RubyDNS is a high-performance DNS server which can be easily integrated into other projects or used as a stand-alone daemon. By default it uses rule-based pattern matching. Results can be hard-coded, computed, fetched from a remote DNS server or fetched from a local cache, depending on requirements.
In addition, RubyDNS includes a high-performance asynchronous DNS resolver built on top of Celluloid. This module can be used by itself in client applications without using the full RubyDNS server stack.
For examples and documentation please see the main project page.
Add this line to your application's Gemfile:
And then execute:
Or install it yourself as:
$ gem install rubydns
This is copied from
test/examples/test-dns-2.rb. It has been simplified slightly.
#!/usr/bin/env ruby require 'rubydns' INTERFACES = [ [:udp, "0.0.0.0", 5300], [:tcp, "0.0.0.0", 5300] ] IN = Resolv::DNS::Resource::IN # Use upstream DNS for name resolution. UPSTREAM = RubyDNS::Resolver.new([[:udp, "184.108.40.206", 53], [:tcp, "220.127.116.11", 53]]) # Start the RubyDNS server RubyDNS::run_server(:listen => INTERFACES) do match(/test\.mydomain\.org/, IN::A) do |transaction| transaction.respond!("10.0.0.80") end # Default DNS handler otherwise do |transaction| transaction.passthrough!(UPSTREAM) end end
Start the server using
./test.rb. You can then test it using dig:
$ dig @localhost -p 5300 test.mydomain.org $ dig @localhost -p 5300 google.com
File Handle Limitations
On some platforms (e.g. Mac OS X) the number of file descriptors is relatively low by default and should be increased by calling
ulimit -n 10000 before running tests or even before starting a server which expects a large number of concurrent incoming connections.
It is possible to create and integrate your own custom servers.
class MyServer < RubyDNS::Server def process(name, resource_class, transaction) transaction.fail!(:NXDomain) end end # Use the RubyDNS infrastructure for running the daemon: # If asynchronous is true, it will return immediately, otherwise, it will block the current thread until Ctrl-C is pressed (SIGINT). RubyDNS::run_server(asynchronous: false, server_class: MyServer) # Directly instantiate the celluloid supervisor: supervisor = MyServer.supervise supervisor.actors.first.run
This is the best way to integrate with other projects.
We welcome additional benchmarks and feedback regarding RubyDNS performance. To check the current performance results, consult the travis build job output.
The performance is on the same magnitude as
bind9. Some basic benchmarks resolving 1000 names concurrently, repeated 5 times, using
RubyDNS::Resolver gives the following:
user system total real RubyDNS::Server 4.280000 0.450000 4.730000 ( 4.854862) Bind9 4.970000 0.520000 5.490000 ( 5.541213)
These benchmarks are included in the unit tests. To test bind9 performance, it must be installed and
which named must return the executable.
RubyDNS::Resolver is highly concurrent and can resolve individual names as fast as the built in
Resolv::DNS resolver. Because the resolver is asynchronous, when dealing with multiple names, it can work more efficiently:
user system total real RubyDNS::Resolver 0.020000 0.010000 0.030000 ( 0.030507) Resolv::DNS 0.070000 0.010000 0.080000 ( 1.465975)
These benchmarks are included in the unit tests.
DNSSEC is currently not supported and is unlikely to be supported in the future.
How to respond with something other than what was requested
# Full code in examples/cname.rb RubyDNS::run_server do # Match request for IN A resource records... match(//, IN::A) do |transaction| # And return an IN CNAME record: transaction.respond!(Name.create('foo.bar'), resource_class: IN::CNAME) end end
- Fork it
- Create your feature branch (
git checkout -b my-new-feature)
- Commit your changes (
git commit -am 'Add some feature')
- Push to the branch (
git push origin my-new-feature)
- Create new Pull Request
- Support for more features of DNS such as zone transfer.
- Support reverse records more easily.
- Some kind of system level integration, e.g. registering a DNS server with the currently running system resolver.
Released under the MIT license.
Copyright, 2009, 2012, 2014, by Samuel G. D. Williams.
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.