Skip to content
Permalink
master
Switch branches/tags
Go to file
 
 
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
316 lines (253 sloc) 8.79 KB

Bootstrapping the Kubernetes Worker Nodes

In this lab you will bootstrap two Kubernetes worker nodes. The following components will be installed on each node: runc, container networking plugins, cri-containerd, kubelet, and kube-proxy.

Prerequisites

The commands in this lab must be run on each worker instance: worker-0 and worker-1. Azure Instance Metadata Service cannot be used to set custom property. We have used tags on each worker VM to defined POD-CIDR used later.

Login to each worker instance using the az command to find its public IP and ssh to it. Example:

WORKER="worker-0"
PUBLIC_IP_ADDRESS=$(az network public-ip show -g kubernetes \
  -n ${WORKER}-pip --query "ipAddress" -otsv)

ssh kuberoot@${PUBLIC_IP_ADDRESS}

Running commands in parallel with tmux

tmux can be used to run commands on multiple compute instances at the same time. See the Running commands in parallel with tmux section in the Prerequisites lab.

Provisioning a Kubernetes Worker Node

Install the OS dependencies:

{
  sudo apt-get update
  sudo apt-get -y install socat conntrack ipset
}

The socat binary enables support for the kubectl port-forward command.

Download and Install Worker Binaries

wget -q --show-progress --https-only --timestamping \
  https://github.com/kubernetes-sigs/cri-tools/releases/download/v1.17.0/crictl-v1.17.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz \
  https://storage.googleapis.com/gvisor/releases/nightly/latest/runsc \
  https://github.com/opencontainers/runc/releases/download/v1.0.0-rc10/runc.amd64\
  https://github.com/containernetworking/plugins/releases/download/v0.8.5/cni-plugins-linux-amd64-v0.8.5.tgz \
  https://github.com/containerd/containerd/releases/download/v1.3.2/containerd-1.3.2.linux-amd64.tar.gz \
  https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/v1.17.3/bin/linux/amd64/kubectl \
  https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/v1.17.3/bin/linux/amd64/kube-proxy \
  https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/v1.17.3/bin/linux/amd64/kubelet

Create the installation directories:

sudo mkdir -p \
  /etc/cni/net.d \
  /opt/cni/bin \
  /var/lib/kubelet \
  /var/lib/kube-proxy \
  /var/lib/kubernetes \
  /var/run/kubernetes

Install the worker binaries:

{
  sudo mv runc.amd64 runc
  chmod +x kubectl kube-proxy kubelet runc runsc
  sudo mv kubectl kube-proxy kubelet runc runsc /usr/local/bin/
  sudo tar -xvf crictl-v1.17.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz -C /usr/local/bin/
  sudo tar -xvf cni-plugins-linux-amd64-v0.8.5.tgz -C /opt/cni/bin/
  sudo tar -xvf containerd-1.3.2.linux-amd64.tar.gz -C /
}

Configure CNI Networking

Create the bridge network configuration file replacing POD_CIDR with address retrieved initially from Azure VM tags:

Note: the Azure Instance Metadata Service is used to retrieve the POD_CIDR tag for each worker.

POD_CIDR="$(echo $(curl --silent -H Metadata:true "http://169.254.169.254/metadata/instance/compute/tags?api-version=2017-08-01&format=text") | cut -d : -f2)"
cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/cni/net.d/10-bridge.conf
{
    "cniVersion": "0.3.0",
    "name": "bridge",
    "type": "bridge",
    "bridge": "cnio0",
    "isGateway": true,
    "ipMasq": true,
    "ipam": {
        "type": "host-local",
        "ranges": [
          [{"subnet": "${POD_CIDR}"}]
        ],
        "routes": [{"dst": "0.0.0.0/0"}]
    }
}
EOF

Create the loopback network configuration file:

cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/cni/net.d/99-loopback.conf
{
    "cniVersion": "0.3.0",
    "name": "lo",
    "type": "loopback"
}
EOF

Configure containerd

Create the containerd configuration file:

sudo mkdir -p /etc/containerd/
cat << EOF | sudo tee /etc/containerd/config.toml
[plugins]
  [plugins.cri.containerd]
    snapshotter = "overlayfs"
    [plugins.cri.containerd.default_runtime]
      runtime_type = "io.containerd.runtime.v1.linux"
      runtime_engine = "/usr/local/bin/runc"
      runtime_root = ""
    [plugins.cri.containerd.untrusted_workload_runtime]
      runtime_type = "io.containerd.runtime.v1.linux"
      runtime_engine = "/usr/local/bin/runsc"
      runtime_root = "/run/containerd/runsc"
    [plugins.cri.containerd.gvisor]
      runtime_type = "io.containerd.runtime.v1.linux"
      runtime_engine = "/usr/local/bin/runsc"
      runtime_root = "/run/containerd/runsc"
EOF

Untrusted workloads will be run using the gVisor (runsc) runtime.

Create the containerd.service systemd unit file:

cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/systemd/system/containerd.service
[Unit]
Description=containerd container runtime
Documentation=https://containerd.io
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStartPre=/sbin/modprobe overlay
ExecStart=/bin/containerd

Delegate=yes
KillMode=process
# Having non-zero Limit*s causes performance problems due to accounting overhead
# in the kernel. We recommend using cgroups to do container-local accounting.
LimitNPROC=infinity
LimitCORE=infinity
LimitNOFILE=infinity
# Comment TasksMax if your systemd version does not supports it.
# Only systemd 226 and above support this version.
TasksMax=infinity

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

Configure the Kubelet

{
  sudo mv ${HOSTNAME}-key.pem ${HOSTNAME}.pem /var/lib/kubelet/
  sudo mv ${HOSTNAME}.kubeconfig /var/lib/kubelet/kubeconfig
  sudo mv ca.pem /var/lib/kubernetes/
}

Create the kubelet-config.yaml configuration file:

cat <<EOF | sudo tee /var/lib/kubelet/kubelet-config.yaml
kind: KubeletConfiguration
apiVersion: kubelet.config.k8s.io/v1beta1
authentication:
  anonymous:
    enabled: false
  webhook:
    enabled: true
  x509:
    clientCAFile: "/var/lib/kubernetes/ca.pem"
authorization:
  mode: Webhook
clusterDomain: "cluster.local"
clusterDNS:
  - "10.32.0.10"
podCIDR: "${POD_CIDR}"
resolvConf: "/run/systemd/resolve/resolv.conf"
runtimeRequestTimeout: "15m"
tlsCertFile: "/var/lib/kubelet/${HOSTNAME}.pem"
tlsPrivateKeyFile: "/var/lib/kubelet/${HOSTNAME}-key.pem"
EOF

The resolvConf configuration is used to avoid loops when using CoreDNS for service discovery on systems running systemd-resolved.

Create the kubelet.service systemd unit file:

cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Kubelet
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=containerd.service
Requires=containerd.service

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kubelet \\
  --config=/var/lib/kubelet/kubelet-config.yaml \\
  --container-runtime=remote \\
  --container-runtime-endpoint=unix:///var/run/containerd/containerd.sock \\
  --image-pull-progress-deadline=2m \\
  --kubeconfig=/var/lib/kubelet/kubeconfig \\
  --network-plugin=cni \\
  --register-node=true \\
  --v=2
Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

Configure the Kubernetes Proxy

sudo mv kube-proxy.kubeconfig /var/lib/kube-proxy/kubeconfig

Create the kube-proxy-config.yaml configuration file:

cat <<EOF | sudo tee /var/lib/kube-proxy/kube-proxy-config.yaml
kind: KubeProxyConfiguration
apiVersion: kubeproxy.config.k8s.io/v1alpha1
clientConnection:
  kubeconfig: "/var/lib/kube-proxy/kubeconfig"
mode: "iptables"
clusterCIDR: "10.200.0.0/16"
EOF

Create the kube-proxy.service systemd unit file:

cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/systemd/system/kube-proxy.service
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Kube Proxy
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kube-proxy \\
  --config=/var/lib/kube-proxy/kube-proxy-config.yaml
Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

Start the Worker Services

{
  sudo systemctl daemon-reload
  sudo systemctl enable containerd kubelet kube-proxy
  sudo systemctl start containerd kubelet kube-proxy
}

Remember to run the above commands on each worker node: worker-0 and worker-1.

Verification

Login to one of the controller nodes:

CONTROLLER="controller-0"
PUBLIC_IP_ADDRESS=$(az network public-ip show -g kubernetes \
  -n ${CONTROLLER}-pip --query "ipAddress" -otsv)

ssh kuberoot@${PUBLIC_IP_ADDRESS}

List the registered Kubernetes nodes:

kubectl get nodes

output

NAME       STATUS   ROLES    AGE   VERSION
worker-0   Ready    <none>   17s   v1.17.3
worker-1   Ready    <none>   13s   v1.17.3

Next: Configuring kubectl for Remote Access