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fs with incremental backoff on EMFILE
Latest commit 4f6a7e8 @isaacs document monkey-patching


graceful-fs functions as a drop-in replacement for the fs module, making various improvements.

The improvements are meant to normalize behavior across different platforms and environments, and to make filesystem access more resilient to errors.

Improvements over fs module


  • Queues up open and readdir calls, and retries them once something closes if there is an EMFILE error from too many file descriptors.
  • fixes lchmod for Node versions prior to 0.6.2.
  • implements fs.lutimes if possible. Otherwise it becomes a noop.
  • ignores EINVAL and EPERM errors in chown, fchown or lchown if the user isn't root.
  • makes lchmod and lchown become noops, if not available.
  • retries reading a file if read results in EAGAIN error.

On Windows, it retries renaming a file for up to one second if EACCESS or EPERM error occurs, likely because antivirus software has locked the directory.


// use just like fs
var fs = require('graceful-fs')

// now go and do stuff with it...

Global Patching

If you want to patch the global fs module (or any other fs-like module) you can do this:

// Make sure to read the caveat below.
var realFs = require('fs')
var gracefulFs = require('graceful-fs')

This should only ever be done at the top-level application layer, in order to delay on EMFILE errors from any fs-using dependencies. You should not do this in a library, because it can cause unexpected delays in other parts of the program.

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