Skip to content
Permalink
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
1708 lines (1494 sloc) 58.1 KB
# Copyright 2001-2010 by Vinay Sajip. All Rights Reserved.
#
# Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its
# documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted,
# provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that
# both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in
# supporting documentation, and that the name of Vinay Sajip
# not be used in advertising or publicity pertaining to distribution
# of the software without specific, written prior permission.
# VINAY SAJIP DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING
# ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL
# VINAY SAJIP BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR
# ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER
# IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT
# OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
"""
Logging package for Python. Based on PEP 282 and comments thereto in
comp.lang.python, and influenced by Apache's log4j system.
Copyright (C) 2001-2010 Vinay Sajip. All Rights Reserved.
To use, simply 'import logging' and log away!
"""
import sys, os, time, cStringIO, traceback, warnings, weakref
__all__ = ['BASIC_FORMAT', 'BufferingFormatter', 'CRITICAL', 'DEBUG', 'ERROR',
'FATAL', 'FileHandler', 'Filter', 'Formatter', 'Handler', 'INFO',
'LogRecord', 'Logger', 'LoggerAdapter', 'NOTSET', 'NullHandler',
'StreamHandler', 'WARN', 'WARNING', 'addLevelName', 'basicConfig',
'captureWarnings', 'critical', 'debug', 'disable', 'error',
'exception', 'fatal', 'getLevelName', 'getLogger', 'getLoggerClass',
'info', 'log', 'makeLogRecord', 'setLoggerClass', 'warn', 'warning']
try:
import codecs
except ImportError:
codecs = None
try:
import thread
import threading
except ImportError:
thread = None
__author__ = "Vinay Sajip <vinay_sajip@red-dove.com>"
__status__ = "production"
__version__ = "0.5.1.2"
__date__ = "07 February 2010"
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Miscellaneous module data
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
try:
unicode
_unicode = True
except NameError:
_unicode = False
#
# _srcfile is used when walking the stack to check when we've got the first
# caller stack frame.
#
if hasattr(sys, 'frozen'): #support for py2exe
_srcfile = "logging%s__init__%s" % (os.sep, __file__[-4:])
elif __file__[-4:].lower() in ['.pyc', '.pyo']:
_srcfile = __file__[:-4] + '.py'
else:
_srcfile = __file__
_srcfile = os.path.normcase(_srcfile)
# next bit filched from 1.5.2's inspect.py
def currentframe():
"""Return the frame object for the caller's stack frame."""
try:
raise Exception
except:
return sys.exc_info()[2].tb_frame.f_back
if hasattr(sys, '_getframe'): currentframe = lambda: sys._getframe(3)
# done filching
# _srcfile is only used in conjunction with sys._getframe().
# To provide compatibility with older versions of Python, set _srcfile
# to None if _getframe() is not available; this value will prevent
# findCaller() from being called.
#if not hasattr(sys, "_getframe"):
# _srcfile = None
#
#_startTime is used as the base when calculating the relative time of events
#
_startTime = time.time()
#
#raiseExceptions is used to see if exceptions during handling should be
#propagated
#
raiseExceptions = 1
#
# If you don't want threading information in the log, set this to zero
#
logThreads = 1
#
# If you don't want multiprocessing information in the log, set this to zero
#
logMultiprocessing = 1
#
# If you don't want process information in the log, set this to zero
#
logProcesses = 1
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Level related stuff
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# Default levels and level names, these can be replaced with any positive set
# of values having corresponding names. There is a pseudo-level, NOTSET, which
# is only really there as a lower limit for user-defined levels. Handlers and
# loggers are initialized with NOTSET so that they will log all messages, even
# at user-defined levels.
#
CRITICAL = 50
FATAL = CRITICAL
ERROR = 40
WARNING = 30
WARN = WARNING
INFO = 20
DEBUG = 10
NOTSET = 0
_levelNames = {
CRITICAL : 'CRITICAL',
ERROR : 'ERROR',
WARNING : 'WARNING',
INFO : 'INFO',
DEBUG : 'DEBUG',
NOTSET : 'NOTSET',
'CRITICAL' : CRITICAL,
'ERROR' : ERROR,
'WARN' : WARNING,
'WARNING' : WARNING,
'INFO' : INFO,
'DEBUG' : DEBUG,
'NOTSET' : NOTSET,
}
def getLevelName(level):
"""
Return the textual representation of logging level 'level'.
If the level is one of the predefined levels (CRITICAL, ERROR, WARNING,
INFO, DEBUG) then you get the corresponding string. If you have
associated levels with names using addLevelName then the name you have
associated with 'level' is returned.
If a numeric value corresponding to one of the defined levels is passed
in, the corresponding string representation is returned.
Otherwise, the string "Level %s" % level is returned.
"""
return _levelNames.get(level, ("Level %s" % level))
def addLevelName(level, levelName):
"""
Associate 'levelName' with 'level'.
This is used when converting levels to text during message formatting.
"""
_acquireLock()
try: #unlikely to cause an exception, but you never know...
_levelNames[level] = levelName
_levelNames[levelName] = level
finally:
_releaseLock()
def _checkLevel(level):
if isinstance(level, int):
rv = level
elif str(level) == level:
if level not in _levelNames:
raise ValueError("Unknown level: %r" % level)
rv = _levelNames[level]
else:
raise TypeError("Level not an integer or a valid string: %r" % level)
return rv
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Thread-related stuff
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
#_lock is used to serialize access to shared data structures in this module.
#This needs to be an RLock because fileConfig() creates and configures
#Handlers, and so might arbitrary user threads. Since Handler code updates the
#shared dictionary _handlers, it needs to acquire the lock. But if configuring,
#the lock would already have been acquired - so we need an RLock.
#The same argument applies to Loggers and Manager.loggerDict.
#
if thread:
_lock = threading.RLock()
else:
_lock = None
def _acquireLock():
"""
Acquire the module-level lock for serializing access to shared data.
This should be released with _releaseLock().
"""
if _lock:
_lock.acquire()
def _releaseLock():
"""
Release the module-level lock acquired by calling _acquireLock().
"""
if _lock:
_lock.release()
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The logging record
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
class LogRecord(object):
"""
A LogRecord instance represents an event being logged.
LogRecord instances are created every time something is logged. They
contain all the information pertinent to the event being logged. The
main information passed in is in msg and args, which are combined
using str(msg) % args to create the message field of the record. The
record also includes information such as when the record was created,
the source line where the logging call was made, and any exception
information to be logged.
"""
def __init__(self, name, level, pathname, lineno,
msg, args, exc_info, func=None):
"""
Initialize a logging record with interesting information.
"""
ct = time.time()
self.name = name
self.msg = msg
#
# The following statement allows passing of a dictionary as a sole
# argument, so that you can do something like
# logging.debug("a %(a)d b %(b)s", {'a':1, 'b':2})
# Suggested by Stefan Behnel.
# Note that without the test for args[0], we get a problem because
# during formatting, we test to see if the arg is present using
# 'if self.args:'. If the event being logged is e.g. 'Value is %d'
# and if the passed arg fails 'if self.args:' then no formatting
# is done. For example, logger.warn('Value is %d', 0) would log
# 'Value is %d' instead of 'Value is 0'.
# For the use case of passing a dictionary, this should not be a
# problem.
if args and len(args) == 1 and isinstance(args[0], dict) and args[0]:
args = args[0]
self.args = args
self.levelname = getLevelName(level)
self.levelno = level
self.pathname = pathname
try:
self.filename = os.path.basename(pathname)
self.module = os.path.splitext(self.filename)[0]
except (TypeError, ValueError, AttributeError):
self.filename = pathname
self.module = "Unknown module"
self.exc_info = exc_info
self.exc_text = None # used to cache the traceback text
self.lineno = lineno
self.funcName = func
self.created = ct
self.msecs = (ct - long(ct)) * 1000
self.relativeCreated = (self.created - _startTime) * 1000
if logThreads and thread:
self.thread = thread.get_ident()
self.threadName = threading.current_thread().name
else:
self.thread = None
self.threadName = None
if not logMultiprocessing:
self.processName = None
else:
self.processName = 'MainProcess'
mp = sys.modules.get('multiprocessing')
if mp is not None:
# Errors may occur if multiprocessing has not finished loading
# yet - e.g. if a custom import hook causes third-party code
# to run when multiprocessing calls import. See issue 8200
# for an example
try:
self.processName = mp.current_process().name
except StandardError:
pass
if logProcesses and hasattr(os, 'getpid'):
self.process = os.getpid()
else:
self.process = None
def __str__(self):
return '<LogRecord: %s, %s, %s, %s, "%s">'%(self.name, self.levelno,
self.pathname, self.lineno, self.msg)
def getMessage(self):
"""
Return the message for this LogRecord.
Return the message for this LogRecord after merging any user-supplied
arguments with the message.
"""
if not _unicode: #if no unicode support...
msg = str(self.msg)
else:
msg = self.msg
if not isinstance(msg, basestring):
try:
msg = str(self.msg)
except UnicodeError:
msg = self.msg #Defer encoding till later
if self.args:
msg = msg % self.args
return msg
def makeLogRecord(dict):
"""
Make a LogRecord whose attributes are defined by the specified dictionary,
This function is useful for converting a logging event received over
a socket connection (which is sent as a dictionary) into a LogRecord
instance.
"""
rv = LogRecord(None, None, "", 0, "", (), None, None)
rv.__dict__.update(dict)
return rv
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Formatter classes and functions
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
class Formatter(object):
"""
Formatter instances are used to convert a LogRecord to text.
Formatters need to know how a LogRecord is constructed. They are
responsible for converting a LogRecord to (usually) a string which can
be interpreted by either a human or an external system. The base Formatter
allows a formatting string to be specified. If none is supplied, the
default value of "%s(message)\\n" is used.
The Formatter can be initialized with a format string which makes use of
knowledge of the LogRecord attributes - e.g. the default value mentioned
above makes use of the fact that the user's message and arguments are pre-
formatted into a LogRecord's message attribute. Currently, the useful
attributes in a LogRecord are described by:
%(name)s Name of the logger (logging channel)
%(levelno)s Numeric logging level for the message (DEBUG, INFO,
WARNING, ERROR, CRITICAL)
%(levelname)s Text logging level for the message ("DEBUG", "INFO",
"WARNING", "ERROR", "CRITICAL")
%(pathname)s Full pathname of the source file where the logging
call was issued (if available)
%(filename)s Filename portion of pathname
%(module)s Module (name portion of filename)
%(lineno)d Source line number where the logging call was issued
(if available)
%(funcName)s Function name
%(created)f Time when the LogRecord was created (time.time()
return value)
%(asctime)s Textual time when the LogRecord was created
%(msecs)d Millisecond portion of the creation time
%(relativeCreated)d Time in milliseconds when the LogRecord was created,
relative to the time the logging module was loaded
(typically at application startup time)
%(thread)d Thread ID (if available)
%(threadName)s Thread name (if available)
%(process)d Process ID (if available)
%(message)s The result of record.getMessage(), computed just as
the record is emitted
"""
converter = time.localtime
def __init__(self, fmt=None, datefmt=None):
"""
Initialize the formatter with specified format strings.
Initialize the formatter either with the specified format string, or a
default as described above. Allow for specialized date formatting with
the optional datefmt argument (if omitted, you get the ISO8601 format).
"""
if fmt:
self._fmt = fmt
else:
self._fmt = "%(message)s"
self.datefmt = datefmt
def formatTime(self, record, datefmt=None):
"""
Return the creation time of the specified LogRecord as formatted text.
This method should be called from format() by a formatter which
wants to make use of a formatted time. This method can be overridden
in formatters to provide for any specific requirement, but the
basic behaviour is as follows: if datefmt (a string) is specified,
it is used with time.strftime() to format the creation time of the
record. Otherwise, the ISO8601 format is used. The resulting
string is returned. This function uses a user-configurable function
to convert the creation time to a tuple. By default, time.localtime()
is used; to change this for a particular formatter instance, set the
'converter' attribute to a function with the same signature as
time.localtime() or time.gmtime(). To change it for all formatters,
for example if you want all logging times to be shown in GMT,
set the 'converter' attribute in the Formatter class.
"""
ct = self.converter(record.created)
if datefmt:
s = time.strftime(datefmt, ct)
else:
t = time.strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", ct)
s = "%s,%03d" % (t, record.msecs)
return s
def formatException(self, ei):
"""
Format and return the specified exception information as a string.
This default implementation just uses
traceback.print_exception()
"""
sio = cStringIO.StringIO()
traceback.print_exception(ei[0], ei[1], ei[2], None, sio)
s = sio.getvalue()
sio.close()
if s[-1:] == "\n":
s = s[:-1]
return s
def usesTime(self):
"""
Check if the format uses the creation time of the record.
"""
return self._fmt.find("%(asctime)") >= 0
def format(self, record):
"""
Format the specified record as text.
The record's attribute dictionary is used as the operand to a
string formatting operation which yields the returned string.
Before formatting the dictionary, a couple of preparatory steps
are carried out. The message attribute of the record is computed
using LogRecord.getMessage(). If the formatting string uses the
time (as determined by a call to usesTime(), formatTime() is
called to format the event time. If there is exception information,
it is formatted using formatException() and appended to the message.
"""
record.message = record.getMessage()
if self.usesTime():
record.asctime = self.formatTime(record, self.datefmt)
s = self._fmt % record.__dict__
if record.exc_info:
# Cache the traceback text to avoid converting it multiple times
# (it's constant anyway)
if not record.exc_text:
record.exc_text = self.formatException(record.exc_info)
if record.exc_text:
if s[-1:] != "\n":
s = s + "\n"
try:
s = s + record.exc_text
except UnicodeError:
# Sometimes filenames have non-ASCII chars, which can lead
# to errors when s is Unicode and record.exc_text is str
# See issue 8924
s = s + record.exc_text.decode(sys.getfilesystemencoding())
return s
#
# The default formatter to use when no other is specified
#
_defaultFormatter = Formatter()
class BufferingFormatter(object):
"""
A formatter suitable for formatting a number of records.
"""
def __init__(self, linefmt=None):
"""
Optionally specify a formatter which will be used to format each
individual record.
"""
if linefmt:
self.linefmt = linefmt
else:
self.linefmt = _defaultFormatter
def formatHeader(self, records):
"""
Return the header string for the specified records.
"""
return ""
def formatFooter(self, records):
"""
Return the footer string for the specified records.
"""
return ""
def format(self, records):
"""
Format the specified records and return the result as a string.
"""
rv = ""
if len(records) > 0:
rv = rv + self.formatHeader(records)
for record in records:
rv = rv + self.linefmt.format(record)
rv = rv + self.formatFooter(records)
return rv
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Filter classes and functions
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
class Filter(object):
"""
Filter instances are used to perform arbitrary filtering of LogRecords.
Loggers and Handlers can optionally use Filter instances to filter
records as desired. The base filter class only allows events which are
below a certain point in the logger hierarchy. For example, a filter
initialized with "A.B" will allow events logged by loggers "A.B",
"A.B.C", "A.B.C.D", "A.B.D" etc. but not "A.BB", "B.A.B" etc. If
initialized with the empty string, all events are passed.
"""
def __init__(self, name=''):
"""
Initialize a filter.
Initialize with the name of the logger which, together with its
children, will have its events allowed through the filter. If no
name is specified, allow every event.
"""
self.name = name
self.nlen = len(name)
def filter(self, record):
"""
Determine if the specified record is to be logged.
Is the specified record to be logged? Returns 0 for no, nonzero for
yes. If deemed appropriate, the record may be modified in-place.
"""
if self.nlen == 0:
return 1
elif self.name == record.name:
return 1
elif record.name.find(self.name, 0, self.nlen) != 0:
return 0
return (record.name[self.nlen] == ".")
class Filterer(object):
"""
A base class for loggers and handlers which allows them to share
common code.
"""
def __init__(self):
"""
Initialize the list of filters to be an empty list.
"""
self.filters = []
def addFilter(self, filter):
"""
Add the specified filter to this handler.
"""
if not (filter in self.filters):
self.filters.append(filter)
def removeFilter(self, filter):
"""
Remove the specified filter from this handler.
"""
if filter in self.filters:
self.filters.remove(filter)
def filter(self, record):
"""
Determine if a record is loggable by consulting all the filters.
The default is to allow the record to be logged; any filter can veto
this and the record is then dropped. Returns a zero value if a record
is to be dropped, else non-zero.
"""
rv = 1
for f in self.filters:
if not f.filter(record):
rv = 0
break
return rv
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Handler classes and functions
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
_handlers = weakref.WeakValueDictionary() #map of handler names to handlers
_handlerList = [] # added to allow handlers to be removed in reverse of order initialized
def _removeHandlerRef(wr):
"""
Remove a handler reference from the internal cleanup list.
"""
# This function can be called during module teardown, when globals are
# set to None. If _acquireLock is None, assume this is the case and do
# nothing.
if _acquireLock is not None:
_acquireLock()
try:
if wr in _handlerList:
_handlerList.remove(wr)
finally:
_releaseLock()
def _addHandlerRef(handler):
"""
Add a handler to the internal cleanup list using a weak reference.
"""
_acquireLock()
try:
_handlerList.append(weakref.ref(handler, _removeHandlerRef))
finally:
_releaseLock()
class Handler(Filterer):
"""
Handler instances dispatch logging events to specific destinations.
The base handler class. Acts as a placeholder which defines the Handler
interface. Handlers can optionally use Formatter instances to format
records as desired. By default, no formatter is specified; in this case,
the 'raw' message as determined by record.message is logged.
"""
def __init__(self, level=NOTSET):
"""
Initializes the instance - basically setting the formatter to None
and the filter list to empty.
"""
Filterer.__init__(self)
self._name = None
self.level = _checkLevel(level)
self.formatter = None
# Add the handler to the global _handlerList (for cleanup on shutdown)
_addHandlerRef(self)
self.createLock()
def get_name(self):
return self._name
def set_name(self, name):
_acquireLock()
try:
if self._name in _handlers:
del _handlers[self._name]
self._name = name
if name:
_handlers[name] = self
finally:
_releaseLock()
name = property(get_name, set_name)
def createLock(self):
"""
Acquire a thread lock for serializing access to the underlying I/O.
"""
if thread:
self.lock = threading.RLock()
else:
self.lock = None
def acquire(self):
"""
Acquire the I/O thread lock.
"""
if self.lock:
self.lock.acquire()
def release(self):
"""
Release the I/O thread lock.
"""
if self.lock:
self.lock.release()
def setLevel(self, level):
"""
Set the logging level of this handler.
"""
self.level = _checkLevel(level)
def format(self, record):
"""
Format the specified record.
If a formatter is set, use it. Otherwise, use the default formatter
for the module.
"""
if self.formatter:
fmt = self.formatter
else:
fmt = _defaultFormatter
return fmt.format(record)
def emit(self, record):
"""
Do whatever it takes to actually log the specified logging record.
This version is intended to be implemented by subclasses and so
raises a NotImplementedError.
"""
raise NotImplementedError('emit must be implemented '
'by Handler subclasses')
def handle(self, record):
"""
Conditionally emit the specified logging record.
Emission depends on filters which may have been added to the handler.
Wrap the actual emission of the record with acquisition/release of
the I/O thread lock. Returns whether the filter passed the record for
emission.
"""
rv = self.filter(record)
if rv:
self.acquire()
try:
self.emit(record)
finally:
self.release()
return rv
def setFormatter(self, fmt):
"""
Set the formatter for this handler.
"""
self.formatter = fmt
def flush(self):
"""
Ensure all logging output has been flushed.
This version does nothing and is intended to be implemented by
subclasses.
"""
pass
def close(self):
"""
Tidy up any resources used by the handler.
This version removes the handler from an internal map of handlers,
_handlers, which is used for handler lookup by name. Subclasses
should ensure that this gets called from overridden close()
methods.
"""
#get the module data lock, as we're updating a shared structure.
_acquireLock()
try: #unlikely to raise an exception, but you never know...
if self._name and self._name in _handlers:
del _handlers[self._name]
finally:
_releaseLock()
def handleError(self, record):
"""
Handle errors which occur during an emit() call.
This method should be called from handlers when an exception is
encountered during an emit() call. If raiseExceptions is false,
exceptions get silently ignored. This is what is mostly wanted
for a logging system - most users will not care about errors in
the logging system, they are more interested in application errors.
You could, however, replace this with a custom handler if you wish.
The record which was being processed is passed in to this method.
"""
if raiseExceptions:
ei = sys.exc_info()
try:
traceback.print_exception(ei[0], ei[1], ei[2],
None, sys.stderr)
sys.stderr.write('Logged from file %s, line %s\n' % (
record.filename, record.lineno))
except IOError:
pass # see issue 5971
finally:
del ei
class StreamHandler(Handler):
"""
A handler class which writes logging records, appropriately formatted,
to a stream. Note that this class does not close the stream, as
sys.stdout or sys.stderr may be used.
"""
def __init__(self, stream=None):
"""
Initialize the handler.
If stream is not specified, sys.stderr is used.
"""
Handler.__init__(self)
if stream is None:
stream = sys.stderr
self.stream = stream
def flush(self):
"""
Flushes the stream.
"""
if self.stream and hasattr(self.stream, "flush"):
self.stream.flush()
def emit(self, record):
"""
Emit a record.
If a formatter is specified, it is used to format the record.
The record is then written to the stream with a trailing newline. If
exception information is present, it is formatted using
traceback.print_exception and appended to the stream. If the stream
has an 'encoding' attribute, it is used to determine how to do the
output to the stream.
"""
try:
msg = self.format(record)
stream = self.stream
fs = "%s\n"
if not _unicode: #if no unicode support...
stream.write(fs % msg)
else:
try:
if (isinstance(msg, unicode) and
getattr(stream, 'encoding', None)):
ufs = fs.decode(stream.encoding)
try:
stream.write(ufs % msg)
except UnicodeEncodeError:
#Printing to terminals sometimes fails. For example,
#with an encoding of 'cp1251', the above write will
#work if written to a stream opened or wrapped by
#the codecs module, but fail when writing to a
#terminal even when the codepage is set to cp1251.
#An extra encoding step seems to be needed.
stream.write((ufs % msg).encode(stream.encoding))
else:
stream.write(fs % msg)
except UnicodeError:
stream.write(fs % msg.encode("UTF-8"))
self.flush()
except (KeyboardInterrupt, SystemExit):
raise
except:
self.handleError(record)
class FileHandler(StreamHandler):
"""
A handler class which writes formatted logging records to disk files.
"""
def __init__(self, filename, mode='a', encoding=None, delay=0):
"""
Open the specified file and use it as the stream for logging.
"""
#keep the absolute path, otherwise derived classes which use this
#may come a cropper when the current directory changes
if codecs is None:
encoding = None
self.baseFilename = os.path.abspath(filename)
self.mode = mode
self.encoding = encoding
if delay:
#We don't open the stream, but we still need to call the
#Handler constructor to set level, formatter, lock etc.
Handler.__init__(self)
self.stream = None
else:
StreamHandler.__init__(self, self._open())
def close(self):
"""
Closes the stream.
"""
if self.stream:
self.flush()
if hasattr(self.stream, "close"):
self.stream.close()
StreamHandler.close(self)
self.stream = None
def _open(self):
"""
Open the current base file with the (original) mode and encoding.
Return the resulting stream.
"""
if self.encoding is None:
stream = open(self.baseFilename, self.mode)
else:
stream = codecs.open(self.baseFilename, self.mode, self.encoding)
return stream
def emit(self, record):
"""
Emit a record.
If the stream was not opened because 'delay' was specified in the
constructor, open it before calling the superclass's emit.
"""
if self.stream is None:
self.stream = self._open()
StreamHandler.emit(self, record)
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Manager classes and functions
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
class PlaceHolder(object):
"""
PlaceHolder instances are used in the Manager logger hierarchy to take
the place of nodes for which no loggers have been defined. This class is
intended for internal use only and not as part of the public API.
"""
def __init__(self, alogger):
"""
Initialize with the specified logger being a child of this placeholder.
"""
#self.loggers = [alogger]
self.loggerMap = { alogger : None }
def append(self, alogger):
"""
Add the specified logger as a child of this placeholder.
"""
#if alogger not in self.loggers:
if alogger not in self.loggerMap:
#self.loggers.append(alogger)
self.loggerMap[alogger] = None
#
# Determine which class to use when instantiating loggers.
#
_loggerClass = None
def setLoggerClass(klass):
"""
Set the class to be used when instantiating a logger. The class should
define __init__() such that only a name argument is required, and the
__init__() should call Logger.__init__()
"""
if klass != Logger:
if not issubclass(klass, Logger):
raise TypeError("logger not derived from logging.Logger: "
+ klass.__name__)
global _loggerClass
_loggerClass = klass
def getLoggerClass():
"""
Return the class to be used when instantiating a logger.
"""
return _loggerClass
class Manager(object):
"""
There is [under normal circumstances] just one Manager instance, which
holds the hierarchy of loggers.
"""
def __init__(self, rootnode):
"""
Initialize the manager with the root node of the logger hierarchy.
"""
self.root = rootnode
self.disable = 0
self.emittedNoHandlerWarning = 0
self.loggerDict = {}
self.loggerClass = None
def getLogger(self, name):
"""
Get a logger with the specified name (channel name), creating it
if it doesn't yet exist. This name is a dot-separated hierarchical
name, such as "a", "a.b", "a.b.c" or similar.
If a PlaceHolder existed for the specified name [i.e. the logger
didn't exist but a child of it did], replace it with the created
logger and fix up the parent/child references which pointed to the
placeholder to now point to the logger.
"""
rv = None
_acquireLock()
try:
if name in self.loggerDict:
rv = self.loggerDict[name]
if isinstance(rv, PlaceHolder):
ph = rv
rv = (self.loggerClass or _loggerClass)(name)
rv.manager = self
self.loggerDict[name] = rv
self._fixupChildren(ph, rv)
self._fixupParents(rv)
else:
rv = (self.loggerClass or _loggerClass)(name)
rv.manager = self
self.loggerDict[name] = rv
self._fixupParents(rv)
finally:
_releaseLock()
return rv
def setLoggerClass(self, klass):
"""
Set the class to be used when instantiating a logger with this Manager.
"""
if klass != Logger:
if not issubclass(klass, Logger):
raise TypeError("logger not derived from logging.Logger: "
+ klass.__name__)
self.loggerClass = klass
def _fixupParents(self, alogger):
"""
Ensure that there are either loggers or placeholders all the way
from the specified logger to the root of the logger hierarchy.
"""
name = alogger.name
i = name.rfind(".")
rv = None
while (i > 0) and not rv:
substr = name[:i]
if substr not in self.loggerDict:
self.loggerDict[substr] = PlaceHolder(alogger)
else:
obj = self.loggerDict[substr]
if isinstance(obj, Logger):
rv = obj
else:
assert isinstance(obj, PlaceHolder)
obj.append(alogger)
i = name.rfind(".", 0, i - 1)
if not rv:
rv = self.root
alogger.parent = rv
def _fixupChildren(self, ph, alogger):
"""
Ensure that children of the placeholder ph are connected to the
specified logger.
"""
name = alogger.name
namelen = len(name)
for c in ph.loggerMap.keys():
#The if means ... if not c.parent.name.startswith(nm)
if c.parent.name[:namelen] != name:
alogger.parent = c.parent
c.parent = alogger
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Logger classes and functions
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
class Logger(Filterer):
"""
Instances of the Logger class represent a single logging channel. A
"logging channel" indicates an area of an application. Exactly how an
"area" is defined is up to the application developer. Since an
application can have any number of areas, logging channels are identified
by a unique string. Application areas can be nested (e.g. an area
of "input processing" might include sub-areas "read CSV files", "read
XLS files" and "read Gnumeric files"). To cater for this natural nesting,
channel names are organized into a namespace hierarchy where levels are
separated by periods, much like the Java or Python package namespace. So
in the instance given above, channel names might be "input" for the upper
level, and "input.csv", "input.xls" and "input.gnu" for the sub-levels.
There is no arbitrary limit to the depth of nesting.
"""
def __init__(self, name, level=NOTSET):
"""
Initialize the logger with a name and an optional level.
"""
Filterer.__init__(self)
self.name = name
self.level = _checkLevel(level)
self.parent = None
self.propagate = 1
self.handlers = []
self.disabled = 0
def setLevel(self, level):
"""
Set the logging level of this logger.
"""
self.level = _checkLevel(level)
def debug(self, msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Log 'msg % args' with severity 'DEBUG'.
To pass exception information, use the keyword argument exc_info with
a true value, e.g.
logger.debug("Houston, we have a %s", "thorny problem", exc_info=1)
"""
if self.isEnabledFor(DEBUG):
self._log(DEBUG, msg, args, **kwargs)
def info(self, msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Log 'msg % args' with severity 'INFO'.
To pass exception information, use the keyword argument exc_info with
a true value, e.g.
logger.info("Houston, we have a %s", "interesting problem", exc_info=1)
"""
if self.isEnabledFor(INFO):
self._log(INFO, msg, args, **kwargs)
def warning(self, msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Log 'msg % args' with severity 'WARNING'.
To pass exception information, use the keyword argument exc_info with
a true value, e.g.
logger.warning("Houston, we have a %s", "bit of a problem", exc_info=1)
"""
if self.isEnabledFor(WARNING):
self._log(WARNING, msg, args, **kwargs)
warn = warning
def error(self, msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Log 'msg % args' with severity 'ERROR'.
To pass exception information, use the keyword argument exc_info with
a true value, e.g.
logger.error("Houston, we have a %s", "major problem", exc_info=1)
"""
if self.isEnabledFor(ERROR):
self._log(ERROR, msg, args, **kwargs)
def exception(self, msg, *args):
"""
Convenience method for logging an ERROR with exception information.
"""
self.error(msg, exc_info=1, *args)
def critical(self, msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Log 'msg % args' with severity 'CRITICAL'.
To pass exception information, use the keyword argument exc_info with
a true value, e.g.
logger.critical("Houston, we have a %s", "major disaster", exc_info=1)
"""
if self.isEnabledFor(CRITICAL):
self._log(CRITICAL, msg, args, **kwargs)
fatal = critical
def log(self, level, msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Log 'msg % args' with the integer severity 'level'.
To pass exception information, use the keyword argument exc_info with
a true value, e.g.
logger.log(level, "We have a %s", "mysterious problem", exc_info=1)
"""
if not isinstance(level, int):
if raiseExceptions:
raise TypeError("level must be an integer")
else:
return
if self.isEnabledFor(level):
self._log(level, msg, args, **kwargs)
def findCaller(self):
"""
Find the stack frame of the caller so that we can note the source
file name, line number and function name.
"""
f = currentframe()
#On some versions of IronPython, currentframe() returns None if
#IronPython isn't run with -X:Frames.
if f is not None:
f = f.f_back
rv = "(unknown file)", 0, "(unknown function)"
while hasattr(f, "f_code"):
co = f.f_code
filename = os.path.normcase(co.co_filename)
if filename == _srcfile:
f = f.f_back
continue
rv = (co.co_filename, f.f_lineno, co.co_name)
break
return rv
def makeRecord(self, name, level, fn, lno, msg, args, exc_info, func=None, extra=None):
"""
A factory method which can be overridden in subclasses to create
specialized LogRecords.
"""
rv = LogRecord(name, level, fn, lno, msg, args, exc_info, func)
if extra is not None:
for key in extra:
if (key in ["message", "asctime"]) or (key in rv.__dict__):
raise KeyError("Attempt to overwrite %r in LogRecord" % key)
rv.__dict__[key] = extra[key]
return rv
def _log(self, level, msg, args, exc_info=None, extra=None):
"""
Low-level logging routine which creates a LogRecord and then calls
all the handlers of this logger to handle the record.
"""
if _srcfile:
#IronPython doesn't track Python frames, so findCaller throws an
#exception on some versions of IronPython. We trap it here so that
#IronPython can use logging.
try:
fn, lno, func = self.findCaller()
except ValueError:
fn, lno, func = "(unknown file)", 0, "(unknown function)"
else:
fn, lno, func = "(unknown file)", 0, "(unknown function)"
if exc_info:
if not isinstance(exc_info, tuple):
exc_info = sys.exc_info()
record = self.makeRecord(self.name, level, fn, lno, msg, args, exc_info, func, extra)
self.handle(record)
def handle(self, record):
"""
Call the handlers for the specified record.
This method is used for unpickled records received from a socket, as
well as those created locally. Logger-level filtering is applied.
"""
if (not self.disabled) and self.filter(record):
self.callHandlers(record)
def addHandler(self, hdlr):
"""
Add the specified handler to this logger.
"""
_acquireLock()
try:
if not (hdlr in self.handlers):
self.handlers.append(hdlr)
finally:
_releaseLock()
def removeHandler(self, hdlr):
"""
Remove the specified handler from this logger.
"""
_acquireLock()
try:
if hdlr in self.handlers:
self.handlers.remove(hdlr)
finally:
_releaseLock()
def callHandlers(self, record):
"""
Pass a record to all relevant handlers.
Loop through all handlers for this logger and its parents in the
logger hierarchy. If no handler was found, output a one-off error
message to sys.stderr. Stop searching up the hierarchy whenever a
logger with the "propagate" attribute set to zero is found - that
will be the last logger whose handlers are called.
"""
c = self
found = 0
while c:
for hdlr in c.handlers:
found = found + 1
if record.levelno >= hdlr.level:
hdlr.handle(record)
if not c.propagate:
c = None #break out
else:
c = c.parent
if (found == 0) and raiseExceptions and not self.manager.emittedNoHandlerWarning:
sys.stderr.write("No handlers could be found for logger"
" \"%s\"\n" % self.name)
self.manager.emittedNoHandlerWarning = 1
def getEffectiveLevel(self):
"""
Get the effective level for this logger.
Loop through this logger and its parents in the logger hierarchy,
looking for a non-zero logging level. Return the first one found.
"""
logger = self
while logger:
if logger.level:
return logger.level
logger = logger.parent
return NOTSET
def isEnabledFor(self, level):
"""
Is this logger enabled for level 'level'?
"""
if self.manager.disable >= level:
return 0
return level >= self.getEffectiveLevel()
def getChild(self, suffix):
"""
Get a logger which is a descendant to this one.
This is a convenience method, such that
logging.getLogger('abc').getChild('def.ghi')
is the same as
logging.getLogger('abc.def.ghi')
It's useful, for example, when the parent logger is named using
__name__ rather than a literal string.
"""
if self.root is not self:
suffix = '.'.join((self.name, suffix))
return self.manager.getLogger(suffix)
class RootLogger(Logger):
"""
A root logger is not that different to any other logger, except that
it must have a logging level and there is only one instance of it in
the hierarchy.
"""
def __init__(self, level):
"""
Initialize the logger with the name "root".
"""
Logger.__init__(self, "root", level)
_loggerClass = Logger
class LoggerAdapter(object):
"""
An adapter for loggers which makes it easier to specify contextual
information in logging output.
"""
def __init__(self, logger, extra):
"""
Initialize the adapter with a logger and a dict-like object which
provides contextual information. This constructor signature allows
easy stacking of LoggerAdapters, if so desired.
You can effectively pass keyword arguments as shown in the
following example:
adapter = LoggerAdapter(someLogger, dict(p1=v1, p2="v2"))
"""
self.logger = logger
self.extra = extra
def process(self, msg, kwargs):
"""
Process the logging message and keyword arguments passed in to
a logging call to insert contextual information. You can either
manipulate the message itself, the keyword args or both. Return
the message and kwargs modified (or not) to suit your needs.
Normally, you'll only need to override this one method in a
LoggerAdapter subclass for your specific needs.
"""
kwargs["extra"] = self.extra
return msg, kwargs
def debug(self, msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Delegate a debug call to the underlying logger, after adding
contextual information from this adapter instance.
"""
msg, kwargs = self.process(msg, kwargs)
self.logger.debug(msg, *args, **kwargs)
def info(self, msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Delegate an info call to the underlying logger, after adding
contextual information from this adapter instance.
"""
msg, kwargs = self.process(msg, kwargs)
self.logger.info(msg, *args, **kwargs)
def warning(self, msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Delegate a warning call to the underlying logger, after adding
contextual information from this adapter instance.
"""
msg, kwargs = self.process(msg, kwargs)
self.logger.warning(msg, *args, **kwargs)
def error(self, msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Delegate an error call to the underlying logger, after adding
contextual information from this adapter instance.
"""
msg, kwargs = self.process(msg, kwargs)
self.logger.error(msg, *args, **kwargs)
def exception(self, msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Delegate an exception call to the underlying logger, after adding
contextual information from this adapter instance.
"""
msg, kwargs = self.process(msg, kwargs)
kwargs["exc_info"] = 1
self.logger.error(msg, *args, **kwargs)
def critical(self, msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Delegate a critical call to the underlying logger, after adding
contextual information from this adapter instance.
"""
msg, kwargs = self.process(msg, kwargs)
self.logger.critical(msg, *args, **kwargs)
def log(self, level, msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Delegate a log call to the underlying logger, after adding
contextual information from this adapter instance.
"""
msg, kwargs = self.process(msg, kwargs)
self.logger.log(level, msg, *args, **kwargs)
def isEnabledFor(self, level):
"""
See if the underlying logger is enabled for the specified level.
"""
return self.logger.isEnabledFor(level)
root = RootLogger(WARNING)
Logger.root = root
Logger.manager = Manager(Logger.root)
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Configuration classes and functions
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
BASIC_FORMAT = "%(levelname)s:%(name)s:%(message)s"
def basicConfig(**kwargs):
"""
Do basic configuration for the logging system.
This function does nothing if the root logger already has handlers
configured. It is a convenience method intended for use by simple scripts
to do one-shot configuration of the logging package.
The default behaviour is to create a StreamHandler which writes to
sys.stderr, set a formatter using the BASIC_FORMAT format string, and
add the handler to the root logger.
A number of optional keyword arguments may be specified, which can alter
the default behaviour.
filename Specifies that a FileHandler be created, using the specified
filename, rather than a StreamHandler.
filemode Specifies the mode to open the file, if filename is specified
(if filemode is unspecified, it defaults to 'a').
format Use the specified format string for the handler.
datefmt Use the specified date/time format.
level Set the root logger level to the specified level.
stream Use the specified stream to initialize the StreamHandler. Note
that this argument is incompatible with 'filename' - if both
are present, 'stream' is ignored.
Note that you could specify a stream created using open(filename, mode)
rather than passing the filename and mode in. However, it should be
remembered that StreamHandler does not close its stream (since it may be
using sys.stdout or sys.stderr), whereas FileHandler closes its stream
when the handler is closed.
"""
# Add thread safety in case someone mistakenly calls
# basicConfig() from multiple threads
_acquireLock()
try:
if len(root.handlers) == 0:
filename = kwargs.get("filename")
if filename:
mode = kwargs.get("filemode", 'a')
hdlr = FileHandler(filename, mode)
else:
stream = kwargs.get("stream")
hdlr = StreamHandler(stream)
fs = kwargs.get("format", BASIC_FORMAT)
dfs = kwargs.get("datefmt", None)
fmt = Formatter(fs, dfs)
hdlr.setFormatter(fmt)
root.addHandler(hdlr)
level = kwargs.get("level")
if level is not None:
root.setLevel(level)
finally:
_releaseLock()
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Utility functions at module level.
# Basically delegate everything to the root logger.
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
def getLogger(name=None):
"""
Return a logger with the specified name, creating it if necessary.
If no name is specified, return the root logger.
"""
if name:
return Logger.manager.getLogger(name)
else:
return root
#def getRootLogger():
# """
# Return the root logger.
#
# Note that getLogger('') now does the same thing, so this function is
# deprecated and may disappear in the future.
# """
# return root
def critical(msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Log a message with severity 'CRITICAL' on the root logger.
"""
if len(root.handlers) == 0:
basicConfig()
root.critical(msg, *args, **kwargs)
fatal = critical
def error(msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Log a message with severity 'ERROR' on the root logger.
"""
if len(root.handlers) == 0:
basicConfig()
root.error(msg, *args, **kwargs)
def exception(msg, *args):
"""
Log a message with severity 'ERROR' on the root logger,
with exception information.
"""
error(msg, exc_info=1, *args)
def warning(msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Log a message with severity 'WARNING' on the root logger.
"""
if len(root.handlers) == 0:
basicConfig()
root.warning(msg, *args, **kwargs)
warn = warning
def info(msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Log a message with severity 'INFO' on the root logger.
"""
if len(root.handlers) == 0:
basicConfig()
root.info(msg, *args, **kwargs)
def debug(msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Log a message with severity 'DEBUG' on the root logger.
"""
if len(root.handlers) == 0:
basicConfig()
root.debug(msg, *args, **kwargs)
def log(level, msg, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Log 'msg % args' with the integer severity 'level' on the root logger.
"""
if len(root.handlers) == 0:
basicConfig()
root.log(level, msg, *args, **kwargs)
def disable(level):
"""
Disable all logging calls of severity 'level' and below.
"""
root.manager.disable = level
def shutdown(handlerList=_handlerList):
"""
Perform any cleanup actions in the logging system (e.g. flushing
buffers).
Should be called at application exit.
"""
for wr in reversed(handlerList[:]):
#errors might occur, for example, if files are locked
#we just ignore them if raiseExceptions is not set
try:
h = wr()
if h:
try:
h.acquire()
h.flush()
h.close()
except (IOError, ValueError):
# Ignore errors which might be caused
# because handlers have been closed but
# references to them are still around at
# application exit.
pass
finally:
h.release()
except:
if raiseExceptions:
raise
#else, swallow
#Let's try and shutdown automatically on application exit...
import atexit
atexit.register(shutdown)
# Null handler
class NullHandler(Handler):
"""
This handler does nothing. It's intended to be used to avoid the
"No handlers could be found for logger XXX" one-off warning. This is
important for library code, which may contain code to log events. If a user
of the library does not configure logging, the one-off warning might be
produced; to avoid this, the library developer simply needs to instantiate
a NullHandler and add it to the top-level logger of the library module or
package.
"""
def handle(self, record):
pass
def emit(self, record):
pass
def createLock(self):
self.lock = None
# Warnings integration
_warnings_showwarning = None
def _showwarning(message, category, filename, lineno, file=None, line=None):
"""
Implementation of showwarnings which redirects to logging, which will first
check to see if the file parameter is None. If a file is specified, it will
delegate to the original warnings implementation of showwarning. Otherwise,
it will call warnings.formatwarning and will log the resulting string to a
warnings logger named "py.warnings" with level logging.WARNING.
"""
if file is not None:
if _warnings_showwarning is not None:
_warnings_showwarning(message, category, filename, lineno, file, line)
else:
s = warnings.formatwarning(message, category, filename, lineno, line)
logger = getLogger("py.warnings")
if not logger.handlers:
logger.addHandler(NullHandler())
logger.warning("%s", s)
def captureWarnings(capture):
"""
If capture is true, redirect all warnings to the logging package.
If capture is False, ensure that warnings are not redirected to logging
but to their original destinations.
"""
global _warnings_showwarning
if capture:
if _warnings_showwarning is None:
_warnings_showwarning = warnings.showwarning
warnings.showwarning = _showwarning
else:
if _warnings_showwarning is not None:
warnings.showwarning = _warnings_showwarning
_warnings_showwarning = None
You can’t perform that action at this time.