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Doctrine DBAL transport implementation for Jackalope

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Jackalope Build Status

A powerful implementation of the PHPCR API.

Jackalope binding for relational databases with the DoctrineDBAL. Tested to work with MySQL, PostgreSQL and SQLite and has no dependency on java or jackrabbit. For the moment, it is less feature complete.

Discuss on or visit #jackalope on

License: This code is licenced under the apache license. Please see the file LICENSE in this folder.


  • php >= 5.3
  • phpunit >= 3.6 (if you want to run the tests)
  • phpunit/DbUnit (if you want to run the Doctrine DBAL Transport tests)
  • composer


To install jackalope, run the following in the parent directory of where you want jackalope:

# get source
git clone git://
cd jackalope-doctrine-dbal

# install dependencies
curl -s | php
php composer.phar install

# install tests dependencies
php composer.phar install --dev

Note that the --dev parameter is only needed if you want to be able to run the test suite.

Create a repository

Set up a new database supported by Doctrine DBAL. You can use your favorite GUI frontend or just do something like this:


mysqladmin -u root -p  create jackalope
echo "grant all privileges on jackalope.* to 'jackalope'@'localhost' identified by '1234test'; flush privileges;" | mysql -u root -p


psql -c "CREATE ROLE jackalope WITH ENCRYPTED PASSWORD '1234test' NOINHERIT LOGIN;" -U postgres
psql -c "CREATE DATABASE jackalope WITH OWNER = jackalope;" -U postgres


Database is created automagically if you specify driver and path ("pdo_sqlite", "jackalope.db"). Databasename is not needed.

For further details, please see Doctrine configuration page.

phpunit Tests

If you want to run the tests, please see the README file in the tests folder and check if you told composer to install the suggested dependencies (see Installation).

Enable the commands

There are a couple of useful commands to interact with the repository.

To use the console, copy cli-config.php.dist to cli-config.php and configure the connection parameters. Then you can run the commands from the jackalope directory with ./bin/jackalope

NOTE: If you are using PHPCR inside of Symfony, the DoctrinePHPCRBundle provides the commands inside the normal Symfony console and you don't need to prepare anything special.

Jackalope specific commands:

  • jackalope:init:dbal: Initialize the configured database for jackalope with the Doctrine DBAL transport.

Commands available from the phpcr-utils:

  • phpcr:workspace:create <name>: Create a workspace name in the repository
  • phpcr:register-node-types --allow-update [cnd-file]: Register namespaces and node types from a "Compact Node Type Definition" .cnd file
  • phpcr:dump [--sys_nodes[="..."]] [--props[="..."]] [path]: Show the node names under the specified path. If you set sys_nodes=yes you will also see system nodes. If you set props=yes you will additionally see all properties of the dumped nodes.
  • phpcr:purge: Remove all content from the configured repository in the configured workspace
  • phpcr:sql2: Run a query in the JCR SQL2 language against the repository and dump the resulting rows to the console.


Jackalope relies on autoloading. Namespaces and folders are compliant with PSR-0. You should use the autoload file generated by composer: vendor/autoload.php

If you want to integrate jackalope into other PSR-0 compliant code and use your own classloader, find the mapping in vendor/composer/autoload_namespaces.php

Before you can use jackalope with a database, you need to set the database up. Create a database as described above, then make sure the command line utility is set up (see above "Enable the commands"). Now you can run:

bin/jackalope jackalope:init:dbal

Once these steps are done, you can bootstrap the library. A minimalist sample code to get a PHPCR session with the doctrine-dbal backend:

// For further details, please see Doctrine configuration page.
$driver    = 'pdo_mysql'; // pdo_pgsql | pdo_sqlite
$host      = 'localhost';
$user      = 'jackalope';
$password  = '';
$database  = 'jackalope'; // $path = 'jackalope.db'; // for SQLite
$workspace = 'default';

// Bootstrap Doctrine
$dbConn = \Doctrine\DBAL\DriverManager::getConnection(array(
    'driver'    => $driver,
    'host'      => $host,
    'user'      => $user,
    'password'  => $pass,
    'dbname'    => $database,
    // 'path'   => $path, // for SQLite

$repository = \Jackalope\RepositoryFactoryDoctrineDBAL::getRepository(
    array('jackalope.doctrine_dbal_connection' => $dbConn)
// dummy credentials to comply with the API
$credentials = new \PHPCR\SimpleCredentials(null, null);
$session = $repository->login($credentials, $workspace);

To use a workspace different than default you need to create it first. The easiest is to run the command bin/jackalope phpcr:workspace:create <myworkspace> but you can of course also use the PHPCR API to create workspaces from your code.


The entry point is to create the repository factory. The factory specifies the storage backend as well. From this point on, there are no differences in the usage (except for supported features, that is).

// see Bootstrapping for how to get the session.

$rootNode = $session->getNode("/");
$whitewashing = $rootNode->addNode("www-whitewashing-de");

$posts = $whitewashing->addNode("posts");

$post = $posts->addNode("welcome-to-blog");
$post->setProperty("jcr:title", "Welcome to my Blog!");
$post->setProperty("jcr:description", "This is the first post on my blog! Do you like it?");


See PHPCR Tutorial for a more detailed tutorial on how to use the PHPCR API.

Implementation notes

See doc/ for an introduction how Jackalope is built. Have a look at the source files and generate the phpdoc.


The best overview of what needs to be done are the skipped API tests. Have a look at DoctrineDBALImplementationLoader to see what is currently not working and start hacking :-)

Some notes

  • Refactor storage to implement one one table per database type?
  • Optimize database storage more, using real ids and normalizing the uuids and paths?
  • Implement parser for Jackrabbit CND syntax for node-type definitions in phpcr-utils.


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