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Workflow Profiler

Released under The MIT License (refer to LICENSE file)

Software Requirements:

Software Version Test Version Purpose
Python 2.7 2.7 profiler and post-processing
gnuplot >= 4.6 4.6.3 plots for post-processing
Perl 5.10.1 5.10.1 generating workflow script
collect_stats.ksh 0.1 0.1 data collection
kill_scripts/ 0.1 0.1 halting data collection
systat 9.0.4** 9.0.4 Sar and Iostat tool

** We have tested with systat 9.0.4, and have built-in support for older versions by using --legacy option in sar. However, behavior with older versions is not guaranteed.


User-defined workflows or pipelines can be defined as an ordered sequence of one or more processing stages. Workflow Profiler provides users with a fast and an automated means to profile and understand coarse-grain resource utilization for user-defined workflows by using freely available Linux profiling tools. It allows for easy definition of workflows, and maintains explicit partition of the individual stages to provide the user with a clear view of the system utilization across the various stages while still offering a unified view of the overall workflow. It is a complete package that automates the execution of the workflow, stats collection, and post-processes the profiled data to generate CSVs and plots illustrating the resource utilization.

The overall workflow profiling can be broken down into two main stages:

  1. Workflow execution and data collection:

    • Workflows are generally scripted by the end user to automate execution of the different stages comprising a workflow.
    • We instrument a typical workflow script to enable data collection. is provided as an example, with profiling enabled via collect_stats.ksh, both of which are described later.
  2. Post-processing:

    • Post-process raw data collected using linux profiling tools such as 'sar', and generate charts which illustrate resource utilization for a given workflow.
    • in workflow_stats_parser folder provides an automated way of parsing and plotting raw data collected for a given workflow (consisting of a single stage or multiple stages). Refer to section on Workflow Stats Parser for details.

Steps to execute and profile a new workflow:

  1. Create a workflow based on, where each stage of the workflow is preceeded by a call to start profiling, and followed by a call to stop profiling. For each stage, specify a stage tag to identify the stage. If profiling option is turned ON, system-level data will be gathered via linux profiling tools such as 'sar' and 'iostat'. collect_stats.ksh script is used to automate data collection for various profiling tools. OR Modify your existing workflow script by adding calls to start and stop profiling for each stage in the workflow via collect_stats.ksh, using the template as an example.

  2. Add a dictionary to the workflow_stats_parser/ that specifies the order of the various stages in your workflow (corresponding the stage tag used in 1))

  3. For sar data files, the character count for the full path name is restricted to 254. Inorder to not exceed it, please keep the profiler's output directory path relatively short and specify the above dictionary with relevant but small stage names.

Additional features:

  1. Archiving: Output directories are timestamped, hence user can run the profiler multiple times and achieve automatic archiving of resulting data.

  2. The workflow profiler script can be used in two ways:

    • Without profiling (If the user is interested in just the application data)
      • Output directory will only have bam/sam/metrics files. No run.* dirs will be created.
    • With profiling (If the user is interested in profiling data)
      • Output directory will have both bam/sam/metrics files and run.* dirs.
  3. Post-processing only mode:

    • If the profiled data is readily available, the post-processing script can be run as a stand-alone script to generate CSVs and plots.
    • For details, refer to Workflow Stats Parser section.

Usage: : collects data for the workflow and post-processes the profiled data to generate csv's and plots.

Usage: workflow_script workflow_name sample_name no_of_threads input_directory output_directory [flags]

positional arguments [Need to be provided in the following order]:

  • workflow_script location of your workflow script. Example: /foo/
  • workflow_name name of your workflow.
  • sample_name name of the sample
  • no_of_threads number of threads you want to run on
  • input_directory directory where the input files are located
  • output_directory directory where the output data will be stored

optional arguments:

  • -h, --help show this help message and exit
  • -pr PROFILING, --profiling PROFILING Do you want to profile the workflow? ON by default
  • -pp POST_PROCESSING, --post-processing POST_PROCESSING Do you want to run the parser to generate CSVs and plots? ON by default
  • -int SAMPLING_INTERVAL, --sampling_interval SAMPLING_INTERVAL Sampling interval for profiling in seconds. Default=30
  • -w SLIDING_WINDOW, --sliding_window SLIDING_WINDOW Sliding window (average) for plots in seconds. Default=100
  • -p, --plot Plot all data

statistics: statistics options

  • -A, --all Parse all statistics
  • -s, --sar Parse sar information
  • -i, --iostat Parse iostat information


  • Run a workflow and capture both profiling and post-processing data with default settings (stats collected and plotting enabled)
    • dnaworkflow simulated 16 /data/simulated/ /foo/test/ -Ap
  • Run a workflow and capture only sar profiling data with different sampling interval (Post-processing is OFF)
    • dnaworkflow simulated 16 /data/simulated/ /foo/test/ -pp 0 -int 100 -s

Workflow Stats Parser

The goal of the Workflow Stats Parser is to parse the raw data gathered using sar and iostat and generate charts which illustrate resource utilization for workflows. The parser supports post-processing both a single stage workflow as well as a multi-stage workflow.

This section describes the use of parser as a stand-alone tool.

The parser package assumes data is collected using collect_stats.ksh, usage described below

  1. Software Requirements

    Software Version Test Version Purpose
    Python 2.7 2.7 post-processing
    gnuplot >= 4.6 4.6.3 plots for post-processing
  2. HOW-TOs

    a. Usage and Argument/Options Description root [arguments] arguments = [-N workflow_name] [-i | -s | -A] [-h] [-S substring] [-o output_folder] [-p] [-w size] [-t tag] [-l level]

    a.1 Positional Arguments - root path of directory containing workflow's profile data

    a.2 Required Arguments - -N, --workflow_name workflow_name name of your workflow. Default is 'sample'.

      - -i              parse iostat data
      - -s              parse sar data
      - -A              parse all data (iostat and sar)

    a.3 Optional Arguments - -h, --help
    show help message and exit

      - -S, --single_step stepSearchString
          To process a single stage of a known workflow.
          Specify a substring that is present in the stage output directory
            name. This will correspond to the 2nd item in the two-tuple in
            the ordered dictionary for the workflow.  See 'How to Add a New
            Workflow' section below.
      - -o, --output outputDir               
          Specify path to directory in which to save post-procesed data and 
            plots. The parser creates the directory if it does not exist.
          Default is post_processed_stats/ in current directory.
      - -p, --plot
          plot all data
      - -w, --sliding_window window          
          Window size in seconds to use for smoothing graphs. 
          Default is 100.
          We recommend starting with the default; if the graphs are not 
           smooth, then reprocess with a lower or higher window until the
           graphs look good.
      - -t, --tag
          Supply an optional identifier for the plot files
          Defaults to the name of the root directory for the profile data
      - -l, --log level                      
          Set the log level.
          Default level is 'info'.
          See 'Output Logger' section below for details.

    b. Usage Examples We show several examples of running the parser. For sample output data that is in the parser's directory, we have indicated this with an '*'.

    b.1 Full workflow using sample data - From sample_multistage_input: Run: ./ sample_multistage_input -N sample -o testing/multistage -isp

          *Output Sample Data: sample_multistage_output/

    b.2 Single stage using sample data - From sample_onestage_input: Run: ./ sample_onestage_input/ -N sample -S stage1 -o testing/stage1 -isp

          *Output Sample: sample_onestage_output/
       - One stage from sample_multistage_input:
          ./ sample_multistage_input -N sample -S stage2 -o testing/stage2 -isp 

    c. How to Add a New Workflow

    c.1 Python Ordered Dictionaries in the Parser For a new workflow edit the script by adding a new Ordered Dictionary that defines the order of the workflow steps and search substrings that must exist in the directory names of the workflow step's output.

       We use ordered dictionaries to represent workflows because we need to 
       know the order of the pipline steps for summarizing profiled data in our 
       plots. We require a mapping of each step to the location of its 
       corresponding profiled data. 

    c.2 Structure of a Workflow Ordered Dictionary The format for a two-tuple in a workflow ordered dictionary is:

        ('stepName', 'dirSearchSubstring')
        stepName           - the name of the workflow step (stage name)
        dirSearchSubstring - a unique substring from all other steps that 
                              is present in the step's output directory
        We use the user-supplied 'root' argument and the dirSearchSubtring
        to locate the correct data directory for each step. 

    c.3 Ordered Dictionary Examples

      The dictionary for the sample data set in this release is:
        sample_dict = OrderedDict([('Stage1','stage1'),
        The directory names for each step contains the substring specified
        for the step (second item in the two-tuple):
      User can add their own dictionaries in file. 

    d. Ouput Logger The logging level can be set to one of the levels listed below via the command line option. Only messages as severe or more severe than the level will be printed.

    Possible values (there are five Python-defined levels): info - For routine event that might be of interest debug - For messages useful to debugging, such as dumping variables

    Additional information about Python's logging module can be found at:

####################################################################################### ####################################################################################### If you are interested in the usage model for the componenets themselves, please find them below: Template for a workflow script.

Current template and support is for a perl script.

Usage: SampleName NumThreads InputDirectory OutputDirectory profiling [optional]: interval stats

Mandatory Options:

  • SampleName name of the sample
  • NumThreads number of threads you want to use
  • InputDataDirectory directory where the input files are located
  • OutputDirectory directory where the output data will be stored
  • profiling to profile the workflow or not? [Default:ON]


  • interval Interval for collection statistics. Default: 30s
  • stats Pass in the tools you want to collect profiling data for.

Example: simulated 16 /data/simulated/ /foo/test/ 1 30 "--sar --iostat"


Usage: collect_stats.ksh <--sar || --iostat || --kill-all>

Mandatory Options:

  • -n <FILE_PREFIX> Prefix appended to all profiling filenames. Default is the value of $FILE_PREFIX in this script. e.g., To append the data collection machine, 'node1', '-n node1'.
  • -l Time (in seconds) before steady state sar/iostat options:
  • -s <STEADY_STATE> Length of steady state in minutes
  • -d <SAR_INTERVAL> Interval for sar,iostat in seconds (Default: 30s) sar common options:
  • -u Number of users output directoy options:
  • -tag a tag to be added to files and output dir to make, if not provided script generates one
  • -td <TARGET_DIRECTORY> absolute directory where to place the files (i.e. ~/runs/run${TAG}), defaults to current dir

Note: -l, -u, and -s options are not used when collecting SAR data although required.


  1. Start SAR data collection: "./collect_stats.ksh --sar -td /foo/stats -n test -tag stage -l 5 -u 1 -s 600"
  2. Stop data collection (to stop sar and iostat): "collect_stats.ksh --kill-all" - uses the scripts under kill_scripts
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