Rake-like task manager
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README.md

Sam Build Status Latest Release

Sam is a Make-like utility which allows to specify tasks like Ruby's Rake do using plain Crystal.

Installation

Add this to your application's shard.yml:

dependencies:
  sam:
    github: imdrasil/sam.cr

Usage

Simple example

Create sam.cr file in your app root directory and paste next:

# here you should load your app configuration if
# it will be needed to perform tasks
Sam.namespace "db" do
  namespace "schema" do
    desc "Outputs smth: requires 2 named arguments"
    task "load" do |t, args|
      puts args["f1"]
      t.invoke("1")
      t.invoke("schema:1")
      t.invoke("db:migrate")
      t.invoke("db:db:migrate")
      t.invoke("db:ping")
      t.invoke("din:dong")
      puts "------"
      t.invoke("2", {"f2" => 1})
    end

    task "1" do
      puts "1"
    end

    task "2", ["1", "db:migrate"] do |t, args|
      puts args.named["f2"].as(Int32) + 3
    end
  end

  namespace "db" do
    task "schema" do
        puts "same as namespace"
    end

    task "migrate" do
      puts "migrate"
    end
  end

  task "ping" do
    puts "ping"
  end
end
Sam.help

To ran any of this task open prompt in root location and paste:

$ crystal sam.cr -- <your_task_path> [options]

To get list of all available tasks:

$ crystal sam.cr -- help

Each tasks has own "path" which consists of namespace names and task name joined together by ":".

Also tasks can accept space separated arguments from prompt. To pass named argument (which have associated name) use next rules:

  • -name value
  • -name "value with spaces"
  • name=value
  • name="value with spaces"

Also just array of arguments can be passed - just past everything needed without any flags anywhere:

$ crystal sam.cr -- <your_task_path> first_raw_option "options with spaces"

All arguments from prompt will be realized as String.

To invoke a task, e.g. the first task "load" from example above:

crystal sam.cr -- db:schema:load -f1 asd

Makefile-like usage is supported. To autogenerate receipt just call

$ crystal sam.cr -- generate:makefile

This will modify existing Makefile or creates new one. Be careful - this will silent all nonexisting tasks. For more details take a look on template in code. This will allow to call tasks in the next way:

$ make sam some:task raw_arg1

But for named argument you need to add --

$ make sam db:schema:load -- -f1 asd

By default it will try to use your samfile in the app root. To override it pass proper way as second argument

$ crystal src/sam.cr -- generate:makefile "src/sam.cr"

To autoload Sam files from your dependencies - just past

load_dependencies "dep1", "dep2"`

If library provides some optional files with tasks they could be loaded as well using named tuple literal:

load_dependencies "lib1", "lib2": "special_file", "lib3": ["special_file"], "lib3": ["/root_special_file"]

By default any nested dependency will be loaded from "tasks" folder at the lib root level. Any dependency with leading "/" makes to load them using given path. So root_special_file for lib3 will be loaded with lib3/src/lib3/root_special_file.cr.

To execute multiple tasks at once just list them separated by @ character:

$ crystal sam.cr -- namespace1:task1 arg1=2 @ other_task arg1=3

Each task will be executed only if the previous one is successfully finished (without throwing any exception).

Namespace

To define namespace (for now they only used for namespacing tasks) use Sam.namespace (opens root namespace) or just namespace inside of it. Sam.namespace can be called any times - everything will be added to existing staff.

Task

To define task use task method with it's name and block. Given block could take 0..2 arguments: Task object and Args object. Also as second parameter could be provided array of dependent tasks which will be invoked before current.

Another task could be invoked from current using invoke method. It has next signatures:

    • name : String - task path
    • name : String - task path
    • args : Args - prepared argument object
    • name : String - task path
    • hash : Hash(String, String | Int32, Float32) - hash with arguments
    • name : String - task path
    • args : Tuple - raw arguments

Any already invoked task is ignored during further invocations. To avoid this #execute method could be used.

Routing

When task is invoked from other one provided path will float up through current task namespace nesting and search given path on each level. Task could have same name as any existing namespace.

Args

This class represents argument set for task. It can handle named arguments and just raw array of arguments. Now it supports only String, Int32 and Float64 types. To get access to named argument you can use [](name : String) and []?(name : String) methods. For raw attributes there are [](index : Int32) and []?(index : Int32) as well.

Development

Before running tests call

$ crystal examples/sam.cr -- setup

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create a new Pull Request

Contributors

  • imdrasil Roman Kalnytskyi - creator, maintainer