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47cecb6 Dec 10, 2016
@brendangregg @ceeaspb @4ast
335 lines (298 sloc) 10.9 KB
#!/usr/bin/python
#
# offwaketime Summarize blocked time by kernel off-CPU stack + waker stack
# For Linux, uses BCC, eBPF.
#
# USAGE: offwaketime [-h] [-p PID | -u | -k] [-U | -K] [-f] [duration]
#
# Copyright 2016 Netflix, Inc.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License")
#
# 20-Jan-2016 Brendan Gregg Created this.
from __future__ import print_function
from bcc import BPF
from time import sleep
import argparse
import signal
import errno
from sys import stderr
# arg validation
def positive_int(val):
try:
ival = int(val)
except ValueError:
raise argparse.ArgumentTypeError("must be an integer")
if ival < 0:
raise argparse.ArgumentTypeError("must be positive")
return ival
def positive_nonzero_int(val):
ival = positive_int(val)
if ival == 0:
raise argparse.ArgumentTypeError("must be nonzero")
return ival
# arguments
examples = """examples:
./offwaketime # trace off-CPU + waker stack time until Ctrl-C
./offwaketime 5 # trace for 5 seconds only
./offwaketime -f 5 # 5 seconds, and output in folded format
./offwaketime -m 1000 # trace only events that last more than 1000 usec
./offwaketime -M 9000 # trace only events that last less than 9000 usec
./offwaketime -p 185 # only trace threads for PID 185
./offwaketime -t 188 # only trace thread 188
./offwaketime -u # only trace user threads (no kernel)
./offwaketime -k # only trace kernel threads (no user)
./offwaketime -U # only show user space stacks (no kernel)
./offwaketime -K # only show kernel space stacks (no user)
"""
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(
description="Summarize blocked time by kernel stack trace + waker stack",
formatter_class=argparse.RawDescriptionHelpFormatter,
epilog=examples)
thread_group = parser.add_mutually_exclusive_group()
# Note: this script provides --pid and --tid flags but their arguments are
# referred to internally using kernel nomenclature: TGID and PID.
thread_group.add_argument("-p", "--pid", metavar="PID", dest="tgid",
help="trace this PID only", type=positive_int)
thread_group.add_argument("-t", "--tid", metavar="TID", dest="pid",
help="trace this TID only", type=positive_int)
thread_group.add_argument("-u", "--user-threads-only", action="store_true",
help="user threads only (no kernel threads)")
thread_group.add_argument("-k", "--kernel-threads-only", action="store_true",
help="kernel threads only (no user threads)")
stack_group = parser.add_mutually_exclusive_group()
stack_group.add_argument("-U", "--user-stacks-only", action="store_true",
help="show stacks from user space only (no kernel space stacks)")
stack_group.add_argument("-K", "--kernel-stacks-only", action="store_true",
help="show stacks from kernel space only (no user space stacks)")
parser.add_argument("-d", "--delimited", action="store_true",
help="insert delimiter between kernel/user stacks")
parser.add_argument("-f", "--folded", action="store_true",
help="output folded format")
parser.add_argument("--stack-storage-size", default=1024,
type=positive_nonzero_int,
help="the number of unique stack traces that can be stored and "
"displayed (default 1024)")
parser.add_argument("duration", nargs="?", default=99999999,
type=positive_nonzero_int,
help="duration of trace, in seconds")
parser.add_argument("-m", "--min-block-time", default=1,
type=positive_nonzero_int,
help="the amount of time in microseconds over which we " +
"store traces (default 1)")
parser.add_argument("-M", "--max-block-time", default=(1 << 64) - 1,
type=positive_nonzero_int,
help="the amount of time in microseconds under which we " +
"store traces (default U64_MAX)")
args = parser.parse_args()
folded = args.folded
duration = int(args.duration)
# signal handler
def signal_ignore(signal, frame):
print()
# define BPF program
bpf_text = """
#include <uapi/linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#define MINBLOCK_US MINBLOCK_US_VALUEULL
#define MAXBLOCK_US MAXBLOCK_US_VALUEULL
struct key_t {
char waker[TASK_COMM_LEN];
char target[TASK_COMM_LEN];
int w_k_stack_id;
int w_u_stack_id;
int t_k_stack_id;
int t_u_stack_id;
u32 t_pid;
u32 w_pid;
u32 tgid;
};
BPF_HASH(counts, struct key_t);
BPF_HASH(start, u32);
struct wokeby_t {
char name[TASK_COMM_LEN];
int k_stack_id;
int u_stack_id;
int w_pid;
};
BPF_HASH(wokeby, u32, struct wokeby_t);
BPF_STACK_TRACE(stack_traces, STACK_STORAGE_SIZE)
int waker(struct pt_regs *ctx, struct task_struct *p) {
u32 pid = p->pid;
u32 tgid = p->tgid;
if (!(THREAD_FILTER)) {
return 0;
}
struct wokeby_t woke = {};
bpf_get_current_comm(&woke.name, sizeof(woke.name));
woke.k_stack_id = KERNEL_STACK_GET;
woke.u_stack_id = USER_STACK_GET;
woke.w_pid = pid;
wokeby.update(&pid, &woke);
return 0;
}
int oncpu(struct pt_regs *ctx, struct task_struct *p) {
u32 pid = p->pid, t_pid=pid;
u32 tgid = p->tgid;
u64 ts, *tsp;
// record previous thread sleep time
if (THREAD_FILTER) {
ts = bpf_ktime_get_ns();
start.update(&pid, &ts);
}
// calculate current thread's delta time
pid = bpf_get_current_pid_tgid();
tgid = bpf_get_current_pid_tgid() >> 32;
tsp = start.lookup(&pid);
if (tsp == 0) {
return 0; // missed start or filtered
}
u64 delta = bpf_ktime_get_ns() - *tsp;
start.delete(&pid);
delta = delta / 1000;
if ((delta < MINBLOCK_US) || (delta > MAXBLOCK_US)) {
return 0;
}
// create map key
u64 zero = 0, *val;
struct key_t key = {};
struct wokeby_t *woke;
bpf_get_current_comm(&key.target, sizeof(key.target));
key.t_k_stack_id = KERNEL_STACK_GET;
key.t_u_stack_id = USER_STACK_GET;
key.t_pid = t_pid;
woke = wokeby.lookup(&pid);
if (woke) {
key.w_k_stack_id = woke->k_stack_id;
key.w_u_stack_id = woke->u_stack_id;
key.w_pid = woke->w_pid;
key.tgid = tgid;
__builtin_memcpy(&key.waker, woke->name, TASK_COMM_LEN);
wokeby.delete(&pid);
}
val = counts.lookup_or_init(&key, &zero);
(*val) += delta;
return 0;
}
"""
# set thread filter
thread_context = ""
if args.tgid is not None:
thread_context = "PID %d" % args.tgid
thread_filter = 'tgid == %d' % args.tgid
elif args.pid is not None:
thread_context = "TID %d" % args.pid
thread_filter = 'pid == %d' % args.pid
elif args.user_threads_only:
thread_context = "user threads"
thread_filter = '!(p->flags & PF_KTHREAD)'
elif args.kernel_threads_only:
thread_context = "kernel threads"
thread_filter = 'p->flags & PF_KTHREAD'
else:
thread_context = "all threads"
thread_filter = '1'
bpf_text = bpf_text.replace('THREAD_FILTER', thread_filter)
# set stack storage size
bpf_text = bpf_text.replace('STACK_STORAGE_SIZE', str(args.stack_storage_size))
bpf_text = bpf_text.replace('MINBLOCK_US_VALUE', str(args.min_block_time))
bpf_text = bpf_text.replace('MAXBLOCK_US_VALUE', str(args.max_block_time))
# handle stack args
kernel_stack_get = "stack_traces.get_stackid(ctx, BPF_F_REUSE_STACKID)"
user_stack_get = \
"stack_traces.get_stackid(ctx, BPF_F_REUSE_STACKID | BPF_F_USER_STACK)"
stack_context = ""
if args.user_stacks_only:
stack_context = "user"
kernel_stack_get = "-1"
elif args.kernel_stacks_only:
stack_context = "kernel"
user_stack_get = "-1"
else:
stack_context = "user + kernel"
bpf_text = bpf_text.replace('USER_STACK_GET', user_stack_get)
bpf_text = bpf_text.replace('KERNEL_STACK_GET', kernel_stack_get)
# initialize BPF
b = BPF(text=bpf_text)
b.attach_kprobe(event="finish_task_switch", fn_name="oncpu")
b.attach_kprobe(event="try_to_wake_up", fn_name="waker")
matched = b.num_open_kprobes()
if matched == 0:
print("0 functions traced. Exiting.")
exit()
# header
if not folded:
print("Tracing blocked time (us) by %s off-CPU and waker stack" %
stack_context, end="")
if duration < 99999999:
print(" for %d secs." % duration)
else:
print("... Hit Ctrl-C to end.")
# as cleanup can take many seconds, trap Ctrl-C:
# print a newline for folded output on Ctrl-C
signal.signal(signal.SIGINT, signal_ignore)
sleep(duration)
if not folded:
print()
missing_stacks = 0
has_enomem = False
counts = b.get_table("counts")
stack_traces = b.get_table("stack_traces")
for k, v in sorted(counts.items(), key=lambda counts: counts[1].value):
# handle get_stackid errors
# check for an ENOMEM error
if k.w_k_stack_id == -errno.ENOMEM or \
k.t_k_stack_id == -errno.ENOMEM or \
k.w_u_stack_id == -errno.ENOMEM or \
k.t_u_stack_id == -errno.ENOMEM:
missing_stacks += 1
continue
waker_user_stack = [] if k.w_u_stack_id < 1 else \
reversed(list(stack_traces.walk(k.w_u_stack_id))[1:])
waker_kernel_stack = [] if k.w_k_stack_id < 1 else \
reversed(list(stack_traces.walk(k.w_k_stack_id))[1:])
target_user_stack = [] if k.t_u_stack_id < 1 else \
stack_traces.walk(k.t_u_stack_id)
target_kernel_stack = [] if k.t_k_stack_id < 1 else \
stack_traces.walk(k.t_k_stack_id)
if folded:
# print folded stack output
line = \
[k.target] + \
[b.sym(addr, k.tgid)
for addr in reversed(list(target_user_stack)[1:])] + \
(["-"] if args.delimited else [""]) + \
[b.ksym(addr)
for addr in reversed(list(target_kernel_stack)[1:])] + \
["--"] + \
[b.ksym(addr)
for addr in reversed(list(waker_kernel_stack))] + \
(["-"] if args.delimited else [""]) + \
[b.sym(addr, k.tgid)
for addr in reversed(list(waker_user_stack))] + \
[k.waker]
print("%s %d" % (";".join(line), v.value))
else:
# print wakeup name then stack in reverse order
print(" %-16s %s %s" % ("waker:", k.waker, k.t_pid))
for addr in waker_user_stack:
print(" %016x %s" % (addr, b.sym(addr, k.tgid)))
if args.delimited:
print(" -")
for addr in waker_kernel_stack:
print(" %016x %s" % (addr, b.ksym(addr)))
# print waker/wakee delimiter
print(" %-16s %s" % ("--", "--"))
# print default multi-line stack output
for addr in target_kernel_stack:
print(" %016x %s" % (addr, b.ksym(addr)))
if args.delimited:
print(" -")
for addr in target_user_stack:
print(" %016x %s" % (addr, b.sym(addr, k.tgid)))
print(" %-16s %s %s" % ("target:", k.target, k.w_pid))
print(" %d\n" % v.value)
if missing_stacks > 0:
enomem_str = " Consider increasing --stack-storage-size."
print("WARNING: %d stack traces could not be displayed.%s" %
(missing_stacks, enomem_str),
file=stderr)