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The S80186 IP core is a compact, 80186 binary compatible core, implementing the full 80186 ISA suitable for integration into FPGA/ASIC designs. The core executes most instructions in far fewer cycles than the original Intel 8086, and in many cases, fewer cycles than the 80286. The core is supplied as synthesizable SystemVerilog, along with a C++ reference model, extensive tests, a reference BIOS implementation and reference FPGA designs.


  • Binary compatible with the Intel 80186 core
    • MS-DOS
    • FreeDOS
    • OpenWatcom/GCC ia16-elf compilers
  • Separate data/IO and instruction busses
  • 1MB addressable segmented memory
  • 64KB addressable IO space
  • Lock signal for atomic accesses
  • 256 external interrupts
  • 1 non-maskable interrupt
  • 3 stage fetch/decode/execute pipeline
  • Debug interface suitable
    • JTAG TAP compatible
    • Register/Memory access
    • Execution control
  • FPGA builds (Intel Cyclone V)
    • 60MHz FMax
    • ~1800 ALMs


  • Full synthesizable SystemVerilog
  • C++ reference model
  • FPGA reference designs for Terasic DE0-Nano and DE0-CV
  • Extensive test suite verified against C++ model, RTL and FPGA
  • Complete Docker build environments
  • Full development documentation and programmers guide

Reference Design

  • SDR SDRAM controller
  • SD card for fixed disk emulation
  • 8259 PIC-lite controller
  • UART
  • 8254 PIT-lite timer operating in mode 2 only.
  • MCGA controller with VGA output (text mode + 320x200 256 color modes)
  • PS/2 controller (mouse and keyboard)
  • Direct mapped write-back cache

System Requirements

  • Docker
  • 4GB RAM



This will build the Docker containers and then perform a release build and run all of the tests.


The build script above will create a developer's guide in ./_build/build/documentation/development-guide.pdf