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merb-helpers.gemspec

README

merb-helpers
=================

A plugin for the Merb Web framework that provides different view helpers.

To use this plugin in merb in your app

edit:
./Gemfile

add the li:
gem "merb-helpers"

run:
gem bundle

# TODO: describe date_time_helpers, form_helpers, tag_helpers


form_helpers
------------

* +delete_button+. If you want to delete an object, you should call the delete method on the object's controller.
You should not use a simple link to your action, instead you should make a DELETE request.
To help you doing that, you can use the delete_button method as follows:

    <%= delete_button(@comment) %>

The delete_button helper has many options, first thing, you can pass an object or an url:

    <%= delete_button(url(:comment, @comment)) %>

This helper creates a form with a submit button. 
You can pass many arguments to the delete_button helper. The first thing you might want to do is to change the
default button text. 

    <%= delete_button(@comment), "Remove this comment by #{@comment.author.name}" %>

You can also pass the usual helper params to specify a class to use for instance:

    <%= delete_button(@comment, nil, :class => 'custom-class') %>
    
See usage in specs: spec/fixture/app/views/delete_button_specs

numeric helpers
---------------

Numeric helpers extend numeric instances, in lay terms: numbers.

* +minutes_to_hours+ converts a +numeric+ value representing minutes into a string representing an hour value

    315.minutes_to_hours # => "05:15"

* +two_digits+ formats a +number+ into a two digit string. Basically it prepends an integer to a 2 digits string.

    3.two_digits # => "03"

* +with_delimiter+, this method formats a number with grouped thousands 

    12345678.with_delimiter # => "12,345,678"
  

* +with_precison+, this method formats a number with a level of precision

    111.2345.with_precision # => "111.235"
    
* +to_currency, this method formats a number into a currency value using a delimited and a set precision

    1234567890.506.to_currency # => "$1,234,567,890.51"
    
(For usage example look at spec/numeric_exlib.rb)


Overwriting the default formating options:

One can overwrite the default settings by passing the name or of the format used and a hash representing the settings to overwrite.

Each method mentioned above has some format settings you can overwrite:

* +with_delimiter+ 
  * :delimiter - Overwrites the thousands delimiter.
  * :separator - Overwrites the separator between the units.
  
* +with_precision+
  * :precision - Overwrites the level of precision
  * :separator - Overwrites the separator between the units
  * :delimiter - Overwrites the thousands delimiter
  
* +with_currency+
  * :precision - Sets the level of precision 
  * :unit - Sets the denomination of the currency 
  * :format - Sets the format of the output string (defaults to "%u%n"). The field types are: 
    * %u The currency unit
    * %n The number
    
Usage example:

    1234567890.506.to_currency(:default, :unit => '£') # => "£1,234,567,890.51"
    
merb_helpers comes with a very limited set of formats you can use, here is an example:

    1234567890.50.to_currency(:uk) # => "&pound;1,234,567,890.50"
    
Formats are just a hash of settings used by the plugin, here is the default format:

    :us => {
      :number => {      
        :precision => 3, 
        :delimiter => ',', 
        :separator => '.'
      },
      :currency => { 
        :unit => '$',
        :format => '%u%n',
        :precision => 2 
      }
    }
    
If you wish to add a new format you can easily do that as follows:
    
    custom_format_to_add = {  :custom_name => {
                                :number => {      
                                  :precision => 3, 
                                  :delimiter => ',', 
                                  :separator => '.'
                                },
                                :currency => { 
                                  :unit => 'Merbollars',
                                  :format => '%n %u',
                                  :precision => 2 
                                }
                              }
                          }
    
    Numeric::Transformer.add_format(custom_format_to_add)
    
You can then call the format like that:

    1234567890.to_currency(:custom_name) # => "1,234,567,890.00 Merbollars"
    
After adding a custom format, you can set it as the default format:

    Numeric::Transformer.change_default_format(:custom_name)
    
You can set this things up in your before/after app load block in the config/init.rb file.


Formating a Date or Time instance
---------------

Usage examples: spec/merb_helpers_date_time_spec.rb

    Time.now.formatted(:db)   # => "2008-09-21 02:07:31"
    Time.now.formatted(:long) # => "September 21, 2008 02:08"
    
You can also add your own format:

    Date.add_format(:matt, "%H:%M:%S %Y-%m-%d")

And use is as a default format:

  Time.now.formatted(:matt)    # => "02:09:18 2008-09-21"



Representation of time difference
-------------------

Usage examples: spec/merb_helpers_date_time_spec.rb

* Relative time:

Let's imagine that we are the June 1st 2007 at 11am UTC


    relative_date(Time.now.utc)       # => "today"
    relative_date(1.day.ago.utc)      # => 'yesterday'
    relative_date(1.day.from_now.utc) # => 'tomorrow'
    relative_date(Time.utc(2005, 11, 15)) # => 'Nov 15th, 2005' (date with the year since it's not this year)
    relative_date(Time.utc(2007, 11, 15)) # => 'Nov 15th' (date without the year this the passed date is this year)
    
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