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PLpgSQL PLSQL Makefile SQLPL
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MySQL Compatibility Functions ============================= Authors: Chris Kings-Lynne, Gavin Sherry & Others Contributors: Michael Fuhr, Robert Treat, Marti Raudsepp Current maintainer: Marc G Fournier Introduction ------------ This project is a collection of functions, aggregates, operators and casts that make PostgreSQL mimic MySQL as closely as possible. To use the project, you can either find and install the few functions that you need, or run all the .sql files to install the complete compatibility environment. This can be an immense time-saver when porting large applications that rely heavily on certain MySQL functions. Versions of PostgreSQL supported -------------------------------- This package has been tested on PostgreSQL 8.2.x through 9.5.x Installation ------------ First, you must have created a database in PostgreSQL. Then, a few of the functions are written in the PL/PgSQL language handler. If you use these functions you need to install that handler, like this: createlang plpgsql <dbname> Next, load any (or all) of the .sql files into that database, eg: psql -f all.sql <dbname> Or, to install a particular subset of functions: psql -f sql_bits/datetime.sql <dbname> Or, if you only want to install a particular function, just copy and paste it into psql directly, taking care to install any of the function's listed dependencies. You will see a series of CREATE (and other) tags that indicates each successful command. Read any other messages that appear as they may be errors. Alternatively, you can execute the SQL scripts via a GUI tool such as pgAdmin (www.pgadmin.org) or phpPgAdmin (phppgadmin.sf.net). Uninstall --------- The mysqlcompat_uninstall.sql script contains drop commands for every object in this library. To drop everything for example, run: psql -f sql/mysqlcompat_uninstall.sql <dbname> Then, if you have no further need for the PL/PgSQL language handler you can drop it as follows: droplang plpgsql <dbname> Usage ----- If you have followed the installation notes above, then all the MySQL compatibility functions, operators and aggregates will be installed in the public schema of your database. This means you can use them without any special qualification. Here are some examples: SELECT true && false; => f SELECT format(1234.432, 4); => 1,234.4320 General Compatibility Notes --------------------------- In some cases (obviously) MySQL is just too different from PostgreSQL to allow re-implementation of features. This usually happens when a MySQL feature would require changing the PostgreSQL SQL grammar. Any function name that begins with '_' in this library is a "private" function that should not be called directly. Here is a list of major incompatibilities: * Boolean vs. Integer MySQL has no boolean type, and instead it uses the integer values 0 and 1 as boolean results. PostgreSQL has a true boolean type and it can accept 0, 1, true, false, 't' or 'f' as values. However, by default all boolean values are SHOWN as either 't' or 'f'. Since PostgreSQL already has most of MySQL's logical operators (eg. OR, AND, etc.) which all return 't' or 'f' to mean true or false, then there isn't much point returning 0 or 1 for the two or three logical operators that this library implements. This is just something you need to deal with during porting. Tip: PostgreSQL includes a boolean to integer explicit cast, eg: SELECT true::integer + 1; => 2 * Time vs. Interval MySQL has no interval type, and hence often confuses 'time' with 'interval'. For example, '123:13:56' is a valid interval but is an invalid time. This library uses the PostgreSQL interval type for many of the MySQL functions that require or return times. In general this won't make any difference. * Intervals In MySQL, intervals are not quoted, eg: SELECT ADDDATE('1998-01-02', INTERVAL 31 DAY); In PostgreSQL the 31 DAY part needs to be quoted: SELECT ADDDATE('1998-01-02', INTERVAL '31 DAY'); * Missing operators XOR, DIV and MOD named operators cannot be implemented. Use #, / (with integer casts) and % instead. * Case-sensitive strings All PostgreSQL strings are case-sensitive. All MySQL strings are case-insensitive by default. Any functions in this library that implement string comparison use CASE-SENSITIVE comparison, just like all the other PostgreSQL string functions. * Failure to find overloaded functions In some cases (due to the way PostgreSQL works) you will need to add explicit casts to some function calls. An explicit cast looks like this: SELECT ADDTIME('01:00:00.999999'::interval, '02:00:00.999998');