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README.md

Python Portable Tests

I demonstrated creating portable Python executables on Linux, OSX, and Windows using cxFreeze, Nuitka, and pyInstaller at a recent Python User Group meeting. By portable, I mean converting Python code to an executable file (or set of files) that can be distributed and run on computers that do not already have Python installed. This is a summary of my findings.

I attempted to compile a simple "Hello World" app as well as a simple app that uploads a file to AWS S3.

cxFreeze: Build was successful on each platform and completed in less than a minute. Executable would NOT run due to errors. Unsure if problem is due to configuration error or incompatibility between cxFreeze 5.0 and Python 3.6.3.

Nuitka: Build was successful on each platform and completed in 20-30 minutes. Executable would run on each platform. Executable only appeared to be portable on Linux.

pyInstaller: Build was successful on each platform and completed in less than a minute. Executable would run on each platform. Executable appeared to be portable on each platform.

Results were fairly consistent across platforms. Review the README files for each platform for detailed information.

Based on these tests, pyInstaller was easiest to use, fastest, and created the smallest standalone executable files that did appear to be portable.

Getting Started

You can reproduce my findings by downloading this repository to your local computer and running the build scripts for your OS. You will also need the software listed in prerequisites below.

Prerequisites

Python 3 on Linux (Debian, Ubuntu, Kali)

apt-get install python3

Python 3 on OSX

brew install python3

Python 3 on Windows Download

cxFreeze

pip install cx_Freeze

Nuitka

pip install nuitka

pyInstaller

pip install pyinstaller

Development Tools on Linux

apt-get install g++ gcc

Development Tools on OSX

xcode-select --install

Development Tools on Windows [Download][https://developer.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/downloads/virtual-machines]

Built With

Authors

See also the list of contributors who participated in this project.

License

This project is licensed under the MIT License - see the LICENSE.md file for details

Acknowledgments

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Attempt to create portable Python executables on Linux/OSX/Windows using cxFreeze/Nuitka/pyInstaller.

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