DBF is a small fast library for reading dBase, xBase, Clipper and FoxPro database files
- Project page: http://github.com/infused/dbf
- API Documentation: http://rubydoc.info/github/infused/dbf/frames
- Report bugs: http://github.com/infused/dbf/issues
- Questions: Email firstname.lastname@example.org and put DBF somewhere in the subject line
DBF is tested to work with MRI Ruby 1.8.6, 1.8.7, 1.9.2 and Jruby 1.6.2
gem install dbf
Open a DBF file:
require 'dbf' widgets = DBF::Table.new("widgets.dbf")
Enumerate all records
widgets.each do |record| puts record.name puts record.email end
Find a single record
Attributes can also be accessed through the attributes hash in original or underscored form or as an accessor method using the underscored name. (Note that find() will return nil if the requested record has been deleted and not yet pruned from the database)
widget.find(4).attributes["SlotNumber"] widget.find(4).attributes["slot_number"] widget.find(4).slot_number
Search for records using a simple hash format. Multiple search criteria are ANDed. Use the block form if the resulting recordset could be large, otherwise all records will be loaded into memory.
# find all records with slot_number equal to s42 widgets.find(:all, :slot_number => 's42') do |widget| # the record will be nil if deleted, but not yet pruned from the database if widget puts widget.serial_number end end # find the first record with slot_number equal to s42 widgets.find :first, :slot_number => 's42' # find record number 10 widgets.find(10)
Migrating to ActiveRecord
An example of migrating a DBF book table to ActiveRecord using a migration:
require 'dbf' class Book < ActiveRecord::Base; end class CreateBooks < ActiveRecord::Migration def self.up table = DBF::Table.new('db/dbf/books.dbf') eval(table.schema) Book.reset_column_information table.each do |record| Book.create(record.attributes) end end def self.down drop_table :books end end
A small command-line utility called dbf is installed along with the gem.
$ dbf -h usage: dbf [-h|-s|-a] filename -h = print this message -s = print summary information -a = create an ActiveRecord::Schema -c = create a csv file
Create an executable ActiveRecord schema:
dbf -a books.dbf > books_schema.rb
Dump all records to a CSV file:
dbf -c books.dbf
dBase version support
The basic dBase data types are generally supported well. Support for the advanced data types in dbase V and FoxPro are still experimental or not supported. If you have insight into how any of the unsupported data types are implemented, please give me a shout. FoxBase/dBase II files are not supported at this time.
See docs/supported_types.markdown for a full list of supported column types.
- DBF is read-only
- Index files are not utilized
Copyright (c) 2006-2011 Keith Morrison email@example.com
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