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A web server interface for R
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Merge pull request #27 from ajschumacher/patch-1

typo: "pecification" to "specification"
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README.md

Rook: A web server interface for R

This specification defines the interface between web servers and R applications.

Rook applications

A Rook application is an R reference class object that implements a 'call' method or an R closure that takes exactly one argument, an environment, and returns a list with three named elements: the 'status', the 'headers', and the 'body'.

Hello World

Here is a basic Rook application as a closure that implements 'hello world':

function(env){
body = paste('<h1>Hello World! This is Rook',env$rook.version,'.</h1>')
list(
    status = 200L,
    headers = list(
    'Content-Type' = 'text/html'
    ),
    body = body
)
}

And the equivalent referenc class example:

setRefClass(
'HelloWorld',
methods = list(
    call = function(env){
    body = paste('<h1>Hello World! This is Rook',env$rook.version,'.</h1>')
    list(
        status = 200L,
        headers = list(
        'Content-Type' = 'text/html'
        ),
        body = body
    )
    }
)
)

The Environment

The environment argument is a true R environment object which the application is free to modify. It is required to contain the following variables:

  • REQUEST_METHOD: The HTTP request method, such as "GET" or "POST". This cannot ever be an empty string, and so is always required.

  • SCRIPT_NAME: The initial portion of the request URL‘s "path" that corresponds to the application object, so that the application knows its virtual "location". This may be an empty string, if the application corresponds to the "root" of the server.

  • PATH_INFO: The remainder of the request URL‘s "path", designating the virtual "location" of the request‘s target within the application. This may be an empty string, if the request URL targets the application root and does not have a trailing slash. This value may be percent-encoded when I originating from a URL.

  • QUERY_STRING: The portion of the request URL that follows the ?, if any. May be empty, but is always required!

  • SERVER_NAME, SERVER_PORT: When combined with SCRIPT_NAME and PATH_INFO, these variables can be used to complete the URL. Note, however, that HTTP_HOST, if present, should be used in preference to SERVER_NAME for reconstructing the request URL. SERVER_NAME and SERVER_PORT can never be empty strings, and so are always required.

  • HTTP_ Variables: Variables corresponding to the client-supplied HTTP request headers (i.e., variables whose names begin with HTTP_). The presence or absence of these variables should correspond with the presence or absence of the appropriate HTTP header in the request.

In addtion, the environment must include the following Rook-specific variables:

  • rook.version: This version of Rook.
  • rook.url_scheme: http or https, depending on the request URL.
  • rook.input: See below, the input stream.
  • rook.errors: See below, the error stream.

The Input Stream

The rook.input variable must contain an object created from a reference class and respond to read_lines, read, and rewind:

read_lines: takes one argument, the number of lines to read. Includes partial ending line. read: takes one argument, the number of bytes to read. Returns a raw vector. rewind: Rewinds the input stream back to the beginning.

The Error Stream

The rook.error variable must contain an object created from a reference class and must respond to flush and cat:

flush: called with no arguments and makes the error stream immediately appear. cat: called with the same arguments as R's cat without the file and append argument.

The Response

The Status

This is an HTTP status value and must be greater than or equal to 100.

The Headers

This is a named list that contains string values only corresponding to valid HTTP headers.

The Body

This is either a character or raw vector. If the character vector is named with value 'file' then value of the vector is interpreted as the location of a file.

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