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#!/usr/bin/env perl
# ############################################################## #
# Copyright (c) 2011 Jaap G Karssenberg and Joel Berger. #
# All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can #
# redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl #
# itself. #
# #
# This script is a frontend to the Zoidberg module, it starts #
# the Zoidberg perl shell. #
# #
# mailto:joel.a.berger@gmail.com #
# http://github.com/jberger/Zoidberg #
# ############################################################## #
use strict;
use Cwd qw/cwd/;
use Pod::Usage;
our $VERSION = '0.981';
my @inc = (); # You can list custom includes here
my $cwd = cwd;
unshift @INC, map { m!^/! ? $_ : "$cwd/$_" } @inc;
$0 =~ s!(.*/)!!;
if (defined $1) {
my $dir = $1;
$dir = "$cwd/$_" unless $dir =~ m!^/!;
$Zoidberg::_base_dir = $dir;
unshift @INC, "$dir/lib" if -d "$dir/lib";
}
else { $Zoidberg::_base_dir = '' }
# ########### #
# Get Options #
# ########### #
eval q#use Zoidberg::Utils::GetOpt 'getopt'; 1# or die $@;
my ($opts, $args) = eval { getopt( '
help,h,usage,u version,V config,C
exec,e@ command,c@ stdin,s
interactive,i login,l plug,p@
debug,-D,D verbose,v include,-I@
-I* -D* +o@ -o@ -m* -M*
@', @ARGV ) } ;
if ($@) { # renice error message
print STDERR ref($@) ? $@->stringify(format => 'gnu') : $@;
exit 1;
}
# TODO -q
# Quiet (usually without argument). Suppress normal result or
# diagnostic output. This is very common. Examples: ci(1), co(1), make(1).
# TODO find switch to set mode / include plugins
if ($$opts{help}) { # pre-emptive #1
pod2usage(
-verbose => 1,
-exitval => 0,
);
}
if ($$opts{_opts}) { # special switches
for (grep /^-[IDMm]./, @{$$opts{_opts}}) {
if ( s/^-I// ) { push @inc, $_ }
elsif ( s/^-D// ) {
no strict 'refs';
${$_.'::DEBUG'}++;
}
else {
my $import = /^-M/ ? 1 : 0 ;
my $use =
/-[Mm](\S+)=(.*)/ ? "use $1 split(/,/,q{$2}); " :
s/^-M// ? "use $_; " : "use $_ (); " ;
$use =~ s/^use -/no /;
$$opts{use} .= $use;
}
}
}
# ############### #
# set environment #
# ############### #
my @user_info = getpwuid($>);
$ENV{USER} ||= $user_info[0];
$ENV{HOME} ||= $user_info[7];
$ENV{ZOID} = $0; # _Don't_ change this to ENV{SHELL} !
# fix environment
$$opts{login} = 1 unless $ENV{PWD}; # FIXME a better check ?
if ($$opts{login}) {
$ENV{LOGNAME} = $ENV{USER} = $user_info[0];
$ENV{HOME} = $user_info[7];
$ENV{PWD} = $ENV{HOME} || '/';
chdir $ENV{PWD} ;
}
else { $ENV{PWD} = $cwd }
# ############# #
# Load includes #
# ############# #
# parse includes
unshift @INC,
map { m!^/! ? $_ : "$cwd/$_" }
grep s/^-I//, @{ $$opts{_opts} } if $$opts{_opts};
# load Zoidberg.pm
eval q#require Zoidberg# or die $@;
if ($$opts{version}) { # pre-emptive #2
print "zoid $VERSION\n$Zoidberg::LONG_VERSION\n";
exit 0;
}
# ############## #
# Parse settings #
# ############## #
my %settings;
if ($$opts{'-o'}) {
for ( @{$$opts{'-o'}} ) {
my ($opt, $arg) = split '=', $_, 2;
$settings{$opt} = defined($arg) ? $arg : 1;
}
}
if ($$opts{'+o'}) {
for ( @{$$opts{'+o'}} ) {
my ($opt, $arg) = split '=', $_, 2;
$settings{$opt} = defined($arg) ? $arg : 0;
}
}
for (qw/data_dirs rcfiles/) { # arrays
$settings{$_} = [ split /:/, $settings{$_} ]
if defined $settings{$_} and ! ref $settings{$_};
}
for (qw/verbose debug login/) { # options
$settings{$_} = $$opts{$_} if defined $$opts{$_};
}
if ($$opts{config}) { # pre-emptive #3
%settings = (%Zoidberg::_settings, %settings);
for (sort keys %settings) {
next unless defined $settings{$_};
my $val = $settings{$_};
if (ref($val) eq 'ARRAY') { $val = join ', ', @$val }
elsif (ref($val) eq 'HASH') {
$val = join ', ', map "$_ => $$val{$_}", sort keys %$val;
}
print "$_ = $val\n"
}
exit 0;
} # FIXME shouldn't this be a machine parsable format ? -- Yes it should !
# ################## #
# prepare for launch #
# ################## #
my $exec_string =
$$opts{exec} ? join(' ', @{$$opts{exec}}) :
$$opts{command} ? join(' ', @{$$opts{command}}) : '' ;
# rest ARGV should be files
for (@$args) { complain($_, 3) unless -f $_ }
my $interact = $$opts{interactive} ||
(@$args || $exec_string || $$opts{stdin}) ? 0 : (-t STDIN and -t STDOUT) ;
$settings{interactive} = $interact;
# ############## #
# AND Lift-off ! #
# ############## #
my $cube = Zoidberg->new( settings => \%settings );
eval qq{
package # hide from pause indexer
Zoidberg::Eval;
$$opts{use}
} if $$opts{use};
if ($$opts{plug}) { $cube->plug($_) for @{$$opts{plug}} }
if ($exec_string) {
# if ($args{command}) { $cube->{ipc}->do($exec_string) }
# else {
$cube->shell_string($exec_string)
# }
}
$cube->source($_) for @$args;
if ( $$opts{stdin} || -p STDIN || (!$interact && !$exec_string) ) {
while (<STDIN>) { $cube->shell_string($_) }
# FIXME do something like set nobuffer and let zoid read STDIN
# then it can also pull from it
}
$cube->main_loop if $interact;
my $exit = 0;
$exit = ref($$cube{error}) ? ($$cube{error}{exit_status} || 1) : 1
unless $interact or ! $$cube{error};
$cube->round_up;
exit $exit;
# ############ #
# sub routines #
# ############ #
sub complain {
my $opt = shift;
my $m = shift || 1;
my $bn = $0;
$bn =~ s|^(.*/)*||;
if ($m == 1) { print STDERR "$bn: unrecognized option '$opt'"; }
elsif ($m == 2) { print STDERR "$bn: option '$opt' requires an argument"; }
elsif ($m == 3) { print STDERR "$bn: $opt: No such file or directory\n"; }
if ($m < 3) {print "\nTry '$bn --help' for more information.\n"}
exit $m;
}
__END__
__POD__
=head1 NAME
zoid - a modular perl shell
=head1 SYNOPSIS
zoid [options] [-] [files]
=head1 DESCRIPTION
Zoidberg provides a modular Perl shell written, configured, and operated entirely
in Perl. It aspires to be a fully operational login shell with all the features
one normally expects. But it also gives direct access to Perl objects and data
structures from the command line, and allows you to run Perl code within the
scope of your commandline. Although Zoidberg does not do the language
interpreting itself -- it uses perl to do this -- it supplies powerful language
extensions aimed at creating an easy to use interface.
By default B<zoid> runs an interactive commandline when both STDIN and STDOUT
are terminal devices, or reads from STDIN till End Of Line and execute each
line like it was entered interactively.
When an I<action> is specified by one of the commandline options this will
suppress the default behavior and exit after executing that action.
If any file names are given, these will be interpreted as source scripts and
suppress default behavior.
Be aware that these source scripts are expected to be Perl scripts and are
B<NOT> interpreted or executed the same way as normal input.
This document only describes the commandline script B<zoid>, see L<zoiduser>(1)
and L<zoidfaq>(1) for help on using the zoidberg shell.
=head1 OPTIONS
=over 4
=item B<-e> I<command>, B<--exec>=I<command>
Execute a string as interpreted by zoidberg. If non-interactive exits with
exit status of command string. Multiple commands may be given to build up
a multi-line script. Make sure to use semicolons where you would in a
normal multi-line script.
=item B<-C>, B<--config>
Print a list of configuration variable of this installation and exit.
Most importantly this tells you where B<zoid> will search for it's configuration
and data files.
=item B<-c> I<command>, B<--command>=I<command>
Does the same as B<--exec> but this is bound to change.
=item B<-D>, B<-D>I<Class> B<--debug>
Set either the global debug bit or set the debug bit for the given class.
Using the global variant makes B<zoid> output a lot of debug information.
=item B<-h>, B<--help>
=item B<-u>, B<--usage>
Print a help message and exits.
=item B<-I>I<dir>[,I<dir>, ...]
The specified directories are added to the module search path
C<@INC>.
=item B<-i>, B<--interactive>
Start an interactive shell. This is the default if no other options are
supplied.
=item B<-l>, B<--login>
Force login behavior, this will reset your current working directory.
This variable is also available to plugins and scripts, which might act on it.
=item B<-m>I<module>
=item B<-M>I<module>
=item B<-M>I<module>=I<args>[,I<arg>, ...]
Import I<module> into the eval namespace.
With B<-m> explicit import empty list, with B<-M> default arguments or
specified arguments. Details like the equivalent perl option, see L<perlrun>(1).
=item B<-o> I<setting>
=item B<-o> I<setting>=I<value>
=item B<+o> I<setting>
Set (B<-o>) or unset (B<+o>) one or more settings.
=item B<-s>, B<--stdin>
Read input from stdin. This is the default if no other options are supplied and
neither stdin or stdout are terminal devices.
=item B<-V>, B<--version>
Display version information.
=item B<-v>, B<--verbose>
Sets the shell in verbose mode. This will cause each command to be echoed to STDERR.
=back
=head1 ENVIRONMENT
The variables $PWD, $HOME and $USER are set to default values if not yet set by
the parent process.
The variable $ZOID will point to the location of the B<zoid> executable, it is similar
to $SHELL for POSIX compliant shells. B<zoid> uses a different variable because
some programs seem to expect $SHELL to point to a POSIX compliant shell.
To switch off ansi colours on the terminal set $CLICOLOR to 0 (null).
=head1 FILES
Zoidberg uses rc files, data files and plugin files, use the B<--config> switch
to check the search paths used.
Which rcfiles are loaded is controlled be the 'rcfiles' and 'norc' settings,
try C<zoid -o norc> to skip all rcfiles or C<zoid -o rcfiles=file1:file2:file3>
to use files other then the default.
The runtime search path for plugins etc. can be controlled with the 'data_dirs'
setting, try C<zoid -o data_dirs=dir1:dir2:dir3>.
=head1 DIAGNOSTICS
Error messages may be issued either by B<perl> or by one any of the
modules in use. The B<zoid> utility itself will only complain when the commandline
options are wrong. If the error was thrown by one of zoid's core modules, the error
message will either start with the module name or the name of the command that went wrong.
=head1 RESTRICTIONS
Source files and command input are I<NOT> interpreted the same way.
Use B<-e> _or_ B<-c>, do not mix them.
=head1 BUGS
To submit bug reports visit http://rt.cpan.org or mail the author.
=head1 SEE ALSO
L<perl>(1),
L<zoiduser>(1),
L<zoidbuiltins>(1),
L<zoiddevel>(1),
L<zoidfaq>(1),
L<Zoidberg>(3),
L<http://github.com/jberger/Zoidberg>
=head1 AUTHORS
Jaap Karssenberg || Pardus [Larus] E<lt>pardus@cpan.orgE<gt>
R.L. Zwart, E<lt>rlzwart@cpan.orgE<gt>
=head1 COPYRIGHT
Copyright (c) 2011 Jaap G Karssenberg and Joel Berger and RL Zwart. All
rights reserved. This program is free software; you can
redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See either
the GNU General Public License or the Artistic License for
more details.
See L<http://www.perl.com/language/misc/Artistic.html>
and L<http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html>
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