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A plugin to manage job orchestration

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README.md

Jenkins Build Flow Plugin

This Jenkins plugin allows managing jobs orchestration using a dedicated DSL, extracting the flow logic from jobs.

Build Status

Sample Build Flow Content

parallel (
  {
    guard {
        build("job1A")
    } rescue {
        build("job1B")
    }
  },
  {
    retry 3, {
        build("job2")
    }
  }
)

See the documentation and release notes at Build Flow Plugin on the Jenkins Wiki for more information.

Other informations:

Configuration

After installing the plugin, you'll get a new Entry in the job creation wizard to create a Flow. Use the DSL editor to define the flow.

Basics

The DSL defines the sequence of jobs to be built :

build( "job1" )
build( "job2" )
build( "job3" )

You can pass parameters to jobs, and get the resulting AbstractBuild when required :

b = build( "job1", param1: "foo", param2: "bar" )
build( "job2", param1: b.build.number )

Environment variables from a job can be obtained using the following, which is especially useful for getting things like the checkout revision used by the SCM plugin (P4_CHANGELIST, GIT_REVISION, etc) :

def revision = b.environment.get( "GIT_REVISION" )

You can also access some pre-defined variables in the DSL :

  • build the current flow execution
  • out the flow build console
  • env the flow environment, as a Map
  • params triggered parameters
  • upstream the upstream job, assuming the flow has been triggered as a downstream job for another job.

For example:

// output values
out.println 'Triggered Parameters Map:'
out.println params
out.println 'Build Object Properties:'
build.properties.each { out.println "$it.key -> $it.value" }


// use it in the flow
build("job1", parent_param1: params["param1"])
build("job2", parent_workspace:build.workspace)

Guard / Rescue

You may need to run a cleanup job after a job (or set of jobs) whenever they succeeded or not. The guard/rescue structure is designed for this use-case. It works mostly like a try+finally block in Java language :

guard {
    build( "this_job_may_fail" )
} rescue {
    build( "cleanup" )
}

The flow result will then be the worst of the guarded job(s) result and the rescue ones

Ignore

You may also want to just ignore result of some job, that are optional for your build flow. You can use ignore block for this purpose :

ignore(FAILURE) {
    build( "send_twitter_notification" )
}

The flow will not take care of the triggered build status if it's better than the configured result. This allows you to ignore UNSTABLE < FAILURE < ABORTED

Retry

You can ask the flow to retry a job a few times until success. This is equivalent to the retry-failed-job plugin :

retry ( 3 ) {
    build( "this_job_may_fail" )
}

Parallel

The flow is strictly sequential, but let you run a set of jobs in parallel and wait for completion when using a parallel call. This is equivalent to the join plugin :

parallel (
    // job 1, 2 and 3 will be scheduled in parallel.
    { build("job1") },
    { build("job2") },
    { build("job3") }
)

// job4 will be triggered after jobs 1, 2 and 3 complete
build("job4")

compared to join plugin, parallel can be used for more complex workflows where the parallel branches can sequentially chain multiple jobs :

parallel (
    {
        build("job1A")
        build("job1B")
        build("job1C")
    },
    {
        build("job2A")
        build("job2B")
        build("job2C")
    }
)

you also can "name" parallel executions, so you can later use reference to extract parameters / status :

join = parallel ([
        first:  { build("job1") },
        second: { build("job2") },
        third:  { build("job3") }
])

// now, use results from parallel execution
build("job4",
       param1: join.first.result.name,
       param2: join.second.lastBuild.parent.name)

and this can be combined with other orchestration keywords :

parallel (
    {
        guard {
            build("job1A")
        } rescue {
            build("job1B")
        }
    },
    {
        retry 3, {
            build("job2")
        }
    }
)

Extension Point

Other plugins that expose themselves to the build flow can be accessed with extension.'plugin-name'

So the plugin foobar might be accessed like:

def x = extension.'my-plugin-name'
x.aMethodOnFoobarObject()

Implementing Extension

Write the extension in your plugin

@Extension(optional = true)
public class MyBuildFlowDslExtension extends BuildFlowDSLExtension {

    /**
     * The extensionName to use for the extension.
     */
    public static final String EXTENSION_NAME = "my-plugin-name";

    @Override
    public Object createExtension(String extensionName, FlowDelegate dsl) {
        if (EXTENSION_NAME.equals(extensionName)) {
            return new MyBuildFlowDsl(dsl);
        }
        return null;
    }
}

Write the actual extension

public class MyBuildFlowDsl {
    private FlowDelegate dsl;

    /**
     * Standard constructor.
     * @param dsl the delegate.
     */
    public MyBuildFlowDsl(FlowDelegate dsl) {
        this.dsl = dsl;
    }

    /**
     * World.
     */
    public void hello() {
        ((PrintStream)dsl.getOut()).println("Hello World");
    }

}

Plugins implementing extension points

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