounts/answer/185839 )
and are seeing a "password incorrect" error when trying to access
your Google Account, an App Password may solve the problem.
* Go to your Google Account https://myaccount.google.com/
* On the left navigation panel, choose Security.
* On the "Signing in to Google" panel, choose App Passwords.
If you don’t see this option:
* 2-Step Verification is not set up for your account.
* 2-Step Verification is set up for security keys only.
* Your account is through work, school, or other organization.
* You’ve turned on Advanced Protection for your account.
* At the bottom, choose Select app and choose the app you’re using.
* Choose Select device and choose the device you’re using.
* Choose Generate.
* Follow the instructions to enter the App Password.
The App Password is the 16-character code in the yellow bar on your device.
* Choose Done.
Most of the time, you’ll only have to enter an App Password once per
app or device, so don’t worry about memorizing it.
=======================================================================
Q. Can not open imap connection on [imap.gmail.com]:
Unable to connect to imap.gmail.com
R0. It looks like this issue is related to ipv6. Both ipv4 and ipv6
protocols should work with gmail and imapsync, I test that regularly,
imapsync works fine for both ipv4 and ipv6.
If you disable ipv6 then disable also ipv6 resolution!
The default names resolution order is to present ipv6 name resolutions
first. If you know how to make ipv4 answers be taken before ipv6
then tell me.
R1. First solution, run imapsync with the option --inet4:
imapsync ... --inet4
R2. A second solution is to use directly gmail ipv4 ip address:
imapsync ... --host1 64.233.184.108
In case it changes, get it with any command showing the imap.gmail.com
name resolution, try one of those:
nslookup imap.gmail.com
host imap.gmail.com
ping imap.gmail.com
Or go to http://ping.eu/nslookup/ to get the resolution.
Thanks to Chris Nolan to report, understand and fix this issue!
=======================================================================
Q. I want to sync the Sent folder only, what is it on Gmail?
R1. Use:
imapsync ... --folder "[Gmail]/Sent Mail"
R2. In fact, by configuration from the user, it can be another folder
name presented in IMAP. Use --automap --dry to see this mapping.
See below
=======================================================================
Q. The context is a Gmail account at the source, but not Gmail at the
destination. I want cross-duplicates, different Gmail folders/labels
generating duplicate messages across folders on the destination,
except for the "All Mail" folder.
R. This behavior, different Gmail labels generating duplicates across
folders except for the "All Mail" folder, is obtained with a
synchronization with no --gmail1 but instead --exclude "All Mail"
followed by another synchronization with --gmail1 but without
--exclude "All Mail".
imapsync ... --exclude "All Mail"
imapsync ... --gmail1
This second sync is done to get the messages with no labels at all
from the folder "All Mail", if they are some of them.
Technically speaking, the first synchronization has not the option
--skipcrossduplicates but the second one has the option
--skipcrossduplicates and it also performs the Gmail "All Mail"
folder/label at the end so only the messages that have no labels will
end up in the "All Mail" destination folder (which is not Gmail,
remember the context).
Thanks to Mike Alexander for this suggestion.
Mike also provided a patch to implement that directly in imapsync.
See https://github.com/imapsync/imapsync/pull/266
(I refused it because well maintaining it will be very hard for me
and I have other priorities).
=======================================================================
Q. What are the Gmail imap names of the folders
"Sent" "Trash" "Drafts" "Junk" "Flagged" and "All"?
R. By default, Gmail imap names of the folders
"Sent" "Trash" "Drafts" "Junk" "Flagged" and "All"
are like this:
Turned on automapping folders ( use --noautomap to turn off automapping )
Host1: special [Gmail]/All Mail = \All
Host1: special [Gmail]/Drafts = \Drafts
Host1: special [Gmail]/Sent Mail = \Sent
Host1: special [Gmail]/Spam = \Junk
Host1: special [Gmail]/Starred = \Flagged
Host1: special [Gmail]/Trash = \Trash
Host2: special [Gmail]/All Mail = \All
Host2: special [Gmail]/Bin = \Trash
Host2: special [Gmail]/Drafts = \Drafts
Host2: special [Gmail]/Sent Mail = \Sent
Host2: special [Gmail]/Spam = \Junk
Host2: special [Gmail]/Starred = \Flagged
This is an excerpt from the imapsync output log done with the
--automap option. This listing is located just before the
folders listings.
This mapping can be changed by configuration in the Gmail
web interface so the result may vary.
=======================================================================
Q. Can I transfer Gmail "Chat" messages with imapsync?
R. No.
Even if you think you can because the Chat folder is seen in IMAP,
with Chat messages in them, they won't be well transferred.
Chat messages are not well presented and not well transferred
using the IMAP protocol.
=======================================================================
Q. Can I safely use --useuid or --usecache for Gmail transfers?
R. Yes, but I suggest to not use --useuid nor --usecache
for Gmail transfers.
Using UIDs is useless with Gmail in the case of global duplicates
(duplicates across different folders). Gmail always accept a global
duplicate message as a new message, giving imapsync a new UID for this
message, and throw it away because it already has it. Gmail
will do this at each run so imapsync will always try to copy the
message, and Gmail will always accept and throw away the new copy. It
ends up with no duplicates on Gmail but a waste of bandwidth and time,
which is the opposite goal of --usecache implied by --useuid.
=======================================================================
Q. Gmail does not really delete messages in folder [Gmail]/All Mail
What happens? What can I do?
R. It's true and explained in Gmail documentation at
https://support.google.com/mail/answer/7401?hl=en
To really remove messages in folder "[Gmail]/All Mail", they have to
be moved to the "Trash" folder and be deleted from "Trash".
Quoting the link above (25 december 2018, happy christmas by the way!)
...
Empty your Trash
If you don't want a message to stay in your Trash for 30 days,
you can permanently delete it.
* On your computer, go to Gmail.
* On the left side of the page, scroll down,
then click More and then Trash.
* Check the box next to messages you want to permanently delete,
then click Delete forever.
* Note: The Delete forever option is only available in the Trash.
You won’t be able to delete items forever from the Search result view.
To delete all messages in your trash, click Empty Trash now.
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Q. Can I use the Extension of the SEARCH command: X-GM-RAW described at
https://support.google.com/mail/answer/7190?hl=en
https://developers.google.com/gmail/imap_extensions#extension_of_the_search_command_x-gm-raw
R. Sure. Example, to search only emails with attachment and in unread state:
On Unix:
imapsync ... --search 'X-GM-RAW "has:attachment in:unread"'
On Windows:
perl imapsync ... --search "X-GM-RAW ""has:attachment in:unread"""
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Q. How to avoid the [IMAP] prefix on Gmail side?
How to stop creating folder with this prefix?
Any switch we can use? e.g. [IMAP]/Archive
R. No switch in imapsync since [IMAP]/ prefix is done by Gmail,
it might be configurable within Gmail parameters configuration.
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Q. Does imapsync have the capability to do 2 stage authentication?
R. No, imapsync doesn't support 2 stage authentication.
Reading https://support.google.com/mail/answer/1173270?hl=en
it looks like it can't because imapsync uses imap protocol.
So you have to follow the Google recommendation and generate an
application-specific password or normal authentication
or use XOAUTH or XOAUTH2.
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Q. How to use XOAUTH2 to globally authenticate gmail users?
R. Yes, but really tested on Unix systems, not sure on Windows. See:
http://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.XOAUTH2.txt
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Q. How to use XOAUTH to globally authenticate gmail users?
R0. XOAUTH is considered obsolete and superseded by XOAUTH2
See http://imapsync.lamiral.info/FAQ.d/FAQ.XOAUTH2.txt
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Q. How to use a Gmail account to backup several different imap accounts?
R. For each account named xxx use:
imapsync ... --subfolder2 xxx/xxx
It syncs the account xxx under a sub-subfolder xxx/xxx. This way there
is no supplementary label created on the multi-archive Gmail
destination account. No labels all over the place and all original
xxx sub-folders show up nested within xxx/xxx.
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Q. How to migrate email from gmail to google apps?
R. Take a look at:
http://biasecurities.com/2009/02/migrate-email-from-gmail-to-google-apps/
http://www.thamtech.com/blog/2008/03/29/gmail-to-google-apps-email-migration/
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