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import/order: Enforce a convention in module import order

Enforce a convention in the order of require() / import statements. +(fixable) The --fix option on the [command line] automatically fixes problems reported by this rule.

With the groups option set to ["builtin", "external", "internal", "parent", "sibling", "index", "object", "type"] the order is as shown in the following example:

// 1. node "builtin" modules
import fs from 'fs';
import path from 'path';
// 2. "external" modules
import _ from 'lodash';
import chalk from 'chalk';
// 3. "internal" modules
// (if you have configured your path or webpack to handle your internal paths differently)
import foo from 'src/foo';
// 4. modules from a "parent" directory
import foo from '../foo';
import qux from '../../foo/qux';
// 5. "sibling" modules from the same or a sibling's directory
import bar from './bar';
import baz from './bar/baz';
// 6. "index" of the current directory
import main from './';
// 7. "object"-imports (only available in TypeScript)
import log = console.log;
// 8. "type" imports (only available in Flow and TypeScript)
import type { Foo } from 'foo';

Unassigned imports are ignored, as the order they are imported in may be important.

Statements using the ES6 import syntax must appear before any require() statements.

Fail

import _ from 'lodash';
import path from 'path'; // `path` import should occur before import of `lodash`

// -----

var _ = require('lodash');
var path = require('path'); // `path` import should occur before import of `lodash`

// -----

var path = require('path');
import foo from './foo'; // `import` statements must be before `require` statement

Pass

import path from 'path';
import _ from 'lodash';

// -----

var path = require('path');
var _ = require('lodash');

// -----

// Allowed as ̀`babel-register` is not assigned.
require('babel-register');
var path = require('path');

// -----

// Allowed as `import` must be before `require`
import foo from './foo';
var path = require('path');

Options

This rule supports the following options:

groups: [array]:

How groups are defined, and the order to respect. groups must be an array of string or [string]. The only allowed strings are: "builtin", "external", "internal", "unknown", "parent", "sibling", "index", "object", "type". The enforced order is the same as the order of each element in a group. Omitted types are implicitly grouped together as the last element. Example:

[
  'builtin', // Built-in types are first
  ['sibling', 'parent'], // Then sibling and parent types. They can be mingled together
  'index', // Then the index file
  'object',
  // Then the rest: internal and external type
]

The default value is ["builtin", "external", "parent", "sibling", "index"].

You can set the options like this:

"import/order": ["error", {"groups": ["index", "sibling", "parent", "internal", "external", "builtin", "object", "type"]}]

pathGroups: [array of objects]:

To be able to group by paths mostly needed with aliases pathGroups can be defined.

Properties of the objects

property required type description
pattern x string minimatch pattern for the paths to be in this group (will not be used for builtins or externals)
patternOptions object options for minimatch, default: { nocomment: true }
group x string one of the allowed groups, the pathGroup will be positioned relative to this group
position string defines where around the group the pathGroup will be positioned, can be 'after' or 'before', if not provided pathGroup will be positioned like the group
{
  "import/order": ["error", {
    "pathGroups": [
      {
        "pattern": "~/**",
        "group": "external"
      }
    ]
  }]
}

pathGroupsExcludedImportTypes: [array]:

This defines import types that are not handled by configured pathGroups. This is mostly needed when you want to handle path groups that look like external imports.

Example:

{
  "import/order": ["error", {
    "pathGroups": [
      {
        "pattern": "@app/**",
        "group": "external",
        "position": "after"
      }
    ],
    "pathGroupsExcludedImportTypes": ["builtin"]
  }]
}

You can also use patterns(e.g., react, react-router-dom, etc).

Example:

{
  "import/order": [
    "error",
    {
      "pathGroups": [
        {
          "pattern": "react",
          "group": "builtin",
          "position": "before"
        }
      ],
      "pathGroupsExcludedImportTypes": ["react"]
    }
  ]
}

The default value is ["builtin", "external", "object"].

newlines-between: [ignore|always|always-and-inside-groups|never]:

Enforces or forbids new lines between import groups:

  • If set to ignore, no errors related to new lines between import groups will be reported.
  • If set to always, at least one new line between each group will be enforced, and new lines inside a group will be forbidden. To prevent multiple lines between imports, core no-multiple-empty-lines rule can be used.
  • If set to always-and-inside-groups, it will act like always except newlines are allowed inside import groups.
  • If set to never, no new lines are allowed in the entire import section.

The default value is "ignore".

With the default group setting, the following will be invalid:

/* eslint import/order: ["error", {"newlines-between": "always"}] */
import fs from 'fs';
import path from 'path';
import index from './';
import sibling from './foo';
/* eslint import/order: ["error", {"newlines-between": "always-and-inside-groups"}] */
import fs from 'fs';

import path from 'path';
import index from './';
import sibling from './foo';
/* eslint import/order: ["error", {"newlines-between": "never"}] */
import fs from 'fs';
import path from 'path';

import index from './';

import sibling from './foo';

while those will be valid:

/* eslint import/order: ["error", {"newlines-between": "always"}] */
import fs from 'fs';
import path from 'path';

import index from './';

import sibling from './foo';
/* eslint import/order: ["error", {"newlines-between": "always-and-inside-groups"}] */
import fs from 'fs';

import path from 'path';

import index from './';

import sibling from './foo';
/* eslint import/order: ["error", {"newlines-between": "never"}] */
import fs from 'fs';
import path from 'path';
import index from './';
import sibling from './foo';

alphabetize: {order: asc|desc|ignore, caseInsensitive: true|false}:

Sort the order within each group in alphabetical manner based on import path:

  • order: use asc to sort in ascending order, and desc to sort in descending order (default: ignore).
  • caseInsensitive: use true to ignore case, and false to consider case (default: false).

Example setting:

alphabetize: {
  order: 'asc', /* sort in ascending order. Options: ['ignore', 'asc', 'desc'] */
  caseInsensitive: true /* ignore case. Options: [true, false] */
}

This will fail the rule check:

/* eslint import/order: ["error", {"alphabetize": {"order": "asc", "caseInsensitive": true}}] */
import React, { PureComponent } from 'react';
import aTypes from 'prop-types';
import { compose, apply } from 'xcompose';
import * as classnames from 'classnames';
import blist from 'BList';

While this will pass:

/* eslint import/order: ["error", {"alphabetize": {"order": "asc", "caseInsensitive": true}}] */
import blist from 'BList';
import * as classnames from 'classnames';
import aTypes from 'prop-types';
import React, { PureComponent } from 'react';
import { compose, apply } from 'xcompose';

warnOnUnassignedImports: true|false:

  • default: false

Warns when unassigned imports are out of order. These warning will not be fixed with --fix because unassigned imports are used for side-effects and changing the import of order of modules with side effects can not be done automatically in a way that is safe.

This will fail the rule check:

/* eslint import/order: ["error", {"warnOnUnassignedImports": true}] */
import fs from 'fs';
import './styles.css';
import path from 'path';

While this will pass:

/* eslint import/order: ["error", {"warnOnUnassignedImports": true}] */
import fs from 'fs';
import path from 'path';
import './styles.css';

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