This is a driver for the SH1106 based 128x64 pixel OLED display running on the Arduino/ESP8266 platform. It has been tested with the SPI version of the display. Now it has also been tested with the I2C interface.
The SH1106 is in general similar to the SSD1306. Main difference is a memory of 132x64 instead of 128x64. The main thing which differs from the SSD1306 library is the implementation of the display function.
You can either download this library as a zip file and unpack it to your Arduino/libraries folder or (once it has been added) choose it from the Arduino library manager.
Many thanks to Rene (@rene-mt) for all the rest of the code...
Many thanks go to Daniel Eichhorn (@squix78) and Fabrice Weinberg (@FWeinb) for providing the SSD1306 OLED and UI libraries for the ESP8266.
The init sequence for the SH1106 was inspired by Adafruits library for the same display. The SPI code was inspired by somhi/ESP_SSD1306 and the Adafruit library
The SH1106Demo is a very comprehensive example demonstrating the most important features of the library.
- Draw pixels at given coordinates
- Draw or fill a rectangle with given dimensions
- Draw Text at given coordinates:
- Define Alignment: Left, Right and Center
- Set the Fontface you want to use (see section Fonts below)
- Limit the width of the text by an amount of pixels. Before this widths will be reached, the renderer will wrap the text to a new line if possible
- Display content in automatically side scrolling carousel
- Define transition cycles
- Define how long one frame will be displayed
- Draw the different frames in callback methods
- One indicator per frame will be automatically displayed. The active frame will be displayed from inactive once
Fonts are defined in a proprietary but open format. You can create new font files by choosing from a given list of open sourced Fonts from this web app: http://oleddisplay.squix.ch Choose the font family, style and size, check the preview image and if you like what you see click the "Create" button. This will create the font array in a text area form where you can copy and paste it into a new or existing header file.
NOTICE: The function for SH1106 with I2C interface is untested until now. Feedback appreciated. ==> Done corrected
// For I2C display: create the display object connected to pin SDA and SDC SH1106(int i2cAddress, int sda, int sdc); // For SPI display: create the display object connected to SPI pins and RST, DC and CS // Also CLK and MOSI have to be connected to the correct pins (CLK = GPIO14, MOSI = GPIO13) SH1106(bool HW_SPI, int rst, int dc, int cs ); // Initialize the display void init(); // Cycle through the initialization void resetDisplay(void); // Connect again to the display through I2C void reconnect(void); // Turn the display on void displayOn(void); // Turn the display offs void displayOff(void); // Clear the local pixel buffer void clear(void); // Write the buffer to the display memory void display(void); // Set display contrast void setContrast(char contrast); // Turn the display upside down void flipScreenVertically(); // Send a command to the display (low level function) void sendCommand(unsigned char com); // Send all the init commands void sendInitCommands(void);
// Draw a pixel at given position void setPixel(int x, int y); // Draw 8 bits at the given position void setChar(int x, int y, unsigned char data); // Draw the border of a rectangle at the given location void drawRect(int x, int y, int width, int height); // Fill the rectangle void fillRect(int x, int y, int width, int height); // Draw a bitmap with the given dimensions void drawBitmap(int x, int y, int width, int height, const char *bitmap); // Draw an XBM image with the given dimensions void drawXbm(int x, int y, int width, int height, const char *xbm); // Sets the color of all pixel operations void setColor(int color);
// Draws a string at the given location void drawString(int x, int y, String text); // Draws a String with a maximum width at the given location. // If the given String is wider than the specified width // The text will be wrapped to the next line at a space or dash void drawStringMaxWidth(int x, int y, int maxLineWidth, String text); // Returns the width of the String with the current // font settings int getStringWidth(String text); // Specifies relative to which anchor point // the text is rendered. Available constants: // TEXT_ALIGN_LEFT, TEXT_ALIGN_CENTER, TEXT_ALIGN_RIGHT void setTextAlignment(int textAlignment); // Sets the current font. Available default fonts // defined in SH1106Fonts.h: // ArialMT_Plain_10, ArialMT_Plain_16, ArialMT_Plain_24 // Or create one with the font tool at http://oleddisplay.squix.ch void setFont(const char *fontData);
Frame Transition Functions
The Frame Transition functions are a set of functions on top of the basic library. They allow you to easily write frames which will be shifted in regular intervals. The frame animation (including the frame indicators) will only be activated if you define callback functions with setFrameCallacks(..). If no callback methods are defined no indicators will be displayed.
// Sets the callback methods of the format void method(x,y). As soon as you define the callbacks // the library is in "frame mode" and indicators will be drawn. void setFrameCallbacks(int frameCount, void (*frameCallbacks)(SH1106 *display, SH1106UiState* state,int x, int y)); // Tells the framework to move to the next tick. The // current visible frame callback will be called once // per tick void nextFrameTick(void); // Draws the frame indicators. In a normal setup // the framework does this for you void drawIndicators(int frameCount, int activeFrame); // defines how many ticks a frame should remain visible // This does not include the transition void setFrameWaitTicks(int frameWaitTicks); // Defines how many ticks should be used for a transition void setFrameTransitionTicks(int frameTransitionTicks); // Returns the current state of the internal state machine // Possible values: FRAME_STATE_FIX, FRAME_STATE_TRANSITION // You can use this to detect when there is no transition // on the way to execute operations that would int getFrameState();
This frame shows three things:
- How to draw an xbm image
- How to draw a static text which is not moved by the frame transition
- The active/inactive frame indicators
Currently there are one fontface with three sizes included in the library: Arial 10, 16 and 24. Once the converter is published you will be able to convert any ttf font into the used format.
This frame demonstrates the text alignment. The coordinates in the frame show relative to which position the texts have been rendered.
This shows how to use define a maximum width after which the driver automatically wraps a word to the next line. This comes in very handy if you have longer texts to display.
This shows the code working on the SPI version of the display. See demo code for ESP8266 pins used.