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RESTful interface to ejabberd
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.gitmodules Added tests to mod_restful_register. Dec 4, 2010
README mod_restful_register: Added hooks for extending functionality. Nov 2, 2011

mod_restful - RESTful API for ejabberd

How to enable

Add it to a HTTP listener, or add a new HTTP listener:

{listen, [
          {{8088, {127, 0, 0, 1}}, ejabberd_http,
           [{request_handlers, [{["api"], mod_restful}]}]}

This will open the port 8088 listening on connections only on localhost. Requests to http://hostname:8088/api/* will be handled by mod_restful.


The module itself is configured separately. Available options are

{api, [APISpec]}
  APISpec = {Path, Module, [ModuleOptions]}
  Path = [string()] % ["a", "b", "c"] represents a/b/c
  Module = module() % module responsible for requests
  ModuleOptions = any() % module specific options

An example configuration is shown here:

{modules, [
       {mod_restful, [
          {["admin"], mod_restful_admin, [
           {key, "secret"},
           {allowed_commands, [register, unregister]}
          {["register"], mod_restful_register, [{key, "secret"}]}

This enables two sub paths to two different mod_restful modules: mod_restful_admin under http://hostname:8088/api/admin and mod_restful_register under http://hostname:8088/api/register.


This module can be used for calling ejabberd commands remotely. Authorization of requests are by default done via HTTP Basic auth to authenticate a user with administrative privileges, or, if the key option is enabled, via a shared secret key.

Request descriptions are done via HTTP POST requests, with a JSON document describing the request. Two examples of running the command register follows.

To run a command, using admin@localhost:secret as basic authentication.

POST /api/admin HTTP/1.1
Authorization: Basic YWRtaW5AbG9jYWxob3N0OnNlY3JldAo==
Content-Type: application/json
Content-Length: 63


To run a command, using a shared secret key:

POST /api/admin HTTP/1.1
Content-Type: application/json
Content-Length: 78


When the request is authorized, the result of the command is converted to JSON. A reply from the server could look like this:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Length: 54
Content-Type: application/json
{"ok":"User successfully registered"}

Available options:

{key, Key}
  Key = string() % secret key, used for authorization
{allowed_commands, [Command]}
  Command = module() % ejabberd_command command


Available options

{key, Key}
  Key = string() % secret key, used for authorization

mod_restful_register is an interface to user registration. It provides a RESTful API registering new accounts, removing existing accounts, changing passwords of existing accounts, and checking availability of accounts.

Registration, removal and password changes are done with POST requests, while availability is a GET request. Using JSON, POST requests contain an object with keys and values. The following table describes required keys for each type of request.


  Request type    | Key          | Description
                  | username     | New username
  register        | host         | Hostname
                  | password     | New password
                  | username     | Username to remove
  unregister      | host         | Hostname
                  | password     | Existing password, for authentication
                  | username     | Existing username
                  | host         | Hostname
  change_password | old_password | Old password, for authentication
                  | new_password | New password
  *               | key          | Key used for authorizing the request

 *  - the key can be used to all of the above


  Request type    | Response      | Description
                  | ok                   | Registration was successful
  register        | email_not_set        | Registered without E-mail
                  | {error, exists}      | Username already exists
                  | {error, Error}       | Registration failed
                  | ok                   | Successfully unregistered
  unregister      | {error, not_exists}  | Username was not registered
                  | {error, net_allowed} | Password incorrect
                  | {error, Error}       | Unregistration failed
                  | ok                   | Password changed
  change_password | {error, not_allowed} | Old password was incorrect
                  | {error, Error}       | Changing password failed

In JSON the form would be either a string, or a map. ok would be "ok", and {error, not_allowed} would be {"error":"not_allowed"}.

An example session follows:

POST /api/register/register HTTP/1.1
Content-Type: application/json
Content-Length: 76


If the request was successful, a response looks like this:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Length: 4
Content-Type: application/json

GET requests differ in that the parameters are provided in the URL. The available request is the is_registered request, which takes up to three parameters: key, username and host.

  Request type   | Key          | Description
  is_registered  | username     | New username
                 | host         | Hostname

Possible responses:

  Request type   | Response       | Description
                 | true           | Username is registered
  is_registered  | false          | Username is not registered
                 | {error, Error} | Some error occurred

Output follows the same rules as the one in the POST requests.

An example session follows:

GET /api/register/is_registered?username=test&

The response is either true or false (JSON encoded booleans). A response when the user exists is shown below.

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Length: 4
Content-Type: application/json



There can be hooks added for plugin style features. Currently the only hook implemented is mod_restful_register_registered which is called when a user successfully registered a new account. See mod_private_email for an example.

A hook must return either the input value (AccIn) or key value pair added, to the beginning of the list AccIn (for example [Foo | AccIn]). The added value must be a key, value pair currently only allowing keys of the type atom() and values of either float(), integer() or atom().

If all hooks return nothing but the input value, the final response of the register request will be "ok". If else the request will be an object map consisting of the return values of the hooks.

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