A Jenkins plugin for interfacing with GitLab
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README.md

Table of Contents

Introduction

This plugin allows GitLab to trigger builds in Jenkins after code is pushed and/or after a merge request is created and report build status back to GitLab.

Seeking maintainers

We are seeking new maintainers for the plugin! The existing codebase is clean and well-tested thanks to a lot of hard work done by former lead maintainer coder-hugo, but he is no longer using GitLab and does not have spare time to keep working on the plugin. We're looking for an active GitLab user and experienced Java programmer to take over as lead maintainer. The main work necessary at this point is resolving minor bugs and maintaining support for new versions of GitLab. If you're interested, reach out to Owen - email address in the project's commit log.

User support

If you have a problem or question about using the plugin, please make sure you are using the latest version. Then create an issue in the GitHub project if necessary. New issues should include the following:

  • GitLab plugin version (e.g. 1.2.0)
  • GitLab version (e.g. 8.1.1)
  • Jenkins version (e.g. 1.651.1)
  • Relevant log output from the plugin (see below for instructions on capturing this)

Version 1.2.0 of the plugin introduced improved logging for debugging purposes. To enable it:

  1. Go to Jenkins -> Manage Jenkins -> System Log
  2. Add new log recorder
  3. Enter 'Gitlab plugin' or whatever you want for the name
  4. On the next page, enter 'com.dabsquared.gitlabjenkins' for Logger, set log level to FINEST, and save
  5. Then click on your Gitlab plugin log, click 'Clear this log' if necessary, and then use GitLab to trigger some actions
  6. Refresh the log page and you should see output

You can also try chatting with us in the #gitlab-plugin channel on the Freenode IRC network.

Known bugs/issues

This is not an exhaustive list of issues, but rather a place for us to note significant bugs that may impact your use of the plugin in certain circumstances. For most things, please search the Issues section and open a new one if you don't find anything.

  • #272 - Plugin version 1.2.0+ does not work with GitLab Enterprise Edition < 8.8.3, due to a bug on their side.
  • Jenkins versions 1.651.2 and 2.3 removed the ability of plugins to set arbitrary job parameters that are not specifically defined in each job's configuration. This was an important security update, but it has broken compatibility with some plugins, including ours. See here for more information and workarounds if you are finding parameters unset or empty that you expect to have values.
  • #473 - When upgrading from plugin versions older than 1.2.0, you must upgrade to that version first, and then to the latest version. Otherwise, you will get a NullPointerException in com.cloudbees.plugins.credentials.matchers.IdMatcher after you upgrade. See the linked issue for specific instructions.

Supported GitLab versions

  • GitLab versions 8.1.x and newer (both CE and EE editions) are supported via the GitLab commit status API which supports with external CI services like Jenkins
  • Versions older than 8.1.x may work but are no longer officially supported

Configuring access to GitLab

Optionally, the plugin communicates with the GitLab server in order to fetch additional information. At this moment, this information is limited to fetching the source project of a Merge Request, in order to support merging from forked repositories.

To enable this functionality, a user should be set up on GitLab, with GitLab 'Developer' permissions, to access the repository. You will need to give this user access to each repo you want Jenkins to be able to clone. Log in to GitLab as that user, go to its profile, and copy its secret API key. On the Global Configuration page in Jenkins, supply the GitLab host URL, e.g. http://your.gitlab.server. Click the 'Add' button to add a credential, choose 'GitLab API token' as the kind of credential, and paste your GitLab user's API key into the 'API token' field. Testing the connection should succeed.

Jenkins Job Configuration

Git configuration for Freestyle jobs

  1. In the Source Code Management section:
    1. Click Git
    2. Enter your Repository URL, such as git@your.gitlab.server:gitlab_group/gitlab_project.git
      • In the Advanced settings, set Name to origin and Refspec to +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/* +refs/merge-requests/*/head:refs/remotes/origin/merge-requests/*
    3. In order to merge from forked repositories:
      Note: this requires configuring communication to the GitLab server
      • Click Add Repository to specify the merge request source repository. Then specify:
        • URL: ${gitlabSourceRepoURL}
        • In the Advanced settings, set Name to ${gitlabSourceRepoName}. Leave Refspec blank.
    4. In Branch Specifier enter:
      • For single-repository workflows: origin/${gitlabSourceBranch}
      • For forked repository workflows: merge-requests/${gitlabMergeRequestIid}
    5. In Additional Behaviours:
      • Click the Add drop-down button
      • Select Merge before build from the drop-down
      • Set Name of repository to origin
      • Set Branch to merge as ${gitlabTargetBranch}

Note: Since version 1.2.0 the gitlab-plugin sets the gitlab hook values through environment variables instead of build parameters. To set default values, consult EnvInject Plugin.

Git configuration for Pipeline/Workflow jobs

Incompatibility note: When upgrading to version 1.2.1 or later of the plugin, if you are using Pipeline jobs you will need to manually reconfigure your Pipeline scripts. In older versions the plugin set global Groovy variables that could be accessed as e.g. ${gitlabSourceBranch}. After version 1.2.1, these variables are only accessible in the env[] map. E.g. ${env.gitlabSourceBranch}.

  • A Jenkins Pipeline bug will prevent the Git clone from working when you use a Pipeline script from SCM. It works if you use the Jenkins job config UI to edit the script. There is a workaround mentioned here: https://issues.jenkins-ci.org/browse/JENKINS-33719

  • Use the Snippet generator, General SCM step, to generate sample Groovy code for the git checkout/merge etc.

  • Example that performs merge before build: checkout changelog: true, poll: true, scm: [$class: 'GitSCM', branches: [[name: "origin/${env.gitlabSourceBranch}"]], doGenerateSubmoduleConfigurations: false, extensions: [[$class: 'PreBuildMerge', options: [fastForwardMode: 'FF', mergeRemote: 'origin', mergeStrategy: 'default', mergeTarget: "${env.gitlabTargetBranch}"]]], submoduleCfg: [], userRemoteConfigs: [[name: 'origin', url: 'git@mygitlab:foo/testrepo.git']]]

Git configuration for Multibranch Pipeline/Workflow jobs

Note: none of the GitLab environment variables are available for mulitbranch pipeline jobs as there is no way to pass some additional data to a multibranch pipeline build while notifying a multibranch pipeline job about SCM changes. Due to this the plugin just listens for GitLab Push Hooks for multibranch pipeline jobs; Merge Request hooks are ignored.

  1. Click Add source
  2. Select Git
  3. Enter your Repository URL (e.g.: git@your.gitlab.server:group/repo_name.git)
  4. Unlike other job types, there is no 'Trigger' setting required for a Multibranch job configuration; just create a webhook in GitLab for push requests which points to http://JENKINS_URL/project/PROJECT_NAME

Example Jenkinsfile for multibranch pipeline jobs

// Reference the GitLab connection name from your Jenkins Global configuration (http://JENKINS_URL/configure, GitLab section)
properties([gitLabConnection('<your-gitlab-connection-name')])

node {
    stage "checkout"
    checkout scm

    stage "build"
    gitlabCommitStatus("build") {
        // your build steps
    }

    stage "test"
    gitlabCommitStatus("test") {
        // your test steps
    }
}

Freestyle and Pipeline jobs

  1. In the Build Triggers section:
    • Select Build when a change is pushed to GitLab
    • Make a note of the GitLab CI Service URL appearing on the same line with Build when a change is pushed to GitLab. You will later use this URL to define a GitLab web hook.
    • Use the check boxes to trigger builds on Push Events and/or Merge Request Events
    • Optionally use Rebuild open Merge Requests to enable re-building open merge requests after a push to the source branch
    • If you selected Rebuild open Merge Requests other than None, check Comments, and specify the Comment for triggering a build. A new build will be triggered when this phrase appears in a commit comment. In addition to a literal phrase, you can also specify a Java regular expression.
  2. Configure any other pre build, build or post build actions as necessary
  3. Click Save to preserve your changes in Jenkins.

Declarative Pipeline Syntax

The plugin supports the new declarative pipeline syntax. The example below configures the GitLab connection and triggers the job on a push to GitLab. It also sets the Gitlab commit status as the status of the build.

pipeline {
    agent any
    options {
      gitLabConnection('<your-gitlab-connection-name')
      gitlabCommitStatus(name: 'jenkins')
    }
    triggers {
        gitlab(triggerOnPush: true, triggerOnMergeRequest: true, branchFilterType: 'All')
    }
    stages {
      stage("build") {
        steps {
          echo "hello world"
        }
      }
    }
   [...]
}

Matrix/Multi-configuration jobs

The Jenkins Matrix/Multi-configuration job type is not supported.

Gitlab Configuration

GitLab 8.1 has implemented a commit status api, you need an extra post-build step to support commit status.

  • In GitLab go to your repository's project Settings

    • Click on Web Hooks
    • Earlier in Jenkins, you made a note of the GitLab CI Service URL, which is of the form http://JENKINS_URL/project/JENKINS_PROJECT_NAME. Specify this as the web hook URL. Note that JENKINS_PROJECT_NAME is the name of the Jenkins project you want to trigger, including Jenkins folders.
    • Select Merge Request Events and Push Events
    • Click Add Webhook
    • Click Test Hook to test your new web hook. You should see two results:
      • GitLab should display "Hook successfully executed"
      • Jenkins project JENKINS_PROJECT_NAME should start
  • Add a post-build step Publish build status to GitLab commit (GitLab 8.1+ required) to the job.

  • For pipeline jobs surround your build step with the gitlabCommitStatus step like this:

    node() {
        stage 'Checkout'
        checkout <your-scm-config>
    
        gitlabCommitStatus {
           <script that builds, tests, etc. your project>
        }
    }
    
  • For pipeline jobs there is also the updateGitlabCommitStatus step to use a custom state for updating the commit status:

    node() {
        stage 'Checkout'
        checkout <your-scm-config>
    
        updateGitlabCommitStatus name: 'build', state: 'pending'
    }
    
  • To mark several build stages as pending in GitLab you can use the gitlabBuilds step:

    node() {
        stage 'Checkout'
        checkout <your-scm-config>
    
        gitlabBuilds(builds: ["build", "test"]) {
            stage "build"
            gitlabCommitStatus("build") {
                // your build steps
            }
    
            stage "test"
            gitlabCommitStatus("test") {
                // your test steps
            }
        }
    }
    
  • Configure access to GitLab as described above in "Configure access to GitLab" (the account needs at least developer permissions to post commit statuses)

Branch filtering

Triggers may be filtered based on the branch name, i.e. the build will only be allowed for selected branches. On the project configuration page, when you configure the GitLab trigger, you can choose 'Filter branches by name' or 'Filter branches by regex.' Filter by name takes comma-separated lists of branch names to include and/or exclude from triggering a build. Filter by regex takes a Java regular expression to include and/or exclude.

Note: This functionality requires accessing the GitLab server (see above) and for the time being also a git repository url already saved in the project configuration. In other words, when creating a new project, the configuration needs to be saved once before being able to select the allowed branches. For Workflow/Pipeline jobs, the configuration must be saved and the job must be run once before the list is populated. For existing projects, all branches are allowed to push by default.

Build Tags

In order to build when a new tag is pushed:

  • In the GitLab server add Tag push events to the Web Hook
  • In the Jenkins under the Source Code Management section:
    • select Advance... and add +refs/tags/*:refs/remotes/origin/tags/* as Refspec
    • you can also use Branch Specifier to specify which tag need to be built (exampple refs/tags/${TAGNAME})

Send message on complete of a build

  1. In the Post build steps section:

    1. Click Add post build step
    2. Click Add note with build status on GitLab merge requests and save build settings (You enabled autoumatically sending default message on result of a build)
  2. If you want make custom message on result of a build:

    1. In Add note with build status on GitLab merge requests section click to Custom message on success/failure/abort
    2. Write text of message, you can use Environment variables

Parameterized builds

You can trigger a job a manually by clicking This build is parameterized and adding the any of the relevant build parameters. These include:

  • gitlabBranch
  • gitlabSourceBranch
  • gitlabActionType
  • gitlabUserName
  • gitlabUserEmail
  • gitlabSourceRepoHomepage
  • gitlabSourceRepoName
  • gitlabSourceNamespace
  • gitlabSourceRepoURL
  • gitlabSourceRepoSshUrl
  • gitlabSourceRepoHttpUrl
  • gitlabMergeRequestTitle
  • gitlabMergeRequestDescription
  • gitlabMergeRequestId
  • gitlabMergeRequestIid
  • gitlabMergeRequestLastCommit
  • gitlabTargetBranch
  • gitlabTargetRepoName
  • gitlabTargetNamespace
  • gitlabTargetRepoSshUrl
  • gitlabTargetRepoHttpUrl
  • gitlabBefore
  • gitlabAfter
  • gitlabTriggerPhrase

Contributing to the Plugin

Plugin source code is hosted on Github. New feature proposals and bug fix proposals should be submitted as Github pull requests. Fork the repository on Github, prepare your change on your forked copy, and submit a pull request (see here for open pull requests). Your pull request will be evaluated by the Cloudbees Jenkins job.

If you are adding new features please make sure that they support the Jenkins Workflow Plugin. See here for some information.

Before submitting your change make sure that:

  • your changes work with the oldest and latest supported GitLab version
  • new features are provided with tests
  • refactored code is provided with regression tests
  • the code formatting follows the plugin standard
  • imports are organised
  • you updated the help docs
  • you updated the README
  • you have used findbugs to see if you haven't introduced any new warnings.

Quick test environment setup using Docker

In order to test the plugin on different versions of GitLab and Jenkins you may want to use Docker containers.

A example docker-compose file is available at gitlab-plugin/src/docker which allows to set up instances of the latest GitLab and Jenkins versions.

To start the containers, run below command from the docker folder:

docker-compose up -d

Access GitLab

To access GitLab, point your browser to http://172.17.0.1:10080 and set a password for the root user account.

For more information on the supported GitLab versions and how to configure the containers, visit Sameer Naik's github page at https://github.com/sameersbn/docker-gitlab.

Access Jenkins

To see Jenkins, point your browser to http://localhost:8080.

For more information on the supported Jenkins tags and how to configure the containers, visit https://hub.docker.com/r/library/jenkins.

Release Workflow

GitLab-Plugin admins should adhere to the following rules when releasing a new plugin version:

  • Ensure codestyle conformity
  • Run unit tests
  • Run manual tests on both, oldest and latest GitLab versions
  • Update documentation
  • Create change log
  • Create release tag
  • Create release notes (on github)