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TamaGo - bare metal Go for ARM SoCs
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README.md

TamaGo - bare metal Go for ARM SoCs

tamago | https://github.com/inversepath/tamago

Copyright (c) F-Secure Corporation
https://foundry.f-secure.com

TamaGo gopher

Authors

Andrea Barisani
andrea.barisani@f-secure.com | andrea@inversepath.com

Andrej Rosano
andrej.rosano@f-secure.com | andrej@inversepath.com

Introduction

TamaGo is a project that aims to provide compilation and execution of unencumbered Go applications for bare metal ARM System-on-Chip (SoC) components.

The projects spawns from the desire of reducing the attack surface of embedded systems firmware by removing any runtime dependency on C code and Operating Systems.

The TamaGo framework consists of the following components:

  • A modified Go compiler which extends GOOS support to the tamago target, allowing bare metal execution for ARMv7 architecture.

  • Go packages for SoC driver support.

  • Go packages for board support.

The modifications are meant to be minimal for both the Go compiler (< ~4000 LOC changed) and the target application (one import required), with a clean separation/architecture from the rest of the Go compiler.

Strong emphasis is placed on code re-use from existing architectures already included within the standard Go runtime, see Internals.

Both aspects are motivated by the desire of providing a framework that allows secure Go firmware development on embedded systems.

Current release level

The current release is tamago1.13.4, which adds GOOS=tamago support to go-1.13.4 release.

TamaGo is in early stages of development, all code should be considered at alpha stage and yet ready for production use.

Documentation

The main documentation can be found on the project wiki.

Supported hardware

The following table summarizes currently supported SoCs and boards.

SoC Board SoC package Board package
NXP i.MX6ULL USB armory Mk II imx6 usbarmory/mark-two

Compiling

Go applications are simply required to import, the relevant board package to ensure that hardware initialization and runtime support takes place:

import (
	_ "usbarmory/mark-two"
)

Build the TamaGo compiler:

git clone https://github.com/inversepath/tamago-go -b tamago1.13.4
cd tamago-go/src && ./make.bash
cd ../bin && export TAMAGO=`pwd`/go

Go applications can be compiled with the compiler built in the previous step but with the addition of the following flags/variables, also make sure that the required SoC and board packages are available in your GOPATH:

# USB armory Mk II example from the root directory of this repository
cd example &&
  GO_EXTLINK_ENABLED=0 CGO_ENABLED=0 GOOS=tamago GOARM=7 GOARCH=arm \
  ${TAMAGO} build -ldflags "-T 0x80010000  -E _rt0_arm_tamago -R 0x1000"

Executing and debugging

See the respective board package README file for execution and debugging information for each specific target (real or emulated).

An emulated run of the example application can be launched as follows:

make clean && make qemu

License

tamago | https://github.com/inversepath/tamago
Copyright (c) F-Secure Corporation

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation under version 3 of the License.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

See accompanying LICENSE file for full details.

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