Build forms in React, without the tears 😭
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README.md

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For 0.11.x-beta docs, go here

Overview

Let's face it, forms are really verbose in React. To make matters worse, most form helpers do wayyyy too much magic and often have a significant performance cost associated with them. Formik is a small library that helps you with the 3 most annoying parts:

  1. Getting values in and out of form state
  2. Validation and error messages
  3. Handling form submission

By colocating all of the above in one place, Formik will keep things organized--making testing, refactoring, and reasoning about your forms a breeze.

Developer Experience

I (@jaredpalmer) wrote Formik while building a large internal administrative dashboard with @eonwhite. With around ~30 unique forms, it quickly became obvious that we could benefit by standardizing not just our input components but also the way in which data flowed through our forms.

Why not Redux-Form?

By now, you might be thinking, "Why didn't you just use Redux-Form?" Good question.

  1. According to our prophet Dan Abramov, form state is inherently ephemeral and local, so tracking it in Redux (or any kind of Flux library) is unnecessary
  2. Redux-Form calls your entire top-level Redux reducer multiple times ON EVERY SINGLE KEYSTROKE. This is fine for small apps, but as your Redux app grows, input latency will continue to increase if you use Redux-Form.
  3. Redux-Form is 22.5 kB minified gzipped (Formik is 9.2 kB)

My goal with Formik was to create a scalable, performant, form helper with a minimal API that does the really really annoying stuff, and leaves the rest up to you.

Influences

Formik started by expanding on this little higher order component by Brent Jackson, some naming conventions from Redux-Form, and (most recently) the render props approach popularized by React-Motion and React-Router 4. Whether you have used any of the above or not, Formik only takes a few minutes to get started with.

Installation

Add Formik to your project.

npm i formik --save

You can also try before you buy with this demo of Formik on CodeSandbox.io

Demos

Talks

Community Articles / Tutorials

The gist

Formik keeps track of your form's state and then exposes it plus a few reusable methods and event handlers (handleChange, handleBlur, and handleSubmit) to your form via props. handleChange and handleBlur work exactly as expected--they use a name or id attribute to figure out which field to update.

There are two ways to use Formik:

  • withFormik(): A Higher-order Component (HoC) that accepts a configuration object
  • <Formik />: A React component with a render prop

Both do exactly the same thing and share the same internal implementation. They just differ in their respective style....

// Higher Order Component
import React from 'react';
import { withFormik } from 'formik';

// Our inner form component which receives our form's state and updater methods as props
const InnerForm = ({
  values,
  errors,
  touched,
  handleChange,
  handleBlur,
  handleSubmit,
  isSubmitting,
}) => (
  <form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
    <input
      type="email"
      name="email"
      onChange={handleChange}
      onBlur={handleBlur}
      value={values.email}
    />
    {touched.email && errors.email && <div>{errors.email}</div>}
    <input
      type="password"
      name="password"
      onChange={handleChange}
      onBlur={handleBlur}
      value={values.password}
    />
    {touched.password && errors.password && <div>{errors.password}</div>}
    <button type="submit" disabled={isSubmitting}>
      Submit
    </button>
  </form>
);

// Wrap our form with the using withFormik HoC
const MyForm = withFormik({
  // Transform outer props into form values
  mapPropsToValues: props => ({ email: '', password: '' }),
  // Add a custom validation function (this can be async too!)
  validate: (values, props) => {
    const errors = {};
    if (!values.email) {
      errors.email = 'Required';
    } else if (
      !/^[A-Z0-9._%+-]+@[A-Z0-9.-]+\.[A-Z]{2,4}$/i.test(values.email)
    ) {
      errors.email = 'Invalid email address';
    }
    return errors;
  },
  // Submission handler
  handleSubmit: (
    values,
    {
      props,
      setSubmitting,
      setErrors /* setValues, setStatus, and other goodies */,
    }
  ) => {
    LoginToMyApp(values).then(
      user => {
        setSubmitting(false);
        // do whatevs...
        // props.updateUser(user)
      },
      errors => {
        setSubmitting(false);
        // Maybe even transform your API's errors into the same shape as Formik's!
        setErrors(transformMyApiErrors(errors));
      }
    );
  },
})(InnerForm);

// Use <MyForm /> anywhere
const Basic = () => (
  <div>
    <h1>My Form</h1>
    <p>This can be anywhere in your application</p>
    <MyForm />
  </div>
);

export default Basic;
// Render Prop
import React from 'react';
import { Formik } from 'formik';

const Basic = () => (
  <div>
    <h1>My Form</h1>
    <p>This can be anywhere in your application</p>
    {/*
      The benefit of the render prop approach is that you have full access to React's
      state, props, and composition model. Thus there is no need to map outer props
      to values...you can just set the initial values, and if they depend on props / state
      then--boom--you can directly access to props / state.

      The render prop accepts your inner form component, which you can define separately or inline
      totally up to you:
      - `<Formik render={props => <form>...</form>}>`
      - `<Formik component={InnerForm}>`
      - `<Formik>{props => <form>...</form>}</Formik>` (identical to as render, just written differently)
    */}
    <Formik
      initialValues={{
        email: '',
        password: '',
      }}
      validate={values => {
        // same as above, but feel free to move this into a class method now.
        let errors = {};
        if (!values.email) {
          errors.email = 'Required';
        } else if (
          !/^[A-Z0-9._%+-]+@[A-Z0-9.-]+\.[A-Z]{2,4}$/i.test(values.email)
        ) {
          errors.email = 'Invalid email address';
        }
        return errors;
      }}
      onSubmit={(
        values,
        { setSubmitting, setErrors /* setValues and other goodies */ }
      ) => {
        LoginToMyApp(values).then(
          user => {
            setSubmitting(false);
            // do whatevs...
            // props.updateUser(user)
          },
          errors => {
            setSubmitting(false);
            // Maybe transform your API's errors into the same shape as Formik's
            setErrors(transformMyApiErrors(errors));
          }
        );
      }}
      render={({
        values,
        errors,
        touched,
        handleChange,
        handleBlur,
        handleSubmit,
        isSubmitting,
      }) => (
        <form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
          <input
            type="email"
            name="email"
            onChange={handleChange}
            onBlur={handleBlur}
            value={values.email}
          />
          {touched.email && errors.email && <div>{errors.email}</div>}
          <input
            type="password"
            name="password"
            onChange={handleChange}
            onBlur={handleBlur}
            value={values.password}
          />
          {touched.password && errors.password && <div>{errors.password}</div>}
          <button type="submit" disabled={isSubmitting}>
            Submit
          </button>
        </form>
      )}
    />
  </div>
);

export default Basic;

Complementary Packages

As you can see above, validation is left up to you. Feel free to write your own validators or use a 3rd party library. Personally, I use Yup for object schema validation. It has an API that's pretty similar Joi / React PropTypes but is small enough for the browser and fast enough for runtime usage. Because I ❀️ Yup sooo much, Formik has a special config option / prop for Yup called validationSchema which will automatically transform Yup's validation errors into a pretty object whose keys match values and touched. Anyways, you can install Yup from npm...

npm install yup --save

Table of Contents

Guides

Basics

Imagine you want to build a form that lets you edit user data. However, your user API has nested objects like so.

{
   id: string,
   email: string,
   social: {
     facebook: string,
     twitter: string,
     // ...
   }
}

When we are done we want our dialog to accept just a user, updateUser, and onClose props.

// User.js
import React from 'react';
import Dialog from 'MySuperDialog';
import EditUserForm from './EditUserForm';
import { Formik } from 'formik';

const EditUserDialog = ({ user, updateUser, onClose }) => {
  const { email, social } = user;
  return (
    <Dialog onClose={onClose}>
      <h1>Edit User</h1>
      <Formik
        initialValues={{ email, ...social }}
        onSubmit={(values, actions) => {
          CallMyApi(user.id, values).then(
            updatedUser => {
              actions.setSubmitting(false);
              updateUser(updatedUser), onClose();
            },
            error => {
              actions.setSubmitting(false);
              actions.setErrors(transformMyAPIErrorToAnObject(error));
            }
          );
        }}
        render={({
          values,
          errors,
          touched,
          handleBlur,
          handleChange,
          handleSubmit,
          isSubmitting,
        }) => (
          <form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
            <input
              type="email"
              name="email"
              onChange={handleChange}
              onBlur={handleBlur}
              value={values.email}
            />
            {errors.email && touched.email && <div>{errors.email}</div>}
            <input
              type="text"
              name="facebook"
              onChange={handleChange}
              onBlur={handleBlur}
              value={values.facebook}
            />
            {errors.facebook &&
              touched.facebook && <div>{errors.facebook}</div>}
            <input
              type="text"
              name="twitter"
              onChange={handleChange}
              onBlur={handleBlur}
              value={values.twitter}
            />
            {errors.twitter && touched.twitter && <div>{errors.twitter}</div>}
            <button type="submit" disabled={isSubmitting}>
              Submit
            </button>
          </form>
        )}
      />
    </Dialog>
  );
};

To make writing forms less verbose. Formik comes with a few helpers to save you key strokes.

  • <Field>
  • <Form/>

This is the exact same form as before, but written with <Form/> and <Field/>:

// EditUserDialog.js
import React from 'react';
import Dialog from 'MySuperDialog';
import EditUserForm from './EditUserForm';
import { Formik, Field, Form } from 'formik';

const EditUserDialog = ({ user, updateUser, onClose }) => {
  const { email, social } = user;
  return (
    <Dialog onClose={onClose}>
      <h1>Edit User</h1>
      <Formik
        initialValues={{ email, ...social }}
        onSubmit={(values, actions) => {
          CallMyApi(user.id, values).then(
            updatedUser => {
              actions.setSubmitting(false);
              updateUser(updatedUser), onClose();
            },
            error => {
              actions.setSubmitting(false);
              actions.setErrors(transformMyAPIErrorToAnObject(error));
            }
          );
        }}
        render={({ errors, touched, isSubmitting }) => (
          <Form>
            <Field type="email" name="email" />
            {errors.email && touched.email && <div>{errors.email}</div>}
            <Field type="text" name="facebook" />
            {errors.facebook &&
              touched.facebook && <div>{errors.facebook}</div>}
            <Field type="text" name="twitter" />
            {errors.twitter && touched.twitter && <div>{errors.twitter}</div>}
            <button type="submit" disabled={isSubmitting}>
              Submit
            </button>
          </Form>
        )}
      />
    </Dialog>
  );
};

React Native

Formik is 100% compatible with React Native and React Native Web. However, because of differences between ReactDOM's and React Native's handling of forms and text input, there are two differences to be aware of. This section will walk you through them and what I consider to be best practices.

Before going any further, here's a super minimal gist of how to use Formik with React Native that demonstrates the key differences:

// Formik x React Native example
import React from 'react';
import { Button, TextInput, View } from 'react-native';
import { withFormik } from 'formik';

const enhancer = withFormik({
  /*...*/
});

const MyReactNativeForm = props => (
  <View>
    <TextInput
      onChangeText={text => props.setFieldValue('email', text)}
      value={props.values.email}
    />
    <Button onPress={props.handleSubmit} title="Submit" /> //
  </View>
);

export default enhancer(MyReactNativeForm);

As you can see above, the notable differences between using Formik with React DOM and React Native are:

  1. Formik's props.handleSubmit is passed to a <Button onPress={...}/> instead of HTML <form onSubmit={...}/> component (since there is no <form/> element in React Native).
  2. <TextInput /> uses Formik's props.setFieldValue instead of props.handleChange. To understand why, see the discussion below.

Why use setFieldValue instead of handleChange?

'cuz handleChange will not work in React Native...

import { Button, TextInput, View } from 'react-native';
import { Formik } from 'formik';

const MyReactNativeForm = props => (
  <View>
    <Formik
      onSubmit={(values, actions) => {
        setTimeout(() => {
          console.log(JSON.stringify(values, null, 2));
          actions.setSubmitting(false);
        }, 1000);
      }}
      render={props => (
        <View>
          <TextInput
            name="email"
            onChangeText={props.handleChange} // this WILL NOT WORK IN RN
            value={props.values.email}
          />
          <Button onPress={props.handleSubmit} />
        </View>
      )}
    />
  </View>
);

The reason is that Formik's handleChange function expects its first argument to be synthetic DOM event where the event.target is the DOM input element and event.target.id or event.target.name matches the field to be updated. Without this, handleChange will do nothing.

In React Native, neither <TextInput />'s onChange nor onChangeText callbacks pass such an event or one like it to its callback. Instead, they do the following (emphasis added):

onChange?: function
Callback that is called when the text input's text changes.

onChangeText?: function
Callback that is called when the text input's text changes. Changed text is passed as an argument to the callback handler.

However, Formik works just fine if you use props.setFieldValue! Philisophically, just treat React Native's <TextInput/> the same way you would any other 3rd party custom input element.

In conclusion, the following WILL work in React Native:

// ...
// this works.
export const MyReactNativeForm = props => (
  <View>
    <TextInput
      onChangeText={text => props.setFieldValue('email', text)}
      value={props.values.email}
    />
    <Button onPress={props.handleSubmit} />
  </View>
);
// ...

Avoiding new functions in render

If for any reason you wish to avoid creating new functions on each render, I suggest treating React Native's <TextInput/> as if it were another 3rd party custom input element:

  • Write your own class wrapper around the custom input element
  • Pass the custom component props.setFieldValue instead of props.handleChange
  • Use a custom change handler callback that calls whatever you passed-in setFieldValue as (in this case we'll match the React Native TextInput API and call it this.props.onChangeText for parity).
// FormikReactNativeTextInput.js
import * as React from 'react';
import { TextInput } from 'react-native';

export default class FormikReactNativeTextInput extends React.Component {
  handleChange = (value: string) => {
    // remember that onChangeText will be Formik's setFieldValue
    this.props.onChangeText(this.props.name, value);
  };

  render() {
    // we want to pass through all the props except for onChangeText
    const { onChangeText, ...otherProps } = this.props;
    return (
      <TextInput
        onChangeText={this.handleChange}
        {...otherProps} // IRL, you should be more explicit when using TS
      />
    );
  }
}

Then you could just use this custom input as follows:

// MyReactNativeForm.js
import { View, Button } from 'react-native';
import { FormikReactNativeTextInput as TextInput } from './FormikReactNativeTextInput';
import { Formik } from 'formik';

const MyReactNativeForm = props => (
  <View>
    <Formik
      onSubmit={(values, actions) => {
        setTimeout(() => {
          console.log(JSON.stringify(values, null, 2));
          actions.setSubmitting(false);
        }, 1000);
      }}
      render={props => (
        <View>
          <TextInput
            name="email"
            onChangeText={props.setFieldValue}
            value={props.values.email}
          />
          <Button onPress={props.handleSubmit} />
        </View>
      )}
    />
  </View>
);

export default MyReactNativeForm;

Using Formik with TypeScript

The Formik source code is written in TypeScript, so you can rest assured that types will always be up to date. As a mental model, Formik's types are very similar to React Router 4's <Route>.

Render props (<Formik /> and <Field/>)

import * as React from 'react';
import { Formik, FormikProps, Form, Field, FieldProps } from 'formik';


interface MyFormValues {
  firstName: string;
}

export const MyApp: React.SFC<{} /* whatever */> = () => {
  return (
    <div>
      <h1>My Example</h1>
      <Formik
        initialValues={{ firstName: '' }}
        onSubmit={(values: MyFormValues) => alert(JSON.stringify(values))}
        render={(formikBag: FormikProps<MyFormValues>) => 
          <Form>
            <Field
              name="firstName"
              render={({ field, form }: FieldProps<MyFormValues>) =>
                <div>
                  <input type="text" {...field} placeholder="First Name" />
                  {form.touched.firstName &&
                    form.errors.firstName &&
                    form.errors.firstName}
                </div>}
            />
          </Form>}
      />
    </div>
  );
};

withFormik()

import React from 'react';
import Yup from 'yup';
import { withFormik, FormikProps, FormikErrors, Form, Field } from 'formik';

// Shape of form values
interface FormValues {
  email: string;
  password: string;
}

interface OtherProps {
  message: string;
}

// You may see / user InjectedFormikProps<OtherProps, FormValues> instead of what comes below. They are the same--InjectedFormikProps was artifact of when Formik only exported an HOC. It is also less flexible as it MUST wrap all props (it passes them through).
const InnerForm = (props: OtherProps & FormikProps<FormValues>) => {
  const { touched, errors, isSubmitting, message } = props;
  return (
    <Form>
      <h1>{message}</h1>
      <Field type="email" name="email" />
      {touched.email && errors.email && <div>{errors.email}</div>}

      <Field type="password" name="password" />
      {touched.password && errors.password && <div>{errors.password}</div>}

      <button type="submit" disabled={isSubmitting}>
        Submit
      </button>
    </Form>
  );
};

// The type of props MyForm receives
interface MyFormProps {
  initialEmail?: string;
  message: string; // if this passed all the way through you might do this or make a union type
}

// Wrap our form with the using withFormik HoC
const MyForm = withFormik<MyFormProps, FormValues>({
  // Transform outer props into form values
  mapPropsToValues: props => {
    return {
      email: props.initialEmail || '',
      password: '',
    };
  },

  // Add a custom validation function (this can be async too!)
  validate: (values: FormValues) => {
    let errors: FormikErrors = {};
    if (!values.email) {
      errors.email = 'Required';
    } else if (!isValidEmail(values.email)) {
      errors.email = 'Invalid email address';
    }
    return errors;
  },

  handleSubmit: values => {
    // do submitting things
  },
})(InnerForm);

// Use <MyForm /> anywhere
const Basic = () => (
  <div>
    <h1>My App</h1>
    <p>This can be anywhere in your application</p>
    <MyForm message="Sign up"/>
  </div>
);

export default Basic;

API

<Formik />

<Formik> is a component that helps you with building forms. It uses a render props pattern made popular by libraries like React Motion and React Router.

import React from 'react';
import { Formik } from 'formik';

const BasicExample = () => (
  <div>
    <h1>My Form</h1>
    <Formik
      initialValues={{ name: 'jared' }}
      onSubmit={(values, actions) => {
        setTimeout(() => {
          alert(JSON.stringify(values, null, 2));
          actions.setSubmitting(false);
        }, 1000);
      }}
      render={props => (
        <form onSubmit={props.handleSubmit}>
          <input
            type="text"
            onChange={props.handleChange}
            onBlur={props.handleBlur}
            value={props.values.name}
            name="name"
          />
          {props.errors.name && <div id="feedback">{props.errors.name}</div>}
          <button type="submit">Submit</button>
        </form>
      )}
    />
  </div>
);

Formik render methods

There are three ways to render things with <Formik/>

  • <Formik component>
  • <Formik render>
  • <Formik children>

Formik props

All three render methods will be passed the same props:

dirty: boolean

Returns true if any field has been touched by any means, false otherwise. dirty is a readonly computed property and should not be mutated directly.

errors: { [field: string]: string }

Form validation errors. Should match the shape of your form's values defined in initialValues. If you are using validationSchema (which you should be), keys and shape will match your schema exactly. Internally, Formik transforms raw Yup validation errors on your behalf. If you are using validate, then that function will determine the errors objects shape.

handleBlur: (e: any) => void

onBlur event handler. Useful for when you need to track whether an input has been touched or not. This should be passed to <input onBlur={handleBlur} ... />

DOM-only. Use setFieldTouched in React Native.

handleChange: (e: React.ChangeEvent<any>) => void

General input change event handler. This will update the values[key] where key is the event-emitting input's name attribute. If the name attribute is not present, handleChange will look for an input's id attribute. Note: "input" here means all HTML inputs.

DOM-only. Use setFieldValue in React Native.

handleReset: () => void

Reset handler. Will reset the form to its initial state. This should be passed to <button onClick={handleReset}>...</button>

handleSubmit: (e: React.FormEvent<HTMLFormEvent>) => void

Submit handler. This should be passed to <form onSubmit={props.handleSubmit}>...</form>

isSubmitting: boolean

Submitting state. Either true or false. Formik will set this to true on your behalf before calling handleSubmit to reduce boilerplate.

isValid: boolean

Returns true if the there are no errors, or the result of isInitialValid the form if is in "pristine" condition (i.e. not dirty)).

resetForm: (nextValues?: Values) => void

Imperatively reset the form. This will clear errors and touched, set isSubmitting to false and rerun mapPropsToValues with the current WrappedComponent's props or what's passed as an argument. The latter is useful for calling resetForm within componentWillReceiveProps.

setErrors: (fields: { [field: string]: string }) => void

Set errors imperatively.

setFieldError: (field: string, errorMsg: string) => void

Set the error message of a field imperatively. field should match the key of errors you wish to update. Useful for creating custom input error handlers.

setFieldTouched: (field: string, isTouched: boolean) => void

Set the touched state of a field imperatively. field should match the key of touched you wish to update. Useful for creating custom input blur handlers.

setFieldValue: (field: string, value: any) => void

Set the value of a field imperatively. field should match the key of values you wish to update. Useful for creating custom input change handlers.

setStatus: (status?: any) => void

Set a top-level status to anything you want imperatively. Useful for controlling arbitrary top-level state related to your form. For example, you can use it to pass API responses back into your component in handleSubmit.

setSubmitting: (boolean) => void

Set isSubmitting imperatively.

setTouched: (fields: { [field: string]: boolean }) => void

Set touched imperatively.

setValues: (fields: { [field: string]: any }) => void

Set values imperatively.

status?: any

A top-level status object that you can use to represent form state that can't otherwise be expressed/stored with other methods. This is useful for capturing and passing through API responses to your inner component.

status should only be modifed by calling setStatus: (status?: any) => void

touched: { [field: string]: boolean }

Touched fields. Each key corresponds to a field that has been touched/visited.

values: { [field: string]: any }

Your form's values. Will have the shape of the result of mapPropsToValues (if specified) or all props that are not functions passed to your wrapped component.

component

<Formik component={ContactForm} />;

const ContactForm = ({
  handleSubmit,
  handleChange,
  handleBlur,
  values,
  errors,
}) => (
  <form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
    <input
      type="text"
      onChange={handleChange}
      onBlur={handleBlur}
      value={values.name}
      name="name"
    />
    {errors.name && <div>{errors.name}</div>}
    <button type="submit">Submit</button>
  </form>
};

Warning: <Formik component> takes precendence over <Formik render> so don’t use both in the same <Formik>.

render: (props: FormikProps<Values>) => ReactNode

<Formik render={props => <ContactForm {...props} />}/>

<Formik
  render={({ handleSubmit, handleChange, handleBlur, values, errors }) => (
    <form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
      <input
        type="text"
        onChange={handleChange}
        onBlur={handleBlur}
        value={values.name}
        name="name"
      />
      {errors.name &&
        <div>
          {errors.name}
        </div>}
      <button type="submit">Submit</button>
    </form>
  )}
/>

children: func

<Formik children={props => <ContactForm {...props} />}/>

// or...

<Formik>
  {({ handleSubmit, handleChange, handleBlur, values, errors }) => (
    <form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
      <input
        type="text"
        onChange={handleChange}
        onBlur={handleBlur}
        value={values.name}
        name="name"
      />
      {errors.name &&
        <div>
          {errors.name}
        </div>}
      <button type="submit">Submit</button>
    </form>
  )}
</Formik>

enableReinitialize?: boolean

Default is false. Control whether Formik should reset the form if [initialValues] changes (using deep equality).

isInitialValid?: boolean

Default is false. Control the initial value of isValid prop prior to mount. You can also pass a function. Useful for situations when you want to enable/disable a submit and reset buttons on initial mount.

initialValues?: Values

Initial field values of the form, Formik will make these values available to render methods component as props.values.

Even if your form is empty by default, you must initialize all fields with initial values otherwise React will throw an error saying that you have changed an input from uncontrolled to controlled.

Note: initialValues not available to the higher-order component, use mapPropsToValues instead.

onSubmit: (values: Values, formikBag: FormikBag) => void

Your form submission handler. It is passed your forms values and the "FormikBag", which includes an object containing a subset of the injected props and methods (i.e. all the methods with names that start with set<Thing> + resetForm) and any props that were passed to the the wrapped component.

Note: errors, touched, status and all event handlers are NOT included in the FormikBag.

validate?: (values: Values) => FormikError<Values> | Promise<any>

Note: I suggest using validationSchema and Yup for validation. However, validate is a dependency-free, straightforward way to validate your forms.

Validate the form's values with function. This function can either be:

  1. Synchronous and return an errors object.
// Synchronous validation
const validate = (values, props) => {
  let errors = {};

  if (!values.email) {
    errors.email = 'Required';
  } else if (!/^[A-Z0-9._%+-]+@[A-Z0-9.-]+\.[A-Z]{2,4}$/i.test(values.email)) {
    errors.email = 'Invalid email address';
  }

  //...

  return errors;
};
  • Asynchronous and return a Promise that's error in an errors object
// Async Validation
const sleep = ms => new Promise(resolve => setTimeout(resolve, ms))

const validate = (values, props) => {
  return sleep(2000).then(() => {
    let errors = {}
    if (['admin', 'null', 'god']).includes(values.username) {
      errors.username = 'Nice try'
    }
    // ...
    if (Object.keys(errors).length) {
      throw errors
    }
  })
}

validateOnBlur?: boolean

Default is true. Use this option to run validations on blur events. More specifically, when either handleBlur, setFieldTouched, or setTouched are called.

validateOnChange?: boolean

Default is true. Use this option to tell Formik to run validations on change events and change-related methods. More specifically, when either handleChange, setFieldValue, or setValues are called.

validationSchema?: Schema | (() => Schema)

A Yup schema or a function that returns a Yup schema. This is used for validation. Errors are mapped by key to the inner component's errors. Its keys should match those of values.

<Field />

<Field /> will automagically hook up inputs to Formik. It uses the name attribute to match up with Formik state. <Field/> will default to an <input/> element. To change the underlying element of <Field/>, specify a component prop. It can either be a string like select or another React component. <Field/> can also take a render prop.

import  React from 'react';
import { Formik, Field } from 'formik';

const Example = () => (
  <div>
    <h1>My Form</h1>
    <Formik
      initialValues={{ email: '', color: 'red', firstName: ''  }}
      onSubmit={(values, actions) => {
        setTimeout(() => {
          alert(JSON.stringify(values, null, 2))
          actions.setSubmitting(false)
        }, 1000);
      }}
      render={(props: FormikProps<Values>) =>
        <form onSubmit={props.handleSubmit}>
          <Field type="email" name="email" placeholder="Email" />
          <Field component="select" name="color" >
            <option value="red">Red</option>
            <option value="green">Green</option>
            <option value="blue">Blue</option>
          </Field>
          <Field name="firstName" component={CustomInputComponent}  />
          <Field name="lastName" render={({ field, /* _form */ }) =>
             <input {...field} placeholder="firstName" />
          } />
          <button type="submit">Submit</button>
        </form>}
    />
  </div>
);

const CustomInputComponent: React.SFC<FieldProps<Values> & CustomInputProps> = ({
  field, // { name, value, onChange, onBlur }
  form: { touched, errors }, // also values, setXXXX, handleXXXX, dirty, isValid, status, etc.
  ...props
}) => (
  <div>
    <input
      type="text"
      {...field}
      {...props}
    />
    {touched[field.name] && errors[field.name] && <div className="error">{errors[field.name]}</div>}
  </div>
)

<Form />

Like <Field/>, <Form/> is a helper component you can use to save time. It is tiny wrapper around <form onSubmit={context.formik.handleSubmit} />. This means you don't need to explictly type out <form onSubmit={props.handleSubmit}/> if you don't want to.

ReactDOM only

import React from 'react';
import { Formik, Field, Form } from 'formik';

const Example = () => (
  <div>
    <h1>My Form</h1>
    <Formik
      initialValues={{ email: '', color: 'red' }}
      onSubmit={(values, actions) => {
        setTimeout(() => {
          alert(JSON.stringify(values, null, 2));
          actions.setSubmitting(false);
        }, 1000);
      }}
      component={MyForm}
    />
  </div>
);

const MyForm = () => (
  <Form>
    <Field type="email" name="email" placeholder="Email" />
    <Field component="select" name="color">
      <option value="red">Red</option>
      <option value="green">Green</option>
      <option value="blue">Blue</option>
    </Field>
    <button type="submit">Submit</button>
  </Form>
);

withFormik(options)

Create a higher-order React component class that passes props and form handlers (the "FormikBag") into your component derived from supplied options.

options

displayName?: string

When your inner form component is a stateless functional component, you can use the displayName option to give the component a proper name so you can more easily find it in React DevTools. If specified, your wrapped form will show up as Formik(displayName). If omitted, it will show up as Formik(Component). This option is not required for class components (e.g. class XXXXX extends React.Component {..}).

enableReinitialize?: boolean

Default is false. Control whether Formik should reset the form if the wrapped component props change (using deep equality).

handleSubmit: (values: Values, formikBag: FormikBag) => void

Your form submission handler. It is passed your forms values and the "FormikBag", which includes an object containing a subset of the injected props and methods (i.e. all the methods with names that start with set<Thing> + resetForm) and any props that were passed to the the wrapped component.

The "FormikBag":

Note: errors, touched, status and all event handlers are NOT included in the FormikBag.

isInitialValid?: boolean | (props: Props) => boolean

Default is false. Control the initial value of isValid prop prior to mount. You can also pass a function. Useful for situations when you want to enable/disable a submit and reset buttons on initial mount.

mapPropsToValues?: (props: Props) => Values

If this option is specified, then Formik will transfer its results into updatable form state and make these values available to the new component as props.values. If mapPropsToValues is not specified, then Formik will map all props that are not functions to the inner component's props.values. That is, if you omit it, Formik will only pass props where typeof props[k] !== 'function', where k is some key.

Even if your form is not receiving any props from its parent, use mapPropsToValues to initialize your forms empty state.

validate?: (values: Values, props: Props) => FormikError<Values> | Promise<any>

Note: I suggest using validationSchema and Yup for validation. However, validate is a dependency-free, straightforward way to validate your forms.

Validate the form's values with function. This function can either be:

  1. Synchronous and return an errors object.
// Synchronous validation
const validate = (values, props) => {
  let errors = {};

  if (!values.email) {
    errors.email = 'Required';
  } else if (!/^[A-Z0-9._%+-]+@[A-Z0-9.-]+\.[A-Z]{2,4}$/i.test(values.email)) {
    errors.email = 'Invalid email address';
  }

  //...

  return errors;
};
  • Asynchronous and return a Promise that's error is an errors object
// Async Validation
const sleep = ms => new Promise(resolve => setTimeout(resolve, ms));

const validate = (values, props) => {
  return sleep(2000).then(() => {
    let errors = {};
    if (['admin', 'null', 'god'].includes(values.username)) {
      errors.username = 'Nice try';
    }
    // ...
    if (Object.keys(errors).length) {
      throw errors;
    }
  });
};
validateOnBlur?: boolean

Default is true. Use this option to run validations on blur events. More specifically, when either handleBlur, setFieldTouched, or setTouched are called.

validateOnChange?: boolean

Default is true. Use this option to tell Formik to run validations on change events and change-related methods. More specifically, when either handleChange, setFieldValue, or setValues are called.

validationSchema?: Schema | ((props: Props) => Schema)

A Yup schema or a function that returns a Yup schema. This is used for validation. Errors are mapped by key to the inner component's errors. Its keys should match those of values.

Injected props and methods

These are identical to the props of <Formik render={props => ...} />

Organizations and projects using Formik

List of organizations and projects using Formik

Authors

Contributors

Formik is made with <3 thanks to these wonderful people (emoji key):


Jared Palmer

πŸ’¬ πŸ’» 🎨 πŸ“– πŸ’‘ πŸ€” πŸ‘€ ⚠️

Ian White

πŸ’¬ πŸ› πŸ’» πŸ“– πŸ€” πŸ‘€

Andrej Badin

πŸ’¬ πŸ› πŸ“–

Adam Howard

πŸ’¬ πŸ› πŸ€” πŸ‘€

Vlad Shcherbin

πŸ’¬ πŸ› πŸ€”

Brikou CARRE

πŸ› πŸ“–

Sam Kvale

πŸ› πŸ’» ⚠️

Jon Tansey

πŸ› πŸ’»

Tyler Martinez

πŸ› πŸ“–

This project follows the all-contributors specification. Contributions of any kind welcome!


MIT License.