An Elixir interface to the Bugsnag API
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README.md

Bugsnag Elixir Build Status

Capture exceptions and send them to the Bugsnag API!

πŸ”— See also: Plugsnag, to snag exceptions in your Phoenix application.

Installation

# mix.exs
defp deps do
  [{:bugsnag, "~> 1.7.0"}]
end
# config/config.exs
config :bugsnag, api_key: "0123456789abcdef0123456789abcdef"

The :bugsnag application must be started to report errors β€” this should be done automatically by application inference, as long as the application function in your mix.exs does not contain an applications key. If it does, you'll want to add :bugsnag to the list of applications.

By default, the application adds an Erlang :error_logger handler on startup that will report most process crashes automatically. If you only want to report errors manually, this can be configured via the use_logger option (see below).

Configuration

Although errors will be reported even if you only set an API key, some Bugsnag features (like release stage and app version tagging, or marking stack frames as "in-project") require additional configuration.

All configuration options support {:system, "ENV_VAR"} tuples for retrieving values from environment variables at application startup. You can also specify a default value using {:system, "ENV_VAR", "default_value"}.

Example

This config uses all available features. It assumes your project is a single application whose code is in lib/my_app_name, and you have an environment variable MY_APP_ENV set to values like "staging" or "production" depending on the runtime environment.

# config/config.exs
config :bugsnag,
  api_key: "0123456789abcdef0123456789abcdef",
  release_stage: {:system, "MY_APP_ENV", "production"},
  notify_release_stages: ["staging", "production"],
  hostname: {:system, "HOST", "unknown"},
  app_version: Mix.Project.config[:version],
  in_project: "lib/my_app_name"

See below for explanations of each option, including some options not used here.

api_key

Default: nil

Must be set to report errors.

release_stage

Default: "production"

Sets the default "release stage" for reported errors. If set to a value that is not included in notify_release_stages, all reports will be silently discarded.

notify_release_stages

Default: ["production"]

If the configured release_stage is not in this list, all error reports are silently discarded. This allows ignoring errors in release stages you don't want to clutter your Bugsnag dashboard, e.g. development or test.

To accommodate configuration via environment variables, if set to a string, the string will be split on commas (,).

hostname

Default: "unknown"

Sets the default hostname for reported errors.

app_type

Default: "elixir"

Sets the default application type for reported errors.

app_version

Default: nil

Sets the default application version for reported errors.

in_project

Default: nil

When reporting the stack trace of an exception, Bugsnag allows marking each stack frame as being "in your project" or not. This enables grouping errors by the deepest stack frame that is in your project. Unfortunately it's hard to do this automatically in Elixir, because file paths in stack traces are relative to the application the file is part of (i.e. all start with lib/some_app/...). Since we don't know which apps are "yours", this option must be set to enable marking stack frames as in-project.

This option can be set in several ways:

String Matching

config :bugsnag, in_project: "lib/my_app_name"

If a stack frame's file path contains the string, it will be marked in-project.

Regex Matching

config :bugsnag, in_project: ~r(my_app_name|my_other_app)

If a stack frame's file path matches the regex, it will be marked in-project.

Custom Function

config :bugsnag, in_project: fn({module, function, arguments, file_path}) ->
  module in [SomeMod, OtherMod] or file_path =~ ~r(^lib/my_project)
end

If the function returns a truthy value when called with the stack frame as an argument, the stack frame will be marked in-project. You can also specify a function as a {Module, :function, [extra_args]} tuple (the stack frame tuple will be prepended as the first argument to the function).

endpoint_url

Default: "https://notify.bugsnag.com"

Allows sending reports to a different URL (e.g. if using Bugsnag On-premise).

use_logger

Default: true

Controls whether the default Erlang :error_logger handler is added on application startup. This will automatically report most process crashes.

Usage

In the default configuration, unhandled exceptions that crash a process will be automatically reported to Bugsnag. If you want to report a rescued exception, or have use_logger disabled, you can send reports manually.

Manual Reporting

Use Bugsnag.report to report an exception:

try do
  raise "heck"
rescue exception ->
  Bugsnag.report(exception)
end

This reports the exception in a separate process so your application code will not be held up. However, this means reporting could fail silently. If you want to wait on the report in your own process (and potentially crash, if reporting fails), use Bugsnag.sync_report:

try do
  raise "heck"
rescue exception ->
  :ok = Bugsnag.sync_report(exception)
end

Reporting Options

Both report and sync_report accept an optional second argument to add more data to the report or override the application configuration:

try do
  raise "heck"
rescue exception ->
  Bugsnag.report(exception, severity: "warning", context: "worker")
end

The following options override their corresponding app config values:

  • api_key
  • release_stage
  • notify_release_stages
  • hostname
  • app_type
  • app_version

The following options allow adding more data to the report:

  • severity β€” Sets the severity of the report (error, warning, or info)
  • context β€” Sets the "context" string (e.g. controller#action in Phoenix)
  • user β€” Map of information about the user who encountered the error:
    • id - String ID for the user
    • name - Full name of the user
    • email - Email address of the user
  • os_version β€” Sets the reported OS version of the error
  • stacktrace β€” Allows passing in a stack trace, e.g. from System.stacktrace
  • metadata - Map of arbitrary metadata to include with the report

See the Bugsnag docs for more information on these fields.