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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- SMTP client support for the Lua language.
-- LuaSocket toolkit.
-- Author: Diego Nehab
-- RCS ID: $Id: smtp.lua,v 1.46 2007/03/12 04:08:40 diego Exp $
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Declare module and import dependencies
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
local base = _G
local coroutine = require("coroutine")
local string = require("string")
local math = require("math")
local os = require("os")
local socket = require("socket")
local tp = require("socket.tp")
local ltn12 = require("ltn12")
local mime = require("mime")
module("socket.smtp")
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Program constants
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- timeout for connection
TIMEOUT = 60
-- default server used to send e-mails
SERVER = "localhost"
-- default port
PORT = 25
-- domain used in HELO command and default sendmail
-- If we are under a CGI, try to get from environment
DOMAIN = os.getenv("SERVER_NAME") or "localhost"
-- default time zone (means we don't know)
ZONE = "-0000"
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Low level SMTP API
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
local metat = { __index = {} }
function metat.__index:greet(domain)
self.try(self.tp:check("2.."))
self.try(self.tp:command("EHLO", domain or DOMAIN))
return socket.skip(1, self.try(self.tp:check("2..")))
end
function metat.__index:mail(from)
self.try(self.tp:command("MAIL", "FROM:" .. from))
return self.try(self.tp:check("2.."))
end
function metat.__index:rcpt(to)
self.try(self.tp:command("RCPT", "TO:" .. to))
return self.try(self.tp:check("2.."))
end
function metat.__index:data(src, step)
self.try(self.tp:command("DATA"))
self.try(self.tp:check("3.."))
self.try(self.tp:source(src, step))
self.try(self.tp:send("\r\n.\r\n"))
return self.try(self.tp:check("2.."))
end
function metat.__index:quit()
self.try(self.tp:command("QUIT"))
return self.try(self.tp:check("2.."))
end
function metat.__index:close()
return self.tp:close()
end
function metat.__index:login(user, password)
self.try(self.tp:command("AUTH", "LOGIN"))
self.try(self.tp:check("3.."))
self.try(self.tp:command(mime.b64(user)))
self.try(self.tp:check("3.."))
self.try(self.tp:command(mime.b64(password)))
return self.try(self.tp:check("2.."))
end
function metat.__index:plain(user, password)
local auth = "PLAIN " .. mime.b64("\0" .. user .. "\0" .. password)
self.try(self.tp:command("AUTH", auth))
return self.try(self.tp:check("2.."))
end
function metat.__index:auth(user, password, ext)
if not user or not password then return 1 end
if string.find(ext, "AUTH[^\n]+LOGIN") then
return self:login(user, password)
elseif string.find(ext, "AUTH[^\n]+PLAIN") then
return self:plain(user, password)
else
self.try(nil, "authentication not supported")
end
end
-- send message or throw an exception
function metat.__index:send(mailt)
self:mail(mailt.from)
if base.type(mailt.rcpt) == "table" then
for i,v in base.ipairs(mailt.rcpt) do
self:rcpt(v)
end
else
self:rcpt(mailt.rcpt)
end
self:data(ltn12.source.chain(mailt.source, mime.stuff()), mailt.step)
end
function open(server, port, create)
local tp = socket.try(tp.connect(server or SERVER, port or PORT,
TIMEOUT, create))
local s = base.setmetatable({tp = tp}, metat)
-- make sure tp is closed if we get an exception
s.try = socket.newtry(function()
s:close()
end)
return s
end
-- convert headers to lowercase
local function lower_headers(headers)
local lower = {}
for i,v in base.pairs(headers or lower) do
lower[string.lower(i)] = v
end
return lower
end
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Multipart message source
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- returns a hopefully unique mime boundary
local seqno = 0
local function newboundary()
seqno = seqno + 1
return string.format('%s%05d==%05u', os.date('%d%m%Y%H%M%S'),
math.random(0, 99999), seqno)
end
-- send_message forward declaration
local send_message
-- yield the headers all at once, it's faster
local function send_headers(headers)
local h = "\r\n"
for i,v in base.pairs(headers) do
h = i .. ': ' .. v .. "\r\n" .. h
end
coroutine.yield(h)
end
-- yield multipart message body from a multipart message table
local function send_multipart(mesgt)
-- make sure we have our boundary and send headers
local bd = newboundary()
local headers = lower_headers(mesgt.headers or {})
headers['content-type'] = headers['content-type'] or 'multipart/mixed'
headers['content-type'] = headers['content-type'] ..
'; boundary="' .. bd .. '"'
send_headers(headers)
-- send preamble
if mesgt.body.preamble then
coroutine.yield(mesgt.body.preamble)
coroutine.yield("\r\n")
end
-- send each part separated by a boundary
for i, m in base.ipairs(mesgt.body) do
coroutine.yield("\r\n--" .. bd .. "\r\n")
send_message(m)
end
-- send last boundary
coroutine.yield("\r\n--" .. bd .. "--\r\n\r\n")
-- send epilogue
if mesgt.body.epilogue then
coroutine.yield(mesgt.body.epilogue)
coroutine.yield("\r\n")
end
end
-- yield message body from a source
local function send_source(mesgt)
-- make sure we have a content-type
local headers = lower_headers(mesgt.headers or {})
headers['content-type'] = headers['content-type'] or
'text/plain; charset="iso-8859-1"'
send_headers(headers)
-- send body from source
while true do
local chunk, err = mesgt.body()
if err then coroutine.yield(nil, err)
elseif chunk then coroutine.yield(chunk)
else break end
end
end
-- yield message body from a string
local function send_string(mesgt)
-- make sure we have a content-type
local headers = lower_headers(mesgt.headers or {})
headers['content-type'] = headers['content-type'] or
'text/plain; charset="iso-8859-1"'
send_headers(headers)
-- send body from string
coroutine.yield(mesgt.body)
end
-- message source
function send_message(mesgt)
if base.type(mesgt.body) == "table" then send_multipart(mesgt)
elseif base.type(mesgt.body) == "function" then send_source(mesgt)
else send_string(mesgt) end
end
-- set defaul headers
local function adjust_headers(mesgt)
local lower = lower_headers(mesgt.headers)
lower["date"] = lower["date"] or
os.date("!%a, %d %b %Y %H:%M:%S ") .. (mesgt.zone or ZONE)
lower["x-mailer"] = lower["x-mailer"] or socket._VERSION
-- this can't be overriden
lower["mime-version"] = "1.0"
return lower
end
function message(mesgt)
mesgt.headers = adjust_headers(mesgt)
-- create and return message source
local co = coroutine.create(function() send_message(mesgt) end)
return function()
local ret, a, b = coroutine.resume(co)
if ret then return a, b
else return nil, a end
end
end
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- High level SMTP API
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
send = socket.protect(function(mailt)
local s = open(mailt.server, mailt.port, mailt.create)
local ext = s:greet(mailt.domain)
s:auth(mailt.user, mailt.password, ext)
s:send(mailt)
s:quit()
return s:close()
end)
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