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package Dancer::ModuleLoader;
# Abstraction layer for dynamic module loading
use strict;
use warnings;
sub load {
my ($class, $module, $version) = @_;
# 0 is a valid version, so testing trueness of $version is not enough
if (defined $version && length $version) {
my ($res, $error) = $class->load_with_params($module);
$res or return wantarray ? (0, $error) : 0;
local $@;
eval { $module->VERSION($version) };
$error = $@;
$error and return wantarray ? (0, $error) : 0;
return 1;
}
# normal 'use', can be done via require + import
my ($res, $error) = $class->load_with_params($module);
return wantarray ? ($res, $error) : $res;
}
sub require {
my ($class, $module) = @_;
local $@;
my $module_filename = $module;
$module_filename =~ s!::|'!/!g;
$module_filename .= '.pm';
eval { require $module_filename };
my $error = $@;
$error and return wantarray ? (0, $error) : 0;
return 1;
}
sub load_with_params {
my ($class, $module, @args) = @_;
my ($res, $error) = $class->require($module);
$res or return wantarray ? (0, $error) : 0;
# From perlfunc : If no "import" method can be found then the call is
# skipped, even if there is an AUTOLOAD method.
if ($module->can('import')) {
# bump Exporter Level to import symbols in the caller
local $Exporter::ExportLevel = ( $Exporter::ExportLevel || 0 ) + 1;
local $@;
eval { $module->import(@args) };
my $error = $@;
$error and return wantarray ? (0, $error) : 0;
}
return 1;
}
sub use_lib {
my ($class, @args) = @_;
use lib;
local $@;
lib->import(@args);
my $error = $@;
$error and return wantarray ? (0, $error) : 0;
return 1;
}
sub class_from_setting {
my ($self, $namespace, $setting) = @_;
my $class = '';
for my $token (split /_/, $setting) {
$class .= ucfirst($token);
}
return "${namespace}::${class}";
}
1;
__END__
=head1 NAME
Dancer::ModuleLoader - dynamic module loading helpers for Dancer core components
=head1 SYNOPSIS
Taken directly from Dancer::Template::TemplateToolkit (which is core):
die "Template is needed by Dancer::Template::TemplateToolkit"
unless Dancer::ModuleLoader->load('Template');
# we now have Template loaded
=head1 DESCRIPTION
Sometimes in Dancer core we need to use modules, but we don't want to declare
them all in advance in compile-time. These could be because the specific modules
provide extra features which depend on code that isn't (and shouldn't) be in
core, or perhaps because we only want these components loaded in lazy style,
saving loading time a bit. For example, why load L<Template> (which isn't
required by L<Dancer>) when you don't use L<Dancer::Template::TemplateToolkit>?
To do such things takes a bit of code for localizing C<$@> and C<eval>ing. That
code has been refactored into this module to help Dancer core developers.
B<Please only use this for Dancer core modules>. If you're writing an external
Dancer module (L<Dancer::Template::Tiny>, L<Dancer::Session::Cookie>, etc.),
please simply "C<use ModuleYouNeed>" in your code and don't use this module.
=head1 METHODS/SUBROUTINES
=head2 load
Runs a "C<use ModuleYouNeed>".
use Dancer::ModuleLoader;
...
Dancer::ModuleLoader->load('Something')
or die "Couldn't load Something\n";
# load version 5.0 or more
Dancer::ModuleLoader->load('Something', '5.0')
or die "Couldn't load Something\n";
# load version 5.0 or more
my ($res, $error) = Dancer::ModuleLoader->load('Something', '5.0');
$res or die "Couldn't load Something : '$error'\n";
Takes in arguments the module name, and optionally the minimum version number required.
In scalar context, returns 1 if successful, 0 if not.
In list context, returns 1 if successful, C<(0, "error message")> if not.
If you need to give argumentto the loading module, please use the method C<load_with_params>
=head2 require
Runs a "C<require ModuleYouNeed>".
use Dancer::ModuleLoader;
...
Dancer::ModuleLoader->require('Something')
or die "Couldn't require Something\n";
my ($res, $error) = Dancer::ModuleLoader->require('Something');
$res or die "Couldn't require Something : '$error'\n";
If you are unsure what you need (C<require> or C<load>), learn the differences
between C<require> and C<use>.
Takes in arguments the module name.
In scalar context, returns 1 if successful, 0 if not.
In list context, returns 1 if successful, C<(0, "error message")> if not.
=head2 load_with_params
Runs a "C<use ModuleYouNeed qw(param1 param2 ...)>".
use Dancer::ModuleLoader;
...
Dancer::ModuleLoader->load_with_params('Something', qw(param1 param2) )
or die "Couldn't load Something with param1 and param2\n";
my ($res, $error) = Dancer::ModuleLoader->load_with_params('Something', @params);
$res or die "Couldn't load Something with @params: '$error'\n";
Takes in arguments the module name, and optionally parameters to pass to the import internal method.
In scalar context, returns 1 if successful, 0 if not.
In list context, returns 1 if successful, C<(0, "error message")> if not.
=head2 use_lib
Runs a "C<use lib qw(path1 path2)>" at run time instead of compile time.
use Dancer::ModuleLoader;
...
Dancer::ModuleLoader->use_lib('path1', @other_paths)
or die "Couldn't perform use lib\n";
my ($res, $error) = Dancer::ModuleLoader->use_lib('path1', @other_paths);
$res or die "Couldn't perform use lib : '$error'\n";
Takes in arguments a list of path to be prepended to C<@INC>, in a similar way
than C<use lib>. However, this is performed at run time, so the list of paths
can be generated and dynamic.
In scalar context, returns 1 if successful, 0 if not.
In list context, returns 1 if successful, C<(0, "error message")> if not.
=head2 class_from_setting
Given a setting in Dancer::Config, composes the class it should be.
This is the function that translates:
# in config.yaml
template: "template_toolkit"
To the class:
Dancer::Template::TemplateToolkit
Example:
use Dancer::ModuleLoader;
my $class = Dancer::ModuleLoader->class_from_setting(
'Dancer::Template' => 'template_toolkit',
);
# $class == 'Dancer::Template::TemplateToolkit
$class = Dancer::ModuleLoader->class_from_setting(
'Dancer::Template' => 'tiny',
);
# class == 'Dancer::Template::Tiny
=head1 SEE ALSO
L<Module::Load>, L<Module::New::Loader>
=head1 AUTHOR
Alexis Sukrieh
=head1 LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT
Copyright 2009-2010 Alexis Sukrieh.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of either: the GNU General Public License as published
by the Free Software Foundation; or the Artistic License.
See http://dev.perl.org/licenses/ for more information.
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