IronSFTP - End-to-end secure file transfer
An alternative to sftp and scp that keeps files encrypted after they're uploaded and allows sharing of files with cryptographic enforcement. See the project homepage for more details.
This project is a fork of the openssh/openssh-portable project from OpenSSH. While most of the project is unchanged, specific additions have been made to create new executables that provide end-to-end security when transferring files to remote servers.
While sftp and scp use ssh to keep files secure while they are being transferred over the network, once those files hit the remote server, they are no longer protected. The ironsftp executable provides additional security. When you put a file on the server using ironsftp, the file is encrypted before it is uploaded, and it stays that way on the server. When you get a file from the server, it is downloaded then decrypted. So the file remains secure until it is at the place you want to use it - on your local machine.
.iron is used to denote secured files. If you run ironsftp and
put foo.c on the server, the file will first be encrypted and written to
foo.c.iron, then that encrypted file will be written to the remote server. When you
get foo.c.iron from the server, if that file can be downloaded, ironsftp will decrypt the file and write
foo.c on your local machine. As a convenience, if you
get foo.c but that file is not available on the server, ironsftp will try to download and decrypt
The process operates the same as sftp, but your files are protected on the remote server.
In order to use ironsftp, you must have an SSH key in the
~/.ssh/ directory on your local machine. When you start ironsftp the first time, it looks for your public and private SSH keys. If you specified an identity file (using the -i idfile option), ironsftp will use that file. Otherwise, it will check for files in the following order:
id_ecdsa. If it finds the key file and its corresponding
.pub file, it copies them to
id_iron.pub. These files are only used for securing new signing and encryption keys, so you will either need to have the key registered with
ssh-agent or you will need to enter the passphrase for the SSH key once in each session where upload or download any files. NOTE: due to the way that the DSA and ECDSA algorithms are used to sign data, ironsftp cannot use
ssh-agent to unlock keys if you use one of these SSH identities. You will need to enter the passphrase once in each SSH session. It is thus recommended that you use an RSA or Ed25519 identity. After you run ironsftp, if you would like to change the SSH identity file, just delete
~/.ssh/.ironpubkey and the
~/.ssh/ironcore directories, then rerun ironsftp with the -i idfile option.
During this initial setup, ironsftp generates an Ed25519 key pair that it will use for signing files and a Curve25519 key pair that it will use for encrypting files. These private keys are locked using a passphrase generated using the SSH identity just discussed. The public and private keys are stored in a GPG-compatible format in the
When you use ironsftp to connect to a server, your public key information is uploaded to
~/.ironpubkey. This provides a convenient mechanism for other users connecting to the server to retrieve your public ironcore keys. In particular, if another user connects to the server using ironsftp, she can use your public key information to securely share files with you, as described in the next section.
You are also able to share these secure files with other users. When you connect to a server, by default, each file that you upload will be encrypted so that only you can read it. However, if other users on that server have connected to it using ironsftp, their public key information will be available in
~login/.ironpubkey. You can use new ironsftp commands to add recipients, so that any subsequent files you upload in that session will be encrypted to those users in addition to you. For example, suppose you are logged in as gumby:
% ironsftp BigServer Connected to BigServer. ironsftp> showrcpt Currently registered recipients: gumby ironsftp> addrcpt pokey Added login pokey to the recipient list ironsftp> addrcpt mrhand Unable to retrieve public keys for user mrhand. ironsftp> showrcpt Currently registered recipients: gumby pokey ironsftp> put foo Uploading foo to /home/gumby/foo.iron ironsftp>
foo.iron on the server is encrypted so that both you and pokey can retrieve and decrypt it. Suppose pokey does
% ironsftp BigServer Connected to BigServer. ironsftp> get foo Fetching /home/pokey/foo.iron to foo.iron Data was encrypted to user gumby Message was signed by user gumby, key ID 1234567890ABCDEF.
The file foo.c.iron will be decrypted automatically, and the file foo will be created. If a user other than gumby or pokey downloads the file, she would get a message like this
ironsftp> get foo Fetching /private/tmp/sftp.c.iron to sftp.c.iron WARNING: The file "foo" is encrypted, but access is not granted to you, so the unencrypted contents cannot be retrieved.
The user would still have foo.iron in the current directory, but it would not be readable.
The keys used by ironsftp are stored in the same format that GnuPG uses - public keys are all in ~/.ssh/ironcore/pubring.gpg, and the corresponding secret keys are in individual files in ~/.ssh/ironcore/private-keys-v1.d. All files encrypted by ironsftp can be read by gpg as well. (Since we are using elliptic curve cryptography to encrypt the data, you will need a gpg version 2.1.7 or greater, which in turn requires libgcrypt version 1.7 or later.) If you have a modern version of gpg, you can run something like this to decrypt a file encrypted by ironsftp:
gpg --homedir ~/.ssh/ironcore -d --output foo foo.iron
See the project page installation section for supported operating systems and installation details.