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"""xmltramp: Make XML documents easily accessible."""
__version__ = "2.16"
__author__ = "Aaron Swartz"
__credits__ = "Many thanks to pjz, bitsko, and DanC."
__copyright__ = "(C) 2003 Aaron Swartz. GNU GPL 2."
if not hasattr(__builtins__, 'True'): True, False = 1, 0
def isstr(f): return isinstance(f, type('')) or isinstance(f, type(u''))
def islst(f): return isinstance(f, type(())) or isinstance(f, type([]))
empty = {'': ['img', 'br', 'hr', 'meta', 'link', 'base', 'param', 'input', 'col', 'area']}
def quote(x, elt=True):
if elt and '<' in x and len(x) > 24 and x.find(']]>') == -1: return "<![CDATA["+x+"]]>"
else: x = x.replace('&', '&amp;').replace('<', '&lt;').replace(']]>', ']]&gt;')
if not elt: x = x.replace('"', '&quot;')
return x
class Element:
def __init__(self, name, attrs=None, children=None, prefixes=None):
if islst(name) and name[0] == None: name = name[1]
if attrs:
na = {}
for k in attrs.keys():
if islst(k) and k[0] == None: na[k[1]] = attrs[k]
else: na[k] = attrs[k]
attrs = na
self._name = name
self._attrs = attrs or {}
self._dir = children or []
prefixes = prefixes or {}
self._prefixes = dict(zip(prefixes.values(), prefixes.keys()))
if prefixes: self._dNS = prefixes.get(None, None)
else: self._dNS = None
def __repr__(self, recursive=0, multiline=0, inprefixes=None):
def qname(name, inprefixes):
if islst(name):
if inprefixes[name[0]] is not None:
return inprefixes[name[0]]+':'+name[1]
return name[1]
return name
def arep(a, inprefixes, addns=1):
out = ''
for p in self._prefixes.keys():
if not p in inprefixes.keys():
if addns: out += ' xmlns'
if addns and self._prefixes[p]: out += ':'+self._prefixes[p]
if addns: out += '="'+quote(p, False)+'"'
inprefixes[p] = self._prefixes[p]
for k in a.keys():
out += ' ' + qname(k, inprefixes)+ '="' + quote(a[k], False) + '"'
return out
inprefixes = inprefixes or {u'':'xml'}
# need to call first to set inprefixes:
attributes = arep(self._attrs, inprefixes, recursive)
out = '<' + qname(self._name, inprefixes) + attributes
if not self._dir and (self._name[0] in empty.keys()
and self._name[1] in empty[self._name[0]]):
out += ' />'
return out
out += '>'
if recursive:
content = 0
for x in self._dir:
if isinstance(x, Element): content = 1
pad = '\n' + ('\t' * recursive)
for x in self._dir:
if multiline and content: out += pad
if isstr(x): out += quote(x)
elif isinstance(x, Element):
out += x.__repr__(recursive+1, multiline, inprefixes.copy())
raise TypeError, "I wasn't expecting "+`x`+"."
if multiline and content: out += '\n' + ('\t' * (recursive-1))
if self._dir: out += '...'
out += '</'+qname(self._name, inprefixes)+'>'
return out
def __unicode__(self):
text = ''
for x in self._dir:
text += unicode(x)
return ' '.join(text.split())
def __str__(self):
return self.__unicode__().encode('utf-8')
def __getattr__(self, n):
if n[0] == '_': raise AttributeError, "Use foo['"+n+"'] to access the child element."
if self._dNS: n = (self._dNS, n)
for x in self._dir:
if isinstance(x, Element) and x._name == n: return x
raise AttributeError, 'No child element named \''+n+"'"
def __hasattr__(self, n):
for x in self._dir:
if isinstance(x, Element) and x._name == n: return True
return False
def __setattr__(self, n, v):
if n[0] == '_': self.__dict__[n] = v
else: self[n] = v
def __getitem__(self, n):
if isinstance(n, type(0)): # d[1] == d._dir[1]
return self._dir[n]
elif isinstance(n, slice(0).__class__):
# numerical slices
if isinstance(n.start, type(0)): return self._dir[n.start:n.stop]
# d['foo':] == all <foo>s
n = n.start
if self._dNS and not islst(n): n = (self._dNS, n)
out = []
for x in self._dir:
if isinstance(x, Element) and x._name == n: out.append(x)
return out
else: # d['foo'] == first <foo>
if self._dNS and not islst(n): n = (self._dNS, n)
for x in self._dir:
if isinstance(x, Element) and x._name == n: return x
raise KeyError
def __setitem__(self, n, v):
if isinstance(n, type(0)): # d[1]
self._dir[n] = v
elif isinstance(n, slice(0).__class__):
# d['foo':] adds a new foo
n = n.start
if self._dNS and not islst(n): n = (self._dNS, n)
nv = Element(n)
else: # d["foo"] replaces first <foo> and dels rest
if self._dNS and not islst(n): n = (self._dNS, n)
nv = Element(n); nv._dir.append(v)
replaced = False
todel = []
for i in range(len(self)):
if self[i]._name == n:
if replaced:
self[i] = nv
replaced = True
if not replaced: self._dir.append(nv)
for i in todel: del self[i]
def __delitem__(self, n):
if isinstance(n, type(0)): del self._dir[n]
elif isinstance(n, slice(0).__class__):
# delete all <foo>s
n = n.start
if self._dNS and not islst(n): n = (self._dNS, n)
for i in range(len(self)):
if self[i]._name == n: del self[i]
# delete first foo
for i in range(len(self)):
if self[i]._name == n: del self[i]
def __call__(self, *_pos, **_set):
if _set:
for k in _set.keys(): self._attrs[k] = _set[k]
if len(_pos) > 1:
for i in range(0, len(_pos), 2):
self._attrs[_pos[i]] = _pos[i+1]
if len(_pos) == 1 is not None:
return self._attrs[_pos[0]]
if len(_pos) == 0:
return self._attrs
def __len__(self): return len(self._dir)
class Namespace:
def __init__(self, uri): self.__uri = uri
def __getattr__(self, n): return (self.__uri, n)
def __getitem__(self, n): return (self.__uri, n)
from xml.sax.handler import EntityResolver, DTDHandler, ContentHandler, ErrorHandler
class Seeder(EntityResolver, DTDHandler, ContentHandler, ErrorHandler):
def __init__(self):
self.stack = [] = ''
self.prefixes = {}
def startPrefixMapping(self, prefix, uri):
if not self.prefixes.has_key(prefix): self.prefixes[prefix] = []
def endPrefixMapping(self, prefix):
# szf: 5/15/5
if len(self.prefixes[prefix]) == 0:
del self.prefixes[prefix]
def startElementNS(self, name, qname, attrs):
ch =; = ''
if ch and not ch.isspace(): self.stack[-1]._dir.append(ch)
attrs = dict(attrs)
newprefixes = {}
for k in self.prefixes.keys(): newprefixes[k] = self.prefixes[k][-1]
self.stack.append(Element(name, attrs, prefixes=newprefixes.copy()))
def characters(self, ch): += ch
def endElementNS(self, name, qname):
ch =; = ''
if ch and not ch.isspace(): self.stack[-1]._dir.append(ch)
element = self.stack.pop()
if self.stack:
self.result = element
from xml.sax import make_parser
from xml.sax.handler import feature_namespaces
def seed(fileobj):
seeder = Seeder()
parser = make_parser()
parser.setFeature(feature_namespaces, 1)
return seeder.result
def parse(text):
from StringIO import StringIO
return seed(StringIO(text))
def load(url):
import urllib
return seed(urllib.urlopen(url))
def unittest():
parse('<doc>a<baz>f<b>o</b>ob<b>a</b>r</baz>a</doc>').__repr__(1,1) == \
assert str(parse("<doc />")) == ""
assert str(parse("<doc>I <b>love</b> you.</doc>")) == "I love you."
assert parse("<doc>\nmom\nwow\n</doc>")[0].strip() == "mom\nwow"
assert str(parse('<bing> <bang> <bong>center</bong> </bang> </bing>')) == "center"
assert str(parse('<doc>\xcf\x80</doc>')) == '\xcf\x80'
d = Element('foo', attrs={'foo':'bar'}, children=['hit with a', Element('bar'), Element('bar')])
raise "ExpectedError", "but found success. Damn."
except AttributeError: pass
assert == 'bar'
raise "ExpectedError", "but found success. Damn."
except AttributeError: pass
assert hasattr(d, 'bar') == True
assert d('foo') == 'bar'
assert d('silly') == 'yes'
assert d() == d._attrs
assert d[0] == 'hit with a'
d[0] = 'ice cream'
assert d[0] == 'ice cream'
del d[0]
assert d[0]._name == "bar"
assert len(d[:]) == len(d._dir)
assert len(d[1:]) == len(d._dir) - 1
assert len(d['bar':]) == 2
d['bar':] = 'baz'
assert len(d['bar':]) == 3
assert d['bar']._name == 'bar'
d = Element('foo')
doc = Namespace("")
bbc = Namespace("")
dc = Namespace("")
d = parse("""<doc version="2.7182818284590451"
<author>John Polk and John Palfrey</author>
<dc:creator>John Polk</dc:creator>
<dc:creator>John Palfrey</dc:creator>
<bbc:show bbc:station="4">Buffy</bbc:show>
assert repr(d) == '<doc version="2.7182818284590451">...</doc>'
assert d.__repr__(1) == '<doc xmlns:bbc="" xmlns:dc="" xmlns="" version="2.7182818284590451"><author>John Polk and John Palfrey</author><dc:creator>John Polk</dc:creator><dc:creator>John Palfrey</dc:creator><bbc:show bbc:station="4">Buffy</bbc:show></doc>'
assert d.__repr__(1,1) == '<doc xmlns:bbc="" xmlns:dc="" xmlns="" version="2.7182818284590451">\n\t<author>John Polk and John Palfrey</author>\n\t<dc:creator>John Polk</dc:creator>\n\t<dc:creator>John Palfrey</dc:creator>\n\t<bbc:show bbc:station="4">Buffy</bbc:show>\n</doc>'
assert repr(parse("<doc xml:lang='en' />")) == '<doc xml:lang="en"></doc>'
assert str( == str(d['author']) == "John Polk and John Palfrey"
assert ==
assert str(d[dc.creator]) == "John Polk"
assert d[dc.creator]._name == dc.creator
assert str(d[dc.creator:][1]) == "John Palfrey"
d[dc.creator] = "Me!!!"
assert str(d[dc.creator]) == "Me!!!"
assert len(d[dc.creator:]) == 1
d[dc.creator:] = "You!!!"
assert len(d[dc.creator:]) == 2
assert d[](bbc.station) == "4"
d[](bbc.station, "5")
assert d[](bbc.station) == "5"
e = Element('e')
e.c = '<img src="foo">'
assert e.__repr__(1) == '<e><c>&lt;img src="foo"></c></e>'
e.c = '2 > 4'
assert e.__repr__(1) == '<e><c>2 > 4</c></e>'
e.c = 'CDATA sections are <em>closed</em> with ]]>.'
assert e.__repr__(1) == '<e><c>CDATA sections are &lt;em>closed&lt;/em> with ]]&gt;.</c></e>'
e.c = parse('<div xmlns="">i<br /><span></span>love<br />you</div>')
assert e.__repr__(1) == '<e><c><div xmlns="">i<br /><span></span>love<br />you</div></c></e>'
e = Element('e')
e('c', 'that "sucks"')
assert e.__repr__(1) == '<e c="that &quot;sucks&quot;"></e>'
assert quote("]]>") == "]]&gt;"
assert quote('< dkdkdsd dkd sksdksdfsd fsdfdsf]]> kfdfkg >') == '&lt; dkdkdsd dkd sksdksdfsd fsdfdsf]]&gt; kfdfkg >'
assert parse('<x a="&lt;"></x>').__repr__(1) == '<x a="&lt;"></x>'
assert parse('<a xmlns="http://a"><b xmlns="http://b"/></a>').__repr__(1) == '<a xmlns="http://a"><b xmlns="http://b"></b></a>'
if __name__ == '__main__': unittest()