The atomic_ops library (
IN NEW CODE, PLEASE USE C11 OR C++14 STANDARD ATOMICS INSTEAD OF THE CORE LIBRARY IN THIS PACKAGE.
This is version 7.7.0 (next release development) of libatomic_ops.
Also, the latest bug fixes and new features are available in the development repository.
This package provides semi-portable access to hardware-provided atomic memory update operations on a number of architectures. These might allow you to write code:
That does more interesting things in signal handlers.
Makes more effective use of multiprocessors by allowing you to write clever lock-free code. Note that such code is very difficult to get right, and will unavoidably be less portable than lock-based code. It is also not always faster than lock-based code. But it may occasionally be a large performance win.
To experiment with new and much better thread programming paradigms, etc.
Please see other README files for the details:
README_details.txt - details about atomic_ops.h
README_malloc.txt - a simple almost-lock-free malloc implementation (part of libatomic_ops_gpl)
README_stack.txt - an almost lock-free LIFO linked lists (stack) implementation (part of libatomic_ops_gpl)
Installation and Usage
The configuration and build scripts for this package were generated by
./configure; make; sudo make install in this
directory should work. For a more customized build, see the output of
./configure --help. To build it from the development repository,
./autogen.sh should be executed first.
Alternatively, CMake could be use to build this package, e.g.
cmake . && cmake --build . in this directory should work.
Note that much of the content of this library is in the header files. However, two small libraries are built and installed:
libatomic_ops.ais a support (core) library, which is not needed on some platforms. This is intended to be usable, under some mild restrictions, in free or proprietary code, as are all the header files. See LICENSE for more details about the licensing.
libatomic_ops_gpl.ais a so called gpl extension library containing some higher level facilities. This code is covered by the GPL. The contents correspond to the headers
atomic_ops_stack.h. Not built and not installed if
--disable-gploption is passed to
-Denable_gpl=OFFoption is passed to
cmakeif the latter is used to build the package). The licensing details are given in COPYING and LICENSE files.
Platform Specific Notes
Win32/64: src/Makefile.msft contains a very simple Makefile for building
and running tests and building the gpl library. The core
implementation is entirely in header files (libatomic_ops.lib is built anyway
to match that of the configure-based build process, but libatomic_ops.lib has
only the implementation of the internal AO_pause() used by the gpl library).
More information is provided in README_win32.txt file.
aCC -Ae won't work as a C compiler, since it doesn't support
inline assembly code. Use cc.
Feedback, Contribution, Questions and Notifications
Please address bug reports and new feature ideas to GitHub issues. Before the submission please check that it has not been done yet by someone else.
If you want to contribute, submit a pull request to GitHub.
If you need help, use
Older questions on the site can be found by
Older technical discussions are also available in
bdwgc mailing list
archive - it can be downloaded as a
or browsed at Narkive (please search
for atomic keyword).
To get new release announcements, subscribe to RSS feed. (To receive the notifications by email, a 3rd-party free service like IFTTT RSS Feed can be setup.) To be notified on all issues, please watch the project on GitHub.
Copyright & Warranty, Contributors
Please be aware of the dual nature of the license of libatomic_ops:
the core part (implementing semi-portable access to hardware-provided atomic memory operations) is released under MIT license
the gpl extension (almost lock-free malloc and stack implementations) and the tests are released under GPL-2.0 license
The exact licensing information is provided in LICENSE file.
The library contributors are listed in AUTHORS file.