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README.md

6 Minute Apps

This is an introduction to building Modern Web Apps with Play Framework, Scala, CoffeeScript, and LESS

Setup

  1. Download Typesafe Activator (or copy it over from a USB)
  2. Extract the zip and run the activator or activator.bat script from a non-interactive shell
  3. Your browser should open to the Activator UI: http://localhost:8888

Create a Play App

  1. Create a new Play Framework application using the Play Scala Seed template.
  2. As of June 2, 2015 there is a bug in Activator that prevents the loading of the project. To workaround this bug, select Code > project > play-fork-run.sbt and change the version of the sbt-fork-run-plugin to 2.4.0. Then save the file.
  3. Run the application by selecting Run and then the Run button. You can see the running application at: http://localhost:9000/
  4. Run the tests by selecting Test and then the Test button.

You may want to read the tutorial for the app before continuing.

Open in an IDE

If you want to use an IDE (Eclipse or IntelliJ) see: https://www.playframework.com/documentation/2.4.x/IDE

Update Dependencies

In the build.sbt file replace the libraryDependencies section with:

libraryDependencies ++= Seq(
  "org.sorm-framework" % "sorm" % "0.3.18",
  "com.h2database" % "h2" % "1.4.187",
  "org.webjars" %% "webjars-play" % "2.4.0-1",
  "org.webjars" % "bootstrap" % "3.3.4",
  specs2 % Test
)

This adds the SORM, H2, and WebJar dependencies to the application. Save the file to reload the changes. Then re-Run the application.

Cleanup Template Files

Remove the following files:

  • public/javascripts
  • public/stylesheets
  • test/ApplicationSpec.scala
  • test/IntegrationSpec.scala

Verify that the app compiles without any errors.

Create a Model

Create a new directory under app named models. Create a new file named Bar.scala in the app/models directory containing:

package models

import play.api.libs.json.{JsValue, Writes, Json}
import sorm.Persisted

case class Bar(name: String)

object Bar {
  implicit val barWrites = new Writes[Bar with Persisted] {
    def writes(bar: Bar with Persisted): JsValue = {
      Json.obj(
        "id" -> bar.id,
        "name" -> bar.name
      )
    }
  }
  implicit val barReads = Json.reads[Bar]
}

import sorm._
class DB extends Instance(
  entities = Set(Entity[Bar]()),
  url = "jdbc:h2:mem:test"
)

Test the Model

Create a new directory in test named models and create a new file in that directory called BarSpec.scala containing:

package models

import javax.inject.Inject

import org.specs2.mutable._

class BarSpec @Inject() (db: DB) extends Specification {

  "Bar" should {
    "be creatable" in {
      val bar = db.save(Bar("foo"))
      bar.id must not (beNull)
      bar.name must beEqualTo ("foo")
    }
  }
  
}

In the Test tab, select Test to re-run the tests. The only test should pass.

Create a Controller

Replace the app/controllers/Application.scala contents with:

package controllers

import javax.inject.Inject

import models.{DB, Bar}
import models.Bar._

import play.api.libs.json.Json
import play.api.mvc.{Action, Controller}


class Application @Inject() (db: DB) extends Controller {
  
  def index = Action {
    Ok(views.html.index("hello, world"))
  }
  
  def bars = Action {
    val bars = db.query[Bar].fetch()
    Ok(Json.toJson(bars))
  }
  
  def addBar = Action(parse.json) { request =>
    val bar = db.save(request.body.as[Bar])
    Ok(Json.toJson(bar))
  }
  
}

Map the routes

In the conf/routes file, add the following:

GET         /bars                 controllers.Application.bars
POST        /bars                 controllers.Application.addBar

Test the Controller

Create a directory named controllers in the test directory and create a new file in the new directory named ApplicationSpec.scala containing:

package controllers

import javax.inject.Inject

import models.Bar
import org.specs2.mutable._
import play.api.libs.json.Json
import play.api.test.Helpers._
import play.api.test._

class ApplicationSpec @Inject() (appController: Application) extends Specification {
    
  "Application" should {
    
    "add a bar" in  {
      val addBar = appController.addBar()(FakeRequest(POST, "/bars").withBody(Json.parse("""{"name": "foo"}""")))
      status(addBar) must equalTo(OK)
      Json.parse(contentAsString(addBar)).as[Bar].name must beEqualTo ("foo")
    }
    
    "get all bars" in {
      val bars = appController.bars()(FakeRequest(GET, "/bars"))
      status(bars) must equalTo(OK)
      Json.parse(contentAsString(bars)).as[Seq[Bar]].length must beGreaterThan (0)
    }
    
  }
}

In Test, select Test to re-run the tests. All three tests should pass.

Asset Compiler Setup

Add the following lines to the build.sbt file making sure there is an empty line before and after each line:

LessKeys.compress in Assets := true

pipelineStages := Seq(digest)

includeFilter in (Assets, LessKeys.less) := "*.less"

HTML UI

Add a new route for the WebJars in the conf/routes file:

GET         /webjars/org.webjars/*file        controllers.WebJarAssets.at(file)

In the app/views/index.scala.html file, replace @play20.welcome(message) with:

<div class="container">
    <ul id="bars"></ul>
    <form id="barForm" method="post" action="/bars">
        <label for="barName">Name</label>
        <input id="barName" required>
        <button>Add Bar</button>
    </form>
</div>

In the app/views/main.scala.html file add Bootstrap and jQuery loading below the <title>@title</title> line:

<link rel='stylesheet' href='@routes.WebJarAssets.at(WebJarAssets.locate("bootstrap.min.css"))'>
<script type='text/javascript' src='@routes.WebJarAssets.at(WebJarAssets.locate("jquery.min.js"))'></script>

Replace the contents of the <body> section with:

<div class="navbar navbar-inverse navbar-fixed-top" role="navigation">
    <div class="container">
        <div class="navbar-header">
            <a class="navbar-brand" href="#">@title</a>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
<div class="container">
    @content
</div>

Verify that the app now displays the Bootstrap Nav Bar: http://localhost:9000/

LESS Stylesheet

Create a new file in a new app/assets/stylesheets directory named main.less containing:

body {
  padding-top: 50px;
}

Verify that the app now displays a simple form: http://localhost:9000/

CoffeeScript UI Logic

Create a new file in a new app/assets/javascripts directory named hello.coffee containing:

getBars = () ->
  $.get "/bars", (bars) ->
    $("#bars").empty()
    $.each bars, (index, bar) ->
      $("#bars").append $("<li>").text bar.name

$ ->
  getBars()
  $("#barForm").submit (event) ->
    event.preventDefault()
    $.ajax
      url: event.target.action
      type: event.target.method
      contentType: "application/json"
      data: JSON.stringify({name: $("#barName").val()})
      success: () ->
        getBars()
        $("#barName").val("")

Verify the app now works and that after adding a new Bar it is displayed: http://localhost:9000/