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"""Python part of the warnings subsystem."""
# Note: function level imports should *not* be used
# in this module as it may cause import lock deadlock.
# See bug 683658.
import linecache
import sys
import types
__all__ = ["warn", "showwarning", "formatwarning", "filterwarnings",
"resetwarnings", "catch_warnings"]
def warnpy3k(message, category=None, stacklevel=1):
"""Issue a deprecation warning for Python 3.x related changes.
Warnings are omitted unless Python is started with the -3 option.
"""
if sys.py3kwarning:
if category is None:
category = DeprecationWarning
warn(message, category, stacklevel+1)
def _show_warning(message, category, filename, lineno, file=None, line=None):
"""Hook to write a warning to a file; replace if you like."""
if file is None:
file = sys.stderr
try:
file.write(formatwarning(message, category, filename, lineno, line))
except IOError:
pass # the file (probably stderr) is invalid - this warning gets lost.
# Keep a working version around in case the deprecation of the old API is
# triggered.
showwarning = _show_warning
def formatwarning(message, category, filename, lineno, line=None):
"""Function to format a warning the standard way."""
s = "%s:%s: %s: %s\n" % (filename, lineno, category.__name__, message)
line = linecache.getline(filename, lineno) if line is None else line
if line:
line = line.strip()
s += " %s\n" % line
return s
def filterwarnings(action, message="", category=Warning, module="", lineno=0,
append=0):
"""Insert an entry into the list of warnings filters (at the front).
'action' -- one of "error", "ignore", "always", "default", "module",
or "once"
'message' -- a regex that the warning message must match
'category' -- a class that the warning must be a subclass of
'module' -- a regex that the module name must match
'lineno' -- an integer line number, 0 matches all warnings
'append' -- if true, append to the list of filters
"""
import re
assert action in ("error", "ignore", "always", "default", "module",
"once"), "invalid action: %r" % (action,)
assert isinstance(message, basestring), "message must be a string"
assert isinstance(category, (type, types.ClassType)), \
"category must be a class"
assert issubclass(category, Warning), "category must be a Warning subclass"
assert isinstance(module, basestring), "module must be a string"
assert isinstance(lineno, int) and lineno >= 0, \
"lineno must be an int >= 0"
item = (action, re.compile(message, re.I), category,
re.compile(module), lineno)
if append:
filters.append(item)
else:
filters.insert(0, item)
def simplefilter(action, category=Warning, lineno=0, append=0):
"""Insert a simple entry into the list of warnings filters (at the front).
A simple filter matches all modules and messages.
'action' -- one of "error", "ignore", "always", "default", "module",
or "once"
'category' -- a class that the warning must be a subclass of
'lineno' -- an integer line number, 0 matches all warnings
'append' -- if true, append to the list of filters
"""
assert action in ("error", "ignore", "always", "default", "module",
"once"), "invalid action: %r" % (action,)
assert isinstance(lineno, int) and lineno >= 0, \
"lineno must be an int >= 0"
item = (action, None, category, None, lineno)
if append:
filters.append(item)
else:
filters.insert(0, item)
def resetwarnings():
"""Clear the list of warning filters, so that no filters are active."""
filters[:] = []
class _OptionError(Exception):
"""Exception used by option processing helpers."""
pass
# Helper to process -W options passed via sys.warnoptions
def _processoptions(args):
for arg in args:
try:
_setoption(arg)
except _OptionError, msg:
print >>sys.stderr, "Invalid -W option ignored:", msg
# Helper for _processoptions()
def _setoption(arg):
import re
parts = arg.split(':')
if len(parts) > 5:
raise _OptionError("too many fields (max 5): %r" % (arg,))
while len(parts) < 5:
parts.append('')
action, message, category, module, lineno = [s.strip()
for s in parts]
action = _getaction(action)
message = re.escape(message)
category = _getcategory(category)
module = re.escape(module)
if module:
module = module + '$'
if lineno:
try:
lineno = int(lineno)
if lineno < 0:
raise ValueError
except (ValueError, OverflowError):
raise _OptionError("invalid lineno %r" % (lineno,))
else:
lineno = 0
filterwarnings(action, message, category, module, lineno)
# Helper for _setoption()
def _getaction(action):
if not action:
return "default"
if action == "all": return "always" # Alias
for a in ('default', 'always', 'ignore', 'module', 'once', 'error'):
if a.startswith(action):
return a
raise _OptionError("invalid action: %r" % (action,))
# Helper for _setoption()
def _getcategory(category):
import re
if not category:
return Warning
if re.match("^[a-zA-Z0-9_]+$", category):
try:
cat = eval(category)
except NameError:
raise _OptionError("unknown warning category: %r" % (category,))
else:
i = category.rfind(".")
module = category[:i]
klass = category[i+1:]
try:
m = __import__(module, None, None, [klass])
except ImportError:
raise _OptionError("invalid module name: %r" % (module,))
try:
cat = getattr(m, klass)
except AttributeError:
raise _OptionError("unknown warning category: %r" % (category,))
if not issubclass(cat, Warning):
raise _OptionError("invalid warning category: %r" % (category,))
return cat
# Code typically replaced by _warnings
def warn(message, category=None, stacklevel=1):
"""Issue a warning, or maybe ignore it or raise an exception."""
# Check if message is already a Warning object
if isinstance(message, Warning):
category = message.__class__
# Check category argument
if category is None:
category = UserWarning
assert issubclass(category, Warning)
# Get context information
try:
caller = sys._getframe(stacklevel)
except ValueError:
globals = sys.__dict__
lineno = 1
else:
globals = caller.f_globals
lineno = caller.f_lineno
if '__name__' in globals:
module = globals['__name__']
else:
module = "<string>"
filename = globals.get('__file__')
if filename:
fnl = filename.lower()
if fnl.endswith((".pyc", ".pyo")):
filename = filename[:-1]
else:
if module == "__main__":
try:
filename = sys.argv[0]
except AttributeError:
# embedded interpreters don't have sys.argv, see bug #839151
filename = '__main__'
if not filename:
filename = module
registry = globals.setdefault("__warningregistry__", {})
warn_explicit(message, category, filename, lineno, module, registry,
globals)
def warn_explicit(message, category, filename, lineno,
module=None, registry=None, module_globals=None):
lineno = int(lineno)
if module is None:
module = filename or "<unknown>"
if module[-3:].lower() == ".py":
module = module[:-3] # XXX What about leading pathname?
if registry is None:
registry = {}
if isinstance(message, Warning):
text = str(message)
category = message.__class__
else:
text = message
message = category(message)
key = (text, category, lineno)
# Quick test for common case
if registry.get(key):
return
# Search the filters
for item in filters:
action, msg, cat, mod, ln = item
if ((msg is None or msg.match(text)) and
issubclass(category, cat) and
(mod is None or mod.match(module)) and
(ln == 0 or lineno == ln)):
break
else:
action = defaultaction
# Early exit actions
if action == "ignore":
registry[key] = 1
return
# Prime the linecache for formatting, in case the
# "file" is actually in a zipfile or something.
linecache.getlines(filename, module_globals)
if action == "error":
raise message
# Other actions
if action == "once":
registry[key] = 1
oncekey = (text, category)
if onceregistry.get(oncekey):
return
onceregistry[oncekey] = 1
elif action == "always":
pass
elif action == "module":
registry[key] = 1
altkey = (text, category, 0)
if registry.get(altkey):
return
registry[altkey] = 1
elif action == "default":
registry[key] = 1
else:
# Unrecognized actions are errors
raise RuntimeError(
"Unrecognized action (%r) in warnings.filters:\n %s" %
(action, item))
# Print message and context
showwarning(message, category, filename, lineno)
class WarningMessage(object):
"""Holds the result of a single showwarning() call."""
_WARNING_DETAILS = ("message", "category", "filename", "lineno", "file",
"line")
def __init__(self, message, category, filename, lineno, file=None,
line=None):
local_values = locals()
for attr in self._WARNING_DETAILS:
setattr(self, attr, local_values[attr])
self._category_name = category.__name__ if category else None
def __str__(self):
return ("{message : %r, category : %r, filename : %r, lineno : %s, "
"line : %r}" % (self.message, self._category_name,
self.filename, self.lineno, self.line))
class catch_warnings(object):
"""A context manager that copies and restores the warnings filter upon
exiting the context.
The 'record' argument specifies whether warnings should be captured by a
custom implementation of warnings.showwarning() and be appended to a list
returned by the context manager. Otherwise None is returned by the context
manager. The objects appended to the list are arguments whose attributes
mirror the arguments to showwarning().
The 'module' argument is to specify an alternative module to the module
named 'warnings' and imported under that name. This argument is only useful
when testing the warnings module itself.
"""
def __init__(self, record=False, module=None):
"""Specify whether to record warnings and if an alternative module
should be used other than sys.modules['warnings'].
For compatibility with Python 3.0, please consider all arguments to be
keyword-only.
"""
self._record = record
self._module = sys.modules['warnings'] if module is None else module
self._entered = False
def __repr__(self):
args = []
if self._record:
args.append("record=True")
if self._module is not sys.modules['warnings']:
args.append("module=%r" % self._module)
name = type(self).__name__
return "%s(%s)" % (name, ", ".join(args))
def __enter__(self):
if self._entered:
raise RuntimeError("Cannot enter %r twice" % self)
self._entered = True
self._filters = self._module.filters
self._module.filters = self._filters[:]
self._showwarning = self._module.showwarning
if self._record:
log = []
def showwarning(*args, **kwargs):
log.append(WarningMessage(*args, **kwargs))
self._module.showwarning = showwarning
return log
else:
return None
def __exit__(self, *exc_info):
if not self._entered:
raise RuntimeError("Cannot exit %r without entering first" % self)
self._module.filters = self._filters
self._module.showwarning = self._showwarning
# filters contains a sequence of filter 5-tuples
# The components of the 5-tuple are:
# - an action: error, ignore, always, default, module, or once
# - a compiled regex that must match the warning message
# - a class representing the warning category
# - a compiled regex that must match the module that is being warned
# - a line number for the line being warning, or 0 to mean any line
# If either if the compiled regexs are None, match anything.
_warnings_defaults = False
try:
from _warnings import (filters, default_action, once_registry,
warn, warn_explicit)
defaultaction = default_action
onceregistry = once_registry
_warnings_defaults = True
except ImportError:
filters = []
defaultaction = "default"
onceregistry = {}
# Module initialization
_processoptions(sys.warnoptions)
if not _warnings_defaults:
silence = [ImportWarning, PendingDeprecationWarning]
# Don't silence DeprecationWarning if -3 or -Q was used.
if not sys.py3kwarning and not sys.flags.division_warning:
silence.append(DeprecationWarning)
for cls in silence:
simplefilter("ignore", category=cls)
bytes_warning = sys.flags.bytes_warning
if bytes_warning > 1:
bytes_action = "error"
elif bytes_warning:
bytes_action = "default"
else:
bytes_action = "ignore"
simplefilter(bytes_action, category=BytesWarning, append=1)
del _warnings_defaults
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