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# configobj.py
# A config file reader/writer that supports nested sections in config files.
# Copyright (C) 2005-2008 Michael Foord, Nicola Larosa
# E-mail: fuzzyman AT voidspace DOT org DOT uk
# nico AT tekNico DOT net
# ConfigObj 4
# http://www.voidspace.org.uk/python/configobj.html
# Released subject to the BSD License
# Please see http://www.voidspace.org.uk/python/license.shtml
# Scripts maintained at http://www.voidspace.org.uk/python/index.shtml
# For information about bugfixes, updates and support, please join the
# ConfigObj mailing list:
# http://lists.sourceforge.net/lists/listinfo/configobj-develop
# Comments, suggestions and bug reports welcome.
from __future__ import generators
import sys
INTP_VER = sys.version_info[:2]
if INTP_VER < (2, 2):
raise RuntimeError("Python v.2.2 or later needed")
import os, re
compiler = None
try:
import compiler
except ImportError:
# for IronPython
pass
from types import StringTypes
from warnings import warn
try:
from codecs import BOM_UTF8, BOM_UTF16, BOM_UTF16_BE, BOM_UTF16_LE
except ImportError:
# Python 2.2 does not have these
# UTF-8
BOM_UTF8 = '\xef\xbb\xbf'
# UTF-16, little endian
BOM_UTF16_LE = '\xff\xfe'
# UTF-16, big endian
BOM_UTF16_BE = '\xfe\xff'
if sys.byteorder == 'little':
# UTF-16, native endianness
BOM_UTF16 = BOM_UTF16_LE
else:
# UTF-16, native endianness
BOM_UTF16 = BOM_UTF16_BE
# A dictionary mapping BOM to
# the encoding to decode with, and what to set the
# encoding attribute to.
BOMS = {
BOM_UTF8: ('utf_8', None),
BOM_UTF16_BE: ('utf16_be', 'utf_16'),
BOM_UTF16_LE: ('utf16_le', 'utf_16'),
BOM_UTF16: ('utf_16', 'utf_16'),
}
# All legal variants of the BOM codecs.
# TODO: the list of aliases is not meant to be exhaustive, is there a
# better way ?
BOM_LIST = {
'utf_16': 'utf_16',
'u16': 'utf_16',
'utf16': 'utf_16',
'utf-16': 'utf_16',
'utf16_be': 'utf16_be',
'utf_16_be': 'utf16_be',
'utf-16be': 'utf16_be',
'utf16_le': 'utf16_le',
'utf_16_le': 'utf16_le',
'utf-16le': 'utf16_le',
'utf_8': 'utf_8',
'u8': 'utf_8',
'utf': 'utf_8',
'utf8': 'utf_8',
'utf-8': 'utf_8',
}
# Map of encodings to the BOM to write.
BOM_SET = {
'utf_8': BOM_UTF8,
'utf_16': BOM_UTF16,
'utf16_be': BOM_UTF16_BE,
'utf16_le': BOM_UTF16_LE,
None: BOM_UTF8
}
def match_utf8(encoding):
return BOM_LIST.get(encoding.lower()) == 'utf_8'
# Quote strings used for writing values
squot = "'%s'"
dquot = '"%s"'
noquot = "%s"
wspace_plus = ' \r\t\n\v\t\'"'
tsquot = '"""%s"""'
tdquot = "'''%s'''"
try:
enumerate
except NameError:
def enumerate(obj):
"""enumerate for Python 2.2."""
i = -1
for item in obj:
i += 1
yield i, item
try:
True, False
except NameError:
True, False = 1, 0
__version__ = '4.5.2'
__revision__ = '$Id: configobj.py 156 2006-01-31 14:57:08Z fuzzyman $'
__docformat__ = "restructuredtext en"
__all__ = (
'__version__',
'DEFAULT_INDENT_TYPE',
'DEFAULT_INTERPOLATION',
'ConfigObjError',
'NestingError',
'ParseError',
'DuplicateError',
'ConfigspecError',
'ConfigObj',
'SimpleVal',
'InterpolationError',
'InterpolationLoopError',
'MissingInterpolationOption',
'RepeatSectionError',
'ReloadError',
'UnreprError',
'UnknownType',
'__docformat__',
'flatten_errors',
)
DEFAULT_INTERPOLATION = 'configparser'
DEFAULT_INDENT_TYPE = ' '
MAX_INTERPOL_DEPTH = 10
OPTION_DEFAULTS = {
'interpolation': True,
'raise_errors': False,
'list_values': True,
'create_empty': False,
'file_error': False,
'configspec': None,
'stringify': True,
# option may be set to one of ('', ' ', '\t')
'indent_type': None,
'encoding': None,
'default_encoding': None,
'unrepr': False,
'write_empty_values': False,
}
def getObj(s):
s = "a=" + s
if compiler is None:
raise ImportError('compiler module not available')
p = compiler.parse(s)
return p.getChildren()[1].getChildren()[0].getChildren()[1]
class UnknownType(Exception):
pass
class Builder(object):
def build(self, o):
m = getattr(self, 'build_' + o.__class__.__name__, None)
if m is None:
raise UnknownType(o.__class__.__name__)
return m(o)
def build_List(self, o):
return map(self.build, o.getChildren())
def build_Const(self, o):
return o.value
def build_Dict(self, o):
d = {}
i = iter(map(self.build, o.getChildren()))
for el in i:
d[el] = i.next()
return d
def build_Tuple(self, o):
return tuple(self.build_List(o))
def build_Name(self, o):
if o.name == 'None':
return None
if o.name == 'True':
return True
if o.name == 'False':
return False
# An undefined Name
raise UnknownType('Undefined Name')
def build_Add(self, o):
real, imag = map(self.build_Const, o.getChildren())
try:
real = float(real)
except TypeError:
raise UnknownType('Add')
if not isinstance(imag, complex) or imag.real != 0.0:
raise UnknownType('Add')
return real+imag
def build_Getattr(self, o):
parent = self.build(o.expr)
return getattr(parent, o.attrname)
def build_UnarySub(self, o):
return -self.build_Const(o.getChildren()[0])
def build_UnaryAdd(self, o):
return self.build_Const(o.getChildren()[0])
_builder = Builder()
def unrepr(s):
if not s:
return s
return _builder.build(getObj(s))
class ConfigObjError(SyntaxError):
"""
This is the base class for all errors that ConfigObj raises.
It is a subclass of SyntaxError.
"""
def __init__(self, message='', line_number=None, line=''):
self.line = line
self.line_number = line_number
self.message = message
SyntaxError.__init__(self, message)
class NestingError(ConfigObjError):
"""
This error indicates a level of nesting that doesn't match.
"""
class ParseError(ConfigObjError):
"""
This error indicates that a line is badly written.
It is neither a valid ``key = value`` line,
nor a valid section marker line.
"""
class ReloadError(IOError):
"""
A 'reload' operation failed.
This exception is a subclass of ``IOError``.
"""
def __init__(self):
IOError.__init__(self, 'reload failed, filename is not set.')
class DuplicateError(ConfigObjError):
"""
The keyword or section specified already exists.
"""
class ConfigspecError(ConfigObjError):
"""
An error occured whilst parsing a configspec.
"""
class InterpolationError(ConfigObjError):
"""Base class for the two interpolation errors."""
class InterpolationLoopError(InterpolationError):
"""Maximum interpolation depth exceeded in string interpolation."""
def __init__(self, option):
InterpolationError.__init__(
self,
'interpolation loop detected in value "%s".' % option)
class RepeatSectionError(ConfigObjError):
"""
This error indicates additional sections in a section with a
``__many__`` (repeated) section.
"""
class MissingInterpolationOption(InterpolationError):
"""A value specified for interpolation was missing."""
def __init__(self, option):
InterpolationError.__init__(
self,
'missing option "%s" in interpolation.' % option)
class UnreprError(ConfigObjError):
"""An error parsing in unrepr mode."""
class InterpolationEngine(object):
"""
A helper class to help perform string interpolation.
This class is an abstract base class; its descendants perform
the actual work.
"""
# compiled regexp to use in self.interpolate()
_KEYCRE = re.compile(r"%\(([^)]*)\)s")
def __init__(self, section):
# the Section instance that "owns" this engine
self.section = section
def interpolate(self, key, value):
def recursive_interpolate(key, value, section, backtrail):
"""The function that does the actual work.
``value``: the string we're trying to interpolate.
``section``: the section in which that string was found
``backtrail``: a dict to keep track of where we've been,
to detect and prevent infinite recursion loops
This is similar to a depth-first-search algorithm.
"""
# Have we been here already?
if backtrail.has_key((key, section.name)):
# Yes - infinite loop detected
raise InterpolationLoopError(key)
# Place a marker on our backtrail so we won't come back here again
backtrail[(key, section.name)] = 1
# Now start the actual work
match = self._KEYCRE.search(value)
while match:
# The actual parsing of the match is implementation-dependent,
# so delegate to our helper function
k, v, s = self._parse_match(match)
if k is None:
# That's the signal that no further interpolation is needed
replacement = v
else:
# Further interpolation may be needed to obtain final value
replacement = recursive_interpolate(k, v, s, backtrail)
# Replace the matched string with its final value
start, end = match.span()
value = ''.join((value[:start], replacement, value[end:]))
new_search_start = start + len(replacement)
# Pick up the next interpolation key, if any, for next time
# through the while loop
match = self._KEYCRE.search(value, new_search_start)
# Now safe to come back here again; remove marker from backtrail
del backtrail[(key, section.name)]
return value
# Back in interpolate(), all we have to do is kick off the recursive
# function with appropriate starting values
value = recursive_interpolate(key, value, self.section, {})
return value
def _fetch(self, key):
"""Helper function to fetch values from owning section.
Returns a 2-tuple: the value, and the section where it was found.
"""
# switch off interpolation before we try and fetch anything !
save_interp = self.section.main.interpolation
self.section.main.interpolation = False
# Start at section that "owns" this InterpolationEngine
current_section = self.section
while True:
# try the current section first
val = current_section.get(key)
if val is not None:
break
# try "DEFAULT" next
val = current_section.get('DEFAULT', {}).get(key)
if val is not None:
break
# move up to parent and try again
# top-level's parent is itself
if current_section.parent is current_section:
# reached top level, time to give up
break
current_section = current_section.parent
# restore interpolation to previous value before returning
self.section.main.interpolation = save_interp
if val is None:
raise MissingInterpolationOption(key)
return val, current_section
def _parse_match(self, match):
"""Implementation-dependent helper function.
Will be passed a match object corresponding to the interpolation
key we just found (e.g., "%(foo)s" or "$foo"). Should look up that
key in the appropriate config file section (using the ``_fetch()``
helper function) and return a 3-tuple: (key, value, section)
``key`` is the name of the key we're looking for
``value`` is the value found for that key
``section`` is a reference to the section where it was found
``key`` and ``section`` should be None if no further
interpolation should be performed on the resulting value
(e.g., if we interpolated "$$" and returned "$").
"""
raise NotImplementedError()
class ConfigParserInterpolation(InterpolationEngine):
"""Behaves like ConfigParser."""
_KEYCRE = re.compile(r"%\(([^)]*)\)s")
def _parse_match(self, match):
key = match.group(1)
value, section = self._fetch(key)
return key, value, section
class TemplateInterpolation(InterpolationEngine):
"""Behaves like string.Template."""
_delimiter = '$'
_KEYCRE = re.compile(r"""
\$(?:
(?P<escaped>\$) | # Two $ signs
(?P<named>[_a-z][_a-z0-9]*) | # $name format
{(?P<braced>[^}]*)} # ${name} format
)
""", re.IGNORECASE | re.VERBOSE)
def _parse_match(self, match):
# Valid name (in or out of braces): fetch value from section
key = match.group('named') or match.group('braced')
if key is not None:
value, section = self._fetch(key)
return key, value, section
# Escaped delimiter (e.g., $$): return single delimiter
if match.group('escaped') is not None:
# Return None for key and section to indicate it's time to stop
return None, self._delimiter, None
# Anything else: ignore completely, just return it unchanged
return None, match.group(), None
interpolation_engines = {
'configparser': ConfigParserInterpolation,
'template': TemplateInterpolation,
}
class Section(dict):
"""
A dictionary-like object that represents a section in a config file.
It does string interpolation if the 'interpolation' attribute
of the 'main' object is set to True.
Interpolation is tried first from this object, then from the 'DEFAULT'
section of this object, next from the parent and its 'DEFAULT' section,
and so on until the main object is reached.
A Section will behave like an ordered dictionary - following the
order of the ``scalars`` and ``sections`` attributes.
You can use this to change the order of members.
Iteration follows the order: scalars, then sections.
"""
def __init__(self, parent, depth, main, indict=None, name=None):
"""
* parent is the section above
* depth is the depth level of this section
* main is the main ConfigObj
* indict is a dictionary to initialise the section with
"""
if indict is None:
indict = {}
dict.__init__(self)
# used for nesting level *and* interpolation
self.parent = parent
# used for the interpolation attribute
self.main = main
# level of nesting depth of this Section
self.depth = depth
# purely for information
self.name = name
#
self._initialise()
# we do this explicitly so that __setitem__ is used properly
# (rather than just passing to ``dict.__init__``)
for entry, value in indict.iteritems():
self[entry] = value
def _initialise(self):
# the sequence of scalar values in this Section
self.scalars = []
# the sequence of sections in this Section
self.sections = []
# for comments :-)
self.comments = {}
self.inline_comments = {}
# for the configspec
self.configspec = {}
self._order = []
self._configspec_comments = {}
self._configspec_inline_comments = {}
self._cs_section_comments = {}
self._cs_section_inline_comments = {}
# for defaults
self.defaults = []
self.default_values = {}
def _interpolate(self, key, value):
try:
# do we already have an interpolation engine?
engine = self._interpolation_engine
except AttributeError:
# not yet: first time running _interpolate(), so pick the engine
name = self.main.interpolation
if name == True: # note that "if name:" would be incorrect here
# backwards-compatibility: interpolation=True means use default
name = DEFAULT_INTERPOLATION
name = name.lower() # so that "Template", "template", etc. all work
class_ = interpolation_engines.get(name, None)
if class_ is None:
# invalid value for self.main.interpolation
self.main.interpolation = False
return value
else:
# save reference to engine so we don't have to do this again
engine = self._interpolation_engine = class_(self)
# let the engine do the actual work
return engine.interpolate(key, value)
def __getitem__(self, key):
"""Fetch the item and do string interpolation."""
val = dict.__getitem__(self, key)
if self.main.interpolation and isinstance(val, StringTypes):
return self._interpolate(key, val)
return val
def __setitem__(self, key, value, unrepr=False):
"""
Correctly set a value.
Making dictionary values Section instances.
(We have to special case 'Section' instances - which are also dicts)
Keys must be strings.
Values need only be strings (or lists of strings) if
``main.stringify`` is set.
`unrepr`` must be set when setting a value to a dictionary, without
creating a new sub-section.
"""
if not isinstance(key, StringTypes):
raise ValueError('The key "%s" is not a string.' % key)
# add the comment
if not self.comments.has_key(key):
self.comments[key] = []
self.inline_comments[key] = ''
# remove the entry from defaults
if key in self.defaults:
self.defaults.remove(key)
#
if isinstance(value, Section):
if not self.has_key(key):
self.sections.append(key)
dict.__setitem__(self, key, value)
elif isinstance(value, dict) and not unrepr:
# First create the new depth level,
# then create the section
if not self.has_key(key):
self.sections.append(key)
new_depth = self.depth + 1
dict.__setitem__(
self,
key,
Section(
self,
new_depth,
self.main,
indict=value,
name=key))
else:
if not self.has_key(key):
self.scalars.append(key)
if not self.main.stringify:
if isinstance(value, StringTypes):
pass
elif isinstance(value, (list, tuple)):
for entry in value:
if not isinstance(entry, StringTypes):
raise TypeError('Value is not a string "%s".' % entry)
else:
raise TypeError('Value is not a string "%s".' % value)
dict.__setitem__(self, key, value)
def __delitem__(self, key):
"""Remove items from the sequence when deleting."""
dict. __delitem__(self, key)
if key in self.scalars:
self.scalars.remove(key)
else:
self.sections.remove(key)
del self.comments[key]
del self.inline_comments[key]
def get(self, key, default=None):
"""A version of ``get`` that doesn't bypass string interpolation."""
try:
return self[key]
except KeyError:
return default
def update(self, indict):
"""
A version of update that uses our ``__setitem__``.
"""
for entry in indict:
self[entry] = indict[entry]
def pop(self, key, *args):
"""
'D.pop(k[,d]) -> v, remove specified key and return the corresponding value.
If key is not found, d is returned if given, otherwise KeyError is raised'
"""
val = dict.pop(self, key, *args)
if key in self.scalars:
del self.comments[key]
del self.inline_comments[key]
self.scalars.remove(key)
elif key in self.sections:
del self.comments[key]
del self.inline_comments[key]
self.sections.remove(key)
if self.main.interpolation and isinstance(val, StringTypes):
return self._interpolate(key, val)
return val
def popitem(self):
"""Pops the first (key,val)"""
sequence = (self.scalars + self.sections)
if not sequence:
raise KeyError(": 'popitem(): dictionary is empty'")
key = sequence[0]
val = self[key]
del self[key]
return key, val
def clear(self):
"""
A version of clear that also affects scalars/sections
Also clears comments and configspec.
Leaves other attributes alone :
depth/main/parent are not affected
"""
dict.clear(self)
self.scalars = []
self.sections = []
self.comments = {}
self.inline_comments = {}
self.configspec = {}
def setdefault(self, key, default=None):
"""A version of setdefault that sets sequence if appropriate."""
try:
return self[key]
except KeyError:
self[key] = default
return self[key]
def items(self):
"""D.items() -> list of D's (key, value) pairs, as 2-tuples"""
return zip((self.scalars + self.sections), self.values())
def keys(self):
"""D.keys() -> list of D's keys"""
return (self.scalars + self.sections)
def values(self):
"""D.values() -> list of D's values"""
return [self[key] for key in (self.scalars + self.sections)]
def iteritems(self):
"""D.iteritems() -> an iterator over the (key, value) items of D"""
return iter(self.items())
def iterkeys(self):
"""D.iterkeys() -> an iterator over the keys of D"""
return iter((self.scalars + self.sections))
__iter__ = iterkeys
def itervalues(self):
"""D.itervalues() -> an iterator over the values of D"""
return iter(self.values())
def __repr__(self):
"""x.__repr__() <==> repr(x)"""
return '{%s}' % ', '.join([('%s: %s' % (repr(key), repr(self[key])))
for key in (self.scalars + self.sections)])
__str__ = __repr__
__str__.__doc__ = "x.__str__() <==> str(x)"
# Extra methods - not in a normal dictionary
def dict(self):
"""
Return a deepcopy of self as a dictionary.
All members that are ``Section`` instances are recursively turned to
ordinary dictionaries - by calling their ``dict`` method.
>>> n = a.dict()
>>> n == a
1
>>> n is a
0
"""
newdict = {}
for entry in self:
this_entry = self[entry]
if isinstance(this_entry, Section):
this_entry = this_entry.dict()
elif isinstance(this_entry, list):
# create a copy rather than a reference
this_entry = list(this_entry)
elif isinstance(this_entry, tuple):
# create a copy rather than a reference
this_entry = tuple(this_entry)
newdict[entry] = this_entry
return newdict
def merge(self, indict):
"""
A recursive update - useful for merging config files.
>>> a = '''[section1]
... option1 = True
... [[subsection]]
... more_options = False
... # end of file'''.splitlines()
>>> b = '''# File is user.ini
... [section1]
... option1 = False
... # end of file'''.splitlines()
>>> c1 = ConfigObj(b)
>>> c2 = ConfigObj(a)
>>> c2.merge(c1)
>>> c2
{'section1': {'option1': 'False', 'subsection': {'more_options': 'False'}}}
"""
for key, val in indict.items():
if (key in self and isinstance(self[key], dict) and
isinstance(val, dict)):
self[key].merge(val)
else:
self[key] = val
def rename(self, oldkey, newkey):
"""
Change a keyname to another, without changing position in sequence.
Implemented so that transformations can be made on keys,
as well as on values. (used by encode and decode)
Also renames comments.
"""
if oldkey in self.scalars:
the_list = self.scalars
elif oldkey in self.sections:
the_list = self.sections
else:
raise KeyError('Key "%s" not found.' % oldkey)
pos = the_list.index(oldkey)
#
val = self[oldkey]
dict.__delitem__(self, oldkey)
dict.__setitem__(self, newkey, val)
the_list.remove(oldkey)
the_list.insert(pos, newkey)
comm = self.comments[oldkey]
inline_comment = self.inline_comments[oldkey]
del self.comments[oldkey]
del self.inline_comments[oldkey]
self.comments[newkey] = comm
self.inline_comments[newkey] = inline_comment
def walk(self, function, raise_errors=True,
call_on_sections=False, **keywargs):
"""
Walk every member and call a function on the keyword and value.
Return a dictionary of the return values
If the function raises an exception, raise the errror
unless ``raise_errors=False``, in which case set the return value to
``False``.
Any unrecognised keyword arguments you pass to walk, will be pased on
to the function you pass in.
Note: if ``call_on_sections`` is ``True`` then - on encountering a
subsection, *first* the function is called for the *whole* subsection,
and then recurses into it's members. This means your function must be
able to handle strings, dictionaries and lists. This allows you
to change the key of subsections as well as for ordinary members. The
return value when called on the whole subsection has to be discarded.
See the encode and decode methods for examples, including functions.
.. caution::
You can use ``walk`` to transform the names of members of a section
but you mustn't add or delete members.
>>> config = '''[XXXXsection]
... XXXXkey = XXXXvalue'''.splitlines()
>>> cfg = ConfigObj(config)
>>> cfg
{'XXXXsection': {'XXXXkey': 'XXXXvalue'}}
>>> def transform(section, key):
... val = section[key]
... newkey = key.replace('XXXX', 'CLIENT1')
... section.rename(key, newkey)
... if isinstance(val, (tuple, list, dict)):
... pass
... else:
... val = val.replace('XXXX', 'CLIENT1')
... section[newkey] = val
>>> cfg.walk(transform, call_on_sections=True)
{'CLIENT1section': {'CLIENT1key': None}}
>>> cfg
{'CLIENT1section': {'CLIENT1key': 'CLIENT1value'}}
"""
out = {}
# scalars first
for i in range(len(self.scalars)):
entry = self.scalars[i]
try:
val = function(self, entry, **keywargs)
# bound again in case name has changed
entry = self.scalars[i]
out[entry] = val
except Exception:
if raise_errors:
raise
else:
entry = self.scalars[i]
out[entry] = False
# then sections
for i in range(len(self.sections)):
entry = self.sections[i]
if call_on_sections:
try:
function(self, entry, **keywargs)
except Exception:
if raise_errors:
raise
else:
entry = self.sections[i]
out[entry] = False
# bound again in case name has changed
entry = self.sections[i]
# previous result is discarded
out[entry] = self[entry].walk(
function,
raise_errors=raise_errors,
call_on_sections=call_on_sections,
**keywargs)
return out
def decode(self, encoding):
"""
Decode all strings and values to unicode, using the specified encoding.
Works with subsections and list values.
Uses the ``walk`` method.
Testing ``encode`` and ``decode``.
>>> m = ConfigObj(a)
>>> m.decode('ascii')
>>> def testuni(val):
... for entry in val:
... if not isinstance(entry, unicode):
... print >> sys.stderr, type(entry)
... raise AssertionError, 'decode failed.'
... if isinstance(val[entry], dict):
... testuni(val[entry])
... elif not isinstance(val[entry], unicode):
... raise AssertionError, 'decode failed.'
>>> testuni(m)
>>> m.encode('ascii')
>>> a == m
1
"""
warn('use of ``decode`` is deprecated.', DeprecationWarning)
def decode(section, key, encoding=encoding, warn=True):
""" """
val = section[key]
if isinstance(val, (list, tuple)):
newval = []
for entry in val:
newval.append(entry.decode(encoding))
elif isinstance(val, dict):
newval = val
else:
newval = val.decode(encoding)
newkey = key.decode(encoding)
section.rename(key, newkey)
section[newkey] = newval
# using ``call_on_sections`` allows us to modify section names
self.walk(decode, call_on_sections=True)
def encode(self, encoding):
"""
Encode all strings and values from unicode,
using the specified encoding.
Works with subsections and list values.
Uses the ``walk`` method.
"""
warn('use of ``encode`` is deprecated.', DeprecationWarning)
def encode(section, key, encoding=encoding):
""" """
val = section[key]
if isinstance(val, (list, tuple)):
newval = []
for entry in val:
newval.append(entry.encode(encoding))
elif isinstance(val, dict):
newval = val
else:
newval = val.encode(encoding)
newkey = key.encode(encoding)
section.rename(key, newkey)
section[newkey] = newval
self.walk(encode, call_on_sections=True)
def istrue(self, key):
"""A deprecated version of ``as_bool``."""
warn('use of ``istrue`` is deprecated. Use ``as_bool`` method '
'instead.', DeprecationWarning)
return self.as_bool(key)
def as_bool(self, key):
"""
Accepts a key as input. The corresponding value must be a string or
the objects (``True`` or 1) or (``False`` or 0). We allow 0 and 1 to
retain compatibility with Python 2.2.
If the string is one of ``True``, ``On``, ``Yes``, or ``1`` it returns
``True``.
If the string is one of ``False``, ``Off``, ``No``, or ``0`` it returns
``False``.
``as_bool`` is not case sensitive.
Any other input will raise a ``ValueError``.
>>> a = ConfigObj()
>>> a['a'] = 'fish'
>>> a.as_bool('a')
Traceback (most recent call last):
ValueError: Value "fish" is neither True nor False
>>> a['b'] = 'True'
>>> a.as_bool('b')
1
>>> a['b'] = 'off'
>>> a.as_bool('b')
0
"""
val = self[key]
if val == True:
return True
elif val == False:
return False
else:
try:
if not isinstance(val, StringTypes):
# TODO: Why do we raise a KeyError here?
raise KeyError()
else:
return self.main._bools[val.lower()]
except KeyError:
raise ValueError('Value "%s" is neither True nor False' % val)
def as_int(self, key):
"""
A convenience method which coerces the specified value to an integer.
If the value is an invalid literal for ``int``, a ``ValueError`` will
be raised.
>>> a = ConfigObj()
>>> a['a'] = 'fish'
>>> a.as_int('a')
Traceback (most recent call last):
ValueError: invalid literal for int(): fish
>>> a['b'] = '1'
>>> a.as_int('b')
1
>>> a['b'] = '3.2'
>>> a.as_int('b')
Traceback (most recent call last):
ValueError: invalid literal for int(): 3.2
"""
return int(self[key])
def as_float(self, key):
"""
A convenience method which coerces the specified value to a float.
If the value is an invalid literal for ``float``, a ``ValueError`` will
be raised.
>>> a = ConfigObj()
>>> a['a'] = 'fish'
>>> a.as_float('a')
Traceback (most recent call last):
ValueError: invalid literal for float(): fish
>>> a['b'] = '1'
>>> a.as_float('b')
1.0
>>> a['b'] = '3.2'
>>> a.as_float('b')
3.2000000000000002
"""
return float(self[key])
def restore_default(self, key):
"""
Restore (and return) default value for the specified key.
This method will only work for a ConfigObj that was created
with a configspec and has been validated.
If there is no default value for this key, ``KeyError`` is raised.
"""
default = self.default_values[key]
dict.__setitem__(self, key, default)
if key not in self.defaults:
self.defaults.append(key)
return default
def restore_defaults(self):
"""
Recursively restore default values to all members
that have them.
This method will only work for a ConfigObj that was created
with a configspec and has been validated.
It doesn't delete or modify entries without default values.
"""
for key in self.default_values:
self.restore_default(key)
for section in self.sections:
self[section].restore_defaults()
class ConfigObj(Section):
"""An object to read, create, and write config files."""
_keyword = re.compile(r'''^ # line start
(\s*) # indentation
( # keyword
(?:".*?")| # double quotes
(?:'.*?')| # single quotes
(?:[^'"=].*?) # no quotes
)
\s*=\s* # divider
(.*) # value (including list values and comments)
$ # line end
''',
re.VERBOSE)
_sectionmarker = re.compile(r'''^
(\s*) # 1: indentation
((?:\[\s*)+) # 2: section marker open
( # 3: section name open
(?:"\s*\S.*?\s*")| # at least one non-space with double quotes
(?:'\s*\S.*?\s*')| # at least one non-space with single quotes
(?:[^'"\s].*?) # at least one non-space unquoted
) # section name close
((?:\s*\])+) # 4: section marker close
\s*(\#.*)? # 5: optional comment
$''',
re.VERBOSE)
# this regexp pulls list values out as a single string
# or single values and comments
# FIXME: this regex adds a '' to the end of comma terminated lists
# workaround in ``_handle_value``
_valueexp = re.compile(r'''^
(?:
(?:
(
(?:
(?:
(?:".*?")| # double quotes
(?:'.*?')| # single quotes
(?:[^'",\#][^,\#]*?) # unquoted
)
\s*,\s* # comma
)* # match all list items ending in a comma (if any)
)
(
(?:".*?")| # double quotes
(?:'.*?')| # single quotes
(?:[^'",\#\s][^,]*?)| # unquoted
(?:(?<!,)) # Empty value
)? # last item in a list - or string value
)|
(,) # alternatively a single comma - empty list
)
\s*(\#.*)? # optional comment
$''',
re.VERBOSE)
# use findall to get the members of a list value
_listvalueexp = re.compile(r'''
(
(?:".*?")| # double quotes
(?:'.*?')| # single quotes
(?:[^'",\#].*?) # unquoted
)
\s*,\s* # comma
''',
re.VERBOSE)
# this regexp is used for the value
# when lists are switched off
_nolistvalue = re.compile(r'''^
(
(?:".*?")| # double quotes
(?:'.*?')| # single quotes
(?:[^'"\#].*?)| # unquoted
(?:) # Empty value
)
\s*(\#.*)? # optional comment
$''',
re.VERBOSE)
# regexes for finding triple quoted values on one line
_single_line_single = re.compile(r"^'''(.*?)'''\s*(#.*)?$")
_single_line_double = re.compile(r'^"""(.*?)"""\s*(#.*)?$')
_multi_line_single = re.compile(r"^(.*?)'''\s*(#.*)?$")
_multi_line_double = re.compile(r'^(.*?)"""\s*(#.*)?$')
_triple_quote = {
"'''": (_single_line_single, _multi_line_single),
'"""': (_single_line_double, _multi_line_double),
}
# Used by the ``istrue`` Section method
_bools = {
'yes': True, 'no': False,
'on': True, 'off': False,
'1': True, '0': False,
'true': True, 'false': False,
}
def __init__(self, infile=None, options=None, **kwargs):
"""
Parse a config file or create a config file object.
``ConfigObj(infile=None, options=None, **kwargs)``
"""
# init the superclass
Section.__init__(self, self, 0, self)
if infile is None:
infile = []
if options is None:
options = {}
else:
options = dict(options)
# keyword arguments take precedence over an options dictionary
options.update(kwargs)
defaults = OPTION_DEFAULTS.copy()
# TODO: check the values too.
for entry in options:
if entry not in defaults:
raise TypeError('Unrecognised option "%s".' % entry)
# Add any explicit options to the defaults
defaults.update(options)
self._initialise(defaults)
configspec = defaults['configspec']
self._original_configspec = configspec
self._load(infile, configspec)
def _load(self, infile, configspec):
if isinstance(infile, StringTypes):
self.filename = infile
if os.path.isfile(infile):
h = open(infile, 'rb')
infile = h.read() or []
h.close()
elif self.file_error:
# raise an error if the file doesn't exist
raise IOError('Config file not found: "%s".' % self.filename)
else:
# file doesn't already exist
if self.create_empty:
# this is a good test that the filename specified
# isn't impossible - like on a non-existent device
h = open(infile, 'w')
h.write('')
h.close()
infile = []
elif isinstance(infile, (list, tuple)):
infile = list(infile)
elif isinstance(infile, dict):
# initialise self
# the Section class handles creating subsections
if isinstance(infile, ConfigObj):
# get a copy of our ConfigObj
infile = infile.dict()
for entry in infile:
self[entry] = infile[entry]
del self._errors
if configspec is not None:
self._handle_configspec(configspec)
else:
self.configspec = None
return
elif hasattr(infile, 'read'):
# This supports file like objects
infile = infile.read() or []
# needs splitting into lines - but needs doing *after* decoding
# in case it's not an 8 bit encoding
else:
raise TypeError('infile must be a filename, file like object, or list of lines.')
if infile:
# don't do it for the empty ConfigObj
infile = self._handle_bom(infile)
# infile is now *always* a list
#
# Set the newlines attribute (first line ending it finds)
# and strip trailing '\n' or '\r' from lines
for line in infile:
if (not line) or (line[-1] not in ('\r', '\n', '\r\n')):
continue
for end in ('\r\n', '\n', '\r'):
if line.endswith(end):
self.newlines = end
break
break
infile = [line.rstrip('\r\n') for line in infile]
self._parse(infile)
# if we had any errors, now is the time to raise them
if self._errors:
info = "at line %s." % self._errors[0].line_number
if len(self._errors) > 1:
msg = "Parsing failed with several errors.\nFirst error %s" % info
error = ConfigObjError(msg)
else:
error = self._errors[0]
# set the errors attribute; it's a list of tuples:
# (error_type, message, line_number)
error.errors = self._errors
# set the config attribute
error.config = self
raise error
# delete private attributes
del self._errors
if configspec is None:
self.configspec = None
else:
self._handle_configspec(configspec)
def _initialise(self, options=None):
if options is None:
options = OPTION_DEFAULTS
# initialise a few variables
self.filename = None
self._errors = []
self.raise_errors = options['raise_errors']
self.interpolation = options['interpolation']
self.list_values = options['list_values']
self.create_empty = options['create_empty']
self.file_error = options['file_error']
self.stringify = options['stringify']
self.indent_type = options['indent_type']
self.encoding = options['encoding']
self.default_encoding = options['default_encoding']
self.BOM = False
self.newlines = None
self.write_empty_values = options['write_empty_values']
self.unrepr = options['unrepr']
self.initial_comment = []
self.final_comment = []
self.configspec = {}
# Clear section attributes as well
Section._initialise(self)
def __repr__(self):
return ('ConfigObj({%s})' %
', '.join([('%s: %s' % (repr(key), repr(self[key])))
for key in (self.scalars + self.sections)]))
def _handle_bom(self, infile):
"""
Handle any BOM, and decode if necessary.
If an encoding is specified, that *must* be used - but the BOM should
still be removed (and the BOM attribute set).
(If the encoding is wrongly specified, then a BOM for an alternative
encoding won't be discovered or removed.)
If an encoding is not specified, UTF8 or UTF16 BOM will be detected and
removed. The BOM attribute will be set. UTF16 will be decoded to
unicode.
NOTE: This method must not be called with an empty ``infile``.
Specifying the *wrong* encoding is likely to cause a
``UnicodeDecodeError``.
``infile`` must always be returned as a list of lines, but may be
passed in as a single string.
"""
if ((self.encoding is not None) and
(self.encoding.lower() not in BOM_LIST)):
# No need to check for a BOM
# the encoding specified doesn't have one
# just decode
return self._decode(infile, self.encoding)
if isinstance(infile, (list, tuple)):
line = infile[0]
else:
line = infile
if self.encoding is not None:
# encoding explicitly supplied
# And it could have an associated BOM
# TODO: if encoding is just UTF16 - we ought to check for both
# TODO: big endian and little endian versions.
enc = BOM_LIST[self.encoding.lower()]
if enc == 'utf_16':
# For UTF16 we try big endian and little endian
for BOM, (encoding, final_encoding) in BOMS.items():
if not final_encoding:
# skip UTF8
continue
if infile.startswith(BOM):
### BOM discovered
##self.BOM = True
# Don't need to remove BOM
return self._decode(infile, encoding)
# If we get this far, will *probably* raise a DecodeError
# As it doesn't appear to start with a BOM
return self._decode(infile, self.encoding)
# Must be UTF8
BOM = BOM_SET[enc]
if not line.startswith(BOM):
return self._decode(infile, self.encoding)
newline = line[len(BOM):]
# BOM removed
if isinstance(infile, (list, tuple)):
infile[0] = newline
else:
infile = newline
self.BOM = True
return self._decode(infile, self.encoding)
# No encoding specified - so we need to check for UTF8/UTF16
for BOM, (encoding, final_encoding) in BOMS.items():
if not line.startswith(BOM):
continue
else:
# BOM discovered
self.encoding = final_encoding
if not final_encoding:
self.BOM = True
# UTF8
# remove BOM
newline = line[len(BOM):]
if isinstance(infile, (list, tuple)):
infile[0] = newline
else:
infile = newline
# UTF8 - don't decode
if isinstance(infile, StringTypes):
return infile.splitlines(True)
else:
return infile
# UTF16 - have to decode
return self._decode(infile, encoding)
# No BOM discovered and no encoding specified, just return
if isinstance(infile, StringTypes):
# infile read from a file will be a single string
return infile.splitlines(True)
return infile
def _a_to_u(self, aString):
"""Decode ASCII strings to unicode if a self.encoding is specified."""
if self.encoding:
return aString.decode('ascii')
else:
return aString
def _decode(self, infile, encoding):
"""
Decode infile to unicode. Using the specified encoding.
if is a string, it also needs converting to a list.
"""
if isinstance(infile, StringTypes):
# can't be unicode
# NOTE: Could raise a ``UnicodeDecodeError``
return infile.decode(encoding).splitlines(True)
for i, line in enumerate(infile):
if not isinstance(line, unicode):
# NOTE: The isinstance test here handles mixed lists of unicode/string
# NOTE: But the decode will break on any non-string values
# NOTE: Or could raise a ``UnicodeDecodeError``
infile[i] = line.decode(encoding)
return infile
def _decode_element(self, line):
"""Decode element to unicode if necessary."""
if not self.encoding:
return line
if isinstance(line, str) and self.default_encoding:
return line.decode(self.default_encoding)
return line
def _str(self, value):
"""
Used by ``stringify`` within validate, to turn non-string values
into strings.
"""
if not isinstance(value, StringTypes):
return str(value)
else:
return value
def _parse(self, infile):
"""Actually parse the config file."""
temp_list_values = self.list_values
if self.unrepr:
self.list_values = False
comment_list = []
done_start = False
this_section = self
maxline = len(infile) - 1
cur_index = -1
reset_comment = False
while cur_index < maxline:
if reset_comment:
comment_list = []
cur_index += 1
line = infile[cur_index]
sline = line.strip()
# do we have anything on the line ?
if not sline or sline.startswith('#'):
reset_comment = False
comment_list.append(line)
continue
if not done_start:
# preserve initial comment
self.initial_comment = comment_list
comment_list = []
done_start = True
reset_comment = True
# first we check if it's a section marker
mat = self._sectionmarker.match(line)
if mat is not None:
# is a section line
(indent, sect_open, sect_name, sect_close, comment) = mat.groups()
if indent and (self.indent_type is None):
self.indent_type = indent
cur_depth = sect_open.count('[')
if cur_depth != sect_close.count(']'):
self._handle_error("Cannot compute the section depth at line %s.",
NestingError, infile, cur_index)
continue
if cur_depth < this_section.depth:
# the new section is dropping back to a previous level
try:
parent = self._match_depth(this_section,
cur_depth).parent
except SyntaxError:
self._handle_error("Cannot compute nesting level at line %s.",
NestingError, infile, cur_index)
continue
elif cur_depth == this_section.depth:
# the new section is a sibling of the current section
parent = this_section.parent
elif cur_depth == this_section.depth + 1:
# the new section is a child the current section
parent = this_section
else:
self._handle_error("Section too nested at line %s.",
NestingError, infile, cur_index)
sect_name = self._unquote(sect_name)
if parent.has_key(sect_name):
self._handle_error('Duplicate section name at line %s.',
DuplicateError, infile, cur_index)
continue
# create the new section
this_section = Section(
parent,
cur_depth,
self,
name=sect_name)
parent[sect_name] = this_section
parent.inline_comments[sect_name] = comment
parent.comments[sect_name] = comment_list
continue
#
# it's not a section marker,
# so it should be a valid ``key = value`` line
mat = self._keyword.match(line)
if mat is None:
# it neither matched as a keyword
# or a section marker
self._handle_error(
'Invalid line at line "%s".',
ParseError, infile, cur_index)
else:
# is a keyword value
# value will include any inline comment
(indent, key, value) = mat.groups()
if indent and (self.indent_type is None):
self.indent_type = indent
# check for a multiline value
if value[:3] in ['"""', "'''"]:
try:
(value, comment, cur_index) = self._multiline(
value, infile, cur_index, maxline)
except SyntaxError:
self._handle_error(
'Parse error in value at line %s.',
ParseError, infile, cur_index)
continue
else:
if self.unrepr:
comment = ''
try:
value = unrepr(value)
except Exception, e:
if type(e) == UnknownType:
msg = 'Unknown name or type in value at line %s.'
else:
msg = 'Parse error in value at line %s.'
self._handle_error(msg, UnreprError, infile,
cur_index)
continue
else:
if self.unrepr:
comment = ''
try:
value = unrepr(value)
except Exception, e:
if isinstance(e, UnknownType):
msg = 'Unknown name or type in value at line %s.'
else:
msg = 'Parse error in value at line %s.'
self._handle_error(msg, UnreprError, infile,
cur_index)
continue
else:
# extract comment and lists
try:
(value, comment) = self._handle_value(value)
except SyntaxError:
self._handle_error(
'Parse error in value at line %s.',
ParseError, infile, cur_index)
continue
#
key = self._unquote(key)
if this_section.has_key(key):
self._handle_error(
'Duplicate keyword name at line %s.',
DuplicateError, infile, cur_index)
continue
# add the key.
# we set unrepr because if we have got this far we will never
# be creating a new section
this_section.__setitem__(key, value, unrepr=True)
this_section.inline_comments[key] = comment
this_section.comments[key] = comment_list
continue
#
if self.indent_type is None:
# no indentation used, set the type accordingly
self.indent_type = ''
# preserve the final comment
if not self and not self.initial_comment:
self.initial_comment = comment_list
elif not reset_comment:
self.final_comment = comment_list
self.list_values = temp_list_values
def _match_depth(self, sect, depth):
"""
Given a section and a depth level, walk back through the sections
parents to see if the depth level matches a previous section.
Return a reference to the right section,
or raise a SyntaxError.
"""
while depth < sect.depth:
if sect is sect.parent:
# we've reached the top level already
raise SyntaxError()
sect = sect.parent
if sect.depth == depth:
return sect
# shouldn't get here
raise SyntaxError()
def _handle_error(self, text, ErrorClass, infile, cur_index):
"""
Handle an error according to the error settings.
Either raise the error or store it.
The error will have occured at ``cur_index``
"""
line = infile[cur_index]
cur_index += 1
message = text % cur_index
error = ErrorClass(message, cur_index, line)
if self.raise_errors:
# raise the error - parsing stops here
raise error
# store the error
# reraise when parsing has finished
self._errors.append(error)
def _unquote(self, value):
"""Return an unquoted version of a value"""
if (value[0] == value[-1]) and (value[0] in ('"', "'")):
value = value[1:-1]
return value
def _quote(self, value, multiline=True):
"""
Return a safely quoted version of a value.
Raise a ConfigObjError if the value cannot be safely quoted.
If multiline is ``True`` (default) then use triple quotes
if necessary.
Don't quote values that don't need it.
Recursively quote members of a list and return a comma joined list.
Multiline is ``False`` for lists.
Obey list syntax for empty and single member lists.
If ``list_values=False`` then the value is only quoted if it contains
a ``\n`` (is multiline) or '#'.
If ``write_empty_values`` is set, and the value is an empty string, it
won't be quoted.
"""
if multiline and self.write_empty_values and value == '':
# Only if multiline is set, so that it is used for values not
# keys, and not values that are part of a list
return ''
if multiline and isinstance(value, (list, tuple)):
if not value:
return ','
elif len(value) == 1:
return self._quote(value[0], multiline=False) + ','
return ', '.join([self._quote(val, multiline=False)
for val in value])
if not isinstance(value, StringTypes):
if self.stringify:
value = str(value)
else:
raise TypeError('Value "%s" is not a string.' % value)
if not value:
return '""'
no_lists_no_quotes = not self.list_values and '\n' not in value and '#' not in value
need_triple = multiline and ((("'" in value) and ('"' in value)) or ('\n' in value ))
hash_triple_quote = multiline and not need_triple and ("'" in value) and ('"' in value) and ('#' in value)
check_for_single = (no_lists_no_quotes or not need_triple) and not hash_triple_quote
if check_for_single:
if not self.list_values:
# we don't quote if ``list_values=False``
quot = noquot
# for normal values either single or double quotes will do
elif '\n' in value:
# will only happen if multiline is off - e.g. '\n' in key
raise ConfigObjError('Value "%s" cannot be safely quoted.' % value)
elif ((value[0] not in wspace_plus) and
(value[-1] not in wspace_plus) and
(',' not in value)):
quot = noquot
else:
quot = self._get_single_quote(value)
else:
# if value has '\n' or "'" *and* '"', it will need triple quotes
quot = self._get_triple_quote(value)
if quot == noquot and '#' in value and self.list_values:
quot = self._get_single_quote(value)
return quot % value
def _get_single_quote(self, value):
if ("'" in value) and ('"' in value):
raise ConfigObjError('Value "%s" cannot be safely quoted.' % value)
elif '"' in value:
quot = squot
else:
quot = dquot
return quot
def _get_triple_quote(self, value):
if (value.find('"""') != -1) and (value.find("'''") != -1):
raise ConfigObjError('Value "%s" cannot be safely quoted.' % value)
if value.find('"""') == -1:
quot = tdquot
else:
quot = tsquot
return quot
def _handle_value(self, value):
"""
Given a value string, unquote, remove comment,
handle lists. (including empty and single member lists)
"""
# do we look for lists in values ?
if not self.list_values:
mat = self._nolistvalue.match(value)
if mat is None:
raise SyntaxError()
# NOTE: we don't unquote here
return mat.groups()
#
mat = self._valueexp.match(value)
if mat is None:
# the value is badly constructed, probably badly quoted,
# or an invalid list
raise SyntaxError()
(list_values, single, empty_list, comment) = mat.groups()
if (list_values == '') and (single is None):
# change this if you want to accept empty values
raise SyntaxError()
# NOTE: note there is no error handling from here if the regex
# is wrong: then incorrect values will slip through
if empty_list is not None:
# the single comma - meaning an empty list
return ([], comment)
if single is not None:
# handle empty values
if list_values and not single:
# FIXME: the '' is a workaround because our regex now matches
# '' at the end of a list if it has a trailing comma
single = None
else:
single = single or '""'
single = self._unquote(single)
if list_values == '':
# not a list value
return (single, comment)
the_list = self._listvalueexp.findall(list_values)
the_list = [self._unquote(val) for val in the_list]
if single is not None:
the_list += [single]
return (the_list, comment)
def _multiline(self, value, infile, cur_index, maxline):
"""Extract the value, where we are in a multiline situation."""
quot = value[:3]
newvalue = value[3:]
single_line = self._triple_quote[quot][0]
multi_line = self._triple_quote[quot][1]
mat = single_line.match(value)
if mat is not None:
retval = list(mat.groups())
retval.append(cur_index)
return retval
elif newvalue.find(quot) != -1:
# somehow the triple quote is missing
raise SyntaxError()
#
while cur_index < maxline:
cur_index += 1
newvalue += '\n'
line = infile[cur_index]
if line.find(quot) == -1:
newvalue += line
else:
# end of multiline, process it
break
else:
# we've got to the end of the config, oops...
raise SyntaxError()
mat = multi_line.match(line)
if mat is None:
# a badly formed line
raise SyntaxError()
(value, comment) = mat.groups()
return (newvalue + value, comment, cur_index)
def _handle_configspec(self, configspec):
"""Parse the configspec."""
# FIXME: Should we check that the configspec was created with the
# correct settings ? (i.e. ``list_values=False``)
if not isinstance(configspec, ConfigObj):
try:
configspec = ConfigObj(configspec,
raise_errors=True,
file_error=True,
list_values=False)
except ConfigObjError, e:
# FIXME: Should these errors have a reference
# to the already parsed ConfigObj ?
raise ConfigspecError('Parsing configspec failed: %s' % e)
except IOError, e:
raise IOError('Reading configspec failed: %s' % e)
self._set_configspec_value(configspec, self)
def _set_configspec_value(self, configspec, section):
"""Used to recursively set configspec values."""
if '__many__' in configspec.sections:
section.configspec['__many__'] = configspec['__many__']
if len(configspec.sections) > 1:
# FIXME: can we supply any useful information here ?
raise RepeatSectionError()
if hasattr(configspec, 'initial_comment'):
section._configspec_initial_comment = configspec.initial_comment
section._configspec_final_comment = configspec.final_comment
section._configspec_encoding = configspec.encoding
section._configspec_BOM = configspec.BOM
section._configspec_newlines = configspec.newlines
section._configspec_indent_type = configspec.indent_type
for entry in configspec.scalars:
section._configspec_comments[entry] = configspec.comments[entry]
section._configspec_inline_comments[entry] = configspec.inline_comments[entry]
section.configspec[entry] = configspec[entry]
section._order.append(entry)
for entry in configspec.sections:
if entry == '__many__':
continue
section._cs_section_comments[entry] = configspec.comments[entry]
section._cs_section_inline_comments[entry] = configspec.inline_comments[entry]
if not section.has_key(entry):
section[entry] = {}
self._set_configspec_value(configspec[entry], section[entry])
def _handle_repeat(self, section, configspec):
"""Dynamically assign configspec for repeated section."""
try:
section_keys = configspec.sections
scalar_keys = configspec.scalars
except AttributeError:
section_keys = [entry for entry in configspec
if isinstance(configspec[entry], dict)]
scalar_keys = [entry for entry in configspec
if not isinstance(configspec[entry], dict)]
if '__many__' in section_keys and len(section_keys) > 1:
# FIXME: can we supply any useful information here ?
raise RepeatSectionError()
scalars = {}
sections = {}
for entry in scalar_keys:
val = configspec[entry]
scalars[entry] = val
for entry in section_keys:
val = configspec[entry]
if entry == '__many__':
scalars[entry] = val
continue
sections[entry] = val
section.configspec = scalars
for entry in sections:
if not section.has_key(entry):
section[entry] = {}
self._handle_repeat(section[entry], sections[entry])
def _write_line(self, indent_string, entry, this_entry, comment):
"""Write an individual line, for the write method"""
# NOTE: the calls to self._quote here handles non-StringType values.
if not self.unrepr:
val = self._decode_element(self._quote(this_entry))
else:
val = repr(this_entry)
return '%s%s%s%s%s' % (indent_string,
self._decode_element(self._quote(entry, multiline=False)),
self._a_to_u(' = '),
val,
self._decode_element(comment))
def _write_marker(self, indent_string, depth, entry, comment):
"""Write a section marker line"""
return '%s%s%s%s%s' % (indent_string,
self._a_to_u('[' * depth),
self._quote(self._decode_element(entry), multiline=False),
self._a_to_u(']' * depth),
self._decode_element(comment))
def _handle_comment(self, comment):
"""Deal with a comment."""
if not comment:
return ''
start = self.indent_type
if not comment.startswith('#'):
start += self._a_to_u(' # ')
return (start + comment)
# Public methods
def write(self, outfile=None, section=None):
"""
Write the current ConfigObj as a file
tekNico: FIXME: use StringIO instead of real files
>>> filename = a.filename
>>> a.filename = 'test.ini'
>>> a.write()
>>> a.filename = filename
>>> a == ConfigObj('test.ini', raise_errors=True)
1
"""
if self.indent_type is None:
# this can be true if initialised from a dictionary
self.indent_type = DEFAULT_INDENT_TYPE
out = []
cs = self._a_to_u('#')
csp = self._a_to_u('# ')
if section is None:
int_val = self.interpolation
self.interpolation = False
section = self
for line in self.initial_comment:
line = self._decode_element(line)
stripped_line = line.strip()
if stripped_line and not stripped_line.startswith(cs):
line = csp + line
out.append(line)
indent_string = self.indent_type * section.depth
for entry in (section.scalars + section.sections):
if entry in section.defaults:
# don't write out default values
continue
for comment_line in section.comments[entry]:
comment_line = self._decode_element(comment_line.lstrip())
if comment_line and not comment_line.startswith(cs):
comment_line = csp + comment_line
out.append(indent_string + comment_line)
this_entry = section[entry]
comment = self._handle_comment(section.inline_comments[entry])
if isinstance(this_entry, dict):
# a section
out.append(self._write_marker(
indent_string,
this_entry.depth,
entry,
comment))
out.extend(self.write(section=this_entry))
else:
out.append(self._write_line(
indent_string,
entry,
this_entry,
comment))
if section is self:
for line in self.final_comment:
line = self._decode_element(line)
stripped_line = line.strip()
if stripped_line and not stripped_line.startswith(cs):
line = csp + line
out.append(line)
self.interpolation = int_val
if section is not self:
return out
if (self.filename is None) and (outfile is None):
# output a list of lines
# might need to encode
# NOTE: This will *screw* UTF16, each line will start with the BOM
if self.encoding:
out = [l.encode(self.encoding) for l in out]
if (self.BOM and ((self.encoding is None) or
(BOM_LIST.get(self.encoding.lower()) == 'utf_8'))):
# Add the UTF8 BOM
if not out:
out.append('')
out[0] = BOM_UTF8 + out[0]
return out
# Turn the list to a string, joined with correct newlines
newline = self.newlines or os.linesep
output = self._a_to_u(newline).join(out)
if self.encoding:
output = output.encode(self.encoding)
if self.BOM and ((self.encoding is None) or match_utf8(self.encoding)):
# Add the UTF8 BOM
output = BOM_UTF8 + output
if not output.endswith(newline):
output += newline
if outfile is not None:
outfile.write(output)
else:
h = open(self.filename, 'wb')
h.write(output)
h.close()
def validate(self, validator, preserve_errors=False, copy=False,
section=None):
"""
Test the ConfigObj against a configspec.
It uses the ``validator`` object from *validate.py*.
To run ``validate`` on the current ConfigObj, call: ::
test = config.validate(validator)
(Normally having previously passed in the configspec when the ConfigObj
was created - you can dynamically assign a dictionary of checks to the
``configspec`` attribute of a section though).
It returns ``True`` if everything passes, or a dictionary of
pass/fails (True/False). If every member of a subsection passes, it
will just have the value ``True``. (It also returns ``False`` if all
members fail).
In addition, it converts the values from strings to their native
types if their checks pass (and ``stringify`` is set).
If ``preserve_errors`` is ``True`` (``False`` is default) then instead
of a marking a fail with a ``False``, it will preserve the actual
exception object. This can contain info about the reason for failure.
For example the ``VdtValueTooSmallError`` indicates that the value
supplied was too small. If a value (or section) is missing it will
still be marked as ``False``.
You must have the validate module to use ``preserve_errors=True``.
You can then use the ``flatten_errors`` function to turn your nested
results dictionary into a flattened list of failures - useful for
displaying meaningful error messages.
"""
if section is None:
if self.configspec is None:
raise ValueError('No configspec supplied.')
if preserve_errors:
# We do this once to remove a top level dependency on the validate module
# Which makes importing configobj faster
from validate import VdtMissingValue
self._vdtMissingValue = VdtMissingValue
section = self
#
spec_section = section.configspec
if copy and hasattr(section, '_configspec_initial_comment'):
section.initial_comment = section._configspec_initial_comment
section.final_comment = section._configspec_final_comment
section.encoding = section._configspec_encoding
section.BOM = section._configspec_BOM
section.newlines = section._configspec_newlines
section.indent_type = section._configspec_indent_type
if '__many__' in section.configspec:
many = spec_section['__many__']
# dynamically assign the configspecs
# for the sections below
for entry in section.sections:
self._handle_repeat(section[entry], many)
#
out = {}
ret_true = True
ret_false = True
order = [k for k in section._order if k in spec_section]
order += [k for k in spec_section if k not in order]
for entry in order:
if entry == '__many__':
continue
if (not entry in section.scalars) or (entry in section.defaults):
# missing entries
# or entries from defaults
missing = True
val = None
if copy and not entry in section.scalars:
# copy comments
section.comments[entry] = (
section._configspec_comments.get(entry, []))
section.inline_comments[entry] = (
section._configspec_inline_comments.get(entry, ''))
#
else:
missing = False
val = section[entry]
try:
check = validator.check(spec_section[entry],
val,
missing=missing
)
except validator.baseErrorClass, e:
if not preserve_errors or isinstance(e, self._vdtMissingValue):
out[entry] = False
else:
# preserve the error
out[entry] = e
ret_false = False
ret_true = False
else:
try:
section.default_values.pop(entry, None)
except AttributeError:
# For Python 2.2 compatibility
try:
del section.default_values[entry]
except KeyError:
pass
if hasattr(validator, 'get_default_value'):
try:
section.default_values[entry] = validator.get_default_value(spec_section[entry])
except KeyError:
# No default
pass
ret_false = False
out[entry] = True
if self.stringify or missing:
# if we are doing type conversion
# or the value is a supplied default
if not self.stringify:
if isinstance(check, (list, tuple)):
# preserve lists
check = [self._str(item) for item in check]
elif missing and check is None:
# convert the None from a default to a ''
check = ''
else:
check = self._str(check)
if (check != val) or missing:
section[entry] = check
if not copy and missing and entry not in section.defaults:
section.defaults.append(entry)
# Missing sections will have been created as empty ones when the
# configspec was read.
for entry in section.sections:
# FIXME: this means DEFAULT is not copied in copy mode
if section is self and entry == 'DEFAULT':
continue
if copy:
section.comments[entry] = section._cs_section_comments[entry]
section.inline_comments[entry] = (
section._cs_section_inline_comments[entry])
check = self.validate(validator, preserve_errors=preserve_errors,
copy=copy, section=section[entry])
out[entry] = check
if check == False:
ret_true = False
elif check == True:
ret_false = False
else:
ret_true = False
ret_false = False
#
if ret_true:
return True
elif ret_false:
return False
return out
def reset(self):
"""Clear ConfigObj instance and restore to 'freshly created' state."""
self.clear()
self._initialise()
# FIXME: Should be done by '_initialise', but ConfigObj constructor (and reload)
# requires an empty dictionary
self.configspec = None
# Just to be sure ;-)
self._original_configspec = None
def reload(self):
"""
Reload a ConfigObj from file.
This method raises a ``ReloadError`` if the ConfigObj doesn't have
a filename attribute pointing to a file.
"""
if not isinstance(self.filename, StringTypes):
raise ReloadError()
filename = self.filename
current_options = {}
for entry in OPTION_DEFAULTS:
if entry == 'configspec':
continue
current_options[entry] = getattr(self, entry)
configspec = self._original_configspec
current_options['configspec'] = configspec
self.clear()
self._initialise(current_options)
self._load(filename, configspec)
class SimpleVal(object):
"""
A simple validator.
Can be used to check that all members expected are present.
To use it, provide a configspec with all your members in (the value given
will be ignored). Pass an instance of ``SimpleVal`` to the ``validate``
method of your ``ConfigObj``. ``validate`` will return ``True`` if all
members are present, or a dictionary with True/False meaning
present/missing. (Whole missing sections will be replaced with ``False``)
"""
def __init__(self):
self.baseErrorClass = ConfigObjError
def check(self, check, member, missing=False):
"""A dummy check method, always returns the value unchanged."""
if missing:
raise self.baseErrorClass()
return member
# Check / processing functions for options
def flatten_errors(cfg, res, levels=None, results=None):
"""
An example function that will turn a nested dictionary of results
(as returned by ``ConfigObj.validate``) into a flat list.
``cfg`` is the ConfigObj instance being checked, ``res`` is the results
dictionary returned by ``validate``.
(This is a recursive function, so you shouldn't use the ``levels`` or
``results`` arguments - they are used by the function.
Returns a list of keys that failed. Each member of the list is a tuple :
::
([list of sections...], key, result)
If ``validate`` was called with ``preserve_errors=False`` (the default)
then ``result`` will always be ``False``.
*list of sections* is a flattened list of sections that the key was found
in.
If the section was missing then key will be ``None``.
If the value (or section) was missing then ``result`` will be ``False``.
If ``validate`` was called with ``preserve_errors=True`` and a value
was present, but failed the check, then ``result`` will be the exception
object returned. You can use this as a string that describes the failure.
For example *The value "3" is of the wrong type*.
>>> import validate
>>> vtor = validate.Validator()
>>> my_ini = '''
... option1 = True
... [section1]
... option1 = True
... [section2]
... another_option = Probably
... [section3]
... another_option = True
... [[section3b]]
... value = 3
... value2 = a
... value3 = 11
... '''
>>> my_cfg = '''
... option1 = boolean()
... option2 = boolean()
... option3 = boolean(default=Bad_value)
... [section1]
... option1 = boolean()
... option2 = boolean()
... option3 = boolean(default=Bad_value)
... [section2]
... another_option = boolean()
... [section3]
... another_option = boolean()
... [[section3b]]
... value = integer
... value2 = integer
... value3 = integer(0, 10)
... [[[section3b-sub]]]
... value = string
... [section4]
... another_option = boolean()
... '''
>>> cs = my_cfg.split('\\n')
>>> ini = my_ini.split('\\n')
>>> cfg = ConfigObj(ini, configspec=cs)
>>> res = cfg.validate(vtor, preserve_errors=True)
>>> errors = []
>>> for entry in flatten_errors(cfg, res):
... section_list, key, error = entry
... section_list.insert(0, '[root]')
... if key is not None:
... section_list.append(key)
... else:
... section_list.append('[missing]')
... section_string = ', '.join(section_list)
... errors.append((section_string, ' = ', error))
>>> errors.sort()
>>> for entry in errors:
... print entry[0], entry[1], (entry[2] or 0)
[root], option2 = 0
[root], option3 = the value "Bad_value" is of the wrong type.
[root], section1, option2 = 0
[root], section1, option3 = the value "Bad_value" is of the wrong type.
[root], section2, another_option = the value "Probably" is of the wrong type.
[root], section3, section3b, section3b-sub, [missing] = 0
[root], section3, section3b, value2 = the value "a" is of the wrong type.
[root], section3, section3b, value3 = the value "11" is too big.
[root], section4, [missing] = 0
"""
if levels is None:
# first time called
levels = []
results = []
if res is True:
return results
if res is False:
results.append((levels[:], None, False))
if levels:
levels.pop()
return results
for (key, val) in res.items():
if val == True:
continue
if isinstance(cfg.get(key), dict):
# Go down one level
levels.append(key)
flatten_errors(cfg[key], val, levels, results)
continue
results.append((levels[:], key, val))
#
# Go up one level
if levels:
levels.pop()
#
return results
"""*A programming language is a medium of expression.* - Paul Graham"""
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