A basic trading model on Interactive Brokers' API dealing with high-frequency data studies.
- Python 3.7
- IB Trader Workstation Build 973.2
- IB paper or live trading account
- (Optional) Docker and docker-compose
19 Jun 2019
- Version 3.0 released
ibpylibrary is dropped in favour of the newer
- The same code logic is ported over to use the features of
ib_insync, compatible with Python 3.7. Includes various code cleanup.
matplotlibcharting in favour of headless running inside Docker.
14 Jun 2019
Version 2.0 released
Merged pull request from: https://github.com/chicago-joe/IB_PairsTrading_Algo
Thanks to chicago-joe for updating to work with Python 3.
As this is only a compatibility update, there are many outdated components and the trading model is quite unlikely to be working as intended.
8 Jun 2015
- Version 1.0 released
- Refactor and conform to PEP8 standards
- New chart display with 4 subplots
You can choose to run this model in your console OR in Docker.
Running on a local Python console
Steps to run the trading model on your command line:
Within a Python 3.7 environment, install the requirements:
pip install -r requirements.txt
In IB Trader Workstation (TWS), go to Configuration > Api > Settings and:
- enable ActiveX and Socket Clients
- check the port number you will be using
- If using Docker, uncheck Allow connections from localhost only and enter the machine IP running this model to Trusted IPs.
main.pywith the required parameters and run the model with the command:
Running from a Docker container
This step is optional. You can choose to deploy one or several instances of these algos on a remote machine for execution using Docker.
A Docker container helps to automatically build your running environment and isolate changes, all in just a few simple commands!
To run this trading model in headless mode:
In TWS, ensure that remote API connections are accepted and the Docker machine's IP is added to Trusted IPs.
Ensure your machine has docker and docker-compose installed. Build the image with this command:
Update the parameters in
docker-compose.yml. I've set the
TWS_HOSTvalue in my environment variables. This is the IP address of the remote machine running TWS. Or, you can just manually enter the IP address value directly. Then, run the image as a container instance:
To run in headless mode, simply add the detached command
-d, like this:
docker-compose up -d
In headless mode, you would have to start and stop the containers manually.
At the present moment, this model utilizes statistical arbitrage incorporating these methodologies:
- Bootstrapping the model with historical data to derive usable strategy parameters
- Resampling inhomogeneous time series to homogeneous time series
- Selection of highly-correlated tradable pair
- The ability to short one instrument and long the other.
- Using volatility ratio to detect up or down trend.
- Fair valuation of security using beta, or the mean over some past interval.
- One pandas DataFrame to store historical prices
- Generate trade signals and place buy/sell market orders based on every incoming tick data.
- Re-evaluating beta every some interval in seconds.
And greatly inspired by these papers:
- MIT - Developing high-frequency equities trading model @ http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/59122
- SMU - Profiting from mean-reverting yield-curve trading strategies @ http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3488&context=lkcsb_research
- Introduction to High-Frequency Finance @ http://www.amazon.com/Introduction-High-Frequency-Finance-Ramazan-Gen%C3%A7ay/dp/0122796713
Step-by-step guide to more trading models
I published a book titled 'Mastering Python for Finance - Second Edition', discussing additional algorithmic trading ideas, statistical analysis, machine learning and deep learning, which you might find it useful. It is available on major sales channels including Amazon, Safari Online and Barnes & Noble, in paperback, Kindle and ebook. Get it from:
Source codes and table of contents on GitHub:
Topics covered with source codes:
- Applying kernel PCA. Forecasting and predicting a time series.
- Replicating the VIX index
- Building a mean-reverting and trend-following trading model
- Implementing a backtesting system
- Predicting returns with a cross-asset momentum machine learning model
- Credit card payment default prediction with Keras. Get started in deep learning with TensorFlow for predicting prices.
If you would like a FREE review copy, drop me an email at email@example.com.
Some ideas that you can extend this model for better results:
- Extending to more than 2 securities and trade on optimum prices
- Generate trade signals based on correlation and co-integration
- Using PCA for next-period evaluation. In my book I've described the use of PCA to reconstruct the DOW index. Source codes here.
- Include vector auto-regressions
- Account for regime shifts (trending or mean-reverting states)
- Account for structural breaks
- Using EMA kernels instead of a rectangular one
- Add in alphas(P/E, B/P ratios) and Kalman filter prediction
- Any securities listed is not a solicitation to trade.
- This model has not been proven to be profitable in a live account.
- I am not liable for any outcome of your trades.
Is this HFT?
Sure, I had some questions "how is this high-frequency" or "not for UHFT" or "this is not front-running". Let's take a closer look at these definitions:
- High-frequency finance: the studying of incoming tick data arriving at high frequencies, say hundreds of ticks per second. High frequency finance aims to derive stylized facts from high frequency signals.
- High-frequency trading: the turnover of positions at high frequencies; positions are typically held at most in seconds, which amounts to hundreds of trades per second.
This models aims to incorporate the above two functions and present a simplistic view to traders who wish to automate their trades, get started in Python trading or use a free trading platform.
Other software of interest
I write software in my free time. One of them for trading futures was simply called 'The Gateway'. It is a C# application that exposes a socket and public API method calls for interfacing Python with futures markets including CME, CBOT, NYSE, Eurex and ICE. Targets the T4 API.
More information on GitHub: https://github.com/hftstrat/The-Gateway-code-samples or view on the website.
- I haven't come across any complete high-frequency trading model lying around, so here's one to get started off the ground and running.
- This model has never been used with a real account. All testing was done in demo account only.
- The included strategy parameters are theoretical ideal conditions, which have not been adjusted for back-tested results.
- This project is still a work in progress. A good model could take months or even years!