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/*
Copyright (c) 2001, Interactive Matter, Marcus Nowotny
Based on the cJSON Library, Copyright (C) 2009 Dave Gamble
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
THE SOFTWARE.
*/
#ifndef aJson__h
#define aJson__h
#include <Print.h>
#include <Stream.h>
#include <Client.h>
#include <Arduino.h> // To get access to the Arduino millis() function
/******************************************************************************
* Definitions
******************************************************************************/
// aJson Types:
#define aJson_NULL 0
#define aJson_Boolean 1
#define aJson_Int 2
#define aJson_Float 3
#define aJson_String 4
#define aJson_Array 5
#define aJson_Object 6
#define aJson_IsReference 128
#ifndef EOF
#define EOF -1
#endif
#define PRINT_BUFFER_LEN 256
// The aJson structure:
typedef struct aJsonObject {
char *name; // The item's name string, if this item is the child of, or is in the list of subitems of an object.
struct aJsonObject *next, *prev; // next/prev allow you to walk array/object chains. Alternatively, use GetArraySize/GetArrayItem/GetObjectItem
struct aJsonObject *child; // An array or object item will have a child pointer pointing to a chain of the items in the array/object.
char type; // The type of the item, as above.
union {
char *valuestring; // The item's string, if type==aJson_String
char valuebool; //the items value for true & false
int valueint; // The item's value, if type==aJson_Int
double valuefloat; // The item's value, if type==aJson_Float
};
} aJsonObject;
/* aJsonStream is stream representation of aJson for its internal use;
* it is meant to abstract out differences between Stream (e.g. serial
* stream) and Client (which may or may not be connected) or provide even
* stream-ish interface to string buffers. */
class aJsonStream : public Print {
public:
aJsonStream(Stream *stream_)
: stream_obj(stream_), bucket(EOF)
{}
/* Use this to check if more data is available, as aJsonStream
* can read some more data than really consumed and automatically
* skips separating whitespace if you use this method. */
virtual bool available();
int parseNumber(aJsonObject *item);
int printInt(aJsonObject *item);
int printFloat(aJsonObject *item);
int parseString(aJsonObject *item);
int printStringPtr(const char *str);
int printString(aJsonObject *item);
int skip();
int flush();
int parseValue(aJsonObject *item, char** filter);
int printValue(aJsonObject *item);
int parseArray(aJsonObject *item, char** filter);
int printArray(aJsonObject *item);
int parseObject(aJsonObject *item, char** filter);
int printObject(aJsonObject *item);
protected:
/* Blocking load of character, returning EOF if the stream
* is exhausted. */
/* Base implementation just looks at bucket, returns EOF
* otherwise; descendats take care of the real reading. */
virtual int getch();
virtual size_t readBytes(uint8_t *buffer, size_t len);
/* Return the character back to the front of the stream
* after loading it with getch(). Only returning a single
* character is supported. */
virtual void ungetch(char ch);
/* Inherited from class Print. */
virtual size_t write(uint8_t ch);
/* stream attribute is used only from virtual functions,
* therefore an object inheriting aJsonStream may avoid
* using streams completely. */
Stream *stream_obj;
/* Use this accessor for stream retrieval; some subclasses
* may use their own stream subclass. */
virtual inline Stream *stream() { return stream_obj; }
/* bucket is EOF by default. Otherwise, it is a character
* to be returned by next getch() - returned by a call
* to ungetch(). */
int bucket;
};
/* JSON stream that consumes data from a connection (usually
* Ethernet client) until the connection is closed. */
class aJsonClientStream : public aJsonStream {
public:
aJsonClientStream(Client *stream_)
: aJsonStream(NULL), client_obj(stream_)
{}
private:
virtual int getch();
Client *client_obj;
virtual inline Client *stream() { return client_obj; }
};
/* JSON stream that is bound to input and output string buffer. This is
* for internal usage by string-based aJsonClass methods. */
/* TODO: Elastic output buffer support. */
class aJsonStringStream : public aJsonStream {
public:
/* Either of inbuf, outbuf can be NULL if you do not care about
* particular I/O direction. */
aJsonStringStream(char *inbuf_, char *outbuf_ = NULL, size_t outbuf_len_ = 0)
: aJsonStream(NULL), inbuf(inbuf_), outbuf(outbuf_), outbuf_len(outbuf_len_)
{
inbuf_len = inbuf ? strlen(inbuf) : 0;
}
virtual bool available();
private:
virtual int getch();
virtual size_t write(uint8_t ch);
char *inbuf, *outbuf;
size_t inbuf_len, outbuf_len;
};
class aJsonClass {
/******************************************************************************
* Constructors
******************************************************************************/
/******************************************************************************
* User API
******************************************************************************/
public:
// Supply a block of JSON, and this returns a aJson object you can interrogate. Call aJson.deleteItem when finished.
aJsonObject* parse(aJsonStream* stream); //Reads from a stream
aJsonObject* parse(aJsonStream* stream,char** filter_values); //Read from a file, but only return values include in the char* array filter_values
aJsonObject* parse(char *value); //Reads from a string
// Render a aJsonObject entity to text for transfer/storage. Free the char* when finished.
int print(aJsonObject *item, aJsonStream* stream);
char* print(aJsonObject* item);
//Renders a aJsonObject directly to a output stream
char stream(aJsonObject *item, aJsonStream* stream);
// Delete a aJsonObject entity and all sub-entities.
void deleteItem(aJsonObject *c);
// Returns the number of items in an array (or object).
unsigned char getArraySize(aJsonObject *array);
// Retrieve item number "item" from array "array". Returns NULL if unsuccessful.
aJsonObject* getArrayItem(aJsonObject *array, unsigned char item);
// Get item "string" from object. Case insensitive.
aJsonObject* getObjectItem(aJsonObject *object, const char *string);
// These calls create a aJsonObject item of the appropriate type.
aJsonObject* createNull();
aJsonObject* createItem(bool b);
aJsonObject* createItem(char b);
aJsonObject* createItem(int num);
aJsonObject* createItem(double num);
aJsonObject* createItem(const char *string);
aJsonObject* createArray();
aJsonObject* createObject();
// These utilities create an Array of count items.
aJsonObject* createIntArray(int *numbers, unsigned char count);
aJsonObject* createFloatArray(double *numbers, unsigned char count);
aJsonObject* createDoubleArray(double *numbers, unsigned char count);
aJsonObject* createStringArray(const char **strings, unsigned char count);
// Append item to the specified array/object.
void addItemToArray(aJsonObject *array, aJsonObject *item);
void addItemToObject(aJsonObject *object, const char *string,
aJsonObject *item);
// Append reference to item to the specified array/object. Use this when you want to add an existing aJsonObject to a new aJsonObject, but don't want to corrupt your existing aJsonObject.
void addItemReferenceToArray(aJsonObject *array, aJsonObject *item);
void addItemReferenceToObject(aJsonObject *object, const char *string,
aJsonObject *item);
// Remove/Detach items from Arrays/Objects.
aJsonObject* detachItemFromArray(aJsonObject *array, unsigned char which);
void deleteItemFromArray(aJsonObject *array, unsigned char which);
aJsonObject* detachItemFromObject(aJsonObject *object, const char *string);
void deleteItemFromObject(aJsonObject *object, const char *string);
// Update array items.
void replaceItemInArray(aJsonObject *array, unsigned char which,
aJsonObject *newitem);
void replaceItemInObject(aJsonObject *object, const char *string,
aJsonObject *newitem);
void addNullToObject(aJsonObject* object, const char* name);
void addBooleanToObject(aJsonObject* object, const char* name, bool b);
void addNumberToObject(aJsonObject* object, const char* name, int n);
void addNumberToObject(aJsonObject* object, const char* name, double n);
void addStringToObject(aJsonObject* object, const char* name,
const char* s);
protected:
friend class aJsonStream;
static aJsonObject* newItem();
private:
void suffixObject(aJsonObject *prev, aJsonObject *item);
aJsonObject* createReference(aJsonObject *item);
};
extern aJsonClass aJson;
#endif