This library provides common speech features for ASR including MFCCs and filterbank energies.
Python
Latest commit 9c9018b Feb 15, 2017 @jameslyons committed on GitHub removed debug print statement

README.rst

python_speech_features

This library provides common speech features for ASR including MFCCs and filterbank energies. If you are not sure what MFCCs are, and would like to know more have a look at this MFCC tutorial

Project Documentation

Installation

This project is on pypi

To install from pypi:

pip install python_speech_features

From this repository:

git clone https://github.com/jameslyons/python_speech_features
python setup.py develop

Usage

Supported features:

  • Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients
  • Filterbank Energies
  • Log Filterbank Energies
  • Spectral Subband Centroids

Example use

From here you can write the features to a file etc.

MFCC Features

The default parameters should work fairly well for most cases, if you want to change the MFCC parameters, the following parameters are supported:

python
def mfcc(signal,samplerate=16000,winlen=0.025,winstep=0.01,numcep=13,
                 nfilt=26,nfft=512,lowfreq=0,highfreq=None,preemph=0.97,
     ceplifter=22,appendEnergy=True)
Parameter Description
signal the audio signal from which to compute features. Should be an N*1 array
samplerate the samplerate of the signal we are working with.
winlen the length of the analysis window in seconds. Default is 0.025s (25 milliseconds)
winstep the step between successive windows in seconds. Default is 0.01s (10 milliseconds)
numcep the number of cepstrum to return, default 13
nfilt the number of filters in the filterbank, default 26.
nfft the FFT size. Default is 512
lowfreq lowest band edge of mel filters. In Hz, default is 0
highfreq highest band edge of mel filters. In Hz, default is samplerate/2
preemph apply preemphasis filter with preemph as coefficient. 0 is no filter. Default is 0.97
ceplifter apply a lifter to final cepstral coefficients. 0 is no lifter. Default is 22
appendEnergy if this is true, the zeroth cepstral coefficient is replaced with the log of the total frame energy.
returns A numpy array of size (NUMFRAMES by numcep) containing features. Each row holds 1 feature vector.

Filterbank Features

These filters are raw filterbank energies. For most applications you will want the logarithm of these features. The default parameters should work fairly well for most cases. If you want to change the fbank parameters, the following parameters are supported:

python
def fbank(signal,samplerate=16000,winlen=0.025,winstep=0.01,
      nfilt=26,nfft=512,lowfreq=0,highfreq=None,preemph=0.97)
Parameter Description
signal the audio signal from which to compute features. Should be an N*1 array
samplerate the samplerate of the signal we are working with
winlen the length of the analysis window in seconds. Default is 0.025s (25 milliseconds)
winstep the step between seccessive windows in seconds. Default is 0.01s (10 milliseconds)
nfilt the number of filters in the filterbank, default 26.
nfft the FFT size. Default is 512.
lowfreq lowest band edge of mel filters. In Hz, default is 0
highfreq highest band edge of mel filters. In Hz, default is samplerate/2
preemph apply preemphasis filter with preemph as coefficient. 0 is no filter. Default is 0.97
returns A numpy array of size (NUMFRAMES by nfilt) containing features. Each row holds 1 feature vector. The second return value is the energy in each frame (total energy, unwindowed)

Reference

sample english.wav obtained from:

wget http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/spacecraft/audio/english.au
sox english.au -e signed-integer english.wav