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docs Uploading documentation paper. Mar 11, 2019
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A directed, acyclic graph (DAG) is a graph with only a partial order structure. It's possible for two vertices u,v to be incomparable, in other words one is not a descendent of the other one in the graph. This makes it difficult to establish the correct order of its vertices. In the Tangle, to deal with this effect, we enforce every transaction to declare a timestamp: the time when it was attached. However, even though all the transactions contain timestamps, we can not be sure if they are correct (e.g. nodes could lie about timestamps; or declare wrong timestamps because of wrong clocks, ...). Either way, we expect most transactions to declare their timestamp as accurate and precise as they can. By inspecting other transactions relative to a transaction, we expect to be able to determine the time interval within the transaction was attached. Serguei Popov described two algorithms [1] to find this confidence interval.

Timestamping.ixi is an IXI (IOTA eXtension Interface) module for the Iota Controlled agenT (Ict). It helps us find the time interval within a transaction was issued [2].

[1] On the timestamps in the tangle, by Serguei Popov
[2] Specification of Timestamping.ixi, by Paul Handy


Step 1: Install Ict

Please find instructions on iotaledger/ict.

Make sure you are connected to the main network and not to an island, otherwise you won't be able to message anyone in the main network.

Step 2: Get Timestamping.ixi

There are two ways to do this:

Simple Method

Go to releases and download the timestamping-{VERSION}.jar from the most recent release.

Advanced Method

You can also build the .jar file from the source code yourself. You will need Git and Gradle.

# download the source code from github to your local machine
git clone
# if you don't have git, you can also do this instead:
#   wget
#   unzip

# change into the just created local copy of the repository
cd timestamping.ixi

# build the timestamping-{VERSION}.jar file
gradle ixi

Step 3: Install Timestamping.ixi

Move timestamping-{VERSION}.jar to the modules/ directory of your Ict:

mv timestamping-{VERSION}.jar ict/modules

Step 4: Run Ict

Switch to Ict directory and run:

java -jar ict-{VERSION}.jar
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