Skip to content
Permalink
Branch: master
Find file Copy path
Find file Copy path
3 contributors

Users who have contributed to this file

@myllynen @pchaigno @palmtenor
115 lines (98 sloc) 5.88 KB
Demonstrations of uflow.
uflow traces method entry and exit events and prints a visual flow graph that
shows how methods are entered and exited, similar to a tracing debugger with
breakpoints. This can be useful for understanding program flow in high-level
languages such as Java, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, and Tcl which provide USDT
probes for method invocations.
For example, trace all Ruby method calls in a specific process:
# ./uflow -l ruby 27245
Tracing method calls in ruby process 27245... Ctrl-C to quit.
CPU PID TID TIME(us) METHOD
3 27245 27245 4.536 <- IO.gets
3 27245 27245 4.536 <- IRB::StdioInputMethod.gets
3 27245 27245 4.536 -> IRB::Context.verbose?
3 27245 27245 4.536 -> NilClass.nil?
3 27245 27245 4.536 <- NilClass.nil?
3 27245 27245 4.536 -> IO.tty?
3 27245 27245 4.536 <- IO.tty?
3 27245 27245 4.536 -> Kernel.kind_of?
3 27245 27245 4.536 <- Kernel.kind_of?
3 27245 27245 4.536 <- IRB::Context.verbose?
3 27245 27245 4.536 <- IRB::Irb.signal_status
3 27245 27245 4.536 -> String.chars
3 27245 27245 4.536 <- String.chars
^C
In the preceding output, indentation indicates the depth of the flow graph,
and the <- and -> arrows indicate the direction of the event (exit or entry).
Often, the amount of output can be overwhelming. You can filter specific
classes or methods. For example, trace only methods from the Thread class:
# ./uflow -C java/lang/Thread $(pidof java)
Tracing method calls in java process 27722... Ctrl-C to quit.
CPU PID TID TIME(us) METHOD
3 27722 27731 3.144 -> java/lang/Thread.<init>
3 27722 27731 3.144 -> java/lang/Thread.init
3 27722 27731 3.144 -> java/lang/Thread.init
3 27722 27731 3.144 -> java/lang/Thread.currentThread
3 27722 27731 3.144 <- java/lang/Thread.currentThread
3 27722 27731 3.144 -> java/lang/Thread.getThreadGroup
3 27722 27731 3.144 <- java/lang/Thread.getThreadGroup
3 27722 27731 3.144 -> java/lang/ThreadGroup.checkAccess
3 27722 27731 3.144 <- java/lang/ThreadGroup.checkAccess
3 27722 27731 3.144 -> java/lang/ThreadGroup.addUnstarted
3 27722 27731 3.144 <- java/lang/ThreadGroup.addUnstarted
3 27722 27731 3.145 -> java/lang/Thread.isDaemon
3 27722 27731 3.145 <- java/lang/Thread.isDaemon
3 27722 27731 3.145 -> java/lang/Thread.getPriority
3 27722 27731 3.145 <- java/lang/Thread.getPriority
3 27722 27731 3.145 -> java/lang/Thread.getContextClassLoader
3 27722 27731 3.145 <- java/lang/Thread.getContextClassLoader
3 27722 27731 3.145 -> java/lang/Thread.setPriority
3 27722 27731 3.145 -> java/lang/Thread.checkAccess
3 27722 27731 3.145 <- java/lang/Thread.checkAccess
3 27722 27731 3.145 -> java/lang/Thread.getThreadGroup
3 27722 27731 3.145 <- java/lang/Thread.getThreadGroup
3 27722 27731 3.145 -> java/lang/ThreadGroup.getMaxPriority
3 27722 27731 3.145 <- java/lang/ThreadGroup.getMaxPriority
3 27722 27731 3.145 -> java/lang/Thread.setPriority0
3 27722 27731 3.145 <- java/lang/Thread.setPriority0
3 27722 27731 3.145 <- java/lang/Thread.setPriority
3 27722 27731 3.145 -> java/lang/Thread.nextThreadID
3 27722 27731 3.145 <- java/lang/Thread.nextThreadID
3 27722 27731 3.145 <- java/lang/Thread.init
3 27722 27731 3.145 <- java/lang/Thread.init
3 27722 27731 3.145 <- java/lang/Thread.<init>
3 27722 27731 3.145 -> java/lang/Thread.start
3 27722 27731 3.145 -> java/lang/ThreadGroup.add
3 27722 27731 3.145 <- java/lang/ThreadGroup.add
3 27722 27731 3.145 -> java/lang/Thread.start0
3 27722 27731 3.145 <- java/lang/Thread.start0
3 27722 27731 3.146 <- java/lang/Thread.start
2 27722 27742 3.146 -> java/lang/Thread.run
^C
The reason that the CPU number is printed in the first column is that events
from different threads can be reordered when running on different CPUs, and
produce non-sensible output. By looking for changes in the CPU column, you can
easily see if the events you're following make sense and belong to the same
thread running on the same CPU.
USAGE message:
# ./uflow -h
usage: uflow.py [-h] [-l {java,perl,php,python,ruby,tcl}] [-M METHOD] [-C CLAZZ] [-v]
pid
Trace method execution flow in high-level languages.
positional arguments:
pid process id to attach to
optional arguments:
-h, --help show this help message and exit
-l {java,perl,php,python,ruby,tcl}, --language {java,perl,php,python,ruby,tcl}
language to trace
-M METHOD, --method METHOD
trace only calls to methods starting with this prefix
-C CLAZZ, --class CLAZZ
trace only calls to classes starting with this prefix
-v, --verbose verbose mode: print the BPF program (for debugging
purposes)
examples:
./uflow -l java 185 # trace Java method calls in process 185
./uflow -l ruby 134 # trace Ruby method calls in process 134
./uflow -M indexOf -l java 185 # trace only 'indexOf'-prefixed methods
./uflow -C '<stdin>' -l python 180 # trace only REPL-defined methods
You can’t perform that action at this time.