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Modern Perl RPM Packager

This project manages the creation and maintenance of modern Perl 5 RPMs, and selected CPAN distributions. It's designed to be run directly from a Git clone. To build it, just run:

./bin/rpmcpan --version 5.20.1

This will build Perl and all of the modules. If it has been built previously from the same Git branch, then only updated CPAN modules or modules for which no RPM exists in the repo directory will be built. This is to keep the number of things that get built on each run to a minimum.

The RPMs built by rpmcpan will have names like perl520 and perl520-Try-Tiny and will all be installed in /usr/local/perl520. You can modify the version of Perl to build with the --version option, and the prefix with the --prefix options, e.g.:

./bin/rpmcpan --version 5.18.2 --prefix /opt/local/iovperl

But you probably won't want to mess with the prefix.

If you want to rebuild all of the RPMs, not just those that have been updated since the last run, pass --all.

./bin/rpmcpan --version 5.20.1 --all


  • --version: The version of Perl to build. Defaults to the version used to run rpmcpan.
  • --epoch: The epoch to use. Defaults to minor version when using the system Perl; otherwise not set.
  • -f --prefix: The path prefix. Defaults to $Config{prefix} for the system Perl; /usr/local/perl5xx otherwise.
  • -c --config: Distribution configuration JSON file.
  • --all: Delete the local repo and build all new RPMs.
  • -v --verbose: Incremental verbosity.
  • -r --repo: Directory to use for local repo. Defaults to ./repo.
  • --admin: Email address to use for the Perl admin contact info.
  • -p --packager: Name and email address of the packager.
  • -d --dist: Distribution to build. May be specified multiple times.
  • -s --skip: Distribution not to build. May be specified multiple times.
  • --die: Die on first error.
  • --no-perl: Don't check or build Perl itself. Used internally.

Adding CPAN Distributions

To add a CPAN distribution, simply add it to the etc/dists.json file, like so:

"App-Sqitch": {},

The JSON object after the distribution name supports a number of keys:

  • rpm_name: The name to use for the RPM, after the prefixed "perl-". Defaults to the distribution name.
  • no_system_prefix: Set to true to suppress the perl- prefix in the name of the RPM when building against the system Perl. Builds against other versions will still get the perl5xx- prefix.
  • provides: A list of additional features provided by the RPM, in case the list fetched from MetaCPAN is incomplete. Mostly used to name programs, since MetaCPAN is aware only of modules.
  • requires: A list of non-CPAN-derived RPMs required for the resulting RPM to be used. Normally needed only for third-party RPMS, such as libxml2 or httpd.
  • conflicts: A list of non-CPAN-derived RPMs with which the resulting RPM conflicts.
  • obsoletes: A list of non-CPAN-derived RPMs that the resulting RPM obsoletes.
  • exclude_requires: A list of CPAN modules to exclude from the list of runtime prereqs returned by the MetaCPAN API. Useful for excluding incompatible or circular dependencies.
  • build_requires: A list of non-CPAN-derived RPMs required to build the RPM. Normally needed only for third-party RPMS, such as httpd-devel or postgresql.
  • exclude_build_requires: A list of CPAN modules to exclude from the list of non-runtime prereqs returned by the MetaCPAN API. Useful for excluding incompatible or circular dependencies.
  • cpan_conflicts: An array of CPAN distributions with which the resulting RPM for the distribution will conflict.
  • cpan_obsoletes: An array of CPAN distributions with that the resulting RPM for the distribution obsoletes.
  • jobs: An integer specifying the number of make jobs to run simultaneously. Nomally defaults to the value provided by the _smp_mflags RPM variable, but some distributions may require that parts be built serially, in a specific order, so specify "jobs": 1 to allow for that.
  • environment: An object defining environment variables required to build the RPM. Keys should be environment variable names, and values their values.
  • patch: A list of patches to be applied to the source before building. Each will be applied with patch -p1, so make sure your prefixes are correct.
  • download_url: The URL from which to download the source code. Probably need to also set archive if you set this key.
  • archive: The name of the downloaded archive. Probably needs to be set to the base name of the download_url if download_url is set.
  • name: The name of the downloaded distribution. Useful when the archive value is different from the name -- that is, when the tarball name is different from the name of the directory in which it's unpacked.
  • version_format: A string specifying the format to use for RPM version numbers. Normally should not be set, as the CPAN distribution version is generally sufficient. However, because RPM's repmvercmp() routine employs a segmented (by ".") strcmp to compare versions a release using a decimal version can sometimes screw up. For example, Number-Phone 3.0014 was followed by 3.1, but RPM though that 3.0014 was newer, as it evaluates it as 3.14. The solution was to specify version_format as 1.1111, which is to say "at least one digit, a decimal point, and at least 4 digits, which causes 3.1 to resolve to 3.1000. The format affects only the RPM version and the version for main module in the "provides" metadata. The format may use any character other than a dot (".") to specify version parts; it's only the number of characters that matters:x.xxxx,0.0000, ora.abcd` would work equally well.
  • missing_prereqs: A list of JSON objects describing required modules missing from the metadata downloaded from MetaCPAN. Requires these keys:
    • module: Name of the required module.
    • version: Minimum required version of the module.
    • phase: The phase during which the module will be used. Must be one of "configure", "build", "test", "runtime", or "develop".
    • relationship: The dependency relationship for the module. Must be one of "requires", "recommends", "suggests", or "conflicts".

rpmcpan will use this information to download the required distributions, determine their dependencies, create RPM spec files in the SPECS directory, and build RPMs for all the distributions and their CPAN dependencies. Most of the time none of the object keys will be required.

Customizing Builds

In some cases, the installation will be more complicated than the generated RPM spec file can handle. In those cases, you can create a custom spec file named for the distribution in the etc directory. rpmcpan will use such included spec files in preference to generating one of its own. You can use any of the following macros in the spec file to customize the build:

  • %version: The version of the distribution.
  • %etime: The Unix epoch time in seconds since 1970.
  • %__perl: The path to the perl against which the RPM will be built.
  • %plv: A simple Perl version prefix, such as "520" for 5.20.x or "518" for 5.18.x. Not set when building against the system Perl.
  • %plfullv: The full version of Perl, including major, minor, and patch version, e.g., "5.18.3".
  • %epoch: The value do to use for the Epoch label. Set to the Perl minor version when building against the system Perl, and undefined otherwise.
  • %_prefix: Path to the directory into which the distribution should be installed.
  • %sitemandir: Directory into which site builds of modules should install their man pages.
  • %vendormandir: Directory into which vendor builds of modules should install their man pages.

When creating the spec file header section, these three values are recommended, assuming a spec file named My-Distribution.spec:

Name:           perl%{plv}-My-Distribution
Version:        %(echo %{version})
Release:        1.%{?dist}

Dependencies on other CPAN modules should use a perl%{plv} prefix, like so:

Requires:       perl%{plv}(App::Info)

CPAN Build dependencies should require RPMs rather than provided modules, again with the perl%{plv} prefix:

BuildRequires   perl%{plv}-DBD-Pg

Auto-generation of required and provided details should be filtered through the included bin/filter-requires and bin/filter-provides scripts, to ensure that all are properly prefixed, like so:

%define _use_internal_dependency_generator 0
%define __find_provides bin/filter-provides perl%{plv}
%define __find_requires bin/filter-requires perl%{plv}

Note that __find_requires can take an additional argument, a regular expression to be passed to grep to filter out any bogusly-detected prerequisites.

The build should generally use the vendor installation directories. A Makefile.PL-based build does it like this:

%{__perl} Makefile.PL INSTALLDIRS=vendor OPTIMIZE="$RPM_OPT_FLAGS"

While a Build.PL-based build does this:

%{__perl} Build.PL --installdirs=vendor --optimize="$RPM_OPT_FLAGS"

The simplest way to set up the %files section is to just require the whole prefix:


But you can also use the %_bindir, %perl_vendorlib, %perl_vendorarch, and %vendormandir macros. If you did not do a vendor build (shame on you!), you can use the site versions of those macros, instead.

Copyright & License

Copyright 2014 iovation, Inc. Some Rights Reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.