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README.md

wsba-participant-completion-simple: Deployment of a WS-BA (WS Business Activity) - Participant Completion

Author: Paul Robinson Level: Intermediate Technologies: WS-BA, JAX-WS Summary: Deployment of a WS-BA (WS-BusinessActivity) enabled JAX-WS Web service bundled in a war archive (Coordinator Completion protocol) Target Product: EAP

What is it?

This example demonstrates the deployment of a WS-BA (WS Business Activity) enabled JAX-WS Web service bundled in a war archive for deployment to JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6 or JBoss AS 7.

The Web service exposes a simple 'set' collection as a service. The Service allows items to be added to the set within a Business Activity.

The example demonstrates the basics of implementing a WS-BA enabled Web service. It is beyond the scope of this quickstart to demonstrate more advanced features. In particular

  1. The Service does not implement the required hooks to support recovery in the presence of failures.
  2. It also does not utilize a transactional back end resource.
  3. Only one Web service participates in the protocol. As WS-BA is a coordination protocol, it is best suited to multi-participant scenarios.

For a more complete example, please see the XTS demonstrator application that ships with the JBossTS project: http://www.jboss.org/jbosstm.

It is also assumed tht you have an understanding of WS-BusinessActivity. For more details, read the XTS documentation that ships with the JBossTS project, which can be downloaded here: http://www.jboss.org/jbosstm/downloads/JBOSSTS_4_16_0_Final

The application consists of a single JAX-WS web service that is deployed within a war archive. It is tested with a JBoss Arquillian enabled JUnit test.

When running the org.jboss.as.quickstarts.wsba.participantcompletion.simple.ClientTest#testSuccess() method, the following steps occur:

  1. A new Business Activity is created by the client.
  2. An operation on a WS-BA enabled Web service is invoked by the client.
  3. The JaxWSHeaderContextProcessor in the WS Client handler chain inserts the BA context into the outgoing SOAP message.
  4. When the service receives the SOAP request, the JaxWSHeaderContextProcessor in its handler chain inspects the BA context and associates the request with this BA.
  5. The Web service operation is invoked.
  6. A participant is enlisted in this BA. This allows the Web Service logic to respond to protocol events, such as compensate and close.
  7. The service invokes the business logic. In this case, a String value is added to the set.
  8. The backend resource is prepared. This ensures that the Backend resource can undo or make permanent the change when told to do so by the coordinator.
  9. Providing the above steps where successful, the service notifies the coordinator that it has completed. The service has now made its changes visible and is not holding any locks. Allowing the service to notify completion is an optimisation that prevents the holding of locks, whilst waiting for other participants to complete. This notification is required as the Service participates in the ParticipantCompletion protocol.
  10. The client can then decide to complete or cancel the BA. If the client decides to complete, all participants will be told to close. If the participant decides to cancel, all participants will be told to compensate.

There are other tests that show:

  • What happens when an application exception is thrown by the service.
  • How the client can cancel a BA.

System requirements

All you need to build this project is Java 6.0 (Java SDK 1.6) or better, Maven 3.0 or better.

The application this project produces is designed to be run on JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6 or JBoss AS 7.

Configure Maven

If you have not yet done so, you must Configure Maven before testing the quickstarts.

Start JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6 or JBoss AS 7 with the Custom Options

Next you need to start JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 6 or JBoss AS 7 (7.1.0.CR1 or above), with the XTS sub system enabled. This is enabled through the optional server configuration standalone-xts.xml. To do this, run the following commands from the top-level directory of JBossAS:

    For Linux:     ./bin/standalone.sh --server-config=../../docs/examples/configs/standalone-xts.xml | egrep "started|stdout"
    For Windows:   \bin\standalone.bat --server-config=..\..\docs\examples\configs\standalone-xts.xml | egrep "started|stdout"

Note, the pipe to egrep (| egrep "started|stdout") is useful to just show when the server has started and the output from these tests. For normal operation, this pipe can be removed.

Run the Arquillian Tests

This quickstart provides Arquillian tests. By default, these tests are configured to be skipped as Arquillian tests require the use of a container.

NOTE: The following commands assume you have configured your Maven user settings. If you have not, you must include Maven setting arguments on the command line. See Run the Arquillian Tests for complete instructions and additional options.

  1. Make sure you have started the JBoss Server as described above.
  2. Open a command line and navigate to the root directory of this quickstart.
  3. Type the following command to run the test goal with the following profile activated:

    mvn clean test -Parq-jbossas-remote 
    

Investigate the Console Output

The following expected output should appear. The output explains what actually went on when these tests ran.

Test success:

11:41:02,386 INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 6) Starting 'testSuccess'. This test invokes a WS within a BA. The BA is later closed, which causes the WS call to complete successfully.
11:41:02,386 INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 6) [CLIENT] Creating a new Business Activity
11:41:02,386 INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 6) [CLIENT] Beginning Business Activity (All calls to Web services that support WS-BA wil be included in this activity)
11:41:02,927 INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 6) [CLIENT] invoking addValueToSet(1) on WS
11:41:03,233 INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-1) [SERVICE] invoked addValueToSet('1')
11:41:03,233 INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-1) [SERVICE] Enlisting a participant into the BA
11:41:03,336 INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-1) [SERVICE] Invoking the back-end business logic
11:41:03,336 INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-1) [SERVICE] Prepare the backend resource and if successful notify the coordinator that we have completed our work
11:41:03,337 INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-1) [SERVICE] Prepare successful, notifying coordinator of completion
11:41:03,660 INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-1) SetParticipantBA.confirmCompleted('true')
11:41:03,660 INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-1) [SERVICE] Participant.confirmCompleted('true') (This tells the participant that compensation information has been logged and that it is safe to commit any changes.)
11:41:03,660 INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-1) [SERVICE] Commit the backend resource (e.g. commit any changes to databases so that they are visible to others)
11:41:03,779 INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 6) [CLIENT] Closing Business Activity (This will cause the BA to complete successfully)
11:41:04,330 INFO  [stdout] (TaskWorker-2) [SERVICE] Participant.close (The participant knows that this BA is now finished and can throw away any temporary state)

Test cancel:

11:41:04,721 INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 5) Starting 'testCancel'. This test invokes a WS within a BA. The BA is later cancelled, which causes these WS call to be compensated.
11:41:04,721 INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 5) [CLIENT] Creating a new Business Activity
11:41:04,721 INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 5) [CLIENT] Beginning Business Activity (All calls to Web services that support WS-BA will be included in this activity)
11:41:04,781 INFO  [stdout] (management-handler-threads - 5) [CLIENT] invoking addValueToSet(1) on WS
11:41:05,133 INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-1) [SERVICE] invoked addValueToSet('1')
11:41:05,134 INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-1) [SERVICE] Enlisting a participant into the BA
11:41:05,241 INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-1) [SERVICE] Invoking the back-end business logic
11:41:05,242 INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-1) [SERVICE] Prepare the backend resource and if successful notify the coordinator that we have completed our work
11:41:05,242 INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-1) [SERVICE] Prepare successful, notifying coordinator of completion
11:41:05,305 INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-1) SetParticipantBA.confirmCompleted('true')
11:41:05,305 INFO  [stdout] (http-localhost-127.0.0.1-8080-1) [SERVICE] Participant.confirmCompleted('true') (This tells the participant that compensation information has been logged and that it is safe to commit any changes.)

Run the Quickstart in JBoss Developer Studio or Eclipse

You can also start the server and deploy the quickstarts from Eclipse using JBoss tools. For more information, see Use JBoss Developer Studio or Eclipse to Run the Quickstarts

Debug the Application

If you want to debug the source code or look at the Javadocs of any library in the project, run either of the following commands to pull them into your local repository. The IDE should then detect them.

    mvn dependency:sources
    mvn dependency:resolve -Dclassifier=javadoc
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