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$Id: README,v 2.10 2007-03-30 11:39:43 pajamian Exp $

Version: 1.33


mod_interchange is designed to replace the vlink and tlink programs
that comes with Interchange.  The Interchange link protocol has been
implemented via an Apache module which saves us the (small) overhead
of the execution of a CGI program.

Note that this module is not compatible with Apache 2.

Building the module

The included Makefile builds the module as a DSO object. So if
you're Apache has configured you can do

    make install

If not, you should be able to copy the file mod_interchange.c under
src/modules/extra and add the line when building Apache:


Installing the module as a DSO object

Copy into your Apache DSO library directory and
add the following lines to your httpd.conf:

    LoadModule interchange_module /wherever/lib/apache/
    AddModule mod_interchange.c


The module understands directives which specify the way to contact the
primary, and possibly a secondary, Interchange server.  The InterchangeServer
directive takes either a pathname to the Interchange UNIX socket or a
host:port specification if you want to use INET mode.

The optional InterchangeServerBackup directive takes the same arguments,
but should obviously point to a different Interchange server than the
primary.  The InterchangeServerBackup directive is only of any use if
you have multiple Interchange servers configured in a clustered environment.

Note: The Apache <Location> path should not contain a dot (.) or any
other characters except A-Z, a-z, 0-9 or a hyphen (-), so:

	<Location /> is invalid, whereas:
	<Location /shop-name> is valid.


UNIX mode local connection:

    <Location /shop>
	SetHandler interchange-handler
	InterchangeServer /opt/interchange/etc/socket

INET mode local connection:

    <Location /shop>
	SetHandler interchange-handler
	InterchangeServer localhost:7786

UNIX mode local primary connection and INET mode remote backup connection:

    <Location /shop>
	SetHandler interchange-handler
	InterchangeServer /opt/interchange/etc/socket

The ConnectTries parameter specifies the number of connection attempts to
make before giving up.  ConnectRetryDelay specifies the delay, in seconds,
between each retry attempt.

The ConnectTries default is 10 and the ConnectRetryDelay default is 2 seconds.
Here is an example:

    <Location /shop>
	SetHandler interchange-handler
	InterchangeServer localhost:7786
	ConnectTries 10
	ConnectRetryDelay 1

The DropRequestList allows a list of up to 10 space-separated URI components
to be specified.  If one of the list entries is found anywhere in the
requested URI, the request will be dropped with a 404 (not found) error,
without the request being passed to Interchange.  This parameter is useful
for blocking known Microsoft IIS attacks like "Code Red", so that we don't
waste any more time processing the (bogus) requests than we have to.

    <Location /shop>
	SetHandler interchange-handler
	InterchangeServer /opt/interchange/etc/socket
	DropRequestList /default.ida /x.ida /cmd.exe /root.exe

The OrdinaryFileList allows a list of up to 10 space-separated URI path
components to be specified.  If one of the list entries is found at the
start of any request then that request will not be passed to Interchange.
Instead, the file will be directly served by Apache.  For example:

    <Location />
	SetHandler interchange-handler
	InterchangeServer /opt/interchange/etc/socket
	DropRequestList /default.ida /x.ida /cmd.exe /root.exe
	OrdinaryFileList /foundation/ /interchange-5/ /robots.txt /somefile.css

This will result in the following:          (handled by Interchange)     (handled by Interchange) (served by Apache)          (served by Apache)

You should add a trailing slash to directory names to prevent, for instance,
"/images/foo.gif" from being confused with the likes of "/images.html".
If OrdinaryFileList was set to "/images" then both of those requests would
be handled by Apache.  If OrdinaryFileList was set to "/images/" then
"/images/foo.gif" would be handled by Apache and "/images.html" would be
handled by Interchange.

If you're using "<Location />" then you will need a dummy "index.html" file
in your VirtualHost's DocumentRoot directory to avoid permission problems
assocated with the Apache directory index creation code.

The InterchangeScript parameter allows the SCRIPT_NAME to be different from
the <Location>.  For example:

    <Location /shop>
	SetHandler interchange-handler
	InterchangeServer /opt/interchange/etc/socket

The above will set the SCRIPT_NAME to "/shop".

    <Location /shop>
	SetHandler interchange-handler
	InterchangeServer /opt/interchange/etc/socket
	InterchangeScript /foo

The above will set the SCRIPT_NAME to "/foo", instead of "/shop"  before
passing the request to Interchange.

The appropriate SCRIPT_NAME must be configured into the "Catalog"
directive in your interchange.cfg file.


Send bug reports and suggestions to Kevin Walsh <>

Copyright and License

Author: Kevin Walsh <>
Based on original code by Francis J. Lacoste <francis.lacoste@iNsu.COM>

Copyright (c) 2000-2005 Cursor Software Limited.
Copyright (c) 1999 Francis J. Lacoste and iNsu Innovations Inc.
All rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
02110-1301 USA.