Python REST Client for Neo4j standalone REST server
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README.rst
client.py
tests.py

README.rst

Neo4j Python REST Client

synopsis:Allows interact with Neo4j standalone REST server from Python.

The first objective of Neo4j Python REST Client is to make transparent for Python programmers the use of a local database through neo4j.py or a remote database thanks to Neo4j REST Server. So, the syntax of this API is fully compatible with neo4j.py. However, a new syntax is introduced in order to reach a more pythonic style.

The main file is named client.py, but you can rename with whatever you want.

Instantiation

The main class is GraphDatabase, exactly how in neo4j.py:

>>> from client import GraphDatabase

>>> gdb = GraphDatabase("http://localhost:9999")

Two global options are available:

client.CACHE = False # Default

If CACHE is 'True', a '.cache' directory is created and the future request to the same URL will be taken from cache And:

client.DEBUG = False # Default

If DEBUG is 'True', 'httplib2' is set to debuglevel = 1.

Node, Relationships and Properties

Due to the syntax is fully compatible with neo4j.py, the next lines only show the commands added and its differences.

Creating a node:

>>> n = graphdb.node()

# Equivalent to
>>> n = graphdb.nodes.create()

Specify properties for new node:

>>> n = graphdb.node(color="Red", widht=16, height=32)

# Or
>>> n = graphdb.nodes.create(color="Red", widht=16, height=32)

Accessing node by id:

>>> n = graphdb.node[14]

# Using the identifier or the URL is possible too
>>> n = graphdb.nodes.get(14)

Accessing properties:

>>> value = n['key'] # Get property value

>>> n['key'] = value # Set property value

>>> del n['key']     # Remove property value

# Or the other way
>>> value = n.get('key', 'default') # Support 'default' values

>>> n.set('key', value)

>>> n.delete('key')

Besides, a Node object has other attributes:

>>> n.properties
{}

>>> n.properties = {'name': 'John'}
{'name': 'John'}

# The URL and the identifier assigned by Neo4j are added too
>>> n.id
14

>>> n.url
'http://localhost:9999/node/14'

Create relationship:

>>> n1.Knows(n2)

# Or
>>> n1.relationships.create("Knows", n2) # Usefull when the name of
                                         # relationship is stored in a variable

Specify properties for new relationships:

>>> n1.Knows(n2, since=123456789, introduced_at="Christmas party")

# It's the same to
>>> n1.relationships.create("Knows", n2, since=123456789,
                                         introduced_at="Christmas party")

The creation returns a Relationship object, which has properties, setter and getters like a node:

>>> rel = n1.relationships.create("Knows", n2, since=123456789)

>>> rel.start
<Neo4j Node: http://localhost:9999/node/14>

>>> rel.end
<Neo4j Node: http://localhost:9999/node/32>

>>> rel.type
'Knows'

>>> rel.properties
{'since': 123456789}

Others functions over 'relationships' attribute are possible. Like get all, incoming or outgoing relationships (typed or not):

>>> rels = n1.relationships.all()
[<Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/35843>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/35840>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/35841>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/35842>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/35847>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/35846>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/35845>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/35844>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/11>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/10>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/9>]

>>> rels = n1.relationships.incoming(types=["Knows"])
[<Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/35843>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/35840>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/11>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/10>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/9>]

>>> rels = n1.relationships.outgoing(["Knows", "Loves"])
[<Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/35842>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/35847>]

Traversals

The traversals framework is supported too with the same syntax of neo4j.py, but with some added issues.

Regular way:

>>> n1.relationships.create("Knows", n2, since=1970)
<Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/36009>

>>> class TraversalClass(gdb.Traversal):
   ...:     types = [
   ...:         Undirected.Knows
   ...:     ]
   ...:

>>> [traversal for traversal in TraversalClass(n1)]
[<Neo4j Node: http://localhost:9999/node/15880>]

Added way (more ''pythonic''):

>>> n1.relationships.create("Knows", n2, since=1970)
<Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:9999/relationship/36009>

>>> n1.traverse(types=[client.Undirected.Knows])
[<Neo4j Node: http://localhost:9999/node/15880>]

Extensions

The server plugins are supported as extensions of GraphDatabase, Node or Relationship objects:

>>> gdb.extensions
{u'GetAll': <Neo4j ExtensionModule: [u'get_all_nodes', u'getAllRelationships']>}
>>> gdb.extensions.GetAll
<Neo4j ExtensionModule: [u'get_all_nodes', u'getAllRelationships']>

>>> gdb.extensions.GetAll.getAllRelationships()

[<Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:7474/db/data/relationship/0>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:7474/db/data/relationship/1>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:7474/db/data/relationship/2>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:7474/db/data/relationship/3>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:7474/db/data/relationship/4>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:7474/db/data/relationship/5>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:7474/db/data/relationship/6>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:7474/db/data/relationship/7>,
 <Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:7474/db/data/relationship/8>]

An example using extensions over nodes:

>>> n1 = gdb.nodes.get(0)

>>> n1.extensions
{u'DepthTwo': <Neo4j ExtensionModule: [u'nodesOnDepthTwo', u'relationshipsOnDepthTwo', u'pathsOnDepthTwo']>, u'ShortestPath': <Neo4j ExtensionModule: [u'shortestPath']>}

>>> n2 = gdb.nodes.get(1)

>>> n1.relationships.create("Kwnos", n2)
<Neo4j Relationship: http://localhost:7474/db/data/relationship/36>

>>> n1.extensions.ShortestPath
<Neo4j ExtensionModule: [u'shortestPath']>

>>> n1.extensions.ShortestPath.shortestPath.parameters

[{u'description': u'The node to find the shortest path to.',
  u'name': u'target',
  u'optional': False,
  u'type': u'node'},
 {u'description': u'The relationship types to follow when searching for the shortest path(s). Order is insignificant, if omitted all types are followed.',
  u'name': u'types',
  u'optional': True,
  u'type': u'strings'},
 {u'description': u'The maximum path length to search for, default value (if omitted) is 4.',
  u'name': u'depth',
  u'optional': True,
  u'type': u'integer'}]

Transaction

Currently, the transaction support is not implemented in Neo4j REST server, so the Python client is not able to provide it.