Report errors from perspective of caller of a "clan" of modules
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                       Package "Carp::Clan"


This module reports errors from the perspective of the caller of a
"clan" of modules, similar to "" itself. But instead of giving
it a number of levels to skip on the calling stack, you give it a
pattern to characterize the package names of the "clan" of modules
which shall never be blamed for any error. :-)

So these modules stick together like a "clan" and any error which
occurs will be blamed on the "outsider" script or modules not belonging
to this "clan".


Perl version 5.005_03 or higher.

(Should probably also work with older versions of Perl, however.)


As usual:

    perl Makefile.PL
    make test
    make install

Changes over previous versions:

Please refer to the file "CHANGES.txt" in this distribution for a more
detailed version history log.


The documentation of this package is included in POD format (= "Plain
Old Documentation") in the file with the extension ".pod" in this
distribution, the human-readable markup-language standard for Perl

By building this package, this documentation will automatically be
converted into a man page, which will automatically be installed in
your Perl tree for further reference through the installation process,
where it can be accessed by the commands "man Carp::Clan" (Unix)
and "perldoc Carp::Clan" (Unix and Win32 alike), for example.

What does it do:

This module is based on "" from Perl 5.005_03. It
has been modified to skip all package names matching the
pattern given in the "use" statement inside the "qw()"
term (or argument list).

Suppose you have a family of modules or classes named
"Pack::A", "Pack::B" and so on, and each of them uses
"Carp::Clan qw(^Pack::);" (or at least the one in which
the error or warning gets raised).

Thus when for example your script "" calls module
"Pack::A", and module "Pack::A" calls module "Pack::B", an
exception raised in module "Pack::B" will appear to have
originated in "" where "Pack::A" was called, and
not in "Pack::A" where "Pack::B" was called, as the
unmodified "" would try to make you believe :-).

This works similarly if "Pack::B" calls "Pack::C" where
the exception is raised, etcetera.

In other words, this blames all errors in the "Pack::*"
modules on the user of these modules, i.e., on you. ;-)

The skipping of a clan (or family) of packages according
to a pattern describing its members is necessary in cases
where these modules are not classes derived from each
other (and thus when examining "@ISA" - as in the original
"" module - doesn't help).

The purpose and advantage of this is that a "clan" of
modules can work together (and call each other) and throw
exceptions at various depths down the calling hierarchy
and still appear as a monolithic block (as though they
were a single module) from the perspective of the caller.

In case you just want to ward off all error messages from
the module in which you "use Carp::Clan", i.e., if you
want to make all error messages or warnings to appear to
originate from where your module was called (this is what
you usually used to "use Carp;" for ;-) ), instead of
in your module itself (which is what you can do with a
"die" or "warn" anyway), you do not need to provide a
pattern, the module will automatically provide the correct
one for you.

I.e., just "use Carp::Clan;" without any arguments and
call "carp" or "croak" as appropriate, and they will
automatically defend your module against all blames!

In other words, a pattern is only necessary if you want to
make several modules (more than one) work together and
appear as though they were only one.

Author's note:

If you have any questions, suggestions or need any assistance, please
let me know!

Please do send feedback, this is essential for improving this module
according to your needs!

I hope you will find this module useful. Enjoy!

  Steffen Beyer <>
  "There is enough for the need of everyone in this world, but not
   for the greed of everyone." - Mohandas Karamchand "Mahatma" Gandhi