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Minimal templating with {{mustaches}} in JavaScript
JavaScript HTML Ruby Shell
Latest commit ffa4738 @janl release 0.2.3


What could be more logical awesome than no logic at all?

Shamless port of by Jan Lehnardt

Thanks @defunkt for the awesome code.

For a list of implementations (other than JavaScript) and editor plugins, see

Where to Use?

You can use mustache.js rendering stuff in various scenarios. E.g. you can render templates in your browser, or rendering server-side stuff with node.js, use it for rendering stuff in CouchDB's views.

Who Uses Mustache?

An updated list is kept on the Github wiki. Add yourself, if you use mustache.js:


A quick example how to use mustache.js:

var view = {
  title: "Joe",
  calc: function() {
    return 2 + 4;

var template = "{{title}} spends {{calc}}";

var html = Mustache.to_html(template, view);

template is a simple string with mustache tags and view is a JavaScript object containing the.

Template Tag Types

There are several types of tags currently implemented in mustache.js.

For a language-agnostic overview of Mustache's template syntax, see the mustache(5) manpage or

Simple Tags

Tags are always surrounded by mustaches like this {{foobar}}.

var view = {name: "Joe", say_hello: function(){ return "hello" }}

template = "{{say_hello}}, {{name}}"

Conditional Sections

Conditional sections begin with {{#condition}} and end with {{/condition}}. When condition evaluates to true, the section is rendered, otherwise the hole block will output nothing at all. condition may be a function returning true/false or a simple boolean.

var view = {condition: function() {
  // [...your code goes here...]
  return true;

  I will be visible if condition is true

Enumerable Sections

Enumerable Sections use the same syntax as condition sections do. {{#shopping_items}} and {{/shopping_items}}. Actually the view decides how mustache.js renders the section. If the view returns an array, it will iterator over the items. Use {{.}} to access the current item inside the enumeration section.

var view = {name: "Joe's shopping card",
            items: ["bananas", "apples"]}

var template = "{{name}}: <ul> {{#items}}<li>{{.}}</li>{{/items}} </ul>"

Joe's shopping card: <ul><li>bananas</li><li>apples</li></ul>

View Partials

mustache.js supports a quite powerful but yet simple view partial mechanism. Use the following syntax for partials: {{>partial_name}}

var view = {
  name: "Joe",
  winnings: {
    value: 1000,
    taxed_value: function() {
        return this.value - (this.value * 0.4);

var template = "Welcome, {{name}}! {{>winnings}}"
var partials = {
  winnings: "You just won ${{value}} (which is ${{taxed_value}} after tax)"};

var output = Mustache.to_html(template, view, partials)

output will be:
Welcome, Joe! You just won $1000 (which is $600 after tax)

You invoke a partial with {{>winnings}}. Invoking the partial winnings will tell mustache.js to look for a object in the context's property winnings. It will then use that object as the context for the template found in partials for winnings.


mustache.js does escape all values when using the standard double mustache syntax. Characters which will be escaped: & \ " < >. To disable escaping, simply use tripple mustaches like {{{unescaped_variable}}}.

Example: Using {{variable}} inside a template for 5 > 2 will result in 5 &gt; 2, where as the usage of {{{variable}}} will result in 5 > 2.


To stream template results out of mustache.js, you can pass an optional send() callback to the to_html() call:

Mustache.to_html(template, view, partials, function(line) {


Pragma tags let you alter the behaviour of mustache.js. They have the format of


and they accept options:

{{%PRAGMANAME option=value}}


When using a block to iterate over an enumerable (Array), mustache.js expects an objects as enumerable items. The implicit iterator pragma enables optional behaviour of allowing literals as enumerable items. Consider this view:

var view = {
  foo: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, "french"]

The following template can iterate over the member foo:


If you don't like the dot in there, the pragma accepts an option to set your own iteration marker:

{{%IMPLICIT-ITERATOR iterator=bob}}

More Examples and Documentation

See examples/ for more goodies and read the original mustache docs

Command Line

See mustache(1) man page or for command line docs.

Or just install it as a RubyGem:

$ gem install mustache
$ mustache -h
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