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atheme-services -- a set of services for IRC networks
This program is free but copyrighted software; see the LICENSE file for
Information about Services may be found at
1. Installation
2. Upgrading
3. Setting up IRCd
4. Starting Services
5. Setting up a crontab entry
6. Compiling the contrib modules
You should also read the README and FAQ files.
NOTE: if you are using a third party package of Services, most of this section
will not apply.
NOTE: if you are using a copy of Atheme downloaded from Git, you need to
remember to run `git submodule update --init`. If not, you may ignore this step.
IMPORTANT NOTE: it is not recommended to use and install services as root.
Use an unprivileged user account.
Services should compile and run on most POSIX compliant systems. The current
version is known to work on:
FreeBSD 6.3 (i386, amd64)
FreeBSD 7.0 (i386, amd64)
FreeBSD 8.0 (i386, amd64)
Linux (glibc) 2.6.x, 2.7.x, 2.8.x, 2.10.x, 2.11.x (i386, amd64)
MacOS 10.5 (intel) (*)
Windows XP+ (i386, x64) (*)
Older versions have been tested on:
FreeBSD 5.[0,1,2,3,4,5]
FreeBSD 6.[0,1,2]
OpenBSD 3.[5,6,7,8] (i386, amd64, sparc)
NetBSD 1.[5,6] (i386, amd64, sparc)
NetBSD 2.[0] (i386, amd64, sparc, mips)
NetBSD 3.[0] (i386)
DragonFly 1.[0,2,5]
Solaris [7,8,9,10] (i86pc, sun4u)
Solaris Express 10 (i86pc, sun4u)
MacOS 10.[3.5,4.1] (intel, powerpc)
For MacOS 10, install libmowgli (version 0.7.x) and pkg-config separately,
possibly using a package/ports system. The included libmowgli does not
work on MacOS 10.
For Windows, please read doc/WINDOWS for compilation and installation
instructions as well as a list of known caveats.
Other BSD-based systems will probably work. Other SysV-based systems *might*
work provided they support BSD sockets and POSIX function calls.
Services requires a runtime linker. Systems which do not have a runtime linker
will not be able to run services. However, most systems include a runtime
linker these days.
The IRCds supported by Services are listed in the example config
(dist/atheme.conf.example). Although many others are supported, Services can
provide the richest experience with one of the recommended IRCds: Charybdis,
ShadowIRCD and UnrealIRCd.
If you are installing Services from Git and need libmowgli, please read the
GIT-Access file for information on how to pull in libmowgli as a submodule.
Run the "configure" script:
$ ./configure --prefix=/path/to/install/
If no prefix is specified, the default install path is ~/atheme/.
If you're running a large network (more than 2000 users), you should
pass the --enable-large-net switch to configure for enhanced performance.
The "configure" script will run several tests, write several files, and exit.
Once this is done you will want to compile services. To do this, simply
$ make
If you are on a BSD-based operating system, you may get an error like:
"Makefile", line 1: Need an operator
"Makefile", line 2: Need an operator
make: fatal errors encountered -- cannot continue
upon running 'make'. If so, run gmake instead.
Services will compile. To install, type:
$ make install
If you get an error like this:
/usr/bin/install: cannot stat `': No such file or directory
Failed to install!
All you have to do is rerun the "configure" script and pass --disable-nls to it
like so: $ ./configure --disable-nls
It can also be fixed by installing your operating system's gettext package.
The newly-compiled binary and several supporting files will be copied to the
directory you specified in the "configure" script. If no directory (prefix)
was specified, all the relevant files will be in ~/atheme/.
It is recommended to keep the source directory; you will need it to
(re)compile modules later.
Next, you'll want to go to the directory you specified in "configure" and edit
etc/atheme.conf. You'll need to change every setting or services will
not work.
IMPORTANT NOTE: backup your configuration file and database!
All custom modules should be recompiled as well. Loading old modules can
cause services to crash.
Sometimes upgrading requires more than recompiling and reinstalling. Be sure to
read NEWS for important notes concerning the release. This file will
let you know if you need to change your configuration or convert your database
to a new format.
Services acts as an IRC server with pseudo-clients on it. To link it to
your network, you'll need to add some lines in your IRCd's
configuration. Services connects to your IRCd, not the other way around.
It is suggested that you set up your IRCd (IRC operator access, etc) before
trying to connect services. Many IRCds do not log much about server
connections, so it is best to connect as an IRC operator and watch the
server notices.
As for the actual lines that need to be added, every IRCd is different. Look
for documentation for "connect{}" or "link{}" or "C/N lines" for your IRCd. You
need to allow services to introduce other servers (e.g. "hub_mask" or "H
line"), otherwise it will probably be disconnected when the OperServ
JUPE command is used.
To be perfectly honest, if you can't figure this out you should be running
neither IRCd nor services.
Additionally, you need to do some configuration on all servers on the network.
You need to reserve ("resv{}", "/resv", "Q line", etc) all nicks
services uses to avoid normal users taking those nicks and causing
trouble. Also, many IRCds need to be configured to grant special
privileges to services ("service{}", "shared{}", "ulines{}", "U lines",
See doc/IRCD for more details concerning IRCd-specific requirements for
running services.
Go into the directory where you installed atheme-services (by default,
~/atheme/). Type ./bin/atheme-services to launch services.
Services will report any errors and/or detach into the background.
If services doesn't link and/or terminates without warning check the log
file (var/atheme.log) to see what happened. If this tells you nothing try
rerunning services via ./bin/atheme-services -dn for more verbose
A crontab entry will allow you to check periodically whether services is
still running, and restart it if not. You'll need to have atheme-services
binaries and data installed in the same directory for this to work
without modification.
First rename the etc/atheme.cron.example script that is in Atheme path (by default,
~/atheme/) and edit it. You'll need to modify the "cd" part of the file.
Then ensure that the file is marked as executable by typing
"chmod +x atheme.cron.example" and try to launch the script to see if it works.
When this is done, you'll have to add the crontab entry. Type "crontab -e"
This will open the default text editor with the crontab file. Enter the
following (with correct path):
*/5 * * * * /home/nenolod/atheme/etc/atheme.cron.example >/dev/null 2>&1
The */5 at the beginning means "check every 5 minutes." You may replace
the 5 with other another number if you want (but less than 60). Save and exit,
and it's installed.
In the Atheme source there is a directory called contrib filled with
all sorts of modules that are not included in the main modules directory
for one reason or another. Compiling these modules is very simple.
A README for what each contrib module does is at modules/contrib/README .
Simply pass the --enable-contrib switch to the configure script like so:
$ ./configure --enable-contrib
The contrib modules will then be in your atheme install directory (by default
this is ~/atheme/) in the modules/contrib directory. you can then load them on a live
network like: "/msg operserv modload contrib/os_kill" or in your atheme.conf
by adding a loadmodule line like: loadmodule "modules/contrib/os_kill";