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Copyright 2011 Google Inc.
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
package blobserver
import (
// MaxBlobSize is the size of a single blob in Camlistore.
const MaxBlobSize = constants.MaxBlobSize
var (
ErrCorruptBlob = errors.New("corrupt blob; digest doesn't match")
// ErrNotImplemented should be returned in methods where the function is not implemented
ErrNotImplemented = errors.New("not implemented")
// BlobReceiver is the interface for receiving
type BlobReceiver interface {
// ReceiveBlob accepts a newly uploaded blob and writes it to
// permanent storage.
// Implementations of BlobReceiver downstream of the HTTP
// server can trust that the source isn't larger than
// MaxBlobSize and that its digest matches the provided blob
// ref. (If not, the read of the source will fail before EOF)
// To ensure those guarantees, callers of ReceiveBlob should
// not call ReceiveBlob directly but instead use either
// blobserver.Receive or blobserver.ReceiveString, which also
// take care of notifying the BlobReceiver's "BlobHub"
// notification bus for observers.
ReceiveBlob(br blob.Ref, source io.Reader) (blob.SizedRef, error)
type BlobStatter interface {
// Stat checks for the existence of blobs, writing their sizes
// (if found back to the dest channel), and returning an error
// or nil. Stat() should NOT close the channel.
// TODO(bradfitz): redefine this to close the channel? Or document
// better what the synchronization rules are.
StatBlobs(dest chan<- blob.SizedRef, blobs []blob.Ref) error
func StatBlob(bs BlobStatter, br blob.Ref) (sb blob.SizedRef, err error) {
c := make(chan blob.SizedRef, 1)
err = bs.StatBlobs(c, []blob.Ref{br})
if err != nil {
select {
case sb = <-c:
err = os.ErrNotExist
type StatReceiver interface {
type BlobEnumerator interface {
// EnumerateBobs sends at most limit SizedBlobRef into dest,
// sorted, as long as they are lexigraphically greater than
// after (if provided).
// limit will be supplied and sanity checked by caller.
// EnumerateBlobs must close the channel. (even if limit
// was hit and more blobs remain, or an error is returned, or
// the ctx is canceled)
EnumerateBlobs(ctx context.Context,
dest chan<- blob.SizedRef,
after string,
limit int) error
// TODO: remove limit from this interface, since the caller
// can cancel? see if that would simplify implementations and
// callers.
// BlobAndToken is the value used by the BlobStreamer interface,
// containing both a Blob and a continuation token.
type BlobAndToken struct {
// Token is the continuation token to resume streaming
// starting at this blob in the future.
Token string
type BlobStreamer interface {
// BlobStream is an optional interface that may be implemented by
// Storage implementations.
// StreamBlobs sends blobs to dest in an unspecified order. It is
// expected that a Storage implementation implementing
// BlobStreamer will send blobs to dest in the most efficient
// order possible.
// The provided continuation token resumes the stream at a
// point. To start from the beginning, send the empty string.
// The token is opaque and must never be interpreted; its
// format may change between versions of the server.
// If the content is canceled, the error value is
// context.Canceled.
// StreamBlobs must unconditionally close dest before
// returning, and it must return context.Canceled if
// ctx.Done() becomes readable.
// When StreamBlobs reaches the end, the return value is nil.
StreamBlobs(ctx context.Context, dest chan<- BlobAndToken, contToken string) error
// Cache is the minimal interface expected of a blob cache.
type Cache interface {
type BlobReceiveConfiger interface {
type Config struct {
Writable bool
Readable bool
Deletable bool
CanLongPoll bool
// the "http://host:port" and optional path (but without trailing slash) to have "/camli/*" appended
URLBase string
HandlerFinder FindHandlerByTyper
type BlobRemover interface {
// RemoveBlobs removes 0 or more blobs. Removal of
// non-existent items isn't an error. Returns failure if any
// items existed but failed to be deleted.
// ErrNotImplemented may be returned for storage types not implementing removal.
RemoveBlobs(blobs []blob.Ref) error
// Storage is the interface that must be implemented by a blobserver
// storage type. (e.g. localdisk, s3, encrypt, shard, replica, remote)
type Storage interface {
type FetcherEnumerator interface {
// StorageHandler is a storage implementation that also exports an HTTP
// status page.
type StorageHandler interface {
// Optional interface for storage implementations which can be asked
// to shut down cleanly. Regardless, all implementations should
// be able to survive crashes without data loss.
type ShutdownStorage interface {
// WholeRefFetcher is an optional fast-path interface exposed by the
// 'blobpacked' blob storage implementation, which packs pieces of
// files together and can efficiently serve them contigously.
type WholeRefFetcher interface {
// OpenWholeRef returns a ReadCloser reading from offset bytes
// into wholeRef (the blobref of an entire file).
// The returned wholeSize is the size of the file, without
// subtracting any offset.
// The err will be os.ErrNotExist if the wholeref is not
// known.
OpenWholeRef(wholeRef blob.Ref, offset int64) (rc io.ReadCloser, wholeSize int64, err error)
// A GenerationNotSupportedError explains why a Storage
// value implemented the Generationer interface but failed due
// to a wrapped Storage value not implementing the interface.
type GenerationNotSupportedError string
func (s GenerationNotSupportedError) Error() string { return string(s) }
The optional Generationer interface is an optimization and paranoia
facility for clients which can be implemented by Storage
If the client sees the same random string in multiple upload sessions,
it assumes that the blobserver still has all the same blobs, and also
it's the same server. This mechanism is not fundamental to
Camlistore's operation: the client could also check each blob before
uploading, or enumerate all blobs from the server too. This is purely
an optimization so clients can mix this value into their "is this file
uploaded?" local cache keys.
type Generationer interface {
// Generation returns a Storage's initialization time and
// and unique random string (or UUID). Implementations
// should call ResetStorageGeneration on demand if no
// information is known.
// The error will be of type GenerationNotSupportedError if an underlying
// storage target doesn't support the Generationer interface.
StorageGeneration() (initTime time.Time, random string, err error)
// ResetGeneration deletes the information returned by Generation
// and re-generates it.
ResetStorageGeneration() error
type Configer interface {
Config() *Config
type StorageConfiger interface {
// MaxEnumerateConfig is an optional interface implemented by Storage
// interfaces to advertise their max value for how many items can
// be enumerated at once.
type MaxEnumerateConfig interface {
// MaxEnumerate returns the max that this storage interface is
// capable of enumerating at once.
MaxEnumerate() int
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